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语法专项 7 强调与倒装

第七部分强调与倒装

本章介绍英语中用于加强语气或突出重点的几种常用方法。其中, 倒装和断裂强调句是最为常见的形式, 同学们不仅要读懂且要会使用这类句型, 使自己的语言表达更为生动和多彩。

英语中的强调通常可通过三种方式。第一种方式是通过调核重音, 我们可以将重音放在希望强调的任何一个词上, 以引起听众的注意。第二种方法是通过词汇, 如程度副词, 强调副词, 强调形容词, 反身代词和使用强调词do等。如: I simply don?t believe it. 我就是不相信。

What on earth/ in nature do you want? 你究竟想要什么?

This is the very book I?m looking for. 这正是我要找的书。

He himself told me about it. 他自己告诉我的。

It did give us a few headaches. 这的确给我们带来了一些麻烦。

第三种方法是通过句法结构, 如前置, 后移, 倒装和断裂句等。下面主要讨论通过句法结构达到强调的方法。

I. 前置(非主谓倒装): 几乎任何句子成分都可以提到句首加以强调而构成首置结构。注意这种结构中主谓不倒装。如: All this he did for you. (宾语前置)

Calm he remained in the face of the ferocious enemy. (表语前置)

What a fool she must think him. (宾补前置)

In China I was born and in China I?ll die. (状语前置)

The harder your lessons are, the more good they will do you.

这是正式文体中使用的修辞手法之一。

II. 后移: 因句末也是一个表表强调的位置, 把一个句子的某个成分从它的正常位置移至句末也可以达到强调的效果. 此为后移。英语中最常见的后移便是采用先行词it, 将原来较长的主语或宾语后置。如: It is certain that he will win the race. (主语从句后移)

It?s no use consulting her. (动名词后移)

Something put it into his head that he would be a film star some day. (宾语从句后移)

I think it important to tell the truth. (不定式后移)

后移不仅可以起到强调作用, 而且使句子看起来更加平衡。

III. 倒装: 英讲陈述句的一般是主语位于, 宾语或表语等之前。如果一陈述句的谓语, 宾语或表语放到了主语前面, 我们称之为倒装(inversion). 倒装结构主要有两种: 一种是完全倒装, 即将整个谓语部分放到主语的前面。另一种叫部分倒装, 只将谓语中的助动词, 系动词或情态动词移到主语的前面, 而实意动词仍保留在主语之后。

1. 完全倒装多发生在下列情形中。

(1)由副词Here, There, Out, In, Up, Down, Away, Then, Now等开头的句子。如: 。

Out went the arrow and hit the target right in the center. 箭离弦而出, 并射中了靶心。

Now comes your turn to recite the text. 现在该轮到你来背课文了。

【注意】如果此时主语是代词, 则即便状语提前. 也保持正常词序。试比较:

There goes the bell.

There it goes.

(2)句首状语为表示地点的介词短语, 且谓语为单个动词时。如:

Before us lay a sea of golden rice fields stretching as far as eyes could see.

在我们面前是延展到天边的金色稻田。

On the back wall hung a huge oil painting. 在后墙上挂着张巨幅油画。

(3)表语置于句首。如:

Present at the meeting were many honorable guest. (作表语的形容词提前)

Such was Albert Einstein, a simple man with great achievements. (作表语的代词提前)

Gone are the days when they had a hard life. (作表语的分词提前)

2. 部分倒装. 往往出现在以下结构中:

(1)代替虚拟条件句。如果不用if引导的条件句来表示虚拟, 则可采用部分倒装的形式替代。具体

做法为: 把if省去, 将原条件句中的助动词had, 情态动词should或系动词were置于句首即可。

如: Had it not been for their support, we wouldn?t have achieved success.

(=If it had not been for their support, we wouldn?t have achieved success. )

Should he come tomorrow, he would join in the drama.

(=If he should come tomorrow, he would join in the drama. )

Were I you, I would take the job. (=if I were you, I would take the job. )

【注意】如果从句中无助动词, 情态动词或系动词则不可倒装。如:

Had I money, 1wouldbuythe recorder. (×) 因此时的had是实意动词, 表示“有”, 而非助动词

If I had money, I would buy the recorder. (√)

(2)代替让步状语从句。可以用as或though得到状结构来代替although或though引导的让步状语从句。具体做法为: 将要强调的部分置于句首, 加as或though, 保留其余部分即可。如:

Busy as/though he was, he always found time to do sports.

(=Although/Though he was busy, he always found time to do sports. )

【注意】如果要强调的部分为一名词结构, 如a/an加上名词, 则通常省去不定冠词, : 如: Woman as/though she is, she is courageous.

(=Although/Though she is a woman, she is courageous. )

(3)由Only引导的状语结构置于句首,也需要发生部分倒装。如:

Only now do I realize what a serious mistake I have made. (Only加副词前置)

Only in a harmonious society can people live happily. (Only加介词短语前置)

Only when the war was over was he able to return home. (Only加状语从句前置)

【注意】如果Only修饰的是句子的主语部分, 则无需倒装。如:

Only staff members are allowed to enter this area. 只有员工方可进入此地。

(4)含否定意义的词或词组置于句首。如: Nowhere, Nowhere, Neither, Nor, Hardly/Scarcely/Rarely, Seldom, Little, By no means, On no account, At no time, Under no circumstances, In no case, Not only…but also, Not until…, No sooner…than; . Hard1y…when. 等。例如:

Not a single mistake did George make. 乔治连一个错误都没犯。

Never before have the people enjoyed more freedom. 人们从没亨受过如此的自由。

At no time should we relax our vigilance.

我们任何时候都不可放松警惕。

Not only was the place crowded with people, but also it was full of all sorts of noises.

这地方不仅挤满了人, 而且充斥着各种各样的噪音。

Not until his mother came back did he get up. 他直到母亲回来才起床。

【注意】如果否定词强调的仅仅是主语部分。则不用倒装。如:

Hardly a week passes by without any traffic accident. 几乎没有一个星期是不发生交通事故的。

Not only you but also he is opposed to the plan. 不仅你而且他也不同意这个计划。

(5)So, Neither, Nor开首的倒装省略句, 表示“…也(不)…”. 例如:

—Darwin can?t operate the computer. —Nor/Neither can I. 我也不会(操作电脑)。

—I like milk coffee. —So does Tom. 汤姆也喜欢喝奶咖。

【注意】有时so放于句首, 仅仅是前置, 而非倒装, 意思与“也”无关。如: —She works hard at English. —So she does. =She does so.

(此处的so指代的是上文提及过的works hard at English这一动作。)

她的确如此/她的确努力地学习英语。

(6)部分程度副词如Well, So, Such, To such a degree/length;或频度副词如Often. Many a time, Now and then等置于句首, 句子发生部分倒装。如:

Well do I remember the day when we got married. 我清楚地记得我们结婚的那一天。

So strange was his appearance that no one recognized him.

他的样子是如此奇怪以至于没人把他认出来。

Many a time have 1 warned you against pickpockets. 我多次警告你要远离扒手。

(7)祝愿句中。如: Long live the People?s Republic of China! 中华人民共和国万岁!

May you succeed! 祝你成功!

(8)as 引导的方式状语从句的省略形式, 或than引导的比较状语从句的省略形式。如:

He was convinced, as were a growing number of scholars, that we were born with language mechanism. (此处as后倒装形式原应该足一完整的方式状语从句: as a growing number of scholars were convinced)象越来越多的学符被说服的那样, 他也认为人是生来带有语言系统的。

She came from a more affluent family than did her room-mate. (than后的比较状语从句than her room-mate came from an affluent family被简化成了部分倒装的形式)

此类用法与”So, Neither/Nor”表“也(不); ”较相似, 都是倒装加省略的结构。

倒装中较为罕见的一种是将谓语动词(往往是动词原形)置于句首, 多相当于一让步状语从句。同学们也需了解它们的含义。如:

Say what you will of him,I still think him a good boy.

(= Whatever you will say of him. I still think him a good boy. )不管你说他什么(坏话), 我仍然认为他是个好孩子。

Come what may, we must remain optimistic. (=Whatever may come, we must remain optimistic.) 不管会发生什么, 我们都要保持乐观。

Be it plant or animal, it needs sunshine. (=Whether it is a plant or an animal, it needs sunshine.)

无论动物还是植物, 都需要阳光。

IV. 断裂强调句: (Cleft Sentence)It is/was; that/who/whom; . 我们之所以称它为断裂句是因为它把一个句子断成两部分, 即用it is/was把被强调的部分作为中心提出来。而用that或who/whom把其余部分引出。, 断裂强调句可强调除谓语以外的任何部分, , 一般强调主语(且主语指人)或宾语(且宾语指人)时用It is; who/whom, 而强调其余成分时一律用It is; that; . 注意: 如果原句的时念为过去时, 则用It was; that/who/whom. 例如:

They deserve praise. It is they that/who deserve praise. (强调主语)

It is not what you say but what you do that counts. (强调主语)重要的不是你所说的, 而是你所做的。It was him that/whom I gave the book to. (强调宾语)

It is because I love you that I am strict with you. (强调原因状语)

强调句有时会与that引导的定语从句产生形式的重合, 但意义有所不同, 翻译时应当注意。如: It was the dog that I gave the water to. 如看作强调句,则译为“我把水喂给了那条狗。”如看作是定语从句. 则应泽作“这就是我当初喂水的那条狗。”故如有人提问: Where did you hold the party yesterday?正确回答为It Was in the auditorium where we used to have meetings. “是在我们过去开会的大厅里举行的。”(定语从句)而非It was in the auditorium that we used to have meetings. “我们过去常在大厅里开会。“(强调句)。尽管两句在语法上均成立。谨记: 强调句可随时去掉it is; that; 还原成一完整的句子。故It was 1964____I graduated from this university. 中就不能填that, 因其不符合上面提到的“去掉it was; that; 仍为完整句子”的原则, 少介词in . 此处应填when, 构成时间状语从句, 译为“当我从那所大学毕业时, 正逢1964年, “

【注意】两种特殊的断裂强调句。

(1)not; until在断裂强调句中的合并。原句中分开的not和until列强调句应归于一处, 因为它们同属于要强调的时间状语部分。如:

He didn?t come back until twelve o?clock last night.

It was not until twelve o?clock last night that he came back. 直到昨晚十一点他才回来。

(2)断裂句的非陈述形式。断裂句也可以是疑问句和感叹句等。如:

Was it in 1997 that the incident happened? 是在1997年发生的变故吗?

Where was it that you met him? 你是在哪儿遇上他的?

He wonders what it is that prevents so many students from being happy.

他想知道究竟是什么让那么多的学子郁郁寡欢。

What a picture it is that you?ve drawn! 你画了怎样的一幅画啊!

最后,要提到一些格言式的句子, 虽与断裂句十分相似但意义上大不相同, 如从断裂句的角度去理解, 定然要造成张冠李藏的局面。

It is a wise father that knows his own child. 再聪明的父亲也不一定了解儿子。

It is a long lane that has no turning. 路必有弯。/ 凡事皆有变化。

二、典型试题分析

1. Out____, with a stick in his hand.

A. did he rush

B. rushed he

C. he rushed

D. he did rush

答案是C. 副词out置于句首。原应将句子做成完全倒装。但主语he是代词。故保留正常语序: “Out he rushed. ??

2. The old couple have been married for 40 years and never once____ with each other.(2003全国高考)

A. they had quarreled

B. they had quarreled

C. have they quarreled

D. had thev quarreled

答案是C. 含否定意义的副词never置于句首, 应发生部分倒装。又考虑到时态应用现在完成为佳. 故选择have they quarreled。

3. “David had made great progress recently. “_____” (1997上海高考)

A. SO he has;so you have

B. SO he has;so have you

C. So has he;so have you

D. So has he;so you have

答案是B. 作为两人的对话, B的理性回答应是David的确有了很大进步So he has, 此处的so指代made great progress recently. 并且你也有了进步: So have you. 倒装加省略表示“某人也; ”.

4. _____I have never seen anyone who?s as capable as John. (2001上海高考)

A. As long as I have traveled

B. Now that I have traveled so much

C. Much as I have traveled

D. As I have traveled so much

答案足C. Much as I have traveled等同于让步状语从句Although l have traveled much. 而其余选项“as long as”只要: “now that”既然: 以及“As”由于均无法与主句部分的意思相衔接, 故选择倒装结构。

5. So difficult_____ it to live in an English-speaking country that I determined to learn English well. (2001上海高考) A. I have felt B. have I felt C. I did feel D. did I feel

答案为D. So difficult置于句首, 主句应发生部分倒装: 、鉴于从句里的动词determine是过去时, 主句的动词也只可能是过去时, 故选did I feel.

6. Only when your identity has been checked, _____. . (2003上海高考)

A. you are allowed in

B. you will be allowed in

C. will you allow in

D. will you be allowed in

答案是D. Only引导的时间状语从句前置, 主句发生部分倒装。考虑到动词allow的被动意义, 选择D. 只有当你的身份被验证后, 你才被准人。

7. _____snacks and drinks, but they also brought cards for entertainment when they had a picnic in the forest. (2004上海高考)

A. Not only they brought

B. Not only did they bring

C. Not only brought they

D. Not only they did bring

答案是B. Not only移至句首, 前半段发生部分倒装, 将助动词提前, 敞选Not only did they bring snacks and drinks. 注意: but also后仍维持正常语序。

8. It was only when I reread his poems recently_ I began to appreciate their beauty. (1998全国高考)

A. until

B. that

C. then

D. so

答案是B。此句是It was; that结构的断裂句。强调的对象是only when I reread his poems recently这一时间状语, ,

9. it is the ability to do the job_____ matters not where you come from or what you are. (2000全国高考)

A. one

B. that

C. what

D. this

答案是B. 将句子的一部分挪移是常用的混淆视听的手段。同学们应当警惕。该句的内在结构应为一断裂强调句: It is the ability to do the job not where you come from or what you are that matters. 重要的是你的工作能力而非你从哪儿来或是干什么的。

10. Why! I have nothing to confess. ____want me to say?(2004上海高考)

A. What is it that

B. What it is that

C. How is it that

D. How it is that

答案为A. 这是强调句的特殊疑问形式。要问的是what do you want me to say?“你要我说什么?”加上It is; that则变成What is it that you want me to say?

11. ____ in the regulations that you should not tell other people the password of your email account. (2005上海高考)

A. What is required

B. What requires

C. it is required

D. It requires

答案是C. 句型It is required that sb(should)do sth: “据规定……”。it是形式主语, 真正的主语是that 引导的主语从句。

12. ____is no possibility____ Bob can win the first prize in the match. (2001上海春考)

A. There;that

B. It;that

C. There;whether

D. It;whether

答案是A. 意为鲍勃要在比赛中赢得冠军是不可能的。如选“It: that”则既无法在句法上构成it is; that的强调句(因其不完整), 也尤法在意思上解释为It是形式主语, that从句是真正的主语, 故排除

B. 注意: 有无可能性或是有无疑问, 用there be句型。

三、自测练习

Sentence Transformation: Rewrite the following sentences according to the requirements in the brackets.

1. He had no sooner put down the receiver with a great sigh of relief than the telephone rang again. (Inversion)

2. I would not doubt his integrity for one moment. (inversion)

3. A man with a white beard came in. (Inversion)

4. The whole truth did not become known until many years later. (Inversion)

5. Their hopes had been raised to such a pitch that they were bound to be disappointed. (Inversion)

6. He not only has a first--class brain but is also tremendously hard-working. (Inversion)

7. The girl stood at the end of the hall, twisting her handkerchief nervously and trembling with fear. (Inversion)

8. Contributions to computer technology are no longer confined to any one country. (Inversion)

9. A lasting peace will be established in the area only if both sides accept the agreement. (Inversion)

10. She rarely wears such beautiful dress, I am told. (Inversion)

11. Penny mailed a scholarship application to the East West Center. (Cleft Sentence)

12. We invited as many guests as possible because we wanted to have a large party. (Cleft Sentence)

13. The judge asked the jury to consider only the relevant evidence. (Cleft Sentence)

14. Superior engine performance and beautiful design make the Porsche a fine automobile. (Cleft Sentence)

15. We began our study at eight, and did not finish until two. (Cleft Sentence)

16. That she does not like him is quite obvious. (Using anticipatory “it”)

17. Just come when you can. When you come doesn?t matter. (Using anticipatory“it”)

18. To hear of their success makes all of us very happy. (Using anticipatory; …it?)

19. You seem to be on familiar terms with those girls. (Using anticipatory “it”)

20. You are required to hand in the papers before Wednesday. (Using anticipatory“it")

Multiple Choice:

1. He realized little that he had missed a good chance, ____ ?

A. did he

B. didn?t he

C. had he

D. hadn?t he

2. Little____ what had happened.

A. they knew

B. that knew

C. did he know

D. had she known

3. By no means ____ speak to the teacher like that.

A. can you

B. he should

C. they must

D. she can

4. Which is correct?

A. Away went she.

B. Went the boy out.

C. Out went the headmaster.

D. Away did the teacher go.

5. Which is correct?

A. It was not until mid-night did he come back home.

B. Until it was mid-night did he come back home.

C. Not until mid-night did he came back home.

D. It was until mid-night that he come back home.

6. Only after she got off the bus____ that ____ her handbag on the seat.

A. she found; she had lost

B. did she find; had she lost

C. did she realize; she had left

D. she realized; had she left

7. His father usually has his supper in the factory, ____?

A. hasn?t he

B. doesn?t he

C. isn?t he

D. has he

8. ____ it is!

A. How helpful a lecture

B. What helpful lecture

C. How a helpful lecture

D. What helpful a lecture

9. Who____ you worked with three years ago?

A. was it

B. was he

C. was it that

D. did

11. —“I like to watch football games, but I don?t play it.”—“____"

A. So do I

B. So it is with me.

C. So I do.

D. I do so.

13. They searched for hours, but____ be found.

A. at no time could the missing spoon

B. nowhere could the missing spoon

C. nowhere the missing spoon could

D. at no time the missing spoon could

14. ____ ill-mannered, ____ the laziest and most irresponsible creature you could ever hope to meet.

A. Not only is he; but he is also

B. Not only is he; but also is he

C. Not only is he; but is he also

D. Not only he is; but also he is

15. ____ got outside than it began to rain.

A. Not sooner I had

B. No sooner had I

C. No sooner I

D. Hardly had I

16. ____left unguarded.

A. At no time the entrance

B. At no time was the entrance

C. At no time the entrance was

D. At no time had the entrance

17. ____ they admit their guilt.

A. To no one will

B. To no one

C. To anyone

D. To none

18. ____ did Anne realize that there was danger.

A. Upon entering the store

B. After she had entered the store

C. Only after entering the store

D. While entering the store

19. ____the trouble started.

A. Hardly I had left than

B. Hardly had I left when

C. Scarcely I had left before

D. Scarcely had I left than

20. Joan recognized you, ____?

A. did she

B. didn?t she

C. hasn?t she

D. has she

21. His mother had talked to him for many minutes while he was watching TV, but____.

A. a little did he hear

B. little did he hear

C. little heard he

D. a little heard he

22. —Hello. Zhu Hua, I?ll have to return to Canada because I?ve worked here for a year. —____ !

A. What time flies

B. How time flies

C. What does time fly

D. How does time fly

23. During the war, ____ but also he lost his wife and his child.

A. not was his job in the lab taken away

B. not only was his job in the lab taken away

C. not merely his job in the lab was taken away

D. not just was taken away his job in the lab

24. —We have to stop talking here outside. Listen! ____! —Hurry up, or we?ll be late.

A. There goes the bell

B. There does the bell go

C. There the bell goes

D. Goes the bell there

25. I think this is the first time that we have met. ____ anywhere.

A. Before have we never seen each other

B. Never before we have met each other

C. Each other have we seen never before

D. Never before have we seen each other

26. ____! You should take this chance to attend it.

A. How important conference is it

B. How an important conference it is

C. What an important conference is it

D. What an important conference it is

27. She didn?t come to the party last Sunday. ____, she must have made the party more exciting.

A. If she came

B. Would she come

C. Had she come

D. Did she come

28. They finally managed to climb to the top, but____ then.

A. went the children down the hill

B. down the hill did the children go

C. down the hill went the children

D. down the hill the children went

29. I received his mother?s telephone call at eleven. ____ that he was badly hurt in an accident yesterday.

A. Then did I know

B. Only then I knew

C. Only then did I know

D. Only then knew I

30. —What sport do you like best? —Springboard diving. ____ to dive into water from high board!

A. What a fun is

B. How fun it is

C. How a fun is it

D. What fun it is

31. —The old man wouldn?t stay at home for a rest even if it rained.

—____. He would feel sick if he stayed home for one day.

A. So would my grandpa

B. So wouldn?t my grandpa

C. Neither would my grandpa

D. Nor wouldn?t my grandpa

32. ____ for us to surf on the sea in summer!

A. What exciting is it

B. How exciting is it

C. What exciting it is

D. How exciting it is

33. By no means____ to our plan for the trip.

A. will she agree

B. she will agree

C. agrees she

D. will agree she

34. The child tiptoed quietly to the bird. ____ into the forest when he was about to catch it.

A. Flew it away

B. Away flew it

C. Away it flew

D. Flew away it

35. Little Tom is an orphan. ____ , he has to make a living by himself.

A. A child as he is

B. Child as he is

C. Child as is he

D. A child though he is

36. ____ he gave that we should take more exercise in our spare time!

A. What a good advice

B. How a good advice

C. What good advice

D. How good advice

37. Hardly had she walked out of the woods __ she heard the strange scream coming from behind a tree.

A. than

B. until

C. since

D. when

38. ____ that we couldn?t catch up with him.

A. So fast he ran

B. So fast did he run

C. So fast ran he

D. Such fast did he run

39. We have been on duty for four hours and____.

A. now comes your turn

B. now does your turn come

C. now your turn comes

D. comes you?re your turn

40. We haven?t seen each other for many months. ____!

A. What I missed you

B. What did I miss you

C. How I missed you

D. How did I miss you

41. “I went to visit the factory yesterday.”“Oh. did you? ____”

A. So I did

B. So did I

C. Neither I did

D. Neither did I

42. Only after being asked several times____ us the news.

A. then he told

B. did he tell

C. he could tell

D. he began to tell

43. Stop____. There____.

A. shouting, the teacher comes

B. to shout. the teacher came

C. shouting, comes the teacher

D. to shout. came the teacher

44. Not for a moment____ what he said.

A. I believed

B. did I believe

C. I would believe

D. I believe

45. Under the big tree____ seven years old.

A. sat a little girl

B. did a little girl sit

C. a little girl was sitting

D. a little girl sat

46. In____, and the students stood up.

A. the teacher comes

B. the teacher coming

C. came the teacher

D. did the teacher come

47. No sooner____ begun to speak than I sensed that something was wrong.

A. he has

B. he had

C. had he

D. did he

48. ____, he has much experience in learning English.

A. As is he young

B. Young as he is

C. As young he is

D. Young although he is

49. The boy knows little English and____.

A. so do I

B. neither do I

C. so can I

D. neither am I

50. Nowhere else in the world____ a place so beautiful.

A. you can find

B. find you

C. can you find

D. do you find

51. Hardly____ me house when he was caught.

A. the thief had entered

B. entered the thief

C. had the thief entered

D. was the thief entering

52. Seldom____ late____ the meeting—room.

A. does he come, to

B. come she, for

C. does he come, for

D. comes he, to

53. Never before____ such a good film____ “Jiao Yulu”.

A. have I seen, as

B. I have seen, like

C. had I seen, like

D. I have seen, as

54. So busy____ that he has no time to play.

A. he was

B. he is

C. is he

D. was he

55.—The girl likes singing and dancing.—____

A. So she does

B. So is she

C. So am I

D. So she can

56. ____, the crops would be saved.

A. It should rain

B. It rains

C. Should it rain

D. It will rain

57. Not only____ study well but also he is always ready to help others.

A. he does

B. he did

C. does he

D. did he

58. Such a noise____ that I couldn?t make myself heard.

A. are there

B. there is

C. was there

D. there are

59. Jane could hardly swim. ____

A. So could Ann

B. Either could Ann

C. Neither could Ann

D. Ann couldn?t neither

60. Only in his place____ such good tea.

A. we can buy

B. can we buy

C. can buy we

D. can have we bought

61. It____ Alice and Bob ____sang folk songs at the party that day.

A. is; that

B. will; that

C. were; that

D. were; who

62. ____ two o?clock in the afternoon____ lunch at a small restaurant.

A. It was; since they had

B. Not until; had they

C. It wasn?t until; that they had

D. Only after; had they

63. No students are able to pursue nuclear science ____ maths.

A. without solidly grasping of

B. with no solidly grasp of

C. with no grasping solidly of

D. without a solid grasp of

64. To all of you____ the honor for the success.

A. belongs to

B. belong to

C. belongs

D. belong

65. ____ I had a new problem to deal with.

A. Hardly have I arrived when

B. Hardly did I arrive when

C. Hardly had I arrived when

D. Hardly had I arrived than

66. Hardly ever____ get a good job these days without a good education.

A. people might

B. people can

C. do people

D. have people

67. ____ into the air.

A. Up went the arrow

B. Went up the arrow

C. Up did the arrow go

D. Up the arrow went

68. A fish needs water and without water it will die. ____.

A. So does a man.

B. So will a man.

C. So it is with a man

D. So is it with a man

69. ____ all the salesmen and saleswomen.

A. Were present at the meeting

B. Present were at the meeting

C. Be present at the meeting

D. Present at the meeting were

70. ____ tomorrow, the celebration would be put off.

A. if should it rain

B. Should it rain

C. It should rain

D. Should if it rain

71. —You haven?t changed a bit, have you?

A. You neither have

B. No a lot

C. Neither have you

D. Neither have I

72. Nowhere else in the world____ more attractive scenery than in Switzerland.

A. you can find

B. is found

C. can you find

D. has been found

73. Never in my life____ forget the impression___ me by my first visit.

A. I shall; made upon

B. shall I; made on

C. shall I; made

D. do I; making

74. Few people____ at the sports meet.

A. I know did I see

B. do I know did I see

C. I know I see

D. do I know I see

75. ____ a flood, what____ we do?

A. Should there be; should

B. Would there be; would

C. Is there; shall

D. Had there been; should have

76. So badly____ in the accident that he was forced to stay in hospital for three weeks.

A. did he injure

B. he did injure

C. were he injured

D. was he injured

77. Hardly____ it is in its hibernation state.

A. had the animal made any movement when

B. does the animal make any movement when

C. had the animal made any movement that

D. does the animal make any movement that

78. Only____ a long growing period can large plants exist.

A. there is where

B. is there where

C. where is there

D. where there is

79. The sleeper____ cannot tell what is going on and, ____ when he wakes, has____ a very hazy idea of how good or bad the night he has had.

A. herself; just; even

B. himself; only; even

C. himself; even; only

D. herself; only; ever

80.____ to them the day before yesterday, they would have attended the meeting.

A. Had I had the note sent

B. Had I the note sent

C. Could I send the note

D. Should I have the note sent Translation:

1. 是她的骄傲使谁都不喜欢她。

2. 到那时他才认识到他铸成了大错。

3. 大门前耸立着两头石狮子, 一左一右。

4. 是他母亲一手把他拉扯大的。

5. 我们小时候就互相认识。

6. 两个便衣警察冲了进来。将他架走。

7. 许多学生到他家里是为了得到学术方面的指导。

8. 我喜欢的是他的直爽。

9. 我父亲如何关心国家前途的情况我至今记忆犹新。

10. 正是由于他的粗心大意引起了这次事故。