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2017年杨浦区高三英语二模(精校版)

杨浦区2016学年度第二学期高三模拟质量调英语学科试卷

第I卷(共100分)

I.Listening Comprehension

Section A

Directions:In Section A, you will hear ten short conversions between two speakers. At the end of each conversion, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard.

1. A.1:00p.m. B.2:03p.m. C.2:30p.m. D.2:45p.m

2.A .Jon Smith isn’t in right now. B .The man dialed the wrong number.

C. John Smith can’t answer the phone right now.

D. The woman is busy working and can’t find John Smith.

3. A. Delivering newspaper. B. Picking Fruit. C. Baby-sitting. D. Posting advertisements.

4. A. At home. B. At a hair-dresser. C. In the office. D. In a library.

5. A. Cook and baker. B. Waitress and diner. C. Tailor and customer. D. Boss and secretary.

6 . A. The man forgot saying something about the exam. B. The man said something that annoyed Jess.

C. The man didn’t care about the exam.

D. The man kept talking in the exam.

7. A. The boys are badly spoiled. B. The man gives them too much money.

C. They should learn to manage money.

D. She wants to save money for the boys.

8. A. Delighted. B. Excited. C. Puzzled. D. Disappointed.

9. A. Rebecca doesn’t work hard enough. B. Rebecca never falls asleep in class.

C. Rebecca has a Japanese cultural background.

D. Rebecca’s parents urge her to have more sleep.

10. A. Cindy is satisfied with her new hair style. B. Cindy is suffering from a serious hair loss.

C. Cindy found her new image unbelievably nice.

D. Cindy’s hairstylist didn’t understand her requirement. Section B

Directions:In Section B, you will hear several longer conversion(s) and short passage(s), and you will be asked several questions on each of the conversation (s) and the passage(s).The conversation(s) and passage(s) will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only twice. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard.

Questions11 through 13 are based on the following passage.

11. A. In Sichuan province in 2013. B. In Washington, DC in 2000.

C. In Washington, DC in 2013.

D. In Sichuan province in 2000.

12. A. She was seriously ill. B. Her parents missed her too much.

C. She was not accustomed to the food there.

D. Pandas born outside China must come back before 4.

13. A. Many US people saw her off at the airport. B. It took her 6 hours to come back home by plane.

C. She was accompanied by a diplomat and doctor.

D. A variety of food was prepared on the plane by Chinese zoo.

Questions 14 though 16 are based on the following passage.

14. A. They speak too carefully. B. They don’t like foreigners.

C. .They use jokes and slang

D. They are poor at communication.

15. A. You are as beautiful as a queen. B. No problems.

C. You are serious about small matters.

D. Don’t play drams.

16. A. Imitate their pronunciation. B. Point out their lack of patience.

C. Learn to speak internationally.

D. Ask them to speak slowly and clearly.

Questions 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation.

17. A. A cell phone that had just been released. B. A cell phone whose price had just dropped.

C. A cell phone that many reviews recommended.

D. A cell phone that the woman thought had some problems.

18. A. He was afraid the product he wanted would be sold out soon.

B. He thought that the new technology was worth the full price.

C. He predicted that the prices of well-designed products would go up.

D. He knew products from this company seldom offered a discount.

19. A. She picked one model and bought it without hesitation.

B. She was always the first one to try out latest models.

C. She often consulted product reviews before purchase.

D. She compared prices and bought the more expensive one.

20 A. Most companies overstate the function of their products.

B. Different people have different values and principles.

C. The man admitted that he bought the cell phone too hastily.

D. The woman was more experienced in buying expensive products.

II Grammar and vocabulary

Section A

Directions: After reading the passage, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank.

I was standing in the checkout line behind a woman who looked to be in (21) ______60s. When it was her turn to pay, the cashier greeted her by name and asked her how she was doing.

The woman looked down, (22) __________(shake) her head and said: “Not so good. My husband just lost his job and my son is up to his old tricks again. The truth is, I don’t know how I’m going to get through the holidays.”

Then she gave the cashier food stamps.

My heat ached. I wanted to help but didn’t know how. (23)____I offer to pay for her groceries or ask for her husband’s resume?

As I walked into the parking lot, I saw the woman (24)_______ (return) her shopping cart. I remembered something in my purse (25)______ I thought could help her. It wasn’t a handful of cas h or an offer of a job for her husband, but maybe it would make her life better.

My heart pounded as I approached the woman.

“Excuse me,” I said, my voice trembling a bit. “I couldn’t help overhearing what you said to the cashier. It sounds like you’re going through a really hard time right now. I’m so sorry. I’d like to give you something.”

I handed her the small card from my purse.

When the woman read the card’s only two words, she began to cry. And through her tears, she said: “You have no idea (26) _______ this means to me.”

I was a little startled by her reply. (27)__________ (not do) anything like this before, I didn’t know what kind of reaction I might receive. All left for me (28)_________(say) was: “ Oh, Would it be OK to give you a hug?”

(29)________ we embraced, I walked back to my car -- and began to cry, too.

The words on the card?

“You Matter.”

A few weeks earlier, a colleague gave me a similar card (30)___________encouragement for a project I was working on. When I read the card, I felt a warm glow spread inside of me. Deeply touched, I came home and ordered my own box of You Matter card and started sharing them.

Section B

Directions: Fill in each blank with a proper word chosen from the box. Each word can only be used once. Note

2017年杨浦区高三英语二模(精校版)

adding one more to that list.

According to a recent paper published in the geological society of American journal by a group of researchers, “Zealand ia’’is a new continent that’s31 beneath the ocean.

Zealandia is 32 to be five million sq km. Most of this massive area is covered by water, but its highest mountains already have their own name: New Zealand.

The small country is the only part of Zealandia that isn't under water, but the paper’s authors want the huge landmass to be 33 worldwide as its own continent.

“The scientific value of classifying Zealandia as a continent is much more than just an extra name o n a list,”the researchers wrote in their paper.

Scientists discovered Zealandia all the way back in 1995, then started 34 research on the area using underwater and satellite mapping 35 . After completing their work, they were finally able to write a report suggesting that Zealandia be named a continent.

But who decided on what is a continent and what isn't? There is, in fact, no official organization that does. Some countries’ schools teach that there are six or even five continents. This changes depending on where in the world the school is.

Due to their 36 as a “continuous expanse of land”, some classify Europe and Asia as the same continent---known as Eurasia. Schools in Russia and parts of Eastern Europe teach this.

And to make things even more confusing, France and Greece, as well as some other countries, classify North America and South American as simply America.

This argument over how land is defined has even 37 into outer space. In 2006, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) decided that Pluto was no longer a planet, 76 years after its 38 in 1930. Experts argued that it no longer met the requirements needed to be called a planet alongside the eight others in our solar system. It was therefore rena med a “dwarf planet(矮行星)”, meaning that 39 books, models and museum exhibits all over world had to be 40 .

But will the world take the same notice of Zealandia? The best way to tell is to keep an eye on our textbooks.

III .Reading Comprehension

Section A

Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.

Good news for awkward teenagers around the world. As time goes by, you could 41 up like a completely different person.

This comes from the longest running personality study ever 42 by scientists. According to researchers from the University of Edinburgh in the U.K, our personality changes so much from youth to old age that most people’s personalities in older age are barely43 compared to their younger selves.

The researchers analyzed results from a study in 1947, which gathered 1,208 teenagers in Scotland aged 14 and asked their teachers to 44 their personalities based on six traits(特征).

Now more than six decades later, the University of Edinburgh team has managed to contact 635 of the 45 students, and 174 agreed to have their personalities tested once more.

At an average age of 76.7 years old, the group were asked to 46 themselves on the same six personality traits, then pick a close friend or family member to do the same.

By 47 the then-and-now test results, the researchers found that there is hardly a relationship between traits people had as teenagers and those in their older years.

It was “as if the second tests had been given to48 people,” the study’s researchers wrote in their report, which was published in journal Psychology and Aging.

The results were a surprise because research in the past found personality 49 in people tested from childhood to middle-age, and from middle-age to older age.

As the team explained, our personality appears stable over short intervals --- 50 so throughout

2017年杨浦区高三英语二模(精校版)

41. A. hold B. wake C. end D. cheer

42. A. carried out B. applied to C. participated in D. made up

43. A. incredible B. accessible C. changeable D. recognizable

44. A. assemble B. assess C. assume D. access

45. A. alternative B. individual C. original D. separate

46. A. score B. rate C. comment D. remark

47. A. comparing B. reviewing C. presenting D. observing

48. A. young B. similar C. amateur D. different

49. A. combination B. stability C. transformation D. flexibility

50. A. increasingly B. strangely C. subsequently D. obviously

51. A. Therefore B. Moreover C. However D. Otherwise

52. A. stronger B. closer C. further D. weaker

53. A. option B. sign C. symptom D. cause

54. A. replaced B. exposed C. divided D. cultivated

55. A. stuck in mud B. buried in sand C. lost in thought D. set in stone

S ection B

Directions:Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read.

(A)

One way people are responding to food safety concerns is by going their own food. However, not everyone lives on property with enough space for a private plot. One solution is community gardens, which have become popular worldwide, numbering 18,000 in North America alone. In addition to providing low-cost, delicious food, these public spaces offer cities a range of other benefits.

Community gardens are located in a town or city and tended by local residents. Often, the land is on a vacant lot owned by the city. The site is divided into manageable plots, which may be tended by individuals or by the garden’s members collectively. Since the land is usually publicly owned, the cost for gardeners to lease it is minimal. In fact, New York City, which is home to more than 750 community gardens tended by more than 20,000 members, charges people just $1 a year to lease a plot. Other costs involve soil, tools, seeds, fencing, and so on. However, because they’re shared by many people, individual gardeners pay very little.

A community garden can quickly pay off, in terms of delicious fruits and vegetables, in addition to beautiful flowers. Excess produce can be sold for a profit at farmers markets. But a garden’s benefits don’t stop there. They also bea utify cities, foster strong relationships among residents, and lower an area’s crime rate. Award-winning spaces like London’s Culpeper Community Garden even attract tourists. Beautiful and affordable, community gardens are often described as oases in crowded cities.

56. Community gardens are designed for those who .

A. are concerned about food safety

B. live in a house with a private plot

C. can’t afford to buy organic food

D. don’t have their own property

57. New York City .

A. is owned by 20,000 individual gardeners

B. charges residents a lot to lease tools and fencing

C. contains more than 750 community gardens

D. is tended by professional gardeners and local residents

58. What’s the benefit of com munity gardens?

A. People can enjoy safe and delicious vegetables and animal meat.

B. Residents are more familiar and related with each other.

C. The neighborhood is becoming safer but of lower taste.

D. People can make some profits from the visiting tourists.

59. The underlined word “oases” is closest in meaning to

A. cultural and art centers B, popular platforms for exchanges

C. peaceful and safe lands

D. commercial and prosperous places

(B)

African Safari

Essential information you need to know before booking your African Safari

in Southern Africa- These tips will enhance the experience that you have

Things to Consider Before Booking an African Safari

1)Book in Advance

African Safaris are now hugely popular and good safari camps often get booked out more than a year in advance, especially during the high season from July through to October. Show more...

2)Choosing which game park

Different parks have different topography and weather patterns - this greatly affects animal movements at different times of the year. If you want to target certain species of animals, then some parks are better than others for certain species. Show more...

3)Choosing which lodge or safari camp

A typical safari camp has between 10 and 20 beds, it is an intimate safari experience and very personalised. However, there are also hotels in some places, either inside or just outside a national park, which can sleep anything up to 300people. Show more...

4)Guiding

The quality, experience and knowledge of the game guides at any Safari camp is almost the most important factor to consider. Good guides can transform your experience from ordinary to exceptional. Show more...

5)What’s the Best Time of Year to go on Safari

Understandably as the seasons change so does the safari experience. It is highly advisable to find out the best time of year for the safari area that you are intending to visit. Prices will change dramatically between the high and the low season, so good deals are to be had in the low season but it is important to know the difference, as your experience will be vastly different. Show more...

6)The Prices

Going on Safari is not cheap whichever way you do it, but the price range can be enormous. Unfortunately, safaris in most cases are a case of “you pay for what you get”. Show more...

7)Fly-in safari or not

Using small charter planes is sometimes an absolute necessity for camps in remote areas, where road transfers are just not practical or viable. These flights can increase the overall cost of the safari substantially but generally they are worth it and allow you the flexibility to visit a variety of safari camps in different locations. Show more...

8)Use an Agent

As you can see from all the information and options detailed above, there is great deal to understand and unless you go on safari several times a year it is impossible to know all this stuff. Show more...

CONTACT US NOW TO HELP YOU PLAN YOUR SAFARI

We are qualified travel agents who know this area intimately!

Click on the below buttons for some fantastic safari ideas

60.Which is a determining factor in choosing a Safari camp?

A.Means of transport.

B. Accommodation.

C. Weather patterns.

D. Game guides.

61.John is planning to have an African Safari in August 2018. He should book it in ____.

A.July 2018

B. January 2018

C. July 2017

D. October 2017

62.Which of the following is FALSE about African Safari?

A.You can have a good price but same experience if you travel in low season.

B.If you visit different camps in remote areas, flights may be unavoidable.

C.The more money you pay, the better experience you’ll get.

D.Not all the parks have the same species of animals.

(C)

A busy brain can mean a hungry body. We often seek food after focused mental activity, like preparing for an exam. Researchers think that heavy bouts of thinking drain energy from the brain, whose capacity to store fuel is very limited.

So the brain, sensing that it may soon require more calories (卡路里) to keep going, apparently stimulates bodily hunger, and even though there has been little in the way of physical movement or calorie consumption, we eat. This process may partly account for the weight gain so commonly seen in college students.

Scientists at the University of Alabama at Birmingham and another institution recently experimented with exercise to counter such post-study food consumption.

Gary Hunter, an exercise physiologist at U.A.B., oversaw the study. Hunter notes that tough activity both increases the amount of blood sugar and lactate(乳酸盐) — a byproduct of intense muscle contractions(收缩)—circulating in the blood and increases blood flow to the head. Because the brain uses sugar and lactate as fuel, researchers wondered if the increased flow of fuel-rich blood during exercise could feed an exhausted brain and reduce the urge to overeat.

Thirty-eight healthy college students were invited to U.A.B.’s exercise lab to report what their favorite pizza was. At a later date, the volunteers returned and spent 20 minutes dealing with selections from college and graduate-school entrance exams. Next, half the students sat quietly for 15 minutes, before being given pizza. The rest of the volunteers spent those 15 minutes doing intervals on a treadmill: two minutes of hard running followed by about one minute of walking, repeated five times. Hunter says, that should stimulate the release of sugar and lactate into the bloodstream. These students were then allowed to gorge on pizza, too. But by and large, they did not overeat. In fact, the non-exercisers, however, consumed about 100 calories more.

The study has limitations, of course. We only looked at lunch, Hunter says; the researchers do not know if the runners consumed extra calories at dinner. They also cannot tell whether other types of exercise would have the same effect as running, although Hunter says they suspect that if an activity causes someone to break into a sweat, it should also increase blood sugar and lactate, feeding the bra in and weakening hunger’s call.

63.According to the passage, ________may cause many college students to overeat and gain weight.

A.a lot of energy-consuming mental activities

B. numerous physical movements or calorie burning

C. failure to resist the temptation of delicious food

D. bodily hunger caused by physical growth

64.The underlined word “counter” is closest in meaning to __________.

A.stimulate

B. maximize

C. balance

D. prevent

65.What can be inferred from the passage?

A. Running is more beneficial than walking.

B. Sweating in exercise can make people hungrier.

C. The amount of blood sugar and lactate can affect people’s appetite.

D. When the brain feels exhausted, people tend to do exercise for relaxation.

66.Which of the following statements is FALSE?

A.Mental activities can make people feel hungry.

B.Physical exercise can make people refreshed and stay hungry.

C.Sugar and lactate can help energize and restore people’s brain.

D.It’s uncertain what types of exercise can effectively feed the brain.

Section C

Directions: Read the following passage. Fill in each blank with a proper sentence given in the box. Each sentence

2017年杨浦区高三英语二模(精校版)

Self-talk helps us all

Talking to yourself may seem a little shameful. If you’ve ever been overheard criticizing yourself for a foolish mistake or practicing a speech, you’ll know the social problems it can cause. 67

But there’s no need for embarrassment. Talking to ourselves, whether out loud or silently in our head, is valuable. Far from being a sign of insanity, self-talk allows us to plan what we are going to do, manage our activities and control our emotions.

For example, take a trip to any preschool and watch a small girl playing with her toys. Your are very likely to hear her talking to herself: offering herself directions and talking about her problems. 68 We do a lot of it when we are young.

As children, according to the Russian Psychologist Lev Vygotsky, we use private speech to control our actions in the same way that we use public speech to control the behavior of others. As we grow older, we keep this system inside.

Psychological experiments have shown that this so-called inner speech can improve our performance in tasks like telling what other people are thinking. Our words give us an interesting view of our actions. One recent study suggested that self-talk is most effective when we talk to ourselves in the second person: as “you” rather than “I”.

69 if you want proof, turn on sports channel. You’re sure to see an athlete shouting at himself or herself.

Talking to ourselves seems to be a very good way of solving problems and working through ideas. Hearing different points of view means our thoughts can end up in different places, just like a regular dialogue, and might turn out to be one of the keys to human creativity.

Both kinds of self-talk --- silent and out loud --- seem to bring many different benefits to our thinking.

70 .

IV. Summery Writing

Directions:Read the following passage. Summarize the main idea and the main point(s) of the passage in no more than 60 words. Use your own words as far as possible.

For thousands of years, people have sailed across the oceans to trade, explore, and transport goods. However, not every ship arrives at its port of destination. Weather, war, navigation mistakes, and bad luck have caused many ships to sink to the bottom of the ocean. These shipwrecks, which are estimated to number more than three million, have long fascinated us. In addition to being historically important, they sometimes contain great riches.

Historical research is a key motivator for shipwreck hunters. Ships carrying documents and artifacts can teach us about ancient civilizations and important events. For instance, in 1977 the Pandora, which sank in 791, was discovered off the coast of Australia. The findings from the ship helped us understand the events surrounding the famous mutiny(暴动) on another ship—the Bounty. Another important discovery off the US coast in 1996 is widely believed to be the Queen Ann’s Revenge, the flagship of the private Blackbeard.

Profit is another motive for shipwreck exploration, as companies use advanced sonar, robots, and retrieval equipment to find treasure ships. One such firm is Odyssey Marine Exploration. The company has found hundreds of ships, including, in 2007, a Spanish sailing ship containing 500,000 silver coins. The ship, which sank 200 years ago in the Atlantic Ocean, carried a treasure estimated to be worth $500 million. Soon after the discovery, a long legal battle over ownership rights tool place between the company and the Spanish government. Cases like these are part of an ongoing debate about protecting historically important ships from treasure hunters.

第II卷(共46分)

I Translation

Directions: Translation the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets.

1.新颁布的禁烟令得到了广大市民的支持。(ban)

2.出乎我的意料:年轻人对中国古诗词显示出了极大的热情。(passion)

3.共享单车不仅解决了最后一里路的问题,而且还有助于改善空气质量。(Not only)

4.一考定终身的日子已经一去不复返了,但不可否认的是考试越多,学生压力越大。(denying)

I. Guided Writing

Directions: Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese.

请根据下面的图片,结合你个人的经历,谈谈你的想法。

________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________

2017年杨浦区高三英语二模(精校版)

________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________

________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________

________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________

________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________

________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________

________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________

________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________

________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________

________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________

________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________

________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________

________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________180 ________