文档库

最新最全的文档下载
当前位置:文档库 > 人教版高中英语必修三Unit 1 Festivals around the world知识点汇总及练习(附答案)

人教版高中英语必修三Unit 1 Festivals around the world知识点汇总及练习(附答案)

必修三复习

Unit 1 Festivals around the world 单元要点

人教版高中英语必修三Unit 1  Festivals around the world知识点汇总及练习(附答案)

人教版高中英语必修三Unit 1  Festivals around the world知识点汇总及练习(附答案)

语言要点Ⅰ.词语辨析

人教版高中英语必修三Unit 1  Festivals around the world知识点汇总及练习(附答案)

人教版高中英语必修三Unit 1  Festivals around the world知识点汇总及练习(附答案)

Ⅱ.词性变化

人教版高中英语必修三Unit 1  Festivals around the world知识点汇总及练习(附答案)

人教版高中英语必修三Unit 1  Festivals around the world知识点汇总及练习(附答案)

Ⅲ.重点词汇

1. mean (meant, meant) vt.&vi. 意思是;意味着;打算;预定

[典例]

1). The sign means that the road is blocked. 这个标志表示此路不通。

2). What do you mean to do with it? 你打算把它怎样处理?

3). I mean you to work as our spokesman. 我想请你当我们的代言人。

[重点用法]

(sth.) mean doing sth. 意味着… (sb) mean to do sth. 打算做…

had meant to do sth. 本来打算做某事be meant for 打算作……用;打算给…(sth.) be meant to do sth. 被预定/指定/认为做某事

What do/did you mean by...? “你……是什么意思?”

[练习] 按要求填空或翻译。

1). Can you tell me what this sentence______ (mean)?

2). Your friendship ______ (mean) a great deal ______ (介词) me.

3). In some parts of London, missing a bus means ______ (wait) for another hour.

4). What did he mean ______ (介词) saying that remark?

5). I ______ ______ ______ ______(本来打算来)yesterday, but I had an unexpected visitor.

6). 这些房间是打算用作少年活动中心的。

_____________________________________________________________________

2. starve vi.&vt. (使)饿死;饿得要死starvation n.[u] 饿死

[典例]

1). The enemy is trying to starve us to death. 敌人正在企图饿死我们。

2). I’ m starving; let’ s have a big dinner.

我饿得要死了,让我们吃一顿丰盛的晚餐吧。

3). He said he would starve rather than beg for food. 他说他宁愿挨饿也不要饭吃。[重点用法]

starve to death = die of starvation/hunger饿死

starve sb to death 把某人饿死

starve for sth. = be starved of sth. = hope/long for sth. 希望/渴望得到某物

[练习] 用starve的短语的适当形式填空。

1). Thousands of people ________ ________ ________ in Africa.

2). These children are ________ ________ love.

3). The people on the island _______ _______ _______ fres h water since it hadn’t

rained for nearly half a year.

3. belief n. [c,u] 信任;信仰;信心believe vt.&vi. 相信

[典例]

1). He has great belief in his doctor. 他对那位医生无比信赖。

2). She has lost her belief in God. 她已不相信上帝(不相信真有上帝)。

[重点用法]

have belief in sth/sb 对某事物/人的真实性和正确性所具有的信心

beyond belief 难以置信

in the belief that... 相信……It is my belief that... 我相信……

[练习] 用belief的短语填空。

1). He came to me ________ ________ ________ ________ I could help him.

2). ________ ________ ________ ________ that nuclear weapons are immoral.

3). The cruelty of the murders was ________ ________.

4. gain vt. 获得;得到n.[c,u] 收获;获利

[典例] 该词有三种含义:

1). 表示经过努力一点一点地获得自己渴望的东西

He has gained rich experience in these years. 这些年他已获取了丰富的经验。

2). 表示速度、重量等慢慢增加

He gained weight after recovery from his illness. 康复后他的体重增加了。3).(钟,表)走快

This clock gains five minutes a day. 这只钟每天快5分钟。

[重点用法]

gain experience / fame / independence 获得经验/名望/独立

gain sth. from 从……处获得某物

gain other’ s respect / love / trust 获得别人的尊敬/爱戴/信任

No pains, no gains. 一分耕耘,一分收获。

5. admire vt. 赞美;钦佩;羡慕admiration n.[u] 钦佩;羡慕

[典例]

1). I admire your courage and wisdom. 我钦佩你的勇气和智慧。

2). I admired the way she had coped with life. 我钦佩她面对生活的方式。

[重点用法]

admire sb. for sth./ doing sth. 在某方面钦佩某人

in admiration赞美地/钦佩地

[练习] 中译英。

1). 我们都钦佩他的勇气和胆识。

_____________________________________________________________________

2). 所有认识他的人都羡慕他取得诺贝尔化学奖。

_____________________________________________________________________

3). 我钦佩地看着那小女孩弹钢琴。

_____________________________________________________________________

6. permission n.[u] 许可;允许permit vt.准许;许可;允许

permit n.许可(证);执照

[典例]

You have my permission to leave. 我准你离开。

[重点用法]

with/without (one’ s) permission得到允许/未经允许

ask sb. for permission 征求某人的许可

give sb. permission to do sth.: permit sb. to do sth.允许某人做某事

have one’ s permission得到某人的同意

[练习] 完成句子或用括号内所提供词的适当形式填空。

1). They entered the area _______ _______ (未经允许).

2). The prison authorities permit _______ (visit) only once a month.

3). We have arranged to play tennis on Saturday, weather _______ (permit).

4). You will need to obtain planning _______ (permit) if you want to extend your house.

7. remind vt. 提醒;使想起

[典例]

1). This story reminds me of my childhood. 这个故事让我想起了我的童年。

2). I reminded Gerald of his promise. 我提醒吉罗德他曾许下的诺言。

3). Please remind me to write to my mother tomorrow.

请提醒我明天给我母亲写信。

[重点用法]

remind sb. of sth. 使某人想起某事

remind sb. of / about sth. 提醒某人记住某事

remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事

remind sb. that... 提醒某人/使某人想起……

[练习] 中译英。

1). 这些照片使我想起我的童年。

_____________________________________________________________________

2). 请提醒我要每天服三次药。

_____________________________________________________________________

8. forgive (forgave, forgiven) vt. 原谅;饶恕

[典例]

1). I’ ll never forgive you! 我永远都不会饶恕你!

2). He asked us to forgive him for what he had done wrong.

他请求我们原谅他的错误。

[重点用法]

forgive sb. (for) sth. 原谅某人的某事forgive doing sth. 原谅做某事[练习] 完成句子或用括号内所提供词的适当形式填空。

1). I’ ll never ______ ______ _____ _____(因你所说的话而原谅你) you said to me.

2). They ______ (forgive) him for his crimes.

3). Forgive my _______ (interrupt) you.

Ⅳ.重点词组

1. take place vi. 发生;举行

[典例]

1). The football match will take place tomorrow. 足球赛将在明天举行。

2). The accident took place/ happened only a block from my home.

事故发生在离我家仅一个街区远的地方。

[短语归纳]

take the place of (动词短语)代替/取代

in place of (介词短语)代替;交换

take sb’ s place / take the place of sb. 坐某人的座位;代替某人的职务

in the last place 最后

in place 放在原来的位置;适合的,恰当的

out of place不在合适的位置;不适当的

in the first place (列举理由)首先,第一点

in one’s place 处于某人的位置,为某人设身处地想一想

[练习] 用place短语的适当形式填空。

1). A little gratitude would be _______ _______.

2). I’ m at a loss what to do next. What would you do (if you were ) _______ _______

_______?

3). Plastics have _______ _______ _______ _______ many other materials.

4). We use plastics _______ _______ _______ many other materials.

5). While the manager was on holiday, he _______ _______ _______.

2. in memory of = to the memory of 纪念;追念

[典例]

1). Many ceremonies are in memory of famous people.

很多典礼是为了纪念名人的。

2). The statue was built in memory of the famous scientist.

这个雕像是为了纪念那为有名的科学家而建立的。

[短语归纳] in + n. + of 短语:

in honour of 为了纪念……;向……表示敬意in praise of 歌颂

in favor of 赞同, 支持in charge of 负责in need of 需要

in search of 寻找in possession of 拥有in place of 代替

[练习] 用in + n. + of构成的词组填空。

1). A monument was set up ______ ______ ______ the dead soldiers.

2). He founded the charity (兴办那项慈善事业)______ ______ ______his late wife.

3). If you are ______ ______ ______ anything, don’ t hesitat e to let me know.

4). In the discussion, I was ______ ______ ______ Mr. Li.

3. dress up 盛装;打扮;装饰

[典例]

1). Don’ t bother to dress up. Come as you are.

用不著穿讲究衣服--就穿平常的衣服来吧。

2). We’re supposed to dress (ourselves) up as movie characters for the party.

我们在晚会上要装扮得像电影中的角色。

[短语归纳] dress短语:

dress up for sth. 为某事而盛装dress up as sb. 打扮成为某人

be dressed in 穿着(衣服或颜色) dress sb./oneself 给某人或自己穿衣服[练习] 用dress构成的词组填空。

1). The boy ______ ______ ______ a short pant.

2). He ______ ______ ______ Christmas Father to amuse the children.

3). The kids are too young to ______ ______, so she has to ______ ______ every morning.

4. play a trick/tricks on 对某人搞恶作剧/诈骗/开玩笑;对某人施计谋

[典例]

The kids are always playing tricks on their teacher.

孩子们老是对他们的老师搞恶作剧。

[短语归纳]

play a joke/jokes on sb. = make fun of sb. 开某人的玩笑

laugh at sb. 嘲笑某人

[练习] 填介词或用所给词的适当形式填空。

1). He was let in by playing a trick _______ (介词) the guard.

2). She hated _______ (play) tricks on in public.

5. look forward to 盼望;期待

[典例]

1). I’m looking forward to seeing you this summer vacation. 我期待暑假见到你。

2). I’ m really looking forward to our vacation. 我盼望着假期早日到来。

[短语归纳] 短语中to是介词,后接名词、代词及动词-ing形式:

lead to导致;通向object to反对refer to查阅;提到

stick to粘住;坚持add to 增加add up to 总计compare......to 把……比作see to 负责,处理

get close to接近;差点get down to着手做…… get/be used to 习惯于

pay attention to 注意……

put an end to 结束,停止admit to 承认

devote...to 贡献……给;致力于……

[练习] 用所给词的适当形式填空。

1). The boy hurried forward ______ (see) the world-famous oil painting because he

had been looking forward to ______ (see) it for a long time.

2). The day I had been looking forward to ______ (come).

3). I used to ______ (get) up late, but now I’ m used to ______ (get) up early.