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英语中音素分为元音音素和辅音音素两大类

英语中音素分为元音音素和辅音音素两大类。其中元音音素20个,辅音音素24个。元音:发音时声带振动,呼出的气流通过口腔时不受阻碍,这样形成的语音称作元音。元音发音响亮,口腔中气流不受阻碍,是构成音节的主要音。英语中有20个元音。

辅音:不论声带振动与否,发声时呼出的气流通过口腔或鼻腔时受到一定阻碍,这样的语音称为辅音。英语中有24个辅音。辅音包括清辅音和浊辅音两大类。发音时声带不震动、送气的叫清辅音。发音时声带震动的叫浊辅音。

英语音标表:共48个

英语中音素分为元音音素和辅音音素两大类

1.元音:

1) [i:] 字母组合:ee ea e ie ei

three tree green sheep meet beef see seek

eat tea meat clean please

he she me piece receive

2)[i]发音字母 i y e

sit picture it is list six mix fix fit pig big build miss myth many twenty happy decide delicious

3)[?:] 字母组合 ir ur ear er or

girl shirt skirt thirty thirteen third bird

turn nurse turtle burger

learn earth heard term her

work world

4)[?] 字母组合 er or ou ar o a e u

teacher leader remember player speaker farmer

doctor actor tractor

delicious pleasure

familiar collar dollar

together tomorrow today lesson

5)[?:]字母组合 al or au our ar

small wall short talk tall hall ball call walk

short more horse for forty sport door floor store four court bought warm quarter

6)[?] 发音字母 o a

hot lost lot fox box mop hop collar not

want wash watch

7)[u:] 字母组合 oo o u

food moon room gloom broom broom doom goose tooth

shoe do two true truth blue full prude 8) [u] 字母组合 oo ou u o

look good foot book wood

should could

put full bull pull push

woman wolf

9)[a:] 字母组合 ar a

car farm card arm garden

fast class last glass plant aunt calm

10)[?] 发音字母 u o ou oo

up supper lunch fun gun hunt cup bus

come mother dose brother love above

trouble blood flood

11)[e] 字母组合 ea e a

head bread pleasure

elephant sell lesson better

bed desk hotel yes any

12) [?] 发音字母 a

bag hand and ant happy hat map mad bad black back glad flag shall man

13) [ei] 发音字母 a ay ea ai ey

name cake late gate plane plane April

play say may way

great break rain they grey 14) [ai] 发音字母 i y

bike fine find die nine light night high

my try fly eye

15) [?i] 字母组合 oy oi

boy joy voice choice

16)[au] 字母组合 ou ow

house out flour loud around mouse

flower now cow how

17) [?u] 发音字母 o ow oa

home cold go no ghost

know low grow show boat coat goal 18) [ i?] 字母组合 eer ear ea

beer deer ear near here idea

19) [e?] 字母组合 ear air

pear bear chair air there where

care

20) [u?] [au?]字母组合 our ower

hour tour poor

flower shower

辅音

1)[p] pen pear play pig pour pull push

2) [b] book big boot bike bread break

3) [t] tree two ten ton town twenty city

4) [d] door dull desk dose do dog dictionary

5) [k] king kite key look cook book kitchen sky (发音字母k) card cat cream correct climb come account accept (发音字母c) fox box oxygen x-ray (发音字母x) school (字母组合ch)

6) [g] girl good goal goat grade long language

7) [f] five fly fine flag frog fog roof knife life wife cough laugh rough physic photo phone

8)[v] very evening even every voice vest

9)[θ] sink think mass math miss myth sort sought

10) [e] that this those these though

11)[s] six sit student same seat kiss miss case scarf (发音字母s) license city cease cedar ceiling celebrate (发音字母c) licence piece juice science lance space ace (字母组合ce)

12)[z] close cloth breeze breathe

13)[ts] students boots boats goats nuts

14) [dz] goods woods moods hoods

15[tr] tree country try treat track trunk

16) [dr] dry dream drop drive drink

17) [?] sheep shoulder ship shoe she brush wash nation attention station social special sure

18)[??] pleasure

19) [t?] child chicken china chair lunch ouch catch teach

20 [d?] age language cabbage vegetable stage bridge joy enjoy join July June junk

21[h] hot hop home house horse how who

22[m] man make moon morning move come comb

23[n] pen ten nine fine night noon moon clean

24[?] uncle English think thank junk sing king morning evening

25) [l] long land lend lord fly flag black world cold

26) [r] read red right run room write

27[j] yes year yell you your yolk yellow

28[w] when what where window wind wood