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基础英语写作课后练习参考答案

基础英语写作与考试相关的练习答案

Page 38

III.

1. uninterested

2. childish

3. envious

4. inexpensive

5. homely

6. decline

7. surprised; slim

8. stout

9. modest

10. every; each 11. attempted 12. sympathy 13. notorious

14. elderly; lady

Page 40

V.

1. rained: metaphor

2. like disease: simile

3. defaced: personification

4. trembling: personification

5. angry: personification

6. Force, Reason: metonymy

7. like cows: simile; eat straw, produce milk: metaphor

8. roast duck: metonymy

9. to the skies: overstatement

10. clear and clean: alliteration

11. tongue: synecdoche

12. fertile soil: metaphor

Page 72

I

1. periodic

2. loose

3. period

4. loose

5. loose

6. loose

7. periodic 8. periodic 9. balanced 10. (1) periodic; (2)-(5) balanced

Page 75

IV

1.The meeting started at ten o’clock and she began to speak. She spoke

very fast.

2.Bernard Shaw was one of the best-known British playwrights of the

20th century.

3.The houses were mere shanties with rags stuffed in the cracks and

holes.

4.On the train I read the novel, which did not interest me at all.

5.We later learnt that the well-dressed man who admitted us to the house

was a thief.

6.The policemen helped me to find some important documents which I

had lost three day before.

7.A saleswoman greeted us when we entered the shop. We saw all kinds

of shoes on the shelves, and the prices were quite reasonable. A lot of customers were buying them.

8.Tell Helen, if she is at home, that I will come to see her.

9.Listening attentively, I heard a faulty sound.

10.I entered the room and saw no one.

11.Fred is energetic and capable. You can rely on him.

12.The children promised to be careful and return home early.

13.Dickens’ novels offer no solution to the social injustices exposed to

them.

14.Either my watch is fast or you watch is slow.

15.A beautiful view out the window attracted my attention.

16.He finished reading almost ten books during the vacation.

17.If you are interested in painting, you can take a course at the evening

school.

18.She said that she would come if she could, but we needn’t wait for

her.

19.To tell my friend the good news I posted the letter at once.

20.I will go to the lecture, because I like the speaker’s poems.

Page 76

V

1.The Opium War broke out in 1840.

2.There are more books in their library than in ours.

3.He returned home after graduated from college.

4.We planned to meet just before sunrise.

5.The flood was due to the heavy rain in late spring.

6.He was asked to repeat the sentence.

7.I play badminton as well as my brother.

8.To his friends his attitude was a puzzle.

9.These watermelons are large and sweet.

10.He did not tell the truth.

11.A number of students want to join the drama club.

12.He was kind enough to let me share his umbrella.

13.The whole class elected Zhao their representative.

14.I am taking two courses: World History and Geography.

15.The plane circled the airport for about ten minutes and then

disappeared.

16.I mean that he has not done his work well enough.

17.I would like you to consider whether you would like to publish your

recent article on women scientists in China in our journal.

18.As he had missed many lectures, he knew that he might fail the

exam.

19.You must work on an outline for your paper, and then you need to

collect all kinds of materials to support your point of view.

20.In that country, violent deaths occur every day.

21.He is not only a good pianist, but also a good singer.

22.This pretty actress keeps appearing in TV serials.

23.Students are not allowed to take books out of this reading room.

24.According to the speaker, the responsibility system has helped to

increase production.

25.One reason why people are well informed in this country is that there

are many newspapers easily bought or subscribed to.

26.Statistics show that from 1980 to 1990 enrollment at his school

doubled.

27.There are so many workers without training in a particular job that

production of the factory has been affected.

28.There are about 50 patients in this ward, and many are being given

acupuncture treatment.

29.He is called James Williams.

30.Whatever he does, he works seriously and does his best.

Page 109

I. Unity

I.

(1) The forest is a sanitary agent.

(2) All country and small-town people have seen such old women, but no

one knows much about them.

(3) The need for human studies, both in themselves and for scientists and

professional men, is greater than it ever was.

Page 115

2.

(1) In fact, not only, but also, furthermore, For example, also, In addition

(2) Even though, If, When, Because, First, Then

Page 119

4.

(1) E, C, B, D, F, A, G

(2) D, A, C, E, G, B, F