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小学英语语法概括(句型)

小学主要句型汇总

I 询问姓名、年龄:name,How old

1. ----What’s your name? ----你叫什么名字?

----My name is ________. ----我叫……。

2. ----What‟s his name?----他的名字是什么?

----His name is Mike. ----他的名字是麦克。

3. ----What‟s her name?----她的名字是什么?

----Her name is Chen Jie.----她的名字是陈婕。

4. ----How old are you? ----你几岁了?

----I‟m 12.----我十二岁。

5. ----How old is he/she? ----他/她几岁了?

----He/She is 23. ----他/她23岁。

II 询问颜色:colour

1. ----What colour is it? ----它是什么颜色的?

----It‟s yellow and white.----黄白相间。

2. ----What colour are they? ----它们是什么颜色的?

----They‟re green.----绿色的。

III 询问时间或日期:When

1. ----What time is it now? ----现在几点钟?

----I t‟s nine o‟clock.. It‟s time for English class.----九点。该上英语课了。

(----It‟s eight o‟clock. It‟s time to go to bed.) (----八点。该上床睡觉了。)

2. ----What day is it today? ----今天星期几?

----It‟s Monday.----星期一。

----What do we have on Mondays? ----我们星期一上哪些课?

----We have Chinese, English, math …----语文、英语、数学……

3. ----When is your birthday? ----你的生日是什么时候?

----It‟s October 1st, our National Day. ----十月一日.国庆节。

4. ----When do you do morning exercises? ----你们什么时候做早锻炼?

----I usually do morning exercises at 8:30. ----我们通常8:30做早锻炼。

IV 询问方位或地方:Where

1. ----Where is my toy car? ----我的玩具汽车在哪儿?

----It‟s here, under the chair.----在这儿.在椅子下面。

2. ----Where is the canteen? ----餐厅在哪儿?

----It‟s on the first floor.----在一楼。

3. ----Where are the keys? ----钥匙在哪儿?

----They‟re in the door.----在门上。

4. ----Excuse me. Where is the library, please? ----对不起.请问图书馆在哪儿?

----It‟s near the post office. ----在邮局附近。

5. ----Where are you from? ----你从哪儿来?

----I‟m from China. ----我从中国来。

6. ----Where does the rain come from? ----雨是从哪儿来的?

----It comes from the clouds. ----它是从云层里来的。

V 询问数量或价钱:How many ,How much

1. ----How many kites can you see? ----你可以看见几只风筝?

----I can see 12. ----我可以看见十二只风筝。

2. ----How many crayons do you have? ----你有多少支彩笔?

----I have 16. ----我有十六支。

3. ----How many people are there in your family? ----你家有几口人?

----Three. ----三人。

4. ----How much is this dress? ----这条连衣裙多少钱?

----It‟s ninety-nine yuan. ----九十九元。

5. ----How much are these apples? ----这些苹果多少钱?

----They‟re thirty-five yuan. ----三十五元。

XVI “How”问句:How tall, How heavy, How long

1. ----How tall are you? ----你有多高?

----I‟m 160 cm tall. I‟m taller than you.----我有160公分。我比你高。

2. ----How heavy are you? ----你有多重?

----I‟m 48 kg. You‟re heavier than me.----我有48公斤。你比我重。

3. ----How do you go to school? ----你怎么上学?

----Usually I go to school on foot. Sometimes I go by bike. ---我通常步行上学。有时候骑自行车。

4. ----How can I get to Zhongshan Park? ----我怎么到中山公园去?

----You can go by the No. 15 bus. ----你可以乘坐15路公汽。

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