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北京市丰台区2020年初三英语(一模)试题(含答案)

丰台区2020年初三毕业及统一练习

英语

2020. 05

考生须知1.本试卷共10页,共五道大题,39道小题,满分60分,考试时间90分钟。2.在试卷和草稿纸上准确填写姓名、准考证号、考场号和座位号。

3.试题答案一律填涂或书写在答题卡上,在试卷上作答无效。

4.在答题卡上,选择题用2B铅笔作答,其他试题用黑色字迹签字笔作答。5.考试结束,请将本试卷、答题卡和草稿纸一并交回。

知识运用(共14分)

一、单项填空(共6分,每小题0.5分)

从下面各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选择可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

1. Our English teacher Mr. Smith is kind and helpful. We like ________ a lot.

A. her

B. him

C. it

D. them

2. Amy usually takes online classes ________ 8 a.m. from Monday to Friday.

A. in

B. on

C. at

D. of

3. Sam didn’t go t o work ________ he had a fever.

A. because

B. so

C. but

D. or

4. Wuhan is one of ________ cities in Central China.

A. important

B. more important

C. most important

D. the most important

5. — Linda, ________ you pass me a pencil, please?

— Sure. Here you are.

A. should

B. must

C. can

D. need

6. — Excuse me, ________ are the tomatoes?

— They are 7 yuan a kilo.

A. how old

B. how much

C. how long

D. how many

7. My parents ________ a walk after supper every day.

A. take

B. took

C. are taking

D. will take

8. — What is your sister doing right now, Jenny?

— She ________ how to make a cake.

A. learns

B. is learning

C. learned

D. will learn

9. Tommy ________ very hard since he came to our school.

A. studies

B. is studying

C. studied

D. has studied 10. Peter ________ on the farm when the storm began.

A. was working

B. worked

C. works

D. has worked

11. T okyo 2020 Olympics ________ in 2021 because of coronavirus(新冠病毒).

A. held

B. will hold

C. was held

D. will be held

12. — Mary, could you tell me ________ this novel?

— Oh, I bought it in Wangfujing bookstore last Sunday.

A. where did you buy

B. where will you buy

C. where you bought

D. where you will buy

二、完形填空(共8分,每小题1分)

阅读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选择最佳选项。

The Fish I Didn’t Catch

I still remember my first fishing trip as if it were but yesterday. It

was a still, sweet day of early summer. I received the first fishing pole

from my uncle’s hand, and w alked with him towards the 13 .

My uncle, who knew where the best hangouts of fish were, kindly placed me at the most favorable point. I threw out my line as I had so often seen others, and 14 eagerly for a bite. Nothing came of it. “Try again,” sa id my uncle. Suddenly the bait(鱼饵) went down out of sight. “Now for it,” I thought, “Here is a fish at last.”

I made a strong pull, and brought up a tangle of weeds(一团海草). Again and again I cast out my line and drew it back 15 . I looked at my uncle appealingly(可怜巴巴地). “Try once more,” he said, “We fishermen must have

16 . It took me a whole day until I got my first fish.”

Suddenly something pulled hard at my line, and swept off with it into

deep water. Jerking it up, I saw a big fish wriggling(扭来扭去) in the sun.

“Uncle!” I cried, looking back in uncontrollable 17 , “I’ve got a

fish!” “Not yet,” said my uncle. As he spoke, there was a plash(泼溅) in the water, my hook hung empty from the line. I had lost my 18 . My patience was used up.

I sat down on the nearest stone and 19 to be comforted. Even my uncle promised that there were more fish in the river. He refitted my bait, put the pole again in my hands, and told me to try my luck once more.

“But remember, boy,” he said, “Never show off ca tching a fish until he is on dry ground.”

Though years have now passed, I have always been reminded of the fish that I did not catch. When I hear people show off a work as yet undone, I call to mind that scene by the river, and the wise warning of my uncle, “It’s no use to talk too 20 about anything until it’s done.”

13. A. river B. hill C. park D. forest

14. A. listened B. jumped C. waited D. read

15. A. broken B. empty C. open D. shiny

16. A. hope B. courage C. intelligence D. patience

17. A. sadness B. satisfaction C. disappointment D. excitement

18. A. prize B. money C. way D. job

19. A. forgot B. refused C. reminded D. wanted

20. A. carefully B. directly C. proudly D. actively

阅读理解(共36分)

三、阅读下列短文,根据短文内容,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个

选项中,选择最佳选项。(共26分,每小题2分)

The Most Unusual Traditions in the World

Each country or region(地区) has its own laws and traditions, and some of them cause sincere surprises and misunderstanding among people of other countries and regions.

Boxing Day

In Australia, Boxing Day is on December 26, the day

after Christmas. On the day, workers, businessmen, and the

poor traditionally are presented with gifts. People spend time

with their families and loved ones. They watch sports, play

games, hunt, go for walks and eat Christmas leftovers(剩饭).

People also love to shop on Boxing Day.

Throwing Cinnamon(肉桂) to Those Still Single at 25

In Denmark, people throw cinnamon to anyone who is

single, as long as they are over the age of 25. Sometimes the

person is put in the water with lots of cinnamon sticks on his

or her birthday, mostly by friends and family members. It

encourages the singles to look for their partners before they

are 25.

Burns Night

In Scotland, Burns Night is celebrated in honor of the

poet Robert Burns and his contribution(贡献) to the Scottish

culture. On the 25th of every January, people prepare a dish

called Haggis, a kind of sausage. The tradition is to read the

poem on that dish written by Burns before eating.

Flowered Clothes

In Hawaii in America, people are very friendly. They

welcome each visitor with a long necklace made of beautiful

fresh flowers. Men visitors are invited to wear bright

flowered shirts and women often wear long flowered

dresses. People often say “Aloha” to e ach other. Aloha

means both hello and good-bye. It also means “I love you”.

21. Boxing Day is on ______.

A. December 26

B. one’s 25th birthday

C. January 25

D. December 25

22. Burns Night is celebrated in ______.

A. Australia

B. Denmark

C. Scotland

D. America

23. ______ is the tradition in Hawaii.

A. Throwing cinnamon on the singles

B. Reading the poem on the dish

C. Eating Christmas leftovers

D. Wearing flowered clothes

B

Food for Good

In late August, after Hurricane(飓风) Dorian passed, José Andrés led a team of chefs and other volunteers to the disaster area, where they immediately set up kitchens and cooked 30,000 meals a day. Because of their arrival, people affected by the disaster could eat fresh and healthy food, which was unimaginable in the past.

Before 2016, people in the disaster areas were only able to get prepackaged(预先包装的) meals, which usually didn’t taste great and some of the food was even unhealthy. Andrés, who owns several popular restaurants in the United States, thought he could solve the problem. As a chef, he has the experience of creating delicious dishes and running a kitchen. What’s more, he can even design dishes that

suit the local tastes. So he set up the World Central Kitchen (WCK), an organization offering freshly made and healthy meals free for people affected by natural disasters.

Last year, WCK, with only 25 staff members, fed millions of survivors(幸存者) of 13 disaster areas around the world. How could they make it? Much of its work was done by volunteers from the disaster areas. The youngest volunteer once was even a 10-year-old girl who could run parts of the kitchen on her own. “She became a general in my army of volunteers,” Andrés said. The girl and 20,000 volunteers served almost four million meals after Hurricane Maria hit Puerto Rico.

“You know good food has great power. A hot meal expresses love, hope and humanity.” Andrés said, “It is so important when people are deeply affected by disasters.”

24. What did José Andrés and his team do after Hurricane Dorian?

A. They built new houses.

B. They taught how to cook.

C. They sent medicine to the sick.

D. They offered freshly made meals.

25. Who worked in the WCK?

A. 25 doctors and nurses.

B. Some chefs and volunteers.

C. A ten-year-old girl and her family.

D. Many officers from the government.

26. According to Andrés, the power of good food can ______.

A. improve chefs’ creativity

B. help volunteers save energy

C. bring survivors warmth and hope

D. make chefs’ restaurants more popular

C

When you think of robots, what is the first thing that comes to mind? Do you think of science fiction movies like Star Wars, where robots of all shapes and sizes are part of daily life? The word “robot” itself comes from a play written in 1920 by Karel Capek. In the play, people create robots to do some everyday tasks.

Today, most robots don’t look human. Modern robots take many forms and are good at many things, from sweeping the floors in your home to working in factories. They are even exploring the surface of the moon. But there is an interesting irony(讽刺) in the world of robotics which describes a surprising problem: What humans find easy is extremely complicated for a robot. However, what humans find difficult is pretty easy for a robot. For example, picking up clothes in a messy room is simple for people. But that kind of chore is very hard for a robot. Another example is the game of chess. People might find it difficult to win the game of chess all the time. But robots like Alpha-Go can be programmed to play it very well.

This is because robots are very good at doing things in controlled environments. However, moving through a room filled with random(随机的) objects is hard for robots, along with picking up objects of different shapes and sizes without damaging them. In short, it is very difficult for them to deal with certain types of variables.

It turns out that one of the most difficult things to improve in robots is their ability to control objects. Luckily, great progress is being made in the development of robots. On the one hand, exciting developments in making human-like hands and legs are underway. On the other hand, the biggest progress might result from using virtual learning(虚拟学习) to “teach” robots through computer simulations(模拟). In this way, robots can “guess” what to do without an order when they meet unfamiliar things in the real world.

Soon, robots may be able to do those things that humans find simple. That means big changes in what robots can do and how they can help us with daily tasks. Robots might make movies a reality.

27. What’s the purpose of the first paragraph?

A. To give an example.

B. To present the topic.

C. To explain what robots are.

D. To show how robots develop.

28. According to the passage, what might be difficult for robots?

A. Playing chess.

B. Washing the dishes.

C. Making cars in factories.

D. Gathering up clothes in a mess.

29. What’s the writer’s opinion about robots in the future?

A. They will cause further problems for people.

B. They will deal with new things depend on orders.

C. They can hardly develop until they look like human.

D. They can benefit people more by making improvements.

D

Though being a parent has never been easy, the Internet hasn’t made the job any easier. Just how seriously are parents taking their role of monitoring(监控) their children’s online behavior?

A new study from the Digital Future Project finds a sharp difference in parental ways of Internet supervision(监督). 70% of parents say they monitor their kids’ online activity while on Facebook and other soc ial media sites. In contrast, 30% of parents don’t step in kids’ online life because they trust their kids, don’t want to show a lack of trust, don’t know how to use social media sites or don’t have time to. Such a divide is due to the fact that parents fall in multiple generations with many different types of parenting styles.

Many parents take a wide range of actions to monitor and police their teen’s online behavior. Nearly six-in-ten parents say they often or sometimes check which websites their teen v isits. 46% have password to log in their children’s social media accounts. In order to combat unsafe websites surfing, some parents even download softwares such as Spectorsoft, which blocks, records and alerts parents by monitoring kids’ Internet use.

How ever, parenting expert Gwenn Schurgin O’Keeffe, CEO of a parenting website http://www.wendangku.net/doc/0b999357edf9aef8941ea76e58fafab069dc44ae.html, advises against using such software as Spectorsoft unless it’s a unique situation. “You do things because you love your kids and you want to protect them,” she sa ys, “But kids aren’t these evil(邪恶的) creatures. Not trusting the online world should not be your only consideration.”

With growing concerns, great efforts have been made globally to ensure Internet safety and quality for youngsters. The US government updated COPPA (the Child Online Privacy Protection Act) to increase protection for child ren’s private information. Europe has not only given people “the right to be forgotten” on social media sites, allowing them to wipe their browsing history clean, but has also limited companies’ access(进入) to personal information. “I like the idea,” a user of http://www.wendangku.net/doc/0b999357edf9aef8941ea76e58fafab069dc44ae.html says, “Kids and teenagers are just experimenting. Until they hurt other people, they should be free to be a kid and learn about life.”

Despite these efforts, government regulations(规章) are having a hard time keeping up as new websites pop up every day. Therefore, parents still have to step up and recognize they need to be involved in their kids’ lives and find that happy medium. They have to stop being so disbelieving and give kids chances and the benefit of the doubt. 30.What does the study from the Digital Future Project find?

A.It is hard to control children’s online behavior.

B.Parents are divided on monitoring kids’ Internet use.

C.There is a large generation gap between parents and kids.

D.Parents who monitor kids’ online activity don’t trust their kids.

31.The word “combat” in Paragraph 3 probably means “______”.

A. give up

B. carry out

C. fight against

D. join in

32.O’Keeffe advises against using softwares such as Spectorsoft because ______.

A.parents need to think more than the danger of Internet

B.children can surf the Internet without parents’ help

C.different people have different parenting styles

D.such software is useless in a special situation

33.The writer probably agrees that ______.

A.COPPA is helpful for collecting kids’ private information

B.enough space is needed for kids to experience the online life

C.allowing kids to clean webpage records may hide the truth

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/0b999357edf9aef8941ea76e58fafab069dc44ae.htmlernments play a major role in protecting children’s online safety

四、阅读短文,根据短文内容回答问题。(共10分,每小题2分)

Hope for Tigers

In 2010, the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) brought bad news that the world tiger population had hit an all-time low. There were just 3,200 tigers left in the wild, about half as many as there had been ten years before.

Now there’s good news: Tigers could be making a comeback. There were about 4,000 tigers in the world in 2019. In July, India, which has 70% of the world’s tiger, announced(宣布) that its tiger population had reached nearly 3,000. That’s a 30% rise in just four years.

India’s success was years in the making. In 2006, habitat(栖息地) loss made the number of India’s tigers reduce to only 1,411. So the Indian government decided to take a stronger plan of protection. Since its Wildlife Protection Act became law, India has given tigers a high level of protection.

Also, India’s latest tiger amount was the work of thousands of scientists. They covered 150,000 square miles of tiger habitat, using thousands of cameras to record

北京市丰台区2020年初三英语(一模)试题(含答案)

北京市丰台区2020年初三英语(一模)试题(含答案)

北京市丰台区2020年初三英语(一模)试题(含答案)

the anima l’s movements. With the help of their research, India created 50 reserves(保护区), where tigers can spread out and hunt(捕猎).

It’s when the big cats move away from the reserves that trouble starts. “When tigers leave protected reserves, they often run into local people. We cannot save wildlife without the cooperation of the people.” says wildlife expert Shari Rodriguez. Therefore, India’s government has been moving villages away from reserves. “In India, there is a lot of national pride in tigers. They are India’s biggest attraction. Villagers benefit from jobs in the national parks or from selling art works to tourists.”

But challenges remain for tigers all over Asia. They are hunted for their skin, and their teeth are sold as medicine. “They’re still in danger,” Rodriguez says. She draws hope from India’s success, “This is a small, small victory in a long war against dying out.”

34. How many tigers were there in the world in 2019?

35. Why did Indian government take a stronger plan of protection in 2006?

36. W hat happened to India with the help of scientists’ research?

37. What are the challenges for tigers all over Asia?

38. What are Paragraph 3 to Paragraph 5 mainly about?

书面表达(共10分)

五、文段表达(10分)

39.从下面两个题目中任选一题,根据中文和英文提示,完成一篇不少于50词的文段写作。文中已给出内容不计入总词数。所给提示词语仅供选用。

请不要写出你的校名和姓名。

假如你是李华,你们学校将要举办一场关于健康生活的网络分享活动,请你给你们班的交换生Peter发邮件,邀请他参加此次活动。告诉他活动的时间、目的和活动安排。

提示词语:share, learn from, talk about, keep fit

提示问题:●When will the acti vity be held?

●Why do we hold the activity?