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新标准大学英语视听说教程2(听力材料文本1-10单元)

新标准大学英语视听说答案

Unit 1 College culture

Inside view

Conversation1

Janet :So this is the Cherwell Boathouse –it’s lovely! And look at those people punting! It looks quite easy. Mark :I’m not so sure about that! Janet, there’s something K ate and I wanted to discuss with you. Some people in college are organizing charity events this term. We’ve decided to get involved.

Janet :Raising money for charity? Right. In China, people raise money for charity but students don’t usually do that.

Mark :Students often do that here. Anyway, we’re thinking of doing sponsored punting.

Janet :Sponsored punting! What’s that?

Kate :Sponsoring is when people pay you to do something – like run a long distance. So people would be sponsoring students to punt.

Janet :What a great idea! I’d love to join you!

Mark :That’s why we’re telling you about it. So that’s decided then. Let’s make a list of things we need to do.

Kate :I’ll do that. One of the first things we should do is choose the charity.

Mark :Yes. A nd choose a day for the event. And we need to design the sponsorship form. I’ve got one here. Kate :That looks fine, but we must change the wording. Who wants to do that?

Mark :I’ll do that. What have we got so far?

Kate :Choose a charity. Also a day for the event. Change the wording on the sponsorship form

… Um … We have to decide where the punt will start from.

Mark :Cherwell Boathouse, no question! It's a very beautiful route from here, apparently.

Kate :I’m with you on that.

Janet :Me too …

Conversation2

Janet :I’m not used to boats – Woah!

Mark :Whoops!

Kate :Watch out! You nearly hit me with that thing!

Mark :Sorry! I didn’t mean to. … OK, we’re off!

Kate :Maybe I should do the punting.

Mark :It’s fine. I’ve got the hang of it now – give me a chance.

Kate :Well, I’d like to have a go.

Mark :Supposing I do the first hour. Then you can take over for a while, if you want to.

Kate :Yes, great.

Janet :You’re really good at it, Mark! This is fantastic! It’s exactly how I imagined life

here! Look over there –isn’t it lovely!

Kate :Yes, it is.

Janet :Kate, everything’s organized, isn’t it, for collecting the sponsorship money?

Kate :Yes, I’ve arranged for people to get the money to me by next Friday –if they haven’t paid online. I’ll count it all up.

Janet :Good. We’d better have a meeting soon after that, don’t you think? How much have we

raised?

Kate :About 600.

Janet:Fantastic! I’m so enjoying this!

Mark :Hey guys, I’ve got a suggestion – how about moving over to the bank and we can have our

picnic! Hey, look, there’s Louise and Sophie!

Mark :Whoo …

Girls Mark!

Janet :Are you all right?

Mark :Er … Of course I’m all right. Kate, I think it’s your turn to punt!

Outside view

V/O

Harvard University in Cambridge is one of the best universities in the world. We spoke to Alex Jude, the university’s Head of Communications. He explained that Harvard looks for the best and most talented students from around the world.

Alex

Harvard actually seeks students from around the world, the best students that we can find, to study chemistry, or study literature, or study government, or business. Our business school is particularly well-known around the world, as is the medical school and law school, so, um, and, and the Kennedy School of government, for the John F. Kennedy School of Government, so, er, we do seek very, very talented students and we have open doors for them.

V/O

We asked five students at Harvard to tell us what kind of social life they have.

Ashley

Um, well relaxing is a little hard to do around here, but basically, I mean, I still, I, I live nearby anyway, so I see a lot of my friends, and … Um, there’s a good social life here if you look for it. I go to the gym, run. So that’s what I do.

Adam

It is whatever you wan t it to be. It’s good. If you wanna go out party, do anything you can. If you wanna sit in your room and study all night like my friend over here, you can also do that.

Brian

Socially, like you said, it’s, it’s a lot of what you make it. Um, we don’t hav e fraternities here, and so, you know, that’s, it’s obviously not as social. There’s not as many parties as there would be on another campus. Um, but on a Friday or Saturday night, there, there, there will be a party. Usually we end up studying until about 10 o’clock. And then we, and then we’ll go out and have fun maybe, or just watch a movie with friends, or, you know, whatever is going on for the night.

Jodie

Not everyone would agree with me, obviously, but it’s, I think it’s a fun place to be.

Int.

Have you made a lot of friends?

Jodie

Oh, definitely.

Int. :Mm.

Jodie

Many.

Int.

What, what do you do with your friends?

Jodie

Um, well, I like to go to concerts. I’m in three music groups, so I have lots of rehearsals during the week for that. Um, just do, you know, some fun things, on the weekend.

V/O

We asked the Harvard students if they use the

Internet.

Ashley

Um, I, I use it a fairly good amount. Um, our library system is online, so I use that a lot. And a lot of my classes, you know, have to do research papers. You can find a lot of information on there, so.

Int.

So how often do you use it, a week, a day?

Ashley

Um, I use it probably on more of a weekly basis. Maybe three or four times a week.

Brian

Oh yes, definitely. We live through the Internet actually. Well, I do a lot of research through the Internet, follow my stocks on the Internet. Um, well, even though e-mail is not officially Internet, we, that’s how we communicate a lot at college, so, through the e-mail.

John

Um, I use the internet mostly for, er, I’d say, sort of leisure purpos es. I mean, I play, um, I use it for a lot of, I don’t, we don’t have TV in my room, so I use it, uh, uh, go to the CNN website, keep up on current events, things like that. Uh, I also, uh, you know, there’s some little games to play over the Internet. Um, just um, I go to http://www.wendangku.net/doc/0bfcec2b524de518964b7df5.html to see what’s happening, follow the Boston Red Sox, things like that. Um, I think a lot of courses use it to post things, but I, I don’t usually use it that much for research, or things. I tend to use the libraries for such things, so.

Listening in

Passage1

V/O

Hi, I’m Nick Carter, and this is SUR, your university radio station. This morning we went around campus to ask freshers – now half-way through their first year –the question, “How are you finding uni?” Here are some of the answers we got.

Speaker 1

It’s cool. It’s everything I hoped it would be. I’m very ambitious, I want to be a journalist and I want to get to the top of the profession. I’ve started writing for the university newspaper so I’ve got my foot on the ladder already.

Speaker 2

I’m working hard and the teaching is as good as I expected. And I’ve made some good friends. But I’m very homesick. I’m Nigerian and my family’s so far away. I went home at Christmas for a month – that really helped, but man, I miss my family so much.

Speaker 3

“How am I finding uni?” It’s great. It’s not perfect, nothing is, but, like, I’ve got a brilliant social life, just brilliant, and I’ve made lots of friends. For the first few months I just didn’t do, really enough work. B ut I –I talked about it with my parents and I’m working harder now and getting good grades.

Speaker 4

Actually, I’ve been quite lonely to be honest. I’m a bit shy … everyone else seemed to find it so easy to make friends straight away. But things have been better recently –yeah, they have. I’ve joined a couple of clubs and like, it really helps to get to know people when you have shared interests. So, yeah –I’m feeling a lot happier now.

Speaker 5

Uni’s great, I love it. My only problem –and it’s qu ite a big problem –is money. My parents are both unemployed so, you know, they can’t help me financially. My grant just isn’t –it’s just not enough for me to live on, so I’ve taken a part-time job as a waitress – a lot of people I know, like a lot, have had to do the same. I don’t want to have huge debts at the end.

Speaker 6

I love my subject, History, and I’m, I’m getting fantastic teaching here. I want to be a university lecturer and that means I have to get a first. I have a good social life but work definitely comes first for me.

Passage2

Oxford and Cambridge – two universities so similar that they are often spoken of together as “Oxbridge”. They’re both in the UK, fairly near London, and both regularly come top in any ranking of the world’s be st universities.

The two universities began within a century of each other. Oxford University, now 900 years old,

was founded towards the end of the 11th century. In 1209 there was a dispute between the university and the townspeople of Oxford. As a result, some of the Oxford teachers left and founded a university in the town of Cambridge, some 84 miles away. Ever since then, the two institutions have been very competitive.

Unlike most modern universities, both Oxford and Cambridge consist of a large number of colleges. Oxford has 39 and Cambridge 31. Many of these colleges have old and very beautiful architecture, and large numbers of tourists visit them.

In all UK universities, you need good grades in the national exams taken at 18. But to get into Oxford and Cambridge, it’s not enough to get A grades in your exams. You also have to go for a long interview. In these interviews, students need to show that they are creative and capable of original thinking.

Through the centuries, both universities have made huge contributions to British cultural life.

They have produced great writers, world leaders and politicians. Cambridge, in particular, has produced scientists whose discoveries and inventions have changed our lives.

Among the great university i nstitutions is the world’s most famous debating society, the Oxford Union, where undergraduates get a chance to practise speaking in public. Cambridge’s comedy club

Footlights has produced many first-class comedians, while some of the UK’s most famous ac tors and actresses began their careers at The Oxford University Dramatic Society, known as OUDS. Then there’s the Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race, which takes place every year in March or April, and is watched on television all over the UK.

So with all th is excellence in so many fields, it’s not surprising that the ambition of clever students all over the world is to attend either one of these great universities.

Unit 2

Inside view

Conversation1

Kate :Come in. Hey, Janet.

Janet :Hi Kate, are you busy?

Kate :Yes, I’m just doing an essay. But it’s great to see you. So what’s new?

Janet :Well, nothing much.

Kate :You look a bit fed up. What’s bugging you?

Janet :Well, I had a phone call from my parents and it made me feel homesick. It happens every

time they call, and it gets me down.

Kate :I’m sorry to hear that. I know how you feel. I love speaking to my mum and dad, but I

always feel miserable after the call.

Janet :My dad doesn’t say much, and I want to speak to him, but I wish I knew what to say.

Kate :Don’t let it get to you. My dad doesn’t say much on the phone either. I call, he answers

the phone, and says, “Hi, I’ll pass you to your mother.” It’s really irritating.

Janet :But I miss him and my mother a lot, and I like to hear his voice.

Kate :Just tell him what you’re up to.

Janet :Sometimes I feel as if I made a mistake leaving home and coming to Oxford.

Sometimes I feel like a moody teenager.

Kate :Try not to worry about it, Janet. It’s normal to feel like that. I understand how you feel, but

I bet everything will be fine next term. You’ll get used to it. Hey, why don’t you do what I do?

Janet :What’s that?

Kate :When my dad calls, I ask him for more money! He usually says no, but at least I get

to hear his voice!

Janet :Maybe. I’m sorry to take up your time, Kate, but I must go now. Bye!

Kate :Wait a minute …!

Conversation2

Kate :I think I may have upset Janet last night.

Mark :What happened?

Kate :She came to see me. I was busy doing an essay but I was really pleased to see her. She’d had a call from home, and said she was feeling homesick.

Mark :Poor kid! It must be tough on you guys, living so far away from home.

Kate :I tried to make her laugh, told her not to worry about it, and that it was normal to feel miserable. Suddenly she looked miserable, and then she got up and said, “I must go now” and left my room. It was really sudden. I felt as if I’d said something wrong.

Mark :Maybe she was just being polite. It was probably because she realized you were working and didn’t want to disturb you.

Kate :I just wonder if she found it difficult to talk about her feelings with me. Maybe I shouldn’t

have tried to make her laugh? Perhaps she thought I wasn’t taking her serio usly.

Mark :I wouldn’t worry about it. Put yourself in her shoes. How would you feel if you were a student at college in China?

Kate :I know. That’s why I feel bad. If only she had stayed longer! I wish I could have helped her more.

Janet :Hey, everyone!

Mark :Hi Janet, you look cheerful!

Janet :Yes, I’ve just got my essay back. I got an alpha minus!

Kate :What an amazing grade! Well done.

Mark :I’m really happy for you, Janet.

Janet :I feel on top of the world!

Outside view

Sebastien

Hi. I’m Sebastien. I’m from Germany. Um, the idea of IQ of a measure of your brain power has been around for a while, but recently there’s been this new idea of the EQ –your emotional quotient. And by now, it’s actually almost being regarded as more important. If you look at it, businesses will … Well, they will prefer employing people with great EQ. Well, of course, IQ cannot be disregarded, but um, EQ does have its importance as well. Uh, I believe that, um, … I mean, people, most people will have, um, their basi c means of communicating with other people. Most people are somewhat socially adept, and just like most people have, you know, a basic general knowledge. But then, what I think really is the difference between

IQ and EQ, I mean, you can have a “brainiac”, and they will be great at most things they do, but if you just can’t get along with him, if you just can’t communicate with him, I mean, you know, he’s not really that useful.

Kim

Hi. This is Kim. I’m originally from Korea, and I was raised in Californ ia. And today, we are going to talk about the differences between IQ and EQ – IQ meaning your intelligence, EQ meaning your emotions. Now, in … When I was, when I was a little, little boy in Korea, I had to take … I think I’d taken like two or three IQ tests before the age of ten, which is when I moved to California. So, I guess we stress a lot of importance on intelligence, on having great IQ scores. But after I moved to the States, I learnt how to associate with people, and along the lines that this word EQ came up, you know, emotional, caring about … It’s basically how you deal with people, how

you make people feel, and how people make you feel.

I think they’re equally as, as important, but it seems that in the Eastern world they kind of stress on tha t a lot more back in the days. But I think again, you know, now that with Internet and people are communicating so much faster, there’s a better mixture of the two I think. There’s a stress on EQ in Korea as well, and a stress on IQ in the States. Thank you.

Ted

Hello. My name is Ted, and I’m from the United States of America. Today, I’m going to talk a little bit about IQ or EQ – which is most important, or which is more important. Now, for a long time when I was growing up, people said, “IQ. What’s your IQ? Take an IQ test.” But then EQ, your emotions, how you interact with people, that became very important. And I think they’re … that people might be onto something with that, because your EQ – how you deal with people, how you interact with people – is important. Now, a big part of this, in my opinion, is listening. I know I’m talking a lot right now, but if you want to get along well with people, you have to listen to them, so just take a minute, maybe shut your mouth for a minute, and listen to others, and then you can understand and communicate with them in a better way. So, part of EQ, I think, is listening – listening to others – and it can be more important than IQ.

Listening in

Passage1

Presenter

We’re fortunate to have as our guest today Dr Jenna Hudson, who has just written a book about how colours affect us in our surroundings, especially in the world of advertising. It’s called Market Colours. Dr Hudson, which are the most common colours in advertising and marketing?

Dr Hudson

Well, of course, it depends what image the marketing team wish to project with their products. So for example, we often think of blue as a cold colour, but it also makes you feel peaceful, quiet, and it doesn’t suggest strong emotions. So it’s a favourite for banks and insurance companies, who wish to suggest the image that they are trustworthy. And for selling products, it’s often used to

suggest something is pure and fresh.

What about red?

You can sell almost anything with red. It’s a hot colour, which suggests a feeling of energy and even passion. It grabs your attention, and can make people buy almost anything. You often see red on magazine covers. But if you use it too much, it looks cheap and may make people tired. And orange has a similar effect to red, it’s upbeat and happy, it suggests pleasant feelings and images. Most people react well to orange, and it’s especially popular in advertising and on packaging for baked food.

What about yellow, for instance?

Yellow is the colour of sunshine and it’s a positive, happy colour, so it’s used a lot in advertising. But it’s also often used for warning signs, direction signs, and so on, where you have to read the message quickly and at a distance.

What about less popular colours for advertising?

Surprisingly, gre en isn’t used much in advertising except for garden products. It’s friendly and restful. It can be cool and soothing, the colour of apples and mint, but it can also be quite strong and many people associate it with unpleasant ideas of decay or slimy creatures. But most colours are not primary colours, they’re a combination. Absolutely. So yellow-orange is common, and often used to give animpression of style and class, it looks like gold. But it’s not often used in letters because it’s not very strong. And yellow-green reminds people of feeling sick.

Blue-green works well as a cool colour, suggesting freshness, and is sometimes

used for toothpaste products, bathroom products, food and household cleaning products. It has many of the advantages of blue without the disadvantages of green.

Fascinating.Thank you very much, Dr

Scripts

Hudson. Market Colours by Dr Jenna

Hudson is on sale from next week,

priced £15.99 …

Passage2

Presenter :What makes you embarrassed, Sally?

Sally :Oh, I’m easily embarrassed. If anybody notices me or looks at me, I get very embarrassed. When people sing me Happy Birthday on my birthday, I get very embarrassed.

Presenter :And what makes you upset?

Sally :When people are selfish, people who think only of themselves. And cruelty –I can’t bear people who are cruel, especially to animals or children.

Presenter :Jake, what makes you depressed?

Jake :I hate it when it rains, and I don’t like people who look down on me, who think they’re superior to me without any reason.

Presenter :And what makes you angry?

Jake :When people don’t behave properly in public, bad behaviour like dropping litter or people pushing each other on the bus or the train.

Presenter :Andrew, what makes you cheerful?

Andrew :I like to see everyone around me being happy and having a positive attitude towards the future, optimistic people.

Presenter :And what makes you jealous?

Andrew :Well, to be honest, I just never feel jealous. I can’t see the point of it.

Presenter :Monica, what makes you proud?

Monica :I’m proud when I’m successful, especially in my work. Being recognized by my boss for what I can do makes me feel really proud. Oh, and my family. I’m very proud of them.

Presenter :And what makes you nervous?

Monica :Every time I teach a new class. The night before I’m very nervous. You don’t know what the kids are going to be like and how they might behave, or if they’re going to like you.

Presenter :Anything else?

Monica :Doing interviews like this.

Unit 3 Crime watch

Inside view

Conversation1

Kate :So, what did you think of the movie?

Mark :It was good but I thought it was too long.

Kate :Yes, me too.

Kate :Hey, where’s my bike? I don’t believe it! It’s gone!

Mark :It was next to mine, you chained it up!

Kate :Someone’s stolen it! Oh, how could they!

Mark :Oh, Kate!

Kate :How could someone have done this! The creep!

Mark :It’s a really mean thing to do, steal a bike.

Kate :It was a mountain bike and it cost a fortune –I don’t have the money to buy another one.

Mark :Listen, I’ll go down the street and see if I can see anyone with it. Why don’t you go into

that shop and see if they’ve seen anything suspicious? I’ll be back in a min ute.

Kate :OK.

Kate :Well?

Mark :No luck. What did they say in the shop?

Kate :I asked the shopkeeper if she’d seen anything –

Mark :And?

Kate :She said she hadn’t. I guess it was a long shot. She advised me to report it to the police.

But according to her, bikes get stolen all the time around here.

Mark :Listen, let’s get back so you can report it.

Kate :I’ve got no bike. I’m just so upset!

Mark :It’s not far to college. Come on!

Conversation2

Mark :So did you ring the police?

Kate :Yes. I went to the police station to report it.

Mark :What did they say?

Kate :No one’s found it. This woman said that Oxford has the fifth highest rate of bike theft

in the country!

Mark :You’re joking!

Kate :That’s what she said.

Mark :What else did she say?

Kate :She told me that sometimes you do get bikes back – the thieves use them and then abandon them, apparently, and then people find them and report them.

Mark :So you might get it back.

Kate :I hope so, Mark, I really do. It’s just too much you know? But … um … what else? She told me to go to this sale they have of abandoned bikes. She thinks I might find it there. But it’s only every two months, I can’t wait till then! Honestly, Mark, I’m really furious!

Mark :You can always buy a cheap bike on eBay.

Kate :Hello … Speaking … You found it! Where was it? Is it …? Oh, that’s fantastic news!

There was a lamp and a basket on it … Right … OK, thank you, I’ll be in tomorrow morning to pick it up. Unbelievable! This guy found it!

Mark :Brilliant! Was that the police?

Kate :Yes. What they said was, someone dumped it outside this guy’s backyard.

Mark :That’s so strange!

Kate :The lamp’s been stolen and the basket.

Mark :Forget about it! You’re lucky to get it back!

Outside view

Part1

Presenter

D odgy deals aren’t the only problems associated with doorstep sellers. Your door step presents these unannouncedvisitors with a real opportunity to undertake distraction burglary where they often pose as bogus officials to gain access to your home.

I’m join ed now by Ian Holt, from Thames Valley Police. Ian, just outline for me what does distraction burglary actually entail?

Ian

Holt

Well basically what happens is, somebody uses a story to get inside somebody’s house and then they steal items, usually cash or small items of jewellery.

Presenter

And what are the different techniques that are commonly used?

Ian

Holt

Well basically the er … the people that commit this crime move from area to area, er … they will look at an area, they will try and pick a particular target and they can find that by looking at property, it may beer, an

uncut garden, it may be repairs that need doing to the property. Something that indicates that there’s, there’s a vulnerable person in there. It … usually, it’s an elderly pers on that lives there. Is this quite a common problem now? It is becoming more common. To get it in perspective, of the 14,000 burglaries that were in Thames Valley last year, we had

reported 800 crimes of distraction burglary.

But, it … there’s a slight increase this year over last year’s figures.

OK, you mentioned some of the victims

being elderly. What other people are

targeted?

Well, unfortunately, with this type of offence, it is the vulnerable in society and the elderly. The, the national average, if there’s such a thing as a, a victim for this type of crime, is a white female aged 81 years.

And what about things that people can do to prevent it happening, basically?

Well the things they can do are very, very simple. The difficulty comes, is that some of these people, er … it’s very difficult for them to remember what to do. But the three things we, we always say is: stop, chain and check. And that’s stop before you open the door to make sure who’s on the other side. Always apply a chain. If you h aven’t got a chain, fit a chain to the door, or a door bar if you’ve got difficulty in handling a chain with arthritic fingers.

But also when you answer the door, check the identity of the person there. Generally the offenders say they are from the Water Board or from utilities. They may say they’re from a charity or even from local authority. But generally, a utility will be in uniform.

Ask for their identification. A genuine person will not mind you doing that and will wait until you can check them out. If you do need to check them, phone the number on, on your last bill. What won’t happen is that if it is a bogus caller, they will become unnerved by this reaction and they will leave.

Presenter

OK and there’s also a couple of gadgets new on the market that also can help as well. Just talk us through that.

Ian

Holt

Certainly, yes. The … a spy er … viewer is fairly standard. But for elderly who may have poor eyesight there’s a spyscope which actually makes it a lot easier for them to see who’s outside.

As I mentioned before about the door bar, again, it can be easier to apply than the chain. Very reasonable priced er, and something that is fairly new … as I mentioned before it’s very difficult for some of these people to remember what they have to do when they go to the door and that’s why they become victims. And this item is called a Memo Minder and actually you can record a message on there and it’s nice to have a grand-daughter or somebody to record a message, but every time the person approaches the door it reminds them with a voice to say “Put

your chain on.”

Listening in

Passage1

Patrick :I read a funny story today in the paper – true story.

Steve :Go on, then.

Patrick :OK. This 72-year old guy stole a pair of trousers from a department store in Paris. A

security man saw him and alerted the police and they were waiting for him when he came out of the shop. The shoplifter started running, but the policeman soon caught up with him. The man thenbit the policeman on his arm several times.

Steve :He bit the policeman?

Patrick :Yes – you have to remember, he was 72.

Steve :I’d forgotten that.

Patrick :Problem was, it didn’t hurt the policeman at all, ’cause the guy had forgotten to put his false teeth in before he left home.

Steve :Very funny!

Patrick :And the moral of the story is –

Steve :Always remember to wear your false teeth if you’re going to bite someone.

Patrick :That’s good. I read a funny crime story the other day. Let’s see … yeah … this guy …

this guy robbed a supermarket somewhere in America –I can’t remember where exactly – anyway, he got away with about 4,000 dollars. The next week the local newspaper reported the story but said he’d stolen 6,000 dollars. The thief rang the newspaper office to complain. He said, “Look, I only took 4,000 dollars. I’m wondering if the supermarket manager took another 2,000 and said I’d taken it. I did not take 6,000, I promise you.”

Steve :He was probably telling the truth.

Patrick :He probably was. Anyway, the newspaper managed to keep the guy talking while they

rang the police. And the police traced the call – the guy was ringing from a phone booth – and they arrested him while he was still talking to the newspaper.

Steve :That’s good. Stupid guy! I’ve got another true story … This – this – old guy was in court for some crime –and he fell asleep. His case began and his lawyer stood up and said, “My client pleads not guilty.” The man su ddenly woke up, but wasn’t sure what was happening. He jumped up and shouted, “I plead guilty!

I plead guilty!”

Patrick :So what happened?

Steve :The judge allowed him to plead not guilty.

Patrick :That’s the best, I think.

Passage2

Presenter :You’re listening to Kevin Fallon and my topic for today is street crime. Being

mugged is something that can happen to anyone –and it’s a very frightening experience. So it’s positive when you hear of someone who was attacked by a mugger and defeated them – especially when that person is a woman. Anna Black was attacked by a mugger. She’s here to tell us about it.

How long ago did this happen, Anna?

News 24/7 Unit 4

Anna

Just over a week ago. The day it happened,

I was coming home from work a bit later

than usual – I think it was about seven. I

was on my mobile phone, talking to my

husband.

Presenter

And it was still daylight?

Anna :Yes. Anyway, suddenly, someone pulled my hair from behind – and at the same time they grabbed my mobile phone. Now, I’m a karate black belt –

Presenter :Really!

Anna :Yes, I practise three times a week –so I’m ready for situations like this.

Presenter :I bet you are.

Anna :Yes, I can react very fast. So as soon as this guy grabbed me, I did what you’re told to do in th ese situations.

Presenter :And what’s that?

Anna :I fell backwards onto him.

Presenter :You fell backwards onto him!

Anna :Yeah! I’m tall and quite heavy – so we both fell to the ground together.

Presenter :Goodness!

Anna :I er, yeah – I was ready to hit him but then next thing I knew, two men had seized

the guy. They were driving past and they, they stopped to help. They were big strong guys. They called the police who came in five minutes.

Presenter :So the mugger was arrested?

Anna :Yes, he was.

Presenter :Do you think, if that hadn’t happened, you could have injured him?

Anna :Oh, I’d like to think so. I’m a black belt, that’s what I’m trained to do.

Presenter :Well, it’s great to hear of women coping well in situations like this. Perhaps we

should all learn karate.

Anna :I think it’s a good idea to have some kind of defence training. Yes, especially if you

live in an area that isn’t very safe.

Unit 4

Inside view

Conversation1

Mark :This is just so crazy!

Janet :What?

Mark :This st ory I’m reading.

Kate :So tell us.

Mark :A man within a wheelchair crossing the road in front of a lorry at some traffic lights. Somehow, the back of the wheelchair got stuck on the front of the lorry. When the lorry started moving, it took the wheelchair and the man with it!

Kate :You’re joking!

Mark :The driver drove for several miles at 80 kilometres an hour before he stopped at a garage. The man was unhurt because his seat belt had stopped him falling out.

Janet :What a terrible story! Thank goodness the man was all right!

Mark :The police asked the driver if he’d realized he had a passenger. The driver said he had no

idea at all.

Mark :Do you want to hear another one? A funny one this time.

Kate :Go on.

Mark :A woman reported that her car had been stolen and that she’d left her mobile phone in the car. The policeman suggested calling the mobile. When he did, the thief answered it. The policeman told the thief that he was answering an ad in the paper and that he wanted to buy the car. And the thief agreed to sell it! Janet :He didn’t!

Mark :So they arranged to meet and the thief was arrested and the woman got her car back.

Janet :A happy ending!

Mark :You get these great stories in the papers – I always read them.

Conversation2

V oice on radio :The news at one o’clock.

Tornadoes have damaged homes in Northern England.

There is still no news of missing company director, Alan Marsden.

Scientists claim that global warming is accelerating. There are reports coming in of more fighting

in …

Mark :Do you mind if I turn it off?

Janet :It’s fine, I wasn’t listening.

Mark :Do you follow the news?

Janet :Yeah, I do. But I don’t often listen to the radio, I mostly get my news online.

Kate :Do you?

Janet :Yes, I read articles from different papers.

Kate :My dad does that.

Mark :Well, I’ve got used to reading real newspapers.

Janet :You should try reading the news online. You get lots of different views, it’s very

stimulating.

Mark :True, it is stimulating. But I’ve got into the habit of reading the papers in the JCR – in

a comfortable armchair, with lots of black coffee.

Kate :Don’t either of you listen to the radio? It’s a great way to wake up.

Mark :Yeah, I do that. And I download podcasts. And I watch the news on telly.

Kate :You’re a news addict. We all know that.

Mark :You have to be if you read PPE. You have to be really knowledgeable about current affairs.

Janet :You are.

Kate :Well, I’m a TV addict. I spend too much time watching the soaps. I love British TV.

Janet :We’ve noticed, Kate. Are you going to wa tch Friends with me tonight?

Kate :You bet!

Outside view

Part1

Keith :I saw Robin Williams come to the patio. I made the run, jumped a couple of sawhorses, climbed up a stairway, got in front of him, and said, “Robin, do you mind if I take a picture?” He goes, “After all that, how could I stop you?”

V/O

Keith Sykes has a long career in journalism, photography, and communications.

Keith :I’ve taken pictures of a lot of celebrities. Cindy Crawford. I’ve taken her picture a

few times and, I, I think it’s impossible to take a bad picture of her. James Garner. I’ve photographed famous politicians. I stood in the same position for two hours to get this picture. Photographing these people is uh, an exciting thing for me. When I moved to Los Angeles in 1979 to become editor of a weekly newspaper out there, I was really excited when I started getting these invitations to come to this award show, or this benefit show. I was showing up at all these eventsand seeing people that I had seen on the screen and it was, uh, really, uh, a magical moment for me.

Part2

Keith :The word paparazzi means “the pest” in Italian. Fellini dubbed a character who played a pesky

photographer in La Dolce Vita “Paparazzo”. The roots of paparazzi photography were in Europe after Wo rld War II. The countries were all subject to many political factions who were deciding what direction their countries would go. This created awesome political rivalries. And photographers would cover political events, knowing that they would probably turn into violent protests and they’d get newsworthy pictures and be able to sell them. Now at the same time, more and more celebrities were going to the Mediterranean, to Monte Carlo … And these photographers, who had started as political photographers, took pictures of the celebrities and their … those celebrities’ wild lives.

There are financial rewards. If I got a photograph of Jennifer Aniston and Brad Pitt holding hands, then I’d be paid maybe $10,000. If I shot Jennifer and Brad throwing drinks at each other, I would get $50,000. How much a photograph is worth is often determined by how negative it portrays that celebrity.

When, uh, Princess Diana died, I started thinking. I had realized that the business had gone bad, that it was being motivated by money, that it was creating not artists, or even well-meaning photographers who wanted to pursue this craft, but rather, really bounty hunters.

Part3

Keith

I decided to use the small college town of North Hampton and go up there every Saturday night, and I put on the full uniform, photo vest, and press IDs, and I would lurk in doorways and follow people and jump out in front of them and take their picture. I’ve, you know, walked up with my camera behind me and then just pulled it out and shot it with the flash. We wanted to know what it felt like – as an everyday person, how do you like the idea that someone can take pictures of you on the street? And almost universally, people feel you shouldn’t have the right to invade their privacy. I think, as consumers of the media, we at least have to look at ourselves occasionally and evaluate what it is we’re consuming. Because whatever we’re consuming, we’re encouraging to spread.

Listening in

Passage1

Phil :Hello.

Tony :Hello, is that Phil Taylor?

Phil :Speaking.

Tony :Hi, Phil, my name’s Tony, and I’m a reporter for SUN.

Phil :The uni paper! I suppose you want to talk to me about the fire.

Tony :Yes, if it’s OK with you. We’d like to do a piece on the fire for next week’s paper. Can

you tell people how it happened?

Phil :Yeah, OK, it probably is a good idea.

Tony :So when can I come and see you?

Phil :Um … Wednesday afternoon? Three o’clock? I’m in South Block, Room 18.

Tony :OK, I’ll be there.

Tony :OK, so let’s get started. When did the fire happen?

Phil :Two days ago.

Tony :November the 10th. OK, so tell me how it

happened.

Phil :Um … It was about 11 pm. I decided to fry some chips, I used quite a lot of oil – I was

deep-frying. Um … And I put the chips in. And then my girlfriend rang.

Tony :OK.

Phil :We’d had a quarrel, and I was pretty upset, so we started talking, and I completely forgot

about the chips and went back to my room.

Tony :You fool!

Phil :Thanks. We talked for a quite long time. Next thing I knew, there was this smell of smoke,

and someone was shouting, “Fire! Fire!” And I realized immediately of course, it was my chips! And I rushed out of my room – the kitchen was next door –and … well … there were flames all over o ne wall. Tony :And it was all your fault!

Phil :It was. But people were in the kitchen throwing blankets over the flames, and someone had already called the fire brigade and they came – in ten minutes I think – and put it out very quickly.

Tony :So what was the damage?

Phil :They’re gonna to have to replace the cooker, two kitchen units, repaint one wall.

Tony :Sounds pretty bad.

Phil :It could have been a lot worse.

Tony :Can I take a photo of you for the paper?

Phil :Do you have to? Oh, OK.

Tony :Thanks. It’ll be front page news.

Phil :Oh dear! Haven’t you got anything else to write about?

Tony :Not this week. There’s not much happening on campus. I’m joking. You’re on Page 2.

Phil :Thanks!

Passage2

Presenter

Today’s discussion is about reality TV progra mmes, the programmes loved by millions and hated by just as many. We have three people on our panel – Tricia a student at Liverpool University, Rick from Luton, and Karen who is a full-time mum.

Panel :Hello.

Scripts

Presenter :So let’s begin with a very obvious question. Do you watch reality TV programmes and if so, why?

Tricia :Yes, I do, I love them, I’m addicted to them, I’m afraid.

Presenter :Addicted to them?

Tricia :Yes, I think all my friends are really. I guess it’s just, you know, fascinating to watch real people put under a bit of pressure and then see how they behave.

Presenter :That doesn’t sound very nice exactly.

Tricia :No, it isn’t. But reality TV isn’t very nice actually.

Presenter :Karen, how about you?

Karen :Yes, well I watch th em but I’m not like Tricia. I’m definitely not addicted to them.

I can take them or leave them. But I do like to watch property programmes.

Presenter :Property programmes?

Karen :You can learn a lot from them. And it’s –it’s great to see real people bu ying a property and then doing it up, the mistakes they make, that kind of thing. And yes, you know, there’s the human interest factor as well.

Presenter :Rick –

Rick :I can’t stand reality TV. I mean, OK, if it’s a property programme or a gardening prog ramme, fine, but most of them are just –they’re set up to humiliate people.

Tricia :Not always.

Rick :I disagree. People are on show. It’s like watching animals in a zoo. I mean, would

you appear on a reality show?

Tricia :Maybe. I don’t know. Probab ly not.

Rick :There you are you see? You don’t want to be humiliated.

Karen :Some people do very well on reality shows. They win a lot of money.

Rick :OK, that’s true, but –standards on reality shows can be pretty low, you can’t deny it.

Presenter :Tricia, what have you got to say to that?

Tricia :Well, it’s true, yes.

Karen :I agree with Rick.

Presenter :So, next question …

Unit 5 War

Inside view

Conversation1

Mark:Hi!

Kate :Hi, Janet! Have you been waiting long?

Janet :Not at all. What did you think of Hero?

Kate :It was brilliant, thanks for suggesting it.

Janet :Well, it was nominated for an Oscar, you know.

Kate :That figures. It’s a beautiful film.

Mark :Yes. The costumes, and scenery were amazing,

Kate :I’d love to know more abo ut the emperor, he was cool. Who was he?

Janet :Qin Shi Huang –it’s said he was the first emperor in the history of China – he unified

China.

Kate :Did he? When?

Janet :Er … 221 BC.

Mark :As long ago as that!

Waitress :Hi guys! What can I get you?

Kate :Yes, I’ll have a coke, thanks.

Mark :Er … Just a coffee.

Waitress :Sure.

Mark :Tell us more …

Janet :Um … Well, before that, there were seven big states and they had been fighting each

other for many years.

Mark :Right.

Janet :It’s called the Warring States Period. Anyway – Qin was king of the largest state and he defeated the six other states, one after another. It took him ten years to conquer them, each with a different strategy. Mark :What kind of man was he?

Janet :Well, he was brilliant, obviously. And also wise. He had this huge army – they were very powerful. After his army had attacked the first state, the next state surrendered without much fight. They were so terrified.

Kate :Wow!

Janet :What else? The army leaders were very clever, they used a river to flood a city.

Mark :That can’t have been easy.

Janet :Yes, anyway, after conquering the last state, Qin made himself Emperor of the whole of

China.

Mark :Was he the emperor who created the Terracotta Warriors?

Janet :That’s rig ht. He was so afraid of death that he wanted them to guard him in the

afterlife.

Kate :Fascinating!

Conversation2

Becky :OK.

Kate :Thank you.

Mark :Thanks.

Kate :So go on about Emperor Qin. It’s really interesting.

Janet :It is, isn’t it? Well, so he unified China and that was an incredible achievement. But as a

result, huge numbers of soldiers were killed.

Kate :About how many?

Janet :Oh, I don’t know, something like 500,000 men?

Kate :That is huge.

Mark :So how do the Chinese see Qin?

Janet :He’s seen as the greatest emperor in Chinese history.

Mark :Why? Because he unified China? That’s a very good reason, mind you.

Janet :Not only that. The thing is, as a result of the unification, he did many amazing things. He

built roads all across C hina, he standardized writing … and also the money system. Oh, and the system for measuring and weighing things as well.

Mark :So he was a great leader for China.

Janet :Yes, he was, but he was also very cruel.

Mark :Yes, but most emperors were cruel, w eren’t they?

Kate :Well I guess that’s true. You’re right.

Mark :So did he have enemies?

Janet :Of course, I think all great emperors have some enemies. Some people hated him so much they tried to kill him!

Mark :Was he the emperor who built the Great Wall of China?

Janet :He built the first Great Wall. You see, tribes from the north were always trying to invade

building it.

Kate :It’s so sad – all those thousands of people dying.

Mark :But then … that’s war, isn’t it?

Outside view

V/O

On the 25th of April each year, Australia and New Zealand celebrates Anzac Day, when they commemorate all the members of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps who died in action during the First and Second World Wars, and in every armed conflict since then. We’re here now at the Australian War Memorial at the start of the dawn service.

They shall grow not old As we that are left grow old Age shall not weary them nor the years

condemn At the going down of the sun and in the morning We will remember them. Lest we forget. A verse from the poem, Ode to Remembrance by Laurence Binyon, is recited during the

ceremony. Inside the Hall of Memory is the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. This is the grave of a solider

whose identity is not known and it represents all those soldiers who died in battle but were

not identified.

Twenty-four years after the ravages of World War I, war came to the mainland of Australia where air raids killed hundreds of service personnel and civilians. In Malaysia, Korea and Vietnam, we answered the call as we have in Afghanistan and Iraq. Through it all the one unshakable truth has been a steadfastness, born of the traditions of the Australian servicemen. Today, Australia’s special day, they remember in East Timor, on Bourgainville, in Afghanistan and Iraq, on the island of Crete, at Gallipoli, they along with us, remember. Anzac Day is a public holiday in Australia. It is one of the most important national days of the year and certainly the most solemn one. Commemoration services are held in all the so he built a huge wall across China to stop major cities in Australia and huge crowds them. Hundreds of thousands of men died attend to pay their respects to those who died. Servicemen and women from all the armed services in Australia march in procession.

They fought in the Second World War and other conflicts since then that have happened around

the world.

The men in the trucks are all wearing decorations. They’re veterans from the Second World War, and perhaps a few last survivors from the First World War. After the Parade the veterans will gather in a pub or club to talk and share memories. This veteran fought in the Second World War in Western Australia.

Int

And what does Anzac Day mean to you?

Vet

Well, it means remembering not only those who didn’t go home but the, the fact that you keep in touch with a lot of your … friends.

Listening in

Passage1

There are many war novels but the novel I’m going to talk about today is unusual because it’s

war seen through the eyes of a child. The “eyes” are those of J G Ballard, one of Britain’s most respected novelists.

Let’s begin with some information about Ballard. He was born in 1930, in Shanghai, where his father was a businessman, and he was only 11 years old when the city was occupied during World War II. Ballard and his family were placed in a prison camp and he has said that his experiences there affected him so deeply that it was 40 years before he felt able to write about them. “Twenty years to forget and 20 years to remember.” The result of Ballard’s experiences was a semi-autobiographical novel called Empire of the Sun, published in 1984. It quickly became a success and in 1987 it was made into a movie by Hollywood director, Steven Spielberg.

Let’s move on to the novel itself. Empire of the Sun tells the story of how a young boy, Jim Graham, survives the Japanese occupation. Interestingly, Jim is J G Ballard’s first name and his second name is Graham.

Also, Jim is the same age as Ballard – 11 – when the occupation begins. At the start of the story, Jim is living with his parents in a wealthy part of Shanghai. When the invasion begins, many of Shanghai’s inhabitants flee from the city and Jim’s parents do the same. But the

boy becomes separated from them and finds himself all alone. He goes back to their empty home and lives alone there. Inevitably, he’s found and then he’s sent to a prison camp.

It’s a terrible four years, but the boy somehow survives. He steals food, finds ways of getting in and out of the camp, and is befriended by some Americans and a Japanese boy.

Is there a happy ending? Yes and no. Jim sees many people die; his Japanese friend is killed by the

Americans. But at the end of the war, he gets back to Shanghai and is reunited with his parents.

Jim’s experiences are te rrible, as a child who discovers the depths of human cruelty. But he learns

also about the strength and courage that is possible, even in these circumstances. Both the great power and the truth of the novel come from the fact that it’s based on the author’s own

experiences. The general opinion of critics is that Empire of the Sun is one of the best war novels ever written –so read it, it’s worth it.

Passage2

Host

On Women’s World today, we look at women’s role in the Second World War and the import ant part they played in it. In the First World War, women had worked in factories and as nurses, both at home and at the front. In the Second World War, women were even more essential to the war effort. Doris Watts was just 18 when the war began and Mavis Grey was only 20.

Host

Do you remember how you felt, Doris, the day the war was declared?

Doris

Oh yes … of course I do. I felt frightened of course, but we had known it would happen. The first thing, more than anything I think, that I felt was … was t hat I wanted to do something! You know, do something useful, so I joined the Land Girls.

Host

Ah, yes, the Women’s Land Army. That was an organization started in the First World War. Women worked in agriculture as the men were away fighting. Did you enjoy the experience?

Sporting life Unit 6

Doris

Not really. It was very hard work, very physical. You never saw anybody except the officer coming to inspect your work. So when I heard about the WAAF I signed up.

Host

That’s the Women’s Auxiliary Air Forc e. WAAF, for short. So why the WAAF?

Doris

I’d always thought planes were very exciting. And it’s silly but I liked the light blue uniforms.

Host

That’s a good enough reason! Now, Mavis, you were in the WAAF at the same time as Doris. Can you tell us more about it?

Mavis

Yes. Organizations like the WAAF were a way for women to join the armed forces, since they weren’t allowed to fight. Instead, the army, the navy and the air force all had support services, which women could join.

Host

And Doris. What kind of things did you have to do?

Doris Oh, well, a lot of different things. I worked in transport and catering. We were very young but we were given a lot of responsibility.

Host

And what did you do, Mavis?

Mavis

Various jobs but eventually I worked on a ighter station, tracking the German bombers