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初级中学英语音标发音表及发音规则

一、英语音标发音表

英语国际音标共48个音素,其中元音音素20个,辅音音素28个。

初级中学英语音标发音表及发音规则

[i:]字母组合ee ea e ie --three tree green sheep meet beef see seek eat tea meat leave lead teacher team mean speak clean piece

[?]发音字母a--bag hand and ant happy hat map mad bad black back glad flag shall man

[e]字母组合ea e a--head bread pleasure elephant electric remember sell shell lesson better bed desk hotel yes many any

[]字母组合ir ur ear er or--girl shirt skirt thirty thirteen third bird turn burn murder nurse turtle Thursday burger learn earn earth heard

[ε]字母组合er or ou ar o a e u--teacher leader remember player speaker farmer powder doctor actor mayor author tractor delicious gracious pleasure familiar collar dollar together tomorrow today lesson control around account ago elephant manta banana Canada

[a:] 字母组合ar a--car farm card arm garden fast class last glass plant aunt calm

[]发音字母u o ou oo--up supper lunch fun gun hunt cup bus come mother dose brother love above trouble rough flourish blood flood

[]字母组合al or au our ar--small wall talk tall hall ball call walk short more lord horse for forty sport door floor store author caught autumn four mourn court bought warm quarrel quarter

[]发音字母o a--hot lost lot fox box mop hop loss collar not want wash watch

[u:]字母组合oo o u--food moon room gloom broom doom goose tooth shoe do two true truth blue full prude

[u]字母组合oo ou u o--look good foot book wood should could put full bull pull push woman wolf

[ei]发音字母a ay ea ai ey--name cake late gate plane April play say may way great break rain paint plain they grey

[ai]发音字母i y--bike fine find die nine light night high my try fly eye [au]字母组合ou ow--house out flour ground account count sound loud around mouse flower down now cow how town

[]发音字母o ow oa--home cold go no phone host ghost know low below grow blow show flow boat coat goal

[i]字母组合eer ear--beer deerear near here fierce idea

[]字母组合ear air ere--pear bear chair air fair there where care

[u]字母组合our ower--hour tour flower shower

[t] tree two ten ton town twenty city

[d] door dull desk dose do dog dictionary

[k] king kite key look cook book kitchen sky

[g] girl good goal goat grade long language

[m] man make moon morning move come comb

[n] pen ten nine fine night noon moon clean

[] uncle bank English think thank junk sing king morning

[l] long land lend lord fly flag black world cold could goal soul

[r] read red right run room write

[f] five fly fine flag frog fog roof knife life wife cough laugh rough

[v] very evening even every voice vest of

[s] six sit student same seat kiss miss case scarf

[z] zoo zebra zero zap close nose hose suppose pause those

[] that this those these though

[∫] sheep shoulder ship shoe she brush wash nation attention

[h] hot hop home house horse how who

[w] when what where window wind wood

[j] yes year yell you your yolk yellow

[] child chicken china chair lunch ouch catch teach

[] age language cabbage vegetable stage bridge joy enjoy join July June junk

[tr] tree country try treat track trunk

[dr] dry dream drop drive drink

[ts] students boots boats goats nuts

[dz] goods woods moods hoods

二、特殊单词发音:

元音:

1) [i:] 字母组合:ee ea e ie

three tree green sheep meet beef see seek(ee)

eat tea meat leave lead teacher team mean speak clean please(ea)

he she me(e)

piece receive ceiling (ie,ei)

2) [i] 发音字母i y e

sit picture it is list six mix fix fit pig big build miss

myth many twenty happy dictionary

defect decide delicious

3) 发音字母a

bag hand and ant happy hat map mad bad black back glad flag shall man

4) [e] 字母组合ea e a

head bread pleasure

elephant electric remember sell shell lesson better bed desk hotel yes

many any

5) [ε:] 字母组合ir ur ear er or

girl shirt skirt thirty thirteen third bird

turn burn murder nurse turtle Thursday burger

learn earn earth heard

term her nerd serve

work worm work world

6) [ε] 字母组合er or ou ar o a e u

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