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广州名胜古迹英文名称大全

陈家祠(陈氏书院)Ancestral Temple of the Chen Family(Chen Clan Academy Temple)

六榕寺Six Banyan Temple/Liurong Temple

黄花岗烈士陵园Huanghuagang Cemetery/Huanghuagang Park(The Tomb of 72 Revolutionary Martyrs at

Huanghuagang)

镇海楼The Zhenhai Tower

越秀公园Yuexiu Park

五羊雕像The Five—Ram Sculpture

中山纪念堂The Memorial Hall of Dr.Sun Yat-sen

西汉南越王墓The Tomb of Western Han Nanyue King

三元宫Sanyuan Palace

越王井The Yuewang Well

兰圃Lanpu Park

流花湖Liuhua Lake

五仙观Wuxian Temple

光孝寺Guangxiao Temple

怀圣寺Huaisheng Mosque

北京路Beijing Road

陈家祠Chen Clan Academy Temple

上下九步行街Shangxiajiu Pedestrian Street

华林寺Hualin Temple

华林玉器街Hualin Jadeware Street

荔湾博物馆The Liwan Museum

白云山Baiyun Mountain

云台花园Yuntai Garden

广州雕塑公园Guangzhou Sculpture Park

广州体育馆The Guangzhou Gymnasium

三元里人民抗英斗争博物馆The Sanyuanli Anti—British Invasion Museum

华南植物园South China Botanical Garden

农民运动讲习所The Former Site of the National Peasant Movement Institution 广东省博物馆The Guangdong Provincial Museum

广州动物园Guangzhou Zoological Garden

广州海洋世界Guangzhou Ocean World

火车东站瀑布The East Railway Station Waterfall

中信广场Zhongxin Plaza

天河体育中心The Tianhe Sports Cen~r

天河购书中心The Tianhe Book Center

天河公园Tianhe Park

广州奥林匹克运动中心The Guangzhou Olympic Stadium

黄埔军校旧址The Whampoa Military Academy

南海神庙Nanhai God Temple

莲花山Lianhua Mountain

宝墨园Baomo Garden

余荫园Yuyin Garden

长隆夜间野生动物园Changlong Night Zoo

南沙天后宫The Nansha Tianhou Palace

孙中山大元帅府纪念馆The Sun Yet-sen's Generalissimo Mansion

海幢寺Haizhuang Temple

瀛洲生态公园Yingzhou Ecological Park

芙蓉嶂旅游度假区The Furongzhang Holiday Resod

盘古皇庙Panguhuang Temple

洪秀全纪念馆The Memorial Museum of Hong Xiuquan

花都广场Huadu Square

珠江沿岸景观The Landscapes along the Zhujiang River

珠江航游The Zhuiiang River Cruise

沙面岛Shamian Island

南方大厦The Nanfang Mansion

爱群大厦The Aiqun Mansion

海珠广场Haizhu Plaza

石室圣心大教堂The Sacred Heart Cathedral

二沙岛Ersha Island

广州国际会展中心The Guangzhou International Convention and Exhibition Center 北回归线广州标志塔The Guangzhou Marking T ower of the Tropic of Cancer

从化温泉度假区The Conghua Hot Spring Resort

天湖游览区The Tianhu Sightseeing Zone

流溪河国家森林公园Liuxihe National Forest Park

白水寨省级风景名胜区The Baishuizhai Provincial Scenic Spot

何仙姑家庙Hexiangu Temple

挂绿广场Gual0 Plaza

鸦片战争纪念馆The Museum of the Opium War

佛山市Foshan city

梁园Liang Garden

清晖园Qinghui Garden

佛山祖庙Foshan Ancestral Temple

黄飞鸿纪念堂The Memorial Hal l of Huang Feihong

西樵山度假区The Xiqiao Mountain T ourist Resort

鼎湖山度假区The Dinghu Mountain T ourist Resort

迎春花市The Spring Festival Flower Fair

舞狮The Lion Dance

元宵节The Lantern Festival

重阳节The Double—Ninth Festival

龙舟节The Dragon Boat Festival

南海神诞辰(波罗诞)The Birthday of the God of the South Sea(The Boluo Dan)

番禺莲花节The Lotus Festival in Panyu

中秋节The Mid-Autumn Day

Guangzhou History.from googleearth

It is believed that the first city built at the site of Guangzhou was Panyu (蕃禺, later si mplifed to 番禺; the locals pronounced this in Cantonese as Poon Yu) founded in 214 B C. The city has been continuously occupied since that time. Panyu was expanded when it became the capital of the Nanyue Kingdom (南越) in 206 BC.

Recent archaeological founding of her palace suggests that the city might have traded f requently with foreigners by the sea routes. The foreign trade continued through every following dynasty and the city rem ains a major international trading port to this day. The Han Dynasty annexed Nanyue in 111 BC, and Panyu became a provincial capital a nd remains so until this day. In 226 AD, the city became the seat of the Guang Prefec ture (廣州; Guangzhou). Therefore, 'Guangzhou' was the name of the prefecture, not of the city. However, people grew accustomed to calling the city Guangzhou, instead of P anyu.

Although the Chinese nam e of Guangzhou replaced Panyu as the nam e of the walled ci ty, Panyu was still the name of the area surrounding the walled city until the end of Qi ng era.

Arabs and Persians sacked Guangzhou (known to them as Sin-Kalan) in AD 758, 2 acc ording to a local Guangzhou governm ent report on October 30, 758, which corresponde d to the day of Guisi (癸巳) of the ninth lunar month in the first year of the Qianyuan era of Emperor Suzong of the Tang Dynasty.[1][2][3]

During the Northern Song Dynasty, a celebrated poet called Su Shi visited Guangzhou's Baozhuangyan Temple and wrote the inscription 'Liu Rong' (Six Banyan Trees) becaus e of the six banyan trees he saw there. It has since been called the Temple of the Six Banyan Trees.

The Portuguese were the first Europeans to arrive to the city by sea, obtaining the mo nopoly for external trade with its harbour by 1511. They were later expelled from their

settlements in Guangzhou (in Portuguese Canton or Cantao), but instead granted use of Macao (first occupied in 1511) as a trade base with the city in 1557. They would ke ep a near monopoly of foreign trade in the region until the arrival of the Dutch in the early XVII century.

After China brought Taiwan under its control in 1683, the Qing government became op en to encouraging foreign trade. Guangzhou quickly emerged as one of the most adapt able ports for negotiating commerce and before long, many foreign ships were going th ere to procure cargos. Portuguese in Macao, Spanish in Manila, and Armenians and Mu slims from India were already actively trading in the port by the 1690s, when the Fren ch and English East India companies' ships began frequenting the port. Other companie s were soon to follow: the Ostend General India Company in 1717; Dutch East India C ompany in 1729; the first Danish ship in 1731, which was followed by a Danish Asiatic Company ship in 1734; the Swedish East India Company in 1732; followed by an occa sional Prussian and Trieste Company ship; the Americans in 1784; and the first ships f rom Australia in 1788. By the middle of the 18th century, Guangzhou had emerged as one of the world's great trading ports, which was a distinction it maintained until the o utbreak of the Opium War in 1839 and the opening of other ports in China in 1842. Guangzhou was one of the five Chinese treaty ports opened by the Treaty of Nanking (signed in 1842) at the end of the First Opium War between Britain and China. The ot her ports were Fuzhou, Xiamen, Ningbo, and Shanghai.

In 1918, 'Guangzhou' became the official name of the city, when an urban council was established in it. Panyu became a county's name south of Guangzhou. In both 1930 a nd 1953, Guangzhou was promoted to the status of a Municipality, but each promotion was cancelled within the year.

Japanese troops occupied Guangzhou from 1938-10-12 to 1945-09-16.

Communist forces entered the city on October 14, 1949. Their urban renewal projects i

mproved the lives of many residents. New housing on the shores of the Pearl River pro vided homes for the poor boat people. Reforms by Deng Xiaoping, who came to power in the late 1970s, led to rapid economic growth due to the city's close proximity to H ong Kong and access to the Pearl River.

As labor costs increased in Hong Kong, manufacturers opened new plants in the cities of Guangdong including Guangzhou. As the largest city in one of China's wealthiest pro vinces, Guangzhou attracts farmers from the countryside looking for factory work. Cant onese links to overseas Chinese and beneficial tax reforms of the 1990s have aided th e city's rapid growth.

In 2000, Huadu and Panyu were merged into Guangzhou as districts, and Conghua and Zengcheng becam e county-level cities of Guangzhou.