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河北省大名一中届高三(实验班)上学期第一次月考(英语)Word版含答案

河北省大名一中2018届高三(实验班)上学期第一次月考

英语

一·单句填空(每小题1分,满分30分)

1.The room was _______(furniture) in warm reds and browns.

2.What he wrote in his book isn’t ________(consist) with what he told us in

person.

3.The farmers in this area had a good harvest last year thanks to the

________(science) farming.

4.One of the main ______(attract) of the job is the high salary.

5.Cambridge is always full of _______(tourism) in summer.

6.They had a large ________(major) over the other party at the last election.

7.Harry _______(astonish) to hear that he had got the job in Baidu.

8.Shelley was so ________(hunger) for success that she’d do anything to achieve

it.

9.There is an ________(argue) about whether we should support the new plan.

10.His collection of paintings is the most _________(impress).

11.The town’s water comes from the ________(surround) hills.

12.This kind of plants has been in ________(exist) for millions of years.

13.You didn’t bother me, Helen. ________ the contrary, I like to be with you.

14.China is trying ________(balance) the need for growth with a desire to lower

emissions.

15.Harry ________(sigh) deeply after learning that he had lost the contest.

16.You need to get your head teacher’s ________(permit) to go to the seaside.

17.Upon your _______(arrive) in shenyang, please give me a call.

18.A great many disabled kids have grown up to be teachers, lawyers,

__________(music), and atheles.

19.Little Jack likes music so much and can play many kinds of

________(instrument).

20.Dr Bush is so interested in plants that he _________(employ) almost all his

spare time to study flowers.

21.Staying at home gave her a sense of _______(secure).

22. You can’t imagine what difficulty we had ______(recover) from the disaster.

23.Yet Copernicus’ theory is now the ______(base) on which all our ideas of the

universe are built.

24.Exercise ______(regular). Doing so, over time, helps bodies stay strong.

25.These exercises _______(design) to develop and strengthen the brains of the

babies.

26.This position is ________(equal) suitable for a school leaver or for someboday

who has office experience.

27.Tom is my _______(devote) friend.

28.It has rained for a month, completely ________(ruin) our holiday.

29.We are looking for someone who is _______(rely) and hard-working.

30. More than one person ________(involve) in the accident, which made us very

worried.

二.阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题:每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

China has announced it’s abolishing its one-child policy. What difference has it made, statistically speaking?

400 million births prevented

The one-child policy, officially in place since 1979, has prevented 400 million births. Parents have faced fines and other punishments for having more children.

The majority of the decrease in China’s fertility rate(生育率) happened in the 1970s. It dropped from 5.8 children per woman in 1970 to 2.7 in 1978. Despite the one-child policy the rate had only fallen to 1.7 by 2013.

21:28-baby deaths rate

Since the one-child policy was introduced, baby girls have becom e more likely to die than boys.

In the 1970s, according to the United Nations, 60 males per 1, 000 live births died under the age of one. For girls the figure was 53. In the 1980s, after the one-child policy became official, the rate for both was 36. By the 1990s, 26 males per 1,000 live births died before the age of one - and 33 girls. The 2000s saw 21 boys per 1,000 live births dying and 28 girls.

1.16 boys born for every girl

Sexually selective abortions have been considered as a major cause of China's unusual imbalance.

Gietel-Basten, associate professor in social policy at Oxford University, says the births of many girls are not registered if parents have broken the rule by having two children, adding officials often turn a blind eye. It's estimated there are now 33 million more men than women in China.

4: 2: 1 families

With the ageing of China's population and the continuation of the one-child policy, a “4: 2 :1” home is the description given to households in which there are four grandparent, cared for by two working age parents, who themselves have one child.

By 2050, it’s predicted that a quarter of China's population will be 65 or older. The predicted decline in the number of people of working age is thought to have persuaded the government to drop the one-child policy.

31. When was the baby deaths rate for both boys and girls equal?

A. In the 1970s.

B. In the 1980s.

C. In the 1990s.

D. In the 2000s

32. What makes the one-child policy abolished according to the pas sage?

A. The decline of birth rate.

B. The rise of baby deaths rate.

C. The change of family structure.

D. The decline of working age people.

33. The passage sums up the one child policy by ________________.

A. number

B. example

C. contrast

D. analysis

B

Donald Watson was a man who thought very much about the food he ate. He was born in Yorkshire, England , in September 1910. And he died in November 2005, at the age of 95. That is a very great age. Watson explained that it was because he never ate any food from animals.

When he was a boy, Watson stayed on a farm. .He loved to see the animals. He said that they gave so much to people. And all the animals were so friendly. Then , one day , he saw a man killing a pig . He was very sad. . From then on, Watson decided that he would never again eat meat .Twenty years later he decided that he wouldn’t eat anything from animals, such as milk, cheese or eggs. He became a vegan.

Watson formed a group called “The Vegan Society”. In its newspaper, The Vegan Society thought it was terrible and wrong to eat food from animals. At first, there were not many people who agreed with him. They thought it was crazy to do it .Most people thought it was too difficult and unhealthy. However, over time , more and more people began to agree with Watson and The Vegan Society.

People become vegans for many reasons. Watson and his friend stopped eating because they loved animals. They believed that it was wrong to hurt another living thing.

Now, people also become vegans for environmental reasons. Keeping animals takes a lot of resources, including water and food. Also, in some places, people are cutting down trees to create more land for cows. By avoiding food from animals, vegans hope to protect these forest areas.

Finally, just like Watson, some people believe that being a vegan is healthier. They believe that food from animals causes heart problems, a high body weight and many other health problems.

34. At first, Watson refused to eat meat____________.

A. because of his love for animals

B. because he has a lot of health problems.

C. because of environmental reasons

D. because keeping animals needed lots of resources

35. The underlined word “vegan” in paragraph 2 refers to a person_________.

A. likes keeping animals

B. protect animals

C. doesn’t kill any animals

D. doesn’t eat any product from animals

36. At first, most people think eating food from animals is_______.

A. hard

B. reasonable

C. ridiculous

D. unhealthy

37. The best title for the text is :___________.

A. Donald Watson : a new way to eat

B. Animal protection in England

C. The Vegan Society:a special group

D. Healthy eating habits

C

Facial expressions carry meaning that is determined by situations and relationships. For example, in American culture the smile is in general an expression of pleasure. Yet it also has

other uses. A woman’s smile at a police officer does not carry the same meaning as the smile she gives to a young child. A smile may show love or politeness. It can also hide true feelings. It often causes confusion across cultures. For example, many people in Russia smiling at strangers in public to be unusual and even improper. Yet many Americans smile freely at strangers in public places

(although this is less common in big cities). Some Russians believe that Americans smile in the wrong places; some Americans believe that Russians don’t smile enough. In Southeast Asian culture, a smile is frequently used to cover painful feelings. Vietnamese people may tell a sad story but end the story with a smile.

Our faces show emotions, but we should not attempt to “read” people from another culture as we would “read” someone from our own culture. The fact that members of one culture do not

express their emotions as openly as do members of another does not mean that they do not experience emotions. Rather, there are cultural differences in the amount of facial expressions

permitted. For example, in public and in formal situations many Japanese do not show their emotions as freely as Americans do. When with friends, Japanese and Americans seem to show

their emotions similarly.

It is difficult to generalize about Americans and facial expressiveness because of personal and cultural differences in the United States. People from certain cultural backgrounds in the United States seem to be more facially expressive than others. The key is to try not to judge people whose ways of showing emotion are different. If we judge according to our own cultural habits, we may make the mistake of “reading” the other person incorrectly.

38. What does the smile usually mean in the U.S.?

A. Love.

B. Politeness.

C. Joy.

D. Thankfulness

39. The author mentions the smile of the Vietnamese to prove that smile can ___ .

A. show friendliness to strangers.

B. be used to hide true feelings .

C. be used in the wrong places.

D. show personal habits.

40. What should we do before attempting to “read” people?

A. Learn about their relations with others.

B. Understand their cultural backgrounds.

C. Find out about their past experience.

D. Figure out what they will do next.

41. What would be the best title ?

A. Cultural Differences

B. Smiles and Relationship

C. Facial Expressiveness

D. Habits and Emotions

D

Here is an astonishing and significant fact: Mental work alone can’t make us tire. It sounds absurd. But a years ago, scientists tried to find out how long the human brain could labor without reaching a stage of fatigue (疲劳). To the amazement of these scientists, they discovered that blood passing through the brain, when it is active, shows no fatigue at all! If we took a drop of blood from a day laborer, we would find it full of fatigue toxins(毒素) and fatigue products. But if we took blood from the brain of an Albert Einstein, it would show no fatigue toxins at the end of the day.

So far as the brain is concerned, it can work as well and swiftly at the end of eight or even twelve hours of effort as at the beginning. The brain is totally tireless. So what makes us tired? Some scientists declare that most of our fatigue comes from our mental and emotional(情绪的) attitudes. One of England’s most outstanding scientists, J.A. Hadfield, says, “The greater part of the fatigue from which we suffer is of mental origin. In fact, fatigue of purely physical origin is rare.” Dr. Brill, a famous American scientist, goes even further. He declares, “One hundred percent of the fatigue of sitting worker in good health is due to emotional problems.”

What kinds of emotions make sitting workers tired? Joy? Satisfaction? No! A feeling of being bored, anger, anxiety, tenseness, worry, a feeling of not being appreciated---those are the emotions that tire sitting workers. Hard work by itself seldom causes fatigue. We get tired because our emotions produce nervousness in the body.

42. What surprised the scientists a few years ago?

A. Fatigue toxins could hardly be found in a laborer’s blood.

B. Albert Einstein didn’t feel worn after a day’s work.

C. The brain could work for many hours without fatigue.

D. A mental worker’s blood was filled with fatigue toxins.

43. According to the author, which of the following can make sitting workers tired?

A. Challenging mental work.

B. Unpleasant emotions.

C. Endless tasks.

D. Physical labor

44. What’s the author’s attitude towards the scientists’ idea?

A. He agrees with them.

B. He doubts them.

C. He argues against them.

D. He hesitates to accept them.

45. We can infer from the passage that in order to stay energetic, sitting workers need to ________.

A. have some good food.

B. enjoy their work

C. exercise regularly

D. discover fatigue toxins

第二节 (共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余

选项。

There is an old Spanish saying which states, “Tomorrow is often the busiest day of the week.” How many times have we put off our dreams tomorrow? __46____ We have to go for them now!

Tomorrow is not promised.

Nobody likes to talk about death, but everybody is going to die at one point. None of us know the day or the hour. ___47____ Don’t go to your tomb(坟墓) with unrealized dreams. Make the decision to go after every dream, big or small right now.

____48_____

One of the biggest dream killers is fear. Many people could have achieved amazing things if only they weren’t afraid. Just think about all the things you’ve wanted to go, but allowed fear to convince you that you weren’t talented, or good enough. Fear is not real. It is a product of thoughts you create.

Take action to realize your dream.

You can dream about writing a great play, but it’s never going to happen unless you actually put pen to paper. You can dream about finding a cure for cancer, but it will never happen unless you actually become equipped with the necessary tools to find that cure. __49____

Possibilities are waiting on you.

There are so many amazing opportunities and people waiting on you. How do you get to them? Simple! Follow your dream. ___50____ You’ll never see those doors if you sit around waiting on a dream to happen, instead of actually working to make it happen.

A. Don’t let fear win.

B. In other words, dreams don’t work unless you do.

C. Our dreams should not, and cannot wait.

D. Therefore, today is all we have.

E. You’ll be much happier if you go for it.

F. You were born into the world with a unique gift, which nobody can copy.

G. Doors that you couldn’t imagine open up when you go after what you want. 三.英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 45)

第一节完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

河北省大名一中届高三(实验班)上学期第一次月考(英语)Word版含答案

make a 57 —that they have the 58 to make a positive impact. This 59 a sense of control, helping them feel less frightened. It also reassures them that help would be 60 if they were ever in danger.

Another important 61 is that we are all dependent on each other. When children serve others, they learn to 62 someone else’s greater need and to 63 other people.

There are many other 64 of making charity a part of your family’s life. You’ll meet new friends and develop relationships. Running a bake sale will give your kids a chance to practice 65 such as fundraising, money management, and teamwork. Self-exploration and discovery

will 66 through their choice of activities.

If a child can become a cheerful, charitable giver, he or she must try different volunteer efforts. When you see them enjoying the 67 of them, encourage them to 68 .

From my own experience, I can say developing the good 69 of charitable giving will become 70 to you and your family.

51. A. worried B. doubtful C. impressed D. grateful

52. A. organizing B. cleaning C. protecting D. improving

53. A. fun B. success C. advantage D. difficulty

54. A. often B. seldom C. never D. already

55. A. great B. strange C. bored D. safe

56 A. Teaching B. Giving C. Thinking D. Learning

57. A. choice B. promise C. difference D. sense

58. A. ability B. right C. freedom D. time

59. A. promotes B. reduces C.reflects D. protects

60. A. impossible B. flexible C. available D. reasonable

61. A. example B. lesson C. question D. secret

62. A. take over B. search for C. give up D. relate to

63. A. care about B. look for C. turn to D. believe in

64. A. benefits B. congratulations C. contributions D. challenges

65. A. activities B. moves C. skills D. behaviors

66. A. stay B. come C. miss D. get

67. A. equality B. scenery C. fruit D. independence

68. A. continue B. explain C. observe D. communicate

69. A. aspect B. meaning C. habit D. way

70. A. hard B. important C. obvious D. serious

第∏卷

四,英语知识运用

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

I was driving home late at night ____71____ my car lost momentum(冲力) and got slower and slower. Nothing I did seemed to make any ___72____ (different). “It can’t be the fuel,” I thought. The petrol gauge(汽油量表) was showing I had plenty ____73____(leave).” Then my car died completely after I ____74____ (manage) to roll to the side of the road. It was an extremely dark, lonely country road. Neither a single person ____75____ any traffic was in sight at all. I felt like an idiot. I should not have left without charging my cell phone. The battery was dead ___76___I was alone without any way to contact my family. Time dripped slowly like a leaking tap.

“God, help me!” I begged anxiously. “Is there someone who will be kind enough to stop and help me out?” ____77____, there was no sign of anyone. I was starting to panic, ____78____ (feel) completely abandoned. Suddenly I saw a faint light ____79____ the distance. I waved my white scarf as hard as possible. It was a huge lorry. The driver stopped and kindly drove me to the nearest hotel, ____80____ I had a rest, and then I called my family and explained what had happened. How lucky I was! When he stopped for me, I felt as if I had just found a million dollars.

五,写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节短文改错(共10小题;每题1分,满分10分)

We may have different opinion in organizing class activities. We may have

various ways to dealing with such a situation. When I have a better idea, I would

choose to stick to them. By doing so, I can not only share good ideas with others

and also learn to express myself clear.

Once we were discussing why to go for an outing. Most of my classmates wanted

to go to a park while I had idea of going to a nice place. I manage to persuade

my classmates into accepting my idea. We did have a good time that day. Good

opinions are worth sticking because they can benefit us all.

第四节:书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华,你的外教Mr. Pick回国前向你推荐了American School Life网站,希

望你借此提高英语水平。请你用英语给他写一封电子邮件,告诉他你的收获,要点如下:

1. 表达思念;

2. 上网收获;

3. 表示感激。

注意:1. 词数100词左右;

2. 可适当发挥,以使行文连贯;

3. 开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。

Dear Mr. Pick,

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________

Yours, Li Hua

参考答案

一.单句填空

1,furnished 2, consistent 3, scientific 4, attractions 5, tourists 6, majority 7, was astonished 8, hungry 9, argument 10, impressive

11, surrounding 12, existence 13, On 14, to balance 15, sighed 16,permission 17,arrived 18,musicians 19, instrument 20,employs 21, security 22, recovering 23, basis 24,regularly 25, are disigned

26, equally 27, devoted 28, ruining 29 reliable 30 was involved 二.阅读理解(共20题;每题2分,满分40分)

31-33.BDA 34-37. ADBA 38-41. CBBC 42-45. CBAB 46-50.CDABG

三.完型填空(共20题;每题1.5分,满分30分)

51-55. CDADA 56-60.BCAAC 61-65. BDAAC 66-70. BCACB

四.语篇填空(共10题,每题1.5分,满分15分)

71. when 72.difference 73.left 74. managed/had managed

75. nor 76. and 77. However 78. feeling 79. in 80. where

五.短文改错(共10题;每题1分;满分10分)

1.opinion--opinions

2.dealing----deal或者to---of

3.them---it

4.and---but

5.clear--clearly

6.why---where

7.添加an

8.nice---nicer

9..manage---managed 10.sticking后加to

参考范文:

Dear Mr. Pick,

It's a fairly long time since you left our school. I miss you very much. Is everything going well?

The website you’ve recommended to me is very beneficial to my English study. It has abundant reading materials that I need most, greatly broadening my horizon. Now I has become more interested in English. Besides, I’ve made many new friends and we communicate a lot about school life, cultures, science, and so on. Now

I can express myself much better than ever.

Thanks to your kindness and consideration, I’ve made rapid progress in English study. I owe all my achievements to you. I’m looking forward to more advice from you!

Yours, Li Hua