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Reporting verbs

Reporting Verbs

Reporting verbs + that + subject + verb

1.Positive:

1)With evidence:

A.explain /ɪkˈspleɪn/ verb [ I or T ]

1. to make something clear or easy to understand by describing or giving

information about it

B.infer /ɪnˈfɜː r / /-ˈfɝː/ verb [ T ] -rr- FORMAL

to form an opinion or guess that something is true because of the information

that you have

C.argue /ˈɑːg.juː/ /ˈɑːrg-/ verb DISAGREE

1. [ I ] to speak angrily to someone, telling them that you disagree with them

D.conclude /kənˈkluːd/ verb FINISH

1. [ I or T ] to end a speech, meeting or piece of writing

She concluded the speech by remind ing us of our responsibility.

2. [ T ] to complete an official agreement or task, or arrange a business deal.

3. [ T ] to judge or decide something after thinking carefully about it

2)With thinking carefully/ fully certain

A.assert /əˈsɜːt/ /-ˈsɝːt/ verb [ T ]

2. FORMAL to say that something is certainly true

B.decide /dɪˈsaɪd/ verb

1. [ I or T ] to choose something, especially after thinking carefully about

several possibilities

C.state /steɪt/ verb [ T ] SLIGHTLY FORMAL

to say or write something, especially clearly and carefully

3)Without thinking carefully/ not certain/ no evidence

A.hypothesis /haɪˈpɒθ.ə.sɪs/ /-ˈpɑː.θə-/ noun [ C ] plural hypotheses

an idea or explanation for something that is based on known facts but has not

yet been proved

B.assume /əˈsjuːm/ /-ˈsuːm/ verb [ T ] ACCEPT

1. to accept something to be true without question or proof

2. to pretend to have a different name or be someone you are not, or to express

a feeling falsely

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