第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分）
1. What do we know about the man?
A. He is trying to save his face.
B. He doesn’t want the woman to be unpleasant.
C. He is sure that “Shuey Rhon Rhon” is only a lantern.
2. When will the man see the doctor?
A. At 2:00.
B. At 4:00.
C. 30 minutes after work.
3. How many times does the woman warn the man up to now?
4. When did the woman get to Mike’s house last night?
A. At 7:40.
B. At 8:00.
C. At 8:20.
5. How will the man go to 109 Fleet Street probably?
A. By bus.
B. On foot.
C. By riding.
6. How old will Ma Long be when he takes part in the Tokyo Olympics?
A. 23 years old.
B.32 years old.
C.33 years old.
7. What does the man mean at last?
A. Ma Long might retire soon,
B. Ma Long will be at his peak in Tokyo Olympics.
C. Ma Long doesn’t want to take part in other competitions.
8. What is the customer’s name?
9. How many mistakes has the woman made in all?
10. Which of the following words can best describe the man?
11. Why did the man stay after school?
A. He talked with his teacher.
B. The headmaster called him.
C. He had a meeting in the club.
12. Who are the speakers?
A. Middle school students.
B. High school students.
C. College students.
13. What will the woman probably do next?
A. Go home.
B. Meet her friends.
C. Sign a document.
14. Where did the woman spend most of her time in Florida?
A. On campus.
B. On the ship.
C. Under the water.
15. Why did the woman go to Florida?
A. To visit her professor.
B. To go on a field trip.
C. To attend a biology class.
16. What did the woman’s professor do?
A. He took some pictures.
B. He planted many flowers.
C. He caught some strange fish.
17. Which country’s experts suggest bowing when meeting during the outbreak?
18. What is the regular greeting habit in France?
A. Shake hands.
B. Kiss on the back.
C. Wave hands.
19. What does the health minister from Australia suggest?
A. People are encouraged to shake hands when they meet.
B. People are encouraged to choose to kiss anyone they like.
C. People should give each other a pat on the back when meeting.
20. What is the speaker mainly talking about?
A. The change of table manners in different countries.
B. The impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on greeting manners.
C. The impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on national economies.
Before the flight:
Try to book a morning flight. If it is delayed or canceled, you have the rest of the day to make alternate planes. Make sure your c hild doesn’t wear any clothing that has his or her name on it, which would make it easier for a stranger to convince a child he can be trusted.
At the airport:
Make sure the flight attendants know that your child is traveling alone. Make sure that he or she will be seated in an area of the aircraft that’s convenient for attendants to keep an eye on — the very front of very back of the aircraft is ideal.
Register your child’s travel plans with the U. S. State Department, which can provide assistance in an emergency. This is a free service.
What to pack:
Cell phone: If your child doesn’t have a cell phone, buy him or her a pay-as-you-go phone at a cell phone retailer (零售店) so he or she has an easy form of communication for emergencies.
Gift cards: Invest in a few pre-paid gift cards worth $ 25 or $ 50, This will reduce the worry of traveling with a large amount of cash.
Family/ friends contact information: Give your child a complete list of names,
numbers and addresses of the people who are picking your child up at the airport.
21. How much should you pay if your child aged eleven travels alone on a connecting flight by
A. $ 50.
B. $ 75.
D. $ 160.
22. What can we learn from the passage?
A. Juice or water can’t be brought onto the aircraft.
B. Unaccompanied children can’t fly on the last flight of the day.
C. Pay-as-you-go phones are provided for free at the airport for children without cell phones.
D. Parents can register children’s travel plans with the U. S. State Department for free.
23. Which of the following is recommended for unaccompanied children?
A. Booking them morning flights.
B. Giving them a large amount of cash.
C. Making them sit in the middle of the aircraft.
D. Dressing them in clothing with their names on it.
I once heard this tale in India, where it is told as if true—though any naturalist would know it couldn’t be. The country is India. A colonial of ficial and his wife are giving a large dinner party. They invite army officers and their wives, and a visiting American naturalist.
A spirited discussion springs up between a young girl who says women are no longer the jumping-on-a-chair-at-the-sight-of-a-mouse and an army officer who disagrees and says, “A woman’s reaction in any crisis is to scream. And a man has more control than a woman.”
The American scientist does not join in the argument but sits and watches the faces of the other guests. As he stares, he sees a slight strange expression come over the face of the hostess. She gestures to the servant standing behind her chair and whispers to him. The servant’s eyes widen. He turns quickly and leaves the room. Of the guests, none except the American notices this or sees the servant place a bowl of milk on the balcony just outside the open glass doors.
In India, milk in a bowl means only one thing: bait (诱饵) for a snake. The American understands there must be a snake in the room. His eyes move across the room but see nothing. He realizes the snake can only be in one place — under the table.
His first reaction is to jump back and warn the others. But he knows any sudden movement will frighten the animal into striking. He speaks quickly, the tone of his
voice so arresting that it quietens everyone. “I want to know what control everyone here has. I will count three hundred—that’s five minutes— and not one of you is to move a muscle. Ready!”
The 20 people sit like stone images while he counts. He is saying, “—two hundred and eighty—” When out of the corner of his eyes, he sees the snake make for the bowl of milk. Four or five screams ring out as he jumps to close the balcony doors.
“There is your proof!” the host shouts.“A man has just shown us perfect self-control.”
“Just a minute,” the American says, turning to his hostess,“How did you know that snake was in the room?” With a faint smile coming across her face she replies:“Because it was lying across my foot.”
24. What can we conclude from the passage?
A. Women are afraid of mice.
B. The army officer’s opinion is wrong.
C. The American suggests playing a game for entertainment.
D. The hostess has had previous experience catching snakes.
25. Choose the right order of the events given in the passage.
a. The American’s eyes sweep the room but he sees nothing.
b. The American suggests the guests playing a game.
c. Following the instructions, the servant puts out some milk.
d. The hostess is staring ahead, a slight strange look appearing.
e. The American shuts the balcony doors safely, and several screams are let out.
f. The snake edges its way to the bowl of milk.
26. Who has real self-control according to the passage?
A. The American.
B. The army officer.
C. The girl.
D. The hostess.
27. What may be the best title for the passage?
A. A Heated Argument
B. A Striking Dinner Party
C. An Unbelievable Story
D. A Smart Hostess
You can’t walk into the office without Rihanna’s voice singing“work work work work work”. And that line from Lady Gaga’s“Bad Romance” still makes you want to scream. These are commonly known as earworm songs — the sticky tunes that continue to play in your head. A recent study finds more than 90% of adults report hearing earworm songs on a weekly basis.
Fortunately, most people report earworm songs as pleasant. But others find them annoying or even maddening. “Some people are troubled by them to the point that it
disturbs life,” says Elizabeth Margulis, a professor at the University of Arkansas who has studied earworm songs.
Margulis says earworm songs tend to have some predictable characteristics. For one thing, they tend to be small parts of a song- not the whole track. And “the songs you’ve heard recently also have the most possibility to get stuck in your memory,” she says.
But sometimes something strange and unpredictable can also start a track playing in your head. “Once I was at the doctor’s and saw a poster of a man who I thought looked like Gaston—a character from Beauly and the Beast,” Margulis recalls. A couple minutes passed, and she realized she c ouldn’t get “Be Our Guest”, the song in the movie, out of her head, even though she hadn’t thought of the tune in years. In that instance, she was able to identify her earworm’s trigger: the Gaston-looking man in the poster. “But the connections can be really unclear,” she says.
Margulis points out that, in all of human history, recorded music is a very new phenomenon. She says some have inferred that earworm songs are also new—the unintended consequence of being able to hear the same song played everywhere in the same way over and over again. So far, the convincing explanation for why human beings experience earworm songs remains a mystery. But there are some well-established ways to cast off the earworm songs.
“Finding a mentally demanding task and putting your mind on it usually shifts attention away from internal music. People tend to get earworms when performing tasks that don’t require their full attention—like doing the dishes,” Margulis says.
Chewing gum can also help. When a song is stuck in our head s, it’s almost like we’re singing along with it. If you make your mouth do something else — chewing gum, eating a meal or talking with a friend—that can kick out the earworm.
You could also face your enemy. By listening to the full track that includes the passage stuck in your head, you may find relief.
28. Which of the following is most likely to be an earworm song?
A. A song made up of simple words.
B. A song heard frequently these days.
C. A song sung by a most famous singer.
D. A song learned during one’s childhood.
29. What does the underlined word “trigger” in Paragraph 4 mean?
30. What can we infer from the passage?
A. Earworm songs result from modern technology.
B. Earworm songs are experienced over meals.
C. Earworm songs help regain lost memories.
D. Earworm songs hurt one’s hearing.
31. What is mainly talked about in the last three paragraphs?
A. Why we hear earworm songs.
B. Where to find earworm songs.
C. When we hear earworm songs.
D. How to get over earworm songs.
How does an ecosystem（生态系统）work？What makes the populations of different species the way they are？Why are there so many flies and so few wolves？To find an answer，scientists have built mathematical models of food webs，noting who eats whom and how much each one eats.
With such models，scientists have found out some key principles operating in food webs. Most food webs，for instance，consist of many weak links rather than a few strong ones. When a predator（掠食动物）always eats huge numbers of a single prey（猎物），the two species are strongly linked；when a predator lives on various species，they are weakly linked. Food webs may be dominated by many weak links because that arrangement is more stable over the long term. If a predator can eat several species，it can survive the extinction（灭绝）of one of them. And if a predator can move on to another species that is easier to find when a prey species becomes rare，the switch allows the original prey to recover. The weak links may thus keep species from driving one another to extinction.
Mathematical models have also revealed that food webs may be unstable，where small changes of top predators can lead to big effects throughout entire ecosystems. In the 1960s，scientists proposed that predators at the top of a food web had a surprising amount of control over the size of populations of other species---including species they did not directly attack.
And unplanned human activities have proved the idea of top-down control by top predators to be true. In the ocean，we fished for top predators such as cod on an industrial scale，while on land，we killed off large predators such as wolves. These actions have greatly affected the ecological balance.
Scientists have built an early-warning system based on mathematical models. Ideally，the system would tell us when to adapt human activities that are pushing an ecosystem toward a breakdown or would even allow us to pull an ecosystem back from the borderline. Prevention is key，which scientists says because once ecosystems pass their tipping point（临界点），it is remarkably difficult for them to return.
32. What have scientists discovered with the help of mathematical models of food webs？
A. The living habits of species in food webs.
B. The rules governing food webs of the ecosystems.
C. The approaches to studying the species in the ecosystems.
D. The differences between weak and strong links in food webs.
33. A strong link is found between two species when a predator______
A. has a wide food choice
B. can easily find new prey
C. sticks to one prey species
D. can quickly move to another place
34. What conclusion can be drawn from the examples in Paragraph 4？
A. Uncontrolled human activities greatly upset ecosystems.
B. Rapid economic development threatens animal habitats.
C. Species of commercial value dominate other species.
D. Industrial activities help keep food webs stable.
35. How does an early-warning system help us maintain the ecological balance？
A. By getting illegal practices under control.
B. By stopping us from killing large predators.
C. By bringing the broken-down ecosystems back to normal.
D. By signaling the urgent need for taking preventive action.
Do Actions Speak Louder than Words?
Our society is fast paced. We are all rushing from one place to the next, blowing our horn at slow drivers who may be singing songs in the car with their children or pointing out some interesting sights. We don’t have time for that sillin ess today. But we try to say to ourselves that we will make time for fun tomorrow. It is time to take a few deep breaths and think about our actions and our words. 36 Have you ever really thought about the saying “Actions speak louder than words”? Think about it now. If you say one thing and act in an opposite way, will the words be ignored and just the actions remembered? I don’t think so. 37 It is also equally important to use words to show appreciation, love, approval and happiness and then follow those words with a hug, pat on the back or smile.
38 What about that saying? True? Yes! Words carry a lot of weight and will be remembered for years especially when they are written down. Mean words can hurt for that moment and for a lifetime. I am sure that each of us remembers a time when a friend made an unkind comment. 39 Let’s not be a member of that “club”. When was the last time that you hid a love note in a lunch box or in your mate’s coat pocket? If you want to see a bright smile, that will do it!
The power of this written note will be remembered for many days, even years. “I can live for two months on a good compliment(夸奖)”，said Mark Twain. Children grow stronger when they feel appreciated and understood. 40 A perfect way to turn a bad day around is to praise your child. “I noticed that your hair looked very nice today.”“Did you ha ng your coat up all by yourself?” It is amazing how those few words can change a child’s outlook almost immediately. Don’t stop there. One of
my sisters ended a phone conversation with three words — I love you! Boys, that put
a spring in my step! Mark Twain is right. I still feel the positive effect of those three little but very powerful words.
A. The pen is more powerful than the sword.
B. Is it really reasonable to do something like that?
C. Do they display the attitude that we want to convey?
D. It is important to have your words match your actions.
E. Behavior is a mirror in which everyone shows his image.
F. Those words did lasting damage to you, the relationship or both.
G. Don’t be afraid to show your child with encouraging words all day long.
Nowadays, many of us track our steps with smart watches, pedometers (计步器) or phone apps and are of course thrilled when we reach that all-important daily goal
of 10,000 steps. You might 41 that this number has appeared after years of research.
The 42 number “10,000” dates back to a marketing campaign 43 shortly before the start of the1964 Tokyo Olympic Games. A company began 44 a pedometer called the Manpo-kei: “man” meaning10,000, “po”meaning 45 and “kei”meaning meter. It was hugely 46 and the number seems to have stuck. Many buyers are appealed
by the new device.
Since then, studies have 47 the health benefits of 5,000 with 10,000 steps and, not 48 ， the higher number is better. But until recently, all the 49 between hadn’t been studied. I-Min Lee, a professor of 50 at Harvard Medical School, and her team 51 a group of more than 16,000 women in their seventies. Each woman spent
a week 52 a device to measure movement during 53 hours. When they 54 the women
up an average of four years and three months later, 504 died. How many steps do you think the people alive had been doing? In fact, the average number for 55 was only 5,500 but not 10,000. Women who took more than 4,000 steps a 56 were significantly more likely to still be alive than those who did only 2,700 steps. It’s surprising that such a small 57 could have consequences for longevity (寿命).
However, physical conditions 58 from person to person, and we should do it wisely. So count if you find it 59 you, but remember there’s nothing special about 10,000 steps. Set the goal that is 60 for you.
41. A. assume B. admit C. acquire D. afford
42. A. delicate B. ordinary C. abstract D. magic
43. A. recommended B. launched C. stated D. commanded
44. A. marketing B. purchasing C. manufacturing D. donating
45. A. walkers B. runners C. steps D. numbers
46. A. thoughtful B. successful C. plentiful D. powerful
47. A. identified B. displayed C. compared D. compromised
48. A. excitingly B. disappointingly C. amusingly D. surprisingly
49. A. signs B. strengths C. symbols D. numbers
50. A. psychology B. mathematics C. medicine D. philosophy
51. A. focused on B. took part in C. got along with D. thought highly of
52. A. associating B. wearing C. undertaking D. claiming
53. A. walking B sleeping C. running D. shaking
54. A. remarked B. distinguished C. acquainted D. tracked
55. A. women B. deaths C. survivors D. people
56. A. day B. hour C. month D. week
57. A. distance B. growth C. decrease D. difference
58. A. separate B. reflect C. vary D. recover
59. A. distracts B. motivates C. indicates D. accumulates
60. A. challenging B. appropriate C. beneficial D. creative
2019 is another milest one for China’s film industry as eight of the year’s top 10 61 (high) grossing films in the Chinese mainland’s box office charts 62 (be) Chinese films. The Chinese mainl and’s box of fice hit an all-time high with a total of 63.7 billion yuan (around 9.1 billion U.S. dollars). It remains a difficult task，63 , for Chinese films to appeal to North American moviegoers and achieve similar success 64 national borders. Chinese films have long faced 65 uphill, cross cultural challenge to break the code regarding what attracts international interest. Frequent 66 (complain) about Chinese film range from “too different to identify with,” or“too long and confusing,” or simply “too Chinese.” The difference in stories and storytelling styles is significant, because Chinese stories unique to China are 67 (familiar) in the West. Hollywood producer Jeff Most told Xinhua, “These are rich cultural traditions China wants to share but they need 68 (introduce)to Western audiences in a way 69 highlights the universal aspects of
the story that everyone can all relate to, rather than the different cultural references that are 70 (confuse) to the westerners.”
Nowadays many young parents are addicted in their electric devices like smartphones or computers, pay less or no attention to their kids.
Then what does it come about? Admittedly, the smartphone indeed dramatically changes our life. With it, people can do nearly everything we want, such as surfing the Internet for information, watching films or video, doing some online shopping and playing games as well as. Thus, a smartphone serves as a platform for them to get fun in a comfortable and convenience way. As a result more and more young parents are being attracted.
However, nothing can replace face-to-face communication between parents and kids, what requires parents to think about the real meaning of life, spends more time with their children and have fun together. Only in this way a better parent-child relationship be developed.
假定你是李华，你的外国朋友Mary听说了在中国抗击新冠肺炎的奋战过程中，中国的传统医学（Traditional Chinese Medicine TCM）起了很重要的作用，所以对它非常感兴趣，请给她写一封信，内容包括:
1-5 ACBCB 6-10 CAAAC 11-15 ABCCB 16-20 AAACB
21-23 CDA 24-27 BADB 28-31BCAD 32-35 BCAD 36-40CDAFG
41-45 ADBAC 46-50 BCDDC 51-55 ABADC 56-60 ADCBB
61.highest 62. are 63. however 64. beyond 65. an
66. complaints 67. unfamiliar 68. to be introduced/ introducing
69. that/which 70. confusing
Nowadays many young parents are addicted in their electric devices like smartphones or
computers, pay less or no attention to their kids.
Then what does it come about? Admittedly, the smartphone indeed dramatically changes our life.
With it, people can do nearly everything we want, such as surfing the Internet for information,
watching films or video, doing some online shopping and playing games as well as .Thus, a
smartphone serves as a platform for them to get fun in a comfortable and convenience way. As a
result more and more young parents are being attracted.
However, nothing can replace face-to-face communication between parents and kids,what
which requires parents to think about the real meaning of life, spends more time with their children and have
fun together. Only in this way ^ a better parent-child relationship be developed. can/will
How is everything going with you these days? Having known that your curiosity has been driven by Traditional Chinese Medicine with an effort to have a good knowledge of it, I am pregnant with great pride and excitement to get you informed of more relevant information in accordance with what I have learned.
With a long history dating back to hundreds of years ago, Traditional Chinese Medicine features unique diagnostic method and systematic theory, bearing a list of great achievements. Concerning that, much importance should be attached to people contributing to its development, in which, Zhang Zhongjing is a shinning example. Serving as a pioneer in this field, he examined the theory in practice and in turn adopted it as the guidance, thus writing the fundamental book of TCM by summary. Given all above, I extend my sincere recommendation that TCM should be the choice for your further study with its bright future. In an attempt to make full preparations for it, it's anticipated that you can spare some time to know the basic knowledge.
On the whole, long way as TCM has to go, I hold the firm belief that devotion from more
people including you will help a lot. Looking forward to your early reply.
Overjoyed to receive your letter in which you have demonstrated a compelling affection for Traditional Chinese Medicine and a burning desire to master it, I feel it a pleasure to offer you some relevant suggestions on this brilliant creation of ancient Chinese people in which your deep interest lies.
With a long history dating back to 2000 years ago, plenty of distinguished doctors enjoyed their reputation in medical field. Zhang Zhongjing, for instance, pioneered an effective treatment technique, thus laying a theoretical foundation for Chinese medicine. Since you are deeply keen on it, you might as well further learn it. There is, however, no shortcut to mastering it given its complication. So, were I you, I would read more masterpieces with reference to it, from which you can capture its essence and core. And a Chinese medicine college can be a nice choice.
Bearing such love for it, your learning exploration of traditional Chinese Medicine will definitely be enjoyable and unforgettable! I am of any service in your learning process! Your immediate reply is highly expected.
M: What’s this? A lantern?
W: Not really, but I’m glad you saw one of the design elements. This is “Shuey Rhon Rhon”, the mascot of the 2022 Winter Paralympic Games.
M: I bet that’s what I was going to say just now.
W: Coul d you come in at 2 o’clock this Friday?
M: I’m afraid not. I usually don’t get off work until4 o’clock Are there any appointments after 4 o’clock?
W: Well, the doctor can see you at 4:30.
M: OK, that will work out great. Thanks,
W: Mr. Jackson, I’ve asked you three times already to turn down your music. If the fourth time doesn’t work, then my fifth call is to the police. Some of us have to work at nine in the morning!
M: Sorry, Miss Bush. We’ll end the party.
M: Hey, Annie! How was the party at Mike’s house last night?
W: It was wonderful! But I made a mistake.
M: What happened?
W: I was supposed to arrive at 8:00, but I was 20 minutes late.
M: Excuse me, is there a bus to 109 Fleet Street?
W: No, there isn’t, but the place is not far awa y from here.
M: How can I get there?
W: Walk to the corner. Then make a right turn. Then walk two blocks to the traffic lights. Make another right to 109 Fleet Street.
M: Do you like Ma Long? I heard that he will take part in the Tokyo Olympics. Is that true?
W: Of course, I like him. He is the pride of our country! But I don’t know if he will take part in it. He’s 32 years old and I wonder whether he can do well in the Tokyo Olympic Games if he has to go to the Olympics.
M: I’m looking forward to his game, too. But he is certainly getting old, and I don’t think athletes can stay at the same level as they were at their peak when they are old.
W: Next we just have to wait and see if the Tokyo Olympics will be held on July 23 next year. I heard that if we can’t control the COVID-19 next year, the Tokyo Olympics will be cancelled.
M: That’s too bad. I bet Ma Long will choose to retire directly.
M: Rose, can you come to my office?
W: Yes, I’ve just finished this pile of mail.
M: Did you type this letter?
W: Yes. Why? Is there anything wrong with it?
M: Have a look. This should be 400 pounds. You have typed 4,000 pounds.
W: Oh, yes. I am sorry.
M: And you have misspelled the customer’s name. It’s Shelling — S-h-e-l-l-i-n-g, not Smelling. It’s not funny. If I hadn’t noticed it, we’d have lost the order.
I really think you should take more care over your work
M: Hey, wait a minute, Anna.
W: Oh, hi, Martin.①What are you still doing here after school?
M: DI just come back from Mr. Smith’s office. I’m thinking to start a club. And he nodded his head.
W: Oh, how fun! Can I join? I’m always up for something fun in life. And clubs sure look good on high school resumes (简历) !
M: Ah, yes! Yet another benefit of starting this chub. I should tell this to others. More of our classmates may join this way.
W: I’ll do the same. I have some friends that might be interested.
M: Okay, then, I’ll see you tomorrow.
M:⑧Wait, Anna. You need to sign this document for the school principal to agree to this club also.
M: Hi, Daisy. I haven’t seen you for weeks. Where were you while the rest of us were studying on the campus in February cold?
W:④In Florida, and 1 spent most of my time under the water.
M: I don’t understand.
W: I was on a special field trip (实地考察旅行) . I went with my biology class. M: So, you went diving! What were you looking for? Sunken treasure (海底宝藏) ? W: You might say so. The sea’s full of treasure — all kinds of strange, fascinating creatures.
M: You mean the living things that are too small to be seen?
W: Not exactly. Under the sea there are a wild variety of freely flowing plants and animals.
M: But some of them are transparent, aren’t they?
W: Yes, it makes them practically invisible to their enemies.
M: But not invisible to your biology class, I hope.
W: By concentrating, I was able to see the outlines of lots of different plants and animals.⑥In fact, our professor even took photographs of a small oceanic snail. Text 10
During the COVID-19 outbreak, people in different countries greeted each other differently to avoid spreading the virus.
In China, many experts advise bowing instead of shaking hands in a sign of greeting.
Newspapers have been filled with advice over how to replace handshaking — a daily manner for the French at work and kissing on the check, a regular greeting habit in France even between people who have only just met.
A health minister from Australia advised people not to shake hands and give each other a pat on the back instead. “I won’t say ‘don’t kiss’,” he said, “but you could be careful about whom you choose to kiss.”
The United Arab Emirates, as well as Qatar, are advising citizens to stop the traditional “nose to nose” greeting.