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全国2009年10月高等教育自学考试综合英语试题

全国2009年10月高等教育自学考试综合英语(一)试题

Ⅰ.用适当语法形式或词汇填空。从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并将所选答案的字母写在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共20小题,每小题1分,共20分)

1. It is suggested that the project ______ until all the preparations have been made.

A. would start

B. should start

C. not to be started

D. not be started

2. Your hair wants ______; you’d better have it ______ in a couple of days.

A. to cut, done

B. to cut, to be done

C. cutting, done

D. cutting, being done

3. My sister ______ a job in a factory, but she refused to ______ it.

A. offered, take

B. offered, taking

C. was offered, take

D. was offered, taking

4. I have never been to the city, but it is the place ______ this summer.

A. where I’d like to visit

B. that I’d like to visit

C. I’d like to visit it

D. that I’d like to visit it

5. ______ 35 years with the company, he retired at the age of 60.

A. Having spent

B. Being spent

C. It was

D. There was

6. The reason ______ he missed the train was ______ got up late.

A. because, he

B. because, that he

C. why, he

D. why, that he

7. The girl got up earlier than usual ______ miss the first train.

A. in order to not

B. so as not to

C. not in order to

D. not so as to

8. We ______ for you everywhere. Where have you been?

A. have looked

B. looked

C. have been looking

D. are looking

9. His brother often thought ______ abroad, but never ______ a chance.

A. of going, he had

B. of going, did he have

C. to go, he had

D. to go, did he have

10. If Mary ______ the doctor’s advice, she would have been quite all right now.

A. had followed

B. were to follow

C. would follow

D. was to follow

11. Such an experienced tennis player knows how to take ______ of his opponent’s weakness.

A. advantage

B. charge

C. account

D. command

12. His music is enjoyed by adults and children ______.

A. like

B. together

C. alike

D. all

13. My next-door neighbor held a party and it kept me ______ all night.

A. awoke

B. awake

C. awaken

D. awaked

14. He discovered that the old woman was hard ______ hearing.

A. at

B. in

C. about

D. of

15. In spite of what they said, she refused to ______ to the police.

A. give way

B. give off

C. give herself away

D. give herself up

16. It’s ______ the president to make a decision on this issue.

A. up to

B. according to

C. due to

D. thanks to

17. After a long talk the two sides ______ an agreement.

A. arrived

B. arrived in

C. reached out

D. reached

18. It’s cold outside. Put on some warm clothes, ______ you will catch cold.

A. or

B. but

C. and

D. yet

19. You need to drive carefully because traffic accidents are quite ______ in this part of the city.

A. ordinary

B. popular

C. common

D. regular

20. In recent years, there has been a ______ call for a rise in miners’ wages.

A. existent

B. constant

C. resistant.

D. assistant

II.阅读理解。认真阅读下面两篇短文,每篇短文后有五个问题,根据短文的内容从A、B、C、D四个选项中选择一个最佳答案,并将所选答案的字母写在答题纸相应的位置上。 (本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)

Passage 1

Insurance is the sharing of risks. Nearly everyone is exposed to risk of some sort. The house owner, for example, knows that his property can be damaged by fire; the ship-owner knows that

his ships may be lost at sea; the breadwinner knows that he may die at an early age and leave his family poorer. On the other hand, not every house is damaged by fire nor every ship is lost at sea. If these persons each put a small sum into a pool, there will be enough to meet the needs of the few who do suffer losses. In other words, the losses of the few are met from the contributions of the many. This is the basis of insurance. Those who pay the contribution are known as insured and those who administer the pool of contributions as insurers.

The legal basis of all insurance is the policy. This is a printed form of contract on a piece of paper in best quality. It states that every year the insured shall pay a named sum of money, which is called the premium; in return, the insurer will pay a sum of money or compensation for loss if the risk or event insured against actually happens.

The premium for an insurance naturally depends upon how likely the risk is to happen, as suggested by past experience. If companies fix their premiums too high, there will be more competition in their area of insurance and they may lose business. On the other hand, if they make the premium too low, they will lose money and may even have to drop out of business. So the ordinary forces of supply and demand keep premiums at a level satisfactory to both the insurer and the insured.

21. By “the pool of contributions” (Para. 1) the writer means______.

A. money paid by the insurers

B. the amount of each premium

C. money paid by all those insured

D. the cost of administering insurance

22. A policy is ______.

A. a named sum of money

B. a kind of legal agreement

C. a printed form of payment

D. a particular kind of insurance

23. Insurance premiums do not become too high because ______.

A. not many people insure themselves

B. premiums depend on the risk of loss

C. insurers have to be more competitive

D. insurance companies can never lose money

24. According to the passage, insurance business is profitable because ______.

A. nearly everyone suffers losses

B. only insured people suffer losses

C. everyone at some time suffers losses

D. only a few of those insured suffer losses

25. The purpose of the passage is ______.

A. to define an insurance policy

B. to introduce insurance business

C. to persuade people to be insured

D. to warn people of possible losses

Passage 2

One evening I went out and left my 17-year-old son in charge of his 8-year-old brother and 4-year-old sister. On this occasion, the chore was made less troublesome by the presence of his girlfriend. I left with complete confidence that the older children would do a wonderful job of babysitting the younger children and the younger children would do a wonderful job of accompanying the older ones. Later, I discovered that complete confidence was the last thing I should have left home with.

I had decided to return home earlier than planned so that my son and his girlfriend could go out. I called home with this happy news. But instead of hearing his cheerful, grateful voice on the other end of the line, all I heard was the sound of a telephone ringing.

It was, I should point out, after 10 p.m., when the two younger children should have been in bed, and when the two older children should have been answering the phone. “I’ll give him a lesson,” I said. I decided they must be outside. Why they might be outside at 10:30 on a wintry night I had no idea, but it was the only explanation I could come up with.

Finally, in desperation, I called his girlfriend’s house. After what seemed like countless rings, his girlfriend answered. “Yes,” she said brightly, “He’s right here.”

He came on the phone. I was not my usual calm, rational self. After all, one of the rules of survival for modern parents is that you can’t trust modern teenagers. “Where are the children?”

I said. He said they were with him. They had done nothing wrong. My son had taken the younger children over to his girlfriend’s house just for ice cream and cake. This was too wholesome to be believed. Well, it turns out that I shouldn’t have believed it. It was only part of the truth.

The following Saturday evening we were at my parents’ home, celebrating my birthday. My oldest son gave me the children’s gifts. Mounted and framed were a series of lovely color photographs of my children, dressed in their best clothes, and wearing their most wonderful expressions. They are pictures to treasure a lifetime, all taken by the father of my son’s girlfriend.

That was the most precious gift of all.

26. The author went out and left her eldest son in charge of the younger children because ______.

A. she knew that his girlfriend was a good baby-sitter

B. she could not find a baby-sitter on that winter night

C. the older children and the younger ones would get along well

D. she believed he was old enough to take care of the younger ones

27. Shortly after the author left home one evening, she discovered that ______.

A. her son had brought his girlfriend home

B. her son had left home with his girlfriend

C. she shouldn’t have completely trusted her son

D. she should have taken the children along with her

28. When the author called home ______.

A. no one answered the phone

B. she expected to hear some good news

C. her son’s girlfriend answered the phone

D. she heard a cheerful voice on the other end

29. The sentence “It was only part of the truth.” (Para. 5) implies that the children not only enjoyed ice-cream but also ______.

A. had a birthday party

B. framed some photographs

C. had their pictures taken

D. showed off their best clothes

30. Which of the following possible titles best expresses the main idea of this passage?

A. An Evening Out

B. Modern Teenagers

C. Mother and Children

D. A Precious Birthday Gift

III.标音。用国际音标标出下列单词中划线字母或字母组合的读音,并将答案写在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共20小题,每小题0.5分,共1 0分)(注意:使用新式或老式音标均可)

31. style 32. miracle

33. secretly 34. strap

35. response 36. retain

37. fingernail 38. reserve

39. jail 40. announce

41. assure 42. pierce

43. awkward 44. mourn

45. unaware 46. cleanse

47. fascinate 48. reassuring

49. giant 50. continuous

IV.完形填空。将答案写在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共20小题,每小题0.5分,共 10分)

A.从下列单词中选择适当的词填空,每个词只能用一次。

clerkinlookingnewsonspent

startedtookwerewhichwithoutwon

Bill Grant was a famous American newspaper editor. He worked for the same newspaper from 1926 through 1968. He 51 as a clerk but by 1948 he had become the editor, 52 was the position he held until he retired.

Bill wrote his first story for the newspaper 53 the day the New York Stock Market crashed in 1929. Two of the newspaper’s writers 54 thirty miles away from town 55 into an airplane crash and the other was in San Francisco investigating Chinatown. When the 56 of the stock market crash came into the office Bill immediately sat down and write up the story. The editor liked it so much that he used the story 57 making any change in it. After that the editor decided that Bill should be a writer, not a 58.

After this first story Bill became especially interested in financial news, though he wrote stories on just about everything. In 1945 he 59 five months in Europe and wrote stories about the end of World War II.

One of Bill’s greatest moments came in 1946. A story he had written about the war 60 the National Newspaperman’s Award. Bill took the prize but gave all the credit to his editor.

B.根据课文内容在每个空白处填入一个恰当的词。

Two men walked slowly, one after another, through the shallow water of a stream. 61 they could see were stones and earth. The 62 ran cold over their feet. They had blanket packs 63 their backs. Suddenly, the man who followed 64 over a stone. He hurt his foot badly and called: “Hey, Bill, I’ve hurt my foot.” Bill 65 straight on without looking back. The man was 66 in the empty land, but he was not lost. He knew the way to their camp, where he would find food and bullets. He struggled to his 67 and limped on. Bill would be waiting for him there, and 68 they would go south to the Hudson Bay Company. He had not eaten for days. Often he 69 to pick some small berries and put them into his 70. The berries were tasteless, and did not satisfy, but he knew he must eat them.

III.标音。用国际音标标出下列单词中划线字母或字母组合的读音,并将答案写在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共20小题,每小题0.5分,共1 0分)(注意:使用新式或老式音标均可)

31. style 32. miracle

33. secretly 34. strap

35. response 36. retain

37. fingernail 38. reserve

39. jail 40. announce

41. assure 42. pierce

43. awkward 44. mourn

45. unaware 46. cleanse

47. fascinate 48. reassuring

49. giant 50. continuous

IV.完形填空。将答案写在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共20小题,每小题0.5分,共 10分)

A.从下列单词中选择适当的词填空,每个词只能用一次。

clerkinlookingnewsonspent

startedtookwerewhichwithoutwon

Bill Grant was a famous American newspaper editor. He worked for the same newspaper from 1926 through 1968. He 51 as a clerk but by 1948 he had become the editor, 52 was the position he held until he retired.

Bill wrote his first story for the newspaper 53 the day the New York Stock Market crashed in 1929. Two of the newspaper’s writers 54 thirty miles away from town 55 into an airplane crash and the other was in San Francisco investigating Chinatown. When the 56 of the stock market crash came into the office Bill immediately sat down and write up the story. The editor liked it so much that he used the story 57 making any change in it. After that the editor decided that Bill should be a writer, not a 58.

After this first story Bill became especially interested in financial news, though he wrote stories on just about everything. In 1945 he 59 five months in Europe and wrote stories about the end of World War II.

One of Bill’s greatest moments came in 1946. A story he had written about the war 60 the National Newspaperman’s Award. Bill took the prize but gave all the credit to his editor.

B.根据课文内容在每个空白处填入一个恰当的词。

Two men walked slowly, one after another, through the shallow water of a stream. 61 they could see were stones and earth. The 62 ran cold over their feet. They had blanket packs 63 their backs. Suddenly, the man who followed 64 over a stone. He hurt his foot badly and called: “Hey, Bill, I’ve hurt my foot.” Bill 65 straight on without looking back. The man was 66 in the empty land, but he was not lost. He knew the way to their camp, where he would find food and bullets. He struggled to his 67 and limped on. Bill would be waiting for him there, and 68 they would go south to the Hudson Bay Company. He had not eaten for days. Often he 69 to pick some small berries and put them into his 70. The berries were tasteless, and did not satisfy, but he knew he must eat them.

V.根据所学课文内容完成下列句子。将答案写在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)

71. According to the text “The Time Message”, time is dangerous because if you don’t make it work for you, it will ______.

72. The writing of a dictionary is not a task of setting up ruling statements about the “true meaning” of words, but a task of ______ to authors in the distant or immediate past.

73. According to the author of”Happiness”, happiness is a continuous process of honest, productive work which makes a real contribution to others and makes you ______.

74. In “The Mystery of the Silver Box”, Mr. Grayson turned to The Thinking Machine for help because his business plans ______ almost as soon as he had made them.

75. In the text “Remembering Tracy Bill”, Tracy’s liver ______ David, who was suffering from an incurable liver disease.

76. In “The Story of an Hour”, when Louise Mallard first heard that her husband had died in a train accident she was heart broken, but later she realized that ______.

77. In “Detective on the Trail”, Bob Sugg’s favorite part of the newspaper was ______.

78. In”The Day I Was Fat”, the author was abused by a teenager in a parking lot. Ironically, the teenager’s words helped the author ______ as well as her figure.

79. According to the author of”The Emotional Bank Account—Secrets of Happy Families”, The Emotional Bank Account is like a financial bank account in one way: you can make “deposits”or you can make “withdrawals”. Here “deposits” refer to ______.

80. In “The Outside Chance”, the narrator was only interested in ______ in tomorrow’s newspaper, but he ignored the news about the factory disaster in Selby.

VI.句子翻译。将下列句子译成英语,译文写在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分。共20分)

81.我去书店的路上碰见一位老朋友。

82.他弟弟刚上火车,火车就开动了。

83.那位年轻人正站在那儿看墙上的一幅画。

84.她花了约一个多小时才把这道数学题做出来。

85.听说约翰的另一部小说明年就要出版。

86.玛丽在她母亲回家前把房间打扫干净了。

87.他小时候梦想成为一名足球明星。

88.我想她很快就会把消息传给全班同学。

89.他们设法为这项工程筹到了足够资金。

90.我们非常喜欢这座城市,想再呆一个月。

全国2010年10月高等教育自学考试综合英语(二)试题

I. GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY

Complete each of the following 15 sentences with the most likely answer. Write the letter corresponding to your choice on the answer sheet. (1 point each, 15 points in all)

1. It is strange that such a thing ________in your company.

A. happen

B. happens

C. happened

D. has happened

2. She considered________ important that everything should be finished by ten.

A. that

B. what

C. it

D. which

3. I was surprised that no one ________them of the danger.

A. warns

B. warned

C. has warned

D. had warned

4. Alice is going to the photographer’s this afternoon ________.

A. to have taken her photograph

B. to have her photograph taken

C. to have her photograph being taken

D. to have her photograph been taken

5. The professor, ________whether anyone would come to help him, had to prepare for the experiment by himself.

A. did not know

B. having not known

C. had not known

D. not knowing

6. It was not until she arrived at the airport ________she realized she had forgotten her passport.

A. and

B. when

C. where

D. that

7. The promise of finding long-term technological solution ________the problem of world food safety seems difficult to fulfill.

A. to

B. for

C. of

D. at

8. It is difficult to predict what his ________to the result will be.

A. opinion

B. reaction

C. view

D. impression

9. To telephone him, you will have to ________his number in your phone book.

A. look to

B. look up

C. look through

D. look at

10. At the level of primary education, the most important task is to________ children’s interest in nature.

A. stimulate

B. enlarge

C. strengthen

D. expand

11. By the time the fire-engine arrived, the fire had been put ________by the inhabitants.

A. away

B. off

C. down

D. out

12. You are not allowed to make any changes to the book without the author’s________.

A. order

B. trust

C. permission

D. authority

13. A good education should, among other things, ________you to think for yourself.

A. force

B. make

C. tell

D. train

14. Because agriculture is so important to a nation’s well-being, governments have always been ________with it.

A. compared

B. concerned

C. connected

D. correlated

15. The ________progress of science and technology in the 20th century has brought enormous benefits to humankind.

A. magnificent

B. remarkable

C. grand

D. brilliant

II. CLOZE

Fill in each of the 15 blanks in the passage with the most likely answer. Write the letter corresponding to your choice on the answer sheet. (1 point each, 15 points in all)

There are currently three living species of elephants: the African Bush Elephant, the African Forest Elephant and the Asian Elephant or Indian Elephant. Other species such as the mammoths (猛犸象) 16 before the last ice age but are now 17 .

Elephants live in a structured social order. 18 females spend their entire lives in tight-knit family groups 19 mothers, daughters, sisters and aunts, males live mostly solitary lives. Elephants 20 live for 50 to 70 years. The elephant’s pregnant period is 22 months, the longest of 21 land animal. Newborn elephant calves weigh 22 260 pounds.

Elephants spend about 16 hours a day finding and eating food. Their diet consists 23 grasses, leaves, bamboo, twigs, bark, roots and small amounts of fruits, seeds and flowers. Interestingly, elephants only digest 40% of 24 they eat; an adult elephant can consume 300-600 lb of food a day.

Elephant skin is thick, grey and wrinkled. The wrinkles help elephants stay cool 25 water gets trapped inside the wrinkles and evaporates slowly. Their hearing is 26 and they can detect noise from miles away.

One of the most distinct 27 attributes of elephants is their tusks. Elephants use their tusks to dig for food, mark their 28 and perform other tasks. Elephants’ tusks are made of ivory. The

29 elephant ivory is one of the major reasons people hunt elephants and thus have significantly

30 the world’s elephant population. For this reason and many others, many people around the world are working hard to protect the species from further extinction.

16. A. remained B. stayed C. existed D. appeared

17. A. rare B. extinct C. plentiful D. common

18. A. When B. While C. As D. Since

19. A. made up of B. tied to C. dependent on D. filled with

20. A. naturally B. largely C. typically D. characteristically

21. A. any B. other C. the D. a

22. A. for example B. on average C. in fact D. by chance

23. A. with B. on C. in D. of

24. A. that B. those C. which D. what

25. A. because B. although C. in case D. so that

26. A. weak B. lost C. normal D. keen

27. A. mental B. physical C. biological D. psychological

28. A. territory B. land C. surroundings D. area

29. A. supply of B. call for C. cost of D. desire for

30. A. balanced B. restricted C. destroyed D. increased

Ⅲ. PARAPHRASING

Choose the closest paraphrased version after each of the following sentences or the italicized part. Write the letter corresponding to your choice on the answer sheet. (1 point each, 10 points in all)

31. “We’ve got to believe it,” he said …“We can’t afford not to.”

A. There is no reason not to believe it.

B. We have no other choice but to believe it.

C. We should pretend to believe it even if we don’t.

D. The consequence of not believing it would be severe.

32. Unless one is wealthy there is no use in being a charming fellow.

A. Good looks is useless for a poor guy.

B. Nice appearance cannot make a person rich.

C. Rich men usually do not have nice personality.

D. One’s attractiveness does not come from material wealth.

33. No man [in, Carnegie’s family] would complain and give up—he would die first.

A. Even a dying family member would not complain and give up.

B. No one in the family dared to complain and give up for fear of death.

C. Every member of the family would rather die than complain and give up.

D. The family member who complained and gave up would be the first to die.

34. She had fancier ideas of [my] life’s possibilities.

A. She had impractical expectation of my future.

B. Her opinion about my life was proved wrong.

C. The goal she set for me was what I preferred.

D. She believed that I would be successful in life.

35. Time is treated [by Americans] as if it were something almost tangible.

A. Americans try various means to hold time tightly in their hands.

B. Americans are serious about time and they manage their time well.

C. To Americans, time is as valuable as money, which they can see and touch.

D. To Americans, time is like something solid, which they can seize and control.

36. Most hosts [of TV talk shows] are grateful just to get someone who will fill the room with sound.

A. Most hosts like those guests who come to the talk shows.

B. It’s really difficult for most hosts to find some talkative guests.

C. Most hosts are more than happy as long as the guests keep talking.

D. Whatever the guests say about themselves, most hosts wouldn’t mind.

37. It makes me very humble to think of a guy like Scotty.

A. I don’t want to be reminded of how great Scotty is.

B. Scotty is even more important than I’d like to admit.

C. The thought of Scotty doesn’t make me comfortable.

D. I feel I’m a nobody when I think of Scotty’s success.

38. The class discusses the possibility of terrorists’ using a homemade atomic bomb to push their extravagant political demands.

A. ... to promote their unique political ideas to a target government.

B. ... to force a government to accept their unreasonable political demands.

C. ... to persuade a government to agree with their terrorist political ideas.

D. ... to negotiate their extraordinary political demands with a government.

39. Nothing was too good for that child [Laura].

A. Laura deserved whatever her parents did for her.

B. Laura was never satisfied with whatever her parents did for her.

C. Laura was grateful to her parents for what her parents had done for her.

D. Laura was too greedy a child to appreciate what her parents had done for her.

40. For a second Rudolf thought his host [the lighthouse keeper] might be joking; but the serenity of the other’s expression reassured him.

A. ... but Rudolf found from the old man’s expression that he was not serious.

B. ... but Rudolf’s expression showed the old man that he was only joking.

C. ... but the old man’s calm expression convinced Rudolf that he was not joking.

D. ... but Rudolf looked peaceful, so the old man was sure that he meant what he said.

IV. READING COMPREHENSION

Read the two passages and choose the most likely answer to each of the questions. And write the letter corresponding to your choice on the answer sheet. (2 points each, 20 points in all)

Passage 1

The hottest issue that has captured the attention of everyone across the globe is the issue of Global Warming. After examining different researches and observations very carefully, it has been concluded that the overall temperature of the Earth is rising. Solid scientific findings have turned that from a mere theory to a harsh reality. And the worst part of this is that the bad effects of rising temperatures on eco-systems have already started to appear.

In a global movement to reduce carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere many initiatives are being taken both at private and government level. Many developed nations in the world have already started producing energy from eco-friendly means like solar, wind and thermal power. All these environment friendly sources of energy are also called green energy or green

technology. With the use of green technology, efforts are underway to reduce the utilization of fossil fuels to produce energy. Several “Green Technologies” like water purification, recycling, sewerage and solid waste treatment and renewable energy are being successfully employed to achieve goals.

Many worldwide and global organizations are working with great efforts in order to conserve our environment and reduce the effects of Global Warming. But as an individual, you can also contribute by not contributing towards Global Warming. Several environmental organizations are promoting the use of energy saving and eco-friendly products. By choosing these “Green products”and refusing to use the old products which posed a threat to the atmosphere, each individual can also play a significant role.

Most manufacturing companies have started to produce eco-friendly and Green products for customers in order to become a part of the solution. Eco-friendly cars also known as “hybrid cars” are being manufactured on a limited scale to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. Similarly many Environment friendly electronics and home appliances are available in the markets which are also affordable. These Green electronics have their power sources in solar and thermal power which is perfectly safe for the environment.

Green products like solar chargers and energy saver bulbs not only give better results by using less energy but they are also low-cost. Water saving spout is a great alternative to a normal tap, as it hugely reduces the waste of water. Its thermal censors allow the water to flow only when a human hand is under it and helps save up to 70% of normal water usage. Other green electronics include environmental air and water filters, solar battery chargers, energy saving kitchen appliances, vacuum cleaners and other home appliances that use less energy.

Each and every individual, irrespective of race and nationality, must unite and contribute to reduce Global Warming. Even if we cannot make a big contribution, by ensuring the use of Green products we can at least cease to be a part of the problem. The threat that Global Warming poses is in fact directed towards each and every human and animal living on Earth. By adopting Green living we can help save the Earth, which is by far the most beautiful place in the whole Universe.

41. According to the passage, Global Warming has aroused peoples’ attention because ________ .

A. it has gradually changed people’s way of living

B. many scientists have warned people of its danger

C. it has brought harmful effects on the environment

D. many governments have taken actions against it

42. What does the author try to emphasize in paragraph 3?

A. The importance of organizations’ work.

B. The necessity of individuals’ effort.

C. The popularity of green products.

D. The threat from the old products.

43. Which of the following can best describe the characteristics of “Green products”?

A. User-friendly and labor-saving.

B. Producer-friendly and cost-saving.

C. Energy-saving and environment-friendly.

D. Pollution-reducing and consumer-friendly.

44. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word “irrespective” in the last paragraph?

A. Not considering.

B. Not announcing.

C. Not demanding.

D. Not mentioning.

45. Which of the following is the main idea of the last paragraph?

A. Global Warming is getting more and more serious.

B. We must do everything we can to save our planet.

C. All nations should unite to stop Global Warming.

D. Everyone’s effort is needed to cope with Global Warming.

Passage 2

When seventh graders in Stockton took a field trip to see elephant seals, they didn’t even step outside their school. Instead, with the help of a projector and a video camera, the students teleconferenced with a state park guide on the California coast.

Across a distance of 100 miles, students on the so-called “virtual field trip” got to talk with a guide, watch seals throw sand on themselves, and hear the beasts belch and bark. “If you can’t go somewhere, this can be the next best thing,” says Craig Wedegaertner, “or, it can be used to prepare students before they go there.”

As the days grow long and the school calendar short, field trip season is in full swing. But with fuel prices rocketing, some schools are discovering virtual field trips as a cost-effective way to add new—or farther afield—excursions.

As of last month, more than 1,125,000 students have participated in virtual field trips organized through the CILC (Center for Interactive Learning and Collaboration) website alone. Some 150 institutions—from National Aeronautics and Space Administration to the Bronx Zoo—list trips on the site, and each month sees another three or four additions.

The technology has been around for years, but it’s only now gaining widespread adoption in classrooms, says Ms. Blangkenbaker. There are several reasons: more schools with broadband, wider options for trips, rising costs for travel, and falling prices for teleconference systems. “With this technology, you have erased the geographic boundaries of your field trip experience with one$1,500 to $5,000 expenditure (on equipment),“ she says.

When Pluto was demoted as a planet, Cheryl Dultz’s set up a teleconference with a NASA educator who explained the reasons for the demotion to her third grade class in Citrus Heights, Calif. Like many proponents of the trend, she dislikes the term “virtual field trip” because it suggests that virtual trips might replace, rather than supplement, traditional trips.

“It would never take the place of a field trip, and in fact, I take as many field trips as I did before,” says Ms. Dultz. “I use the tool as an opportunity to have my students interact with experts in the field.”