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湖北省黄冈中学2012届高三适应性考试英语试题

多项选择(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

湖北省黄冈中学2012届高三适应性考试英语试题

21.The players selected from the whole country are expected to bring us ________ in this summer game.

A.favour B.honour

C.labour D.colour

22.In the near future, more ________ in the space technology will be made by scientists.

A.advantages B.adventures

C.advances D.advertisements

23.On his way home , he ________ his shirt pocket to find his glasses, but they were gone.

A.reached into B.burst into

C.knocked into D.went into

24.Jack turned around to see Bob’s car pull away and ________ the road.

A.bend down B.pull down

C.slow down D.head down

25.When I came round in hospital I didn’t know where I was and my mind went ________.

A.innocent B.blank

C.fresh D.crazy

26.Though many students fail to pass the National College Entrance Examination every year, they will have learned many ________ lessons such as hard work, devotion, communication etc. during their high school.

A.reasonable B.popular

C.amazing D.valuable

27.In a sense, no country, big or small, should object to the trend of peace and development, ________ creating trouble to others.

A.constantly B.eventually

C.finally D.immediately

28.US scientists say they have developed the technology to ________ painful memories without hurting a person’s brain and hope it can help those sufferers.

A.leave B.remove

C.ignore D.separate

29.The copyright administrative authorities may take away their illegal income or _______a fine on them.

A.expose B.impose

C.oppose D.suppose

30.After all, preferring peaceful means does not mean China will put ________ its own sovereignty and territorial integrity(主权和领土完整).

A.at heart B.at hand

C.at most D.at risk

显示答案与解析

答案及解析:

21.B 考查名词的用法。题干的意思为:来自全国的选手都希望在这个

暑期比赛中给我们带来荣誉。honour/ honor荣誉。

22.C 考查名词的用法。B.adventure指探险;D.指广告;C.advance

指进展,进步(development),符合题意。题干大意为:在不久的未来,

在航空技术方面将会有更大的进展。

23.A 考查动词。burst into突然做……,reach into sth.伸手拿某物。在回家的路上,他把手伸进衬衣。

24.D 考查动词。head指向……方向移动。如head home往家走。head south朝南走。

25.B 考查形容词。come around指苏醒。当我在医院里苏醒时,不知

在哪儿,脑子里一片空白。blank茫然的。

26.D 考查形容词的用法。learn many valuable lessons指学到很多

有价值的东西。

27.A 考查副词的用法。constantly不断地。提干为:在某种意义上,没有哪个国家,无论大小,会反对和平和发展的潮流,并向其它国家制造麻烦。

28.B 考查动词的用法。remove painful memories指消除痛苦的回忆。

29.B 考查动词。impose a fine指处以罚款。其它不符合。

30.D 考查介词短语。at risk有危险,put sb./ sth. at rish使……

有危险。采取和平的方式并不意味着中国放弃主权和领土完整。

第二节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1,满分20分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

I will never forget what my old headmaster has taught me. 31 when you are only 15 years of age, you do not remember most of the things that are taught by your teachers. However, this 32 story is one such lesson that I will never forget. Every time I drift off course, I get 33 of this story.

It was a normal Monday morning he was 34 the students on important things in life and about 35 ourselves to what is important to us. This is how the story 36 .

An old man lived in a certain part of London, and he would 37 every morning and get the train right to Central London, then 38 at the street corner and beg. He would do this every 39 day of his life. He sat at the same street corner and had begged for almost 20 years.

His house was 40 and unpleasant smell came out of the house. The neighbors could not 41 the smell anymore, so they called the police officers to 42 this place. The officers knocked down the door and cleaned the house. There were small bags of 43 all over the house that the old man had collected over the years.

The police counted the money, and they soon realized that the old man was a 44 . They waited outside his house, expecting to 45 the good news with him. When he arrived home , he was met by one of the officers who told him that there was no 46 for him to beg any more. He said nothing 47 , but went into his house and locked the door. The next morning he begged as usual.

Obviously, this old man had no great plans, dreams or anything significant for his life. We learn nothing from this story 48 staying focused on the things we enjoy doing.

We should remain true to our course, which may mean committing ourselves to things that people around us would normally 49 ,let nothing else determine our fate, but ourselves.

What makes us happy is what 50 in the end, not what we get.

31.A.Normally B.Exactly C.Personally D.Gradually

32.A.fluent B.optional C.particular D.optimistic

33.A.informed B.warned C.accused D.reminded

34.A.disputing B.claiming C.addressing D.advising

35.A.engaging B.committing C.occupying D.adjusting

36.A.went B.continued C.implied D.reported

37.A.tidy up B.look up C.dry up D.wake up

38.A.sit B.lie C.wait D.sell

39.A.other B.single C.minor D.only

40.A.neat B.odd C.delicate D.messy

41.A.prohibit B.see C.resist D.stand

42.A.clear B.destroy C.mop D.wash

43.A.property B.books C.money D.stamps

44.A.millionaire B.worker C.cleaner D.begger

45.A.appreciate B.divide C.share D.ensure

46.A.possibility B.alternative C.need D.demand

47.A.after all B.at all C.above all D.all in all

48.A.rather than B.other than C.more than D.less than

49.A.overlook B.advocate C.negotiate D.disapprove

50.A.wins B.admires C.matters D.succeeds

显示答案与解析

31.A 考查副词的用法。normally通常来说。

32.C 考查形容词。A.流畅的;B.可选择的;C.特殊的;D.乐观的。

这是一个特别的故事。

33.D 考查动词。remind sb. of sth.使……想起。get reminded of the story想起了这个故事。

34.C 考查动词。address sb.相当于speech to sb.(对……讲话)非

常正规。这儿指校长向学生发表演讲。

35.B 考查动词。commit oneself to sth.向……承诺,保证。

36.A 考查动词。go=start开始。故事就是这样开头的。

37.D 考查动词短语。wake up醒来,dry up干涸,look up查找,tidy up把……弄整洁。

38.A 考查动词的用法。坐在街角落乞讨。

39.B 考查形容词。他生活的每一天都乞讨。

40.D 考查形容词。他的房子有怪味,有气味。

41.D 考查动词。stand指忍受。别人不能忍受那股难闻的气味。

42.A 考查动词。clear this place清除这个地方。

43.C 根据上下文,满屋子有小袋小袋的钱。

44.A 警察数钱很快就知道那老人是百万富翁。

45.C 考查动词。share分享这个好消息。

46.C there is no need for sb. to do某人没有必要做……。有一个

警察跟老人说他没有必要乞讨。

47.B at all表示强调。他根本就没说什么。

48.B 考查短语。rather than而不是;other than除……之外。从这

个故事里我们学到了对自己喜欢做的事情要执着。

49.D 我们要专心致志于周围人通常不认可的东西,不要让其它的东西

决定我们的命运,而靠我们自己。disapprove不赞成,指责。可作及物和不

及物动词。

50.C matter=be important重要的是要让自己快乐。

阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分, 满分40分)

阅读下列短文,从每篇短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Goddington Theater

The Goddington Theater Ticket Office is open from 10 a.m. until 4 p.m. Monday to Friday, and for half an hour in the evening before the advertised start time of each performance.

Telephone bookings

Your tickets are held at the Ticket Office for you to collect or, if you prefer, a charge of 35 cents is made to post them to you if you pay by cash. We’ll post them to you for free if you book by credit card. No extra charge.

Postal bookings

You can write to the Ticket Office requesting tickets, or to confirm a reservation.

Where to find Goddington Theater

Goddington Theater can be found within the Goddington University site, next to the car park, which is available for public use after 5 p.m. on weekdays and all day on weekends.

If travelling by car

Coming from the south end of Princes Street, you will see the library on your right. Next to the library is Goddington University. Take the next turning on the right, then first right into the car park gate straight ahead of you, stopping as close as possible to the orange machine. Put a $ 1 coin in the machine and the gate will rise.

If travelling by train/bus/ taxi

You will need to allow 30 minutes to walk from the train station. Taxis are available from the front of the station.

The University is a 5 to 10 minutes’ walk from the main bus station.

When ordering a taxi from the theater, ask to be picked up at the bottom of North Street. Taxis will not come into the car park because of the entrance charge.

51.You can book your tickets ________.

A.at 9 a.m. on Monday B.at 5 p.m. on Wednesday

C.at noon on workdays D.at lunch time on weekends

52.Where is the Goddington Theater?

A.In the Goddington university.

B.On the right of the Ticket Office.

C.To the south of Princes Street.

D.At the bottom of North Street.

53.What can we learn from the passage?

A.You can find a free parking place in the university.

B.You have to collect your tickets if you pay by credit card.

C.Tickets paid by cash will be posted to you at no extra charge.

D.Taxi drivers are unwilling to pick up customers inside the car park.

B

Halloweenis round the corner. Kids everywhere are counting down the days. Dentists are refilling their printer inks for all those upcoming bills. And parents are left wondering, “Should I let my child enjoy the sweet things in life?”

As a parent and a pediatric (儿科的) dentist, Catherine Robinette has some educated opinions on the matter. According to Robinette, the concern is not the amount of candy, but the frequency. Many parents agree. Rebekah Morris of Cincinnati, Ohio says, “We used to do the ‘three pieces a day until it’s gone’, but I simply got sick of seeing it around the house. So I give the kids three days. And then whatever left will be thrown away.”

If you want it all to be over before the decorations are down, consider the following creative ways to make that candy disappear:

●Invite the Great Pumpkin to your house this Halloween night. Have the kids pile all the sweets they haven’t eaten onto the floor before they go to bed so that the Great Pumpkin can magically turn them into a new toy or set of art supplies.

●Set up a “November 1st Store” in your house. Let kids buy things like movie tickets in exchange for candy.

●Turn this into a charity opportunity for your whole family by taking some candy to your local recreation center or food bank.

●Get creative with glue, and use the candy to decorate the rest of the pumpkins on your doorstep. A sweet-toothed Jack-o-Lantern is bound to bring out some smiles.

●Crush up all the chocolate candy bars and use them to make ice cream sundaes. Or better yet, substitute the “chips” in some chocolate chip cookies, and bake some gifts for your neighbors!

When you’re thinking about what to put in your own bowl this Halloween, Robinette advises going for chocolate. “Candy like M & M’s really does melt in your mouth. That’s so much easier on teeth than sticky things that get stuck there all day.”

Denying your children the sweet treats of the season may prove to have the opposite effect, as forbidden pleasures usually become quite appealing. But finding a middle ground where both parents and kids are happy makes for a happy Halloween!

万圣节就要来了,父母们总为孩子们吃糖过多而感到焦虑不安。本文就此问题给出了一些建议。

54.According to Catherine Robinette, _______.

A.kids should never eat candy

B.eating candy frequently is really harmful

C.eating a large amount of candy won’t do great harm

D.“three pieces a day until it’s gone” is the best choice

55.The creative ways to make the candy disappear mentioned in the text include the following EXCEPT_______.

A.to change the candy to toys after the kids go to bed

B.to exchange the candy for things like movie tickets, etc

C.to use the candy to decorate the pumpkins

D.to give away the candy to the neighbours

56.What does Catherine Robinette advise you to buy on Halloween?

A.Chocolate candy. B.Cookies.

C.Cakes. D.Ice cream.

57.We can learn from the last paragraph that______ .

A.finding a middle ground is a wise choice

B.parents had better forbid their kids from eating candy

C.denying your children the sweet treats is completely wrong

D.kids know clearly that candy is harmful to them

58.Which of the following might be the best title of the text?

A.Three pieces a day until it’s gone.

B.Halloween candy: how to avoid a disaster.

C.Catherine Robinette, a great pediatric dentist.

D.Never let your child enjoy the sweet things in life.

C

Scientists who try to predict earthquakes have gotten some new helpers recently—animals.

That’s right, animals. Scientists have begun to understand what farmers have known for thousands of years. Animals often seem to know in advance that an earthquake is coming, and they show their fear by acting in strange ways. Before a Chinese quake in 1975, snakes awoke from their winter sleep early only to freeze to death in the cold air. Cows broke their halters (缰绳) and tried to escape. Chickens refused to enter their cage. All of this unusual behavior, as well as physical changes in the earth, warned Chinese scientists of the coming quake. They moved people away from the danger zone and saved thousands of lives.

One task for scientists today is to learn exactly which types of animal behavior predict quakes. It’s not an easy job. First of all not every animal reacts to the danger of an earthquake. Just before a California quake in 1977, for example, an Arabian horse became very nervous and tried to break out of his enclosure. The Australian horse next to him, however, remained perfectly calm. It’s also difficult at times to tell the difference between normal animal restlessness and “earthquake nerves”.

A zoo keeper once called earthquake researchers to say that his cougar (美洲狮) had been acting strangely. It turned out that the cat had an upset stomach.

A second task for scientists is to find out exactly what kind of warnings the animals receive. They know that animals sense far more of the world than humans do. Many animals can see, hear, and smell things that people do not even notice. Some can sense tiny changes in air pressure, gravity, or the magnetism of Earth. This extra sense probably helps animals predict quakes.

A good example of this occurred with a group of dogs. They were shut in an area that was being shaken by a series of tiny earthquakes. (Several small quakes often come before or after a large one.) Before each quake

a low booming sound was heard. Each boom caused the dogs to bark wildly. Then the dogs began to bark during a silent period. A scientist who was recording quakes looked at his machine. It was acting as though there were a loud noise too. The scientist realized that the dogs had reacted to a booming noise. They also sensed the tiny quake that followed it. The machine recorded both, though humans felt and heard nothing.

In this case there was a machine to monitor what the dogs were sensing. Many times, however, our machines record nothing extraordinary, even though animals know a quake is coming. The animals might be sensing something we measure but do not recognize as a warning. Discovering what animals sense, and learning how they know it is a danger signal, is a job for future scientists.

59.Through the passage the writer hopes to explore __________.

A.why animals send a danger signal before an earthquake

B.how animals know when an earthquake is coming

C.why animals have good sense of danger

D.how much animals know about an earthquake

60.During an earthquake in China in 1975, _________.

A.chickens refused to go out of their cage

B.snakes were frozen to death in their caves

C.snakes awoke from their winter sleep earlier

D.cows broke their halters and escaped from their sheds

61.Which of the following is one of earthquake nerves according to the passage?

A.An Arabian horse tried to escape from his enclosure.

B.A cougar had an upset stomach unexpectedly.

C.An Australian horse was perfectly calm.

D.A cat acted very strangely in a zoo.

62.The scientists did an experiment with a group of dogs to _________.

A.find out that the machine could record unusual happenings

B.compare the reactions of animals and those of humans

C.prove that animals could sense more than humans

D.find out what exact warnings animals sent

D

Nothing is more refreshing on a warm summer day than watching someone else work.

Right now, I’m sitting on my porch and watching young Beth baling (打捆)the big field on top of the hill. She’s been haying that field for over ten years. I know: I put her on the tractor when she was just twelve years old.

She picked a great day for baling. It’s not too hot, and there’s a nice breeze. On Monday, when she cut the field, it was so hot I thought the corn would start popping in the field. Didn’t stop her, though. She just stuck that big hat on her head, wrapped a wet handkerchief around her neck, and set to work. I remember when I would have done the same thing.

While I’m here sucking a lemonade, Beth is driving the “hay(干草) train,” a tractor pulling a baler and an old wagon. You’d think someone her size would never be able to see over the tractor. But somehow she manages. When she’s finished, her tracks are very straight.

The whole time she’s haying, that dog of hers is working just as hard, running along beside her like he’s afraid she’ll drive away without him. Beth sure knew what she was doing when she trained him.

The way the machine works is pure poetry. Each row is pushed into shape. When just enough hay is in a bale, it is wrapped up and fastened together.

A second or so later, the bale comes flying out and into the old wagon. The person who invented that machine sure was some kind of genius.

That’s not to say it works perfectly. Every once in a while a bale misses the mark, especially when you are turning the machine at the end of a row. That means, of course, that you have to go back and pick up those bales and throw them into the wagon.

I can remember when Beth’s mother was her age. She looked an awful lot like Beth does now. Makes a man proud to see his daughter and granddaughter taking such good care of themselves.

Well, I suppose I should get up and fill this glass again. Not much fun sitting here with an empty glass.

63.We can learn from the passage that at some time in the past the author ______.

A.bought the tractor for Beth

B.forced Beth to work at an early age

C.worked in the field like Beth

D.trained the dog to help Beth work

64.In the eyes of the author, the sight of Beth baling hay is _______.

A.uncommon B.beautiful

C.unforgettable D.changeable

65.Before thrown into the wagon, the hay must be _______.

A.tied up B.dried up

C.cut up D.lined up

66.Who do you think is telling this story?

A.Beth’s mother. B.Beth’s father.

C.Beth’s grandmother. D.Beth’s grandfather.

E

Pollutants coming from automobile operation have begun to cause many environmental problems. It has been calculated, for example, that 70% of the carbon monoxide, 45% of the nitrogen oxides, and 34% of the hydrocarbon (碳氢化合物) pollution in the United States can be traced directly to automobile exhausts (废气). In addition, rubber, motor oil and other materials accumulate on roadways and are washed into streams, with effects nearly as serious as those of untreated waste water.

In an effort to improve the situation, the U.S. government has made regulations on the use of the constituents (成分) of automobile exhaust gas that are known to cause air pollution. These constituents fall roughly into three types: hydrocarbons that pass through the engine unburned; carbon monoxide, also a product of incomplete burning; and nitrogen oxides which are formed when nitrogen and oxygen are in contact at high temperatures. Besides their own poisonous character, hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides react in the presence of sunlight to form harmful smog. Carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons are rather easily controlled by the use of higher burning temperatures in engines. Unfortunately, the conditions that produce minimum emission of hydrocarbons tend to raise emission of nitrogen oxides. In a way this difficulty is solved by adding recycled exhaust gas to the fuel mixture, thus avoiding the oversupply of oxygen that favors formation of nitrogen oxides.

California, which has the most strict air-pollution laws in the United States, requires further special compounding of gas to control emissions, and several states have ordered that alcohol be mixed with gas, as this will reduce emissions of the carbon monoxide by 35 per cent and the hydrocarbons by 15 per cent.

汽车尾气排放对环境造成很大的危害,本文介绍了汽车尾气的形成及美国各州政府对此所采取的措施。

67.The author uses figures in Paragraph 1 ________.

A.to show the consequence of automobile exhausts

B.to highlight the importance of environment protection

C.to reflect the rapid growth of automobile use

D.to criticize the low quality of cars

68.How are nitrogen oxides formed according to the text?

A.Nitrogen and oxygen are put together in great heat.

B.Carbon monoxide and oxygen are mixed together.

C.Hydrocarbons pass through the engine.

D.Nitrogen is burned incompletely.

69.Which of the following is NOT true according to the text?

A.Hydrocarbons have no poisonous character themselves.

B.Smog will form when hydrocarbons meet nitrogen oxides in the sunlight.

C.Carbon monoxide can be controlled in the engine.

D.The conditions that decease emission of hydrocarbons will increase emission of nitrogen oxides.

70.According to the text, alcohol is added to gas in order to ______.

A.increase awareness of environment protection

B.control air pollution

C.increase the fuel efficiency

D.replace gas gradually

51-55 CADBD 56-60 AABBC 61-65 ACCBA 66-70 DAAAB

书面表达(共两节,满分40分)

第一节完成句子(共10小题,每小题2分,满分20分)

阅读下列各小题,根据汉语译文及句末括号内的英语单词完成句子,并将答案写在答题卡上的相应题号后。

71.Our teachers often say whether we ________________ relies on our attitude.(achieve)

我们老师常说我们能否实现目标取决于我们的态度。

72.It was in the city where ________________ that he received his compulsory education. (live)

他是在那个他曾经住过的城市接受的义务教育。

73.In response, Jiang Yu states that we hope the foreign countries don't ________________ in South Sea dispute. (involve)

姜瑜在回应中称我们希望外国不要卷入南中国海的争端。

74.By the time ________________, I will have finished the book.(come)

到他回来时,我将完成这本书。

75.________________ at the meeting is important for you as well as for me. (present)

出席这个会议对你对我都很重要。

76.Out _________________ of students, most of whom were once my son’s classmates. (rush)

一群学生冲了出来,他们大部分曾经是我儿子的同班同学。

77.The weather is hotter and hotter; I would rather that ________________ winter now. (be)

天气愈来愈热,我宁愿现在是冬天。

78.I ________________ there when the traffic accident occurred.(happen)

车祸发生时我碰巧在那儿。

79.He didn’t come to school yesterday ________________ that he was ill. (fact)

他昨天没来上学是因为他生病了。

80.Our new campus is ________________ of the old one. (size)

我们的新校园是老校园的五倍大。

显示答案

答案:

71.can achieve our goal

72.he once lived

73.get involved

74.he comes back

75.Being present

76.rushed a crowd/ a group

77.it were/was

78.happened to be

79.because of /owing to/ due to the fact

80.five times the size

第二节:短文写作 (共1题,满分30分)

请你就“物价上涨及中学生节省开支”这一话题写一篇发言稿,发表看法,并包括如下要点:

(1)受访者对物价上涨的反映;

(2)你在日常生活中对物价上涨的体会;

(3)中学生在日常生活中应如何精打细算,节省开支;

(4)呼吁同学们从小事做起,发扬节约的中华美德。

注意:

1.词数120左右;

2.发言稿中不能现出真实姓名和学校名称。

参考词汇:受访者 respondents 美德virtue(s)

Dear boys and girls,

It’s my great honour to make a speech here. Recently, the People’s Bank of China conducted a quarterly survey on prices in 50 cities.

_____________________________________________________________________ ___

_____________________________________________________________________ ___

显示范文

One Possible Version:

Dear boys and girls,

It’s my great honor to make a speech here. Recently, the People’s Bank of China conducted a quarterly survey on prices in 50 cities. Nearly half of the respondents said they couldn’t tolerate the increasing prices, while some others considered it OK although they acknowledged the truth. As a result, many families began to seek various ways to save money.

The survey does draw my attention to the rapidly increasing prices in my daily life. Take food as an example, the prices of pork, beef, fish, chicken, as well as various vegetables, have risen at least 20%. It seems that money is flowing out of our pockets more quickly, but silently.

Although we middle school students feel less stress than our parents do, we should also have a proper budget for our pocket money. For example, we can make the most of each exercise book and reuse some waste paper. Or we can also try to cut down our expenses on unnecessary magazines, CDs and so on. In a word, we can save money in many aspects in our daily life.

All in all, saving money is a great Chinese virtue and it is especially needed in this period. Thank you!