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《英语词汇学》练习测试题集及答案

华中师范大学网络教育学院

《词汇学》练习测试题及答案本科

I. Decide whether the statements are true or false and write T (true) or F (false) in the corresponding

brackets. (每题一分)

( ) 1. “All national character” is the most important of all the five characteristics of the basic word stock. ( ) 2. By origin, English words can be classified as “native words” and “loan words”.

( ) 3. The languages (Norwegian, German, Dutch, Danish, Swedish) all belong to

Germanic Family except Norwegian.

( ) 4. Old English vocabulary is full of endings.

( ) 5. Allomorphs are phonological variants which realize morphemes.

( ) 6. Inflectional morphemes are added to the end of words to show grammatical concepts.

( ) 7. The most productive means of word-formation is affixation.

( ) 8. Acronyms are words of initial letters, which are pronounced letter by letter.

( ) 9. Reference refers to the relationship between different languages.

( ) 10. Grammatical meaning refers to the part of the word-meaning which

indicates grammatical concepts.

( ) 11. In the process of “Radiation” the derived meanings of words are not

directly related to the primary meaning.

( ) 12. The diachronic approach to polysemy is to find how a word gradually

acquires its meanings in the process of development.

( ) 13. When a word changes from a specific to a general meaning, it goes

through extension of meaning.

( ) 14. “meat” is an example of narrowing of meaning.

( ) 15. “teacher” and “student” are converses.

( ) 16. A word which has a synonym naturally has an antonym.

( ) 17. Meaning is a relatively stable element in a language compared with

spelling.

( ) 18. The changes of meaning are caused by both linguistic and extra-linguistic

factors.

( ) 19. Extra-linguistic context refers to factors beyond language.

( ) 20. Linguistic context provides clues for guessing meanings of new words.

( ) 21. Idioms are phrases and short sentences the meanings of which are not easy to infer from the constituents in most cases.

( ) 22. Idioms can be classified in different ways but the classification according to grammatical function is the most helpful way.

( ) 23. Commonization involves proper nouns used as common words.

( ) 24. In some pairs of antonyms, the marked terms cover the meaning of the unmarked.

( ) 25. V ariations of idioms are the idioms whose forms are modified.

( ) 26. Non-basic vocabulary includes terminology, Anglo-Saxon words, argot and neologisms.

( ) 27. Aliens, semantic loans, translation-loans and denizens are all borrowings.

( ) 28. The three sources of new words are creation, semantic change and borrowing.

( ) 29. Modern English is considered to be an analytic language.

( ) 30. The minimal free form of a language is a morpheme.

( ) 31. Derivational morphemes are used to form new words.

( ) 32. Compounding involves the combination of affixes and bases.

( ) 33. Partial conversion is a process of using adjectives as ordinary nouns.

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