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裕兴新概念英语第二册笔记-第48课

Lesson 48 Did you want to tell me something? 你想对我说什么吗?

Why did the writer become very worried?

Dentists always ask questions when it is impossible for you to answer. My dentist had just pulled out one of my teeth and had told me to rest for a while. I tried to say something, but my mouth was full of cotton wool. He knew I collected match boxes and asked me whether my collection was growing. He then asked me how my brother was and whether I liked my new job in London. In answer to these questions I either nodded or made strange noises. Meanwhile, my tongue was busy searching out the hole where the tooth had been. I suddenly felt very worried, but could not say anything. When the dentist at last removed the cotton wool from my mouth, I was able to tell him that he had pulled out the wrong tooth.

参考译文

牙科医生们总是在你无法作出回答的时候向你提出问题。我的牙科医生刚刚给我拔掉了一颗牙,叫我休息一会儿。我想说点什么,但我嘴里塞满了药棉。他知道我收集火柴盒,于是问我收藏的米柴盒是否在增加。接着他又问我的兄弟近来如何,问我是否喜欢伦敦的新工作。作为对这些问题的回答,我不是点头,就是发出奇怪的声音。与此同时,我的舌头正在忙着寻找刚拔掉的那颗牙的伤口。我突然非常着急起来,但却什么也说不出来。当那位牙医最后将药棉从我嘴中取出时,我总算有可能告诉他,他拔错了牙。

一、New words and expressions 生词和短语

裕兴新概念英语第二册笔记-第48课

pull

1) v. 拔(草,瓶塞,钉子等),拔掉,拉开

例: I spent a whole day pulling weeds.

我花一整天时间来拔草。

pull out a nail 拔出钉子

pull out a stopper 拔出塞子

have the decayed tooth pulled out请(牙医)拔掉蛀牙

pull out the wrong tooth 拔错了牙

eg. This kind of carrot won't pull easily.

这塞种胡萝卜不容易拔。

2) v. 拖,扯,拉

eg. If you want something, pull this cord.

pull[pul] 拉drag硬拉

haul 拖拉tug 用力拉

stretch 硬拉长tow 用链子(绳)拖引

pull up(使车辆)停下来

例: She didn't pull her car up at a red light.

pull on穿上,戴上(反义词pull off)

pullover 套头毛衣,套头棉衫

cotton wool药棉,脱脂棉

cotton

1)[u]棉花

raw cotton 原棉

a cotton field 棉田

grow cotton 种棉花

2)adj. 棉的,棉质的

cotton cloth 棉布

cotton goods 棉织品

cotton industry棉纺织行业

美国的棉花生产高居世界第一位,其生产地往南部14州地产棉地带,称为:the Cotton Belt

collect v. 搜集

1) V. 收集;搜集;(人)集合

eg. He collected foreign coins. 他收集外国硬币。

They collected up all the wastepaper after the picnic.

在野餐之后,他们把所有的废物收集了起来

A lot of people collected at the concert.

演奏会上听众云集。

2)v. 征收(租税):募(捐):收(款):募集(捐款)

collect for charity 慈善募捐

collect taxes 征收税金

collect rent from a tenant向房客收取租金

collect call 由受话人付费的电话

collection

1) n. 收藏品,收藏物,集合(的东西)

eg. This gallery has a fine collection of modern pictures.

这家美术馆收藏一批珍贵的现代画。

a large collection of stamps -大批收藏的邮票

2)n. 收集,采集,(从邮筒)取信

eg. The collection of the data for this report took me a lot of time.

. 这个报告的资料的收集工作花费我很长时间

make a collection of rare books收藏珍藏本

collector 收藏家,采集者,收款人

a stamp collector 一个邮票收藏者

tax collector 收税员

nod

1)V. 点头(nodded,nodding) (表示同意,打招呼,或示意等)

shake one' s head 摇头

eg. She nodded to me on the Street. 她在街上向我打招呼。

He nodded and we stoop up. 因他点头示意所以我们站起来。

2) v. 打盹

例: I nodded off during the class today.

今天我在课堂上打盹了。

3)V. (不留神)弄错,失误(罕见)

eg. Homer sometimes nods. 智者千虑必有一失。(谚)

meanwhile/in the meantime

1)期间,在此期间

eg: The train won' t leave for an hour. Meanwhile we can have lunch.

火车一个小时之内时不会走的,在此期间我们可以吃午饭。

2)另一个方面

例: In the accident, many people were killed, but meanwhile there were some who were unhurt. 在事故中,有些人丧生了,但是在另一个方面,有些人没有受伤。

二、关键句型Special difficulties

Exercise

选择正确的词来填空:

1. The new school, which (which/who) has just been completed, is a fine building.

那个刚刚建完的新学校是个不错的建筑。

2. He denied (denied/refused)that he had taken it.

他否认他拿了那个东西。

3. The waiter fetched (took/fetched) me a clean glass.

服务员为我拿来了一个干净的杯子。

4. He is too (too/very) ill to do any work.

他病的太重了以至丁不能做任何工作。

5. I had d few jobs (works/jobs) to do in town this morning.

今早我进城有些事情要办。

One (A/One) day I spoke to a man who had won the Noble Prize. .

一天我和一个赢得了诺贝尔奖的人说话。

7.A bird flew past (past/passed) my window.

一只鸟飞过我的窗子。

8. We spent the first day of our holiday in Geneva. The next (next/other) day we went to Basle. 我们第一天在日内瓦度过的,第三天我们去了巴塞尔

9. I spent the afternoon watching (watching/following) the match.

我花了一个下午看比赛。

10. Ships continually (continuously/continually) cross the sea.

船只频繁的经过海洋。

11. "Did you take that book from the shelf?", he remarked(remarked/noticed) suddenly.

你把书从书架上拿走了吗?他突然的说。

12. The bank has been robbed(stolen/robbed)

银行被抢了。

用so,such或such a与一下词语造句:trouble, beautiful,nice day, tired

such trouble 这样的麻烦

so beautiful 如此漂亮的

such a nice day 这样好的一天

so tired 如此累

例It's such a nice day that we can't stay indoors.

这样好的一天,以至于我们无法在屋里呆着。

用no sooner...than将下列句子连接在一起。

1. He had come home 他回家

They rang him up from the office.他们从办公室给他打电话。

He had no sooner come home than they rang him up from the office.

他一到家,他们就从办公室给他打电话。

2. The plane had taken off. 飞机起飞。

It returned to the airport. 它返回了机场。

The plane had no sooner taken off than it returned to the airport.

飞发机刚起飞就返回了机场。

用make或do的正确形式填空。

1. He has made progress. 他己经取得了进步。

2. You never do a job properly. 你永远也不能把工作做好。

3. Why can' t you make up your mind?为什么你不能下定决心?

4. I have to go out now. I must do some shopping.我现在必须出去了,我必须买些东西。

5. Do me a favor,will you? 帮个忙好吗?

6. Don' t make such a noise. 不要制造噪音。

7. You have just made a mistake. 你已经犯了一个错

8. He always does his best. 他总是尽力而为。

用up with, up,off, out, away填空:

1. Have they put out that forest fire?

他们把森林大火扑灭了吗?

2. I tried to call her up but her phone was out of order.

我想给她打电话,但是她的电话打不通。

3. I can' t put up with those children any longer.

我无法再容忍那些孩子。

4. I'll pay off the money I borrowed as soon as I can.

我会尽可能的快的把我的钱还清的。

5. Pick up all those toys and put them away.

把玩具都拾起来,然后把它们都放到一边。

三、课文讲解Text

Dentists always ask questions when it is impossible for you to answer.

It is impossible(for sb)to do sth对某人来讲做…是不可能的(不定式做真正的主语)

it is impossible + that从句(that从句做真真正的主语)

eg. It is impossible to get a taxi on such a raining day.

在这样的雨天打到出租车是不可能的。

It is impossible that one and one makes three.

一加一等于三是不可能的。

It is impossible for one and one to make three.

一加一等于三是不可能的。

以人或事为主语时,impossible不能做表语与不定定式连用,必须it做主语。

例: It is impossible for him to do it. (T)

对他来讲,做这件事式不可能的。

He is impossible to do it. (F)

此外,It也可不做主语,而做宾语

eg. Illness made it impossible for him to go. (T)

生病使得他不可能走:

Illness made him impossible to go. (F)

impossible adj. 令人无法忍受的,令人讨厌的

eg. He is impossible. 他是令人讨厌的。

My dentist had just pulled out one of my teeth and had told me to rest for a while.

teeth(pl.)

tooth n. 牙齿

I tried to say something, but my mouth was full of cotton wool.

be full of塞满,充满

He knew I collected match boxes and asked me whether my collection was growing. He then asked me how my brother was and whether I liked my new job in London.

还原后: He then asked, " how is your brother? Do you like your new job?"

then

1)那时,当时

eg:I lived in the country then. 那时我住在乡下。

2)然后,而后,其次

eg: I dropped in at her house and then went home.

我去拜访她的家,然后回家了。

3)那么(常置于句一首或句尾)

例: : What do you think of that, then?然后你怎么认为那个?

Then what shall we do?然后我们做什么?

In answer to these questions I either nodded or made strange noises.

in answer to作为对…的回答,响应…的请求

例: In answer to her question, he shook his head.

为对她问题的回答,他摇了摇头。

answer back项嘴(口)

When his mother scolded him, he answered her back.

当他妈妈责备他时,他顶嘴了。

either---or(两者之中)或者…或者—

连接语法结构相同的单词,短语或从句等。后面连接主语时,谓语动词与最近的主语一致:

eg. Either you or I am wrong. 或者你或者我错了。

I want to visit either Paris or London.

我想参观或者巴黎或者伦敦。

You may stay either in a hotel or in a private house.

你或者住旅馆里面或者住私人家里面。

neither...nor... 既不…也不¨

例: He can speak neither Japanese nor English.

他既不会讲日语也不会讲英语。

He can't speak either Japanese or English.

either(二者之中)任何一方都不(否定句中)

例: There is no post office on either side of the street.

在街道两側没有邮局。

either adj. /pron.两方的,任何一个人的(肯定句)

例: There were benches on either side of the hall.

在大街任何一侧都有椅子。

Either of the cars will do. 两辆车哪个都行。

(of后接复数名词时,名词前加the,my等修饰词)

either of you must go. 你们两个人任何一个人都都必必须走。

make noises 将意见说出(口);发出嘈杂的声音。

make a noise发出嘈杂的声音;发出不平之鸣(口)

city noise 城市的嘈杂(喧嚣)

Meanwhile, my tongue was busy searching out the hole where the tooth had been. be busy doing 忙于做某事

eg. She is busy preparing for supper. 她忙着做晚饭。

search out搜出,找出

find out, seek out

eg. Search me! (口)我不知道。

search sth for

eg. He searched my face for my real intentions.

他仔细观察我的脸,想要看出我的真正意图。

search one's memory 竭力回忆

hole

1)n. n. 洞,坑

fill up a hole 填平坑洞

stop up a hole

a hole in my sock 袜子上的一个洞

2)n,困境,窘境,绝境(口)

eg. She found herself in a hole. 她发现自己陷入绝境中了。

I'm in a hole. 我一筹莫展。

I suddenly felt very worried, but could not say anything.

but could not say anything.

but could say nothing. 但是什么也说不出来。

When the dentist at last removed the cotton wool from my mouth, I was able to tell him that he had pulled out the wrong tooth.

remove v. 搬开,拿出来,消除,脱掉

keep away, take out of

例: Will you please remove all this rubbish?

把这些垃圾都拿走好吗?

He removed all the evidences of his crimes.

他把他犯罪的所有证据都销毀了。

I can' t remove this stain from my shirt.

我没法把衬衣上的污渍去掉。

四、练习Exercises

l. He told me to rest for a while.____ for a while , 'he said.

A. To rest C. Do you rest

B. Rest D. Resting

分析:

A,动词不定式不能做祈使句的谓语。

C. 疑问句,不能表示请求:

D. 动名词也不能做祈使句的谓语:

选B

2. He asked me how my brother was.

How ____?, he asked.

A. is your brother

B. your brother was

C. your brother is

D. was your brother

分析:

B和C都不是疑问句语序;

D语序正确,但时态不汇确;间接引语是过去时,直接引语应该是观在时才正确:

答案是:A

3. Meanwhile my tongue was busy…'

____ my tongue was busy….

A. However

B. In the meantime

C. Nevertheless

D. Although

分析:

A. 不过,然而;

B. 与此同时; c. 尽管如此,不过:D。虽然答案是:B

4. In order to make his address vivid and powerful, he_____ a lot of facts.

A. prepared C. organized

B. planned D. collected

分析:

不会向我走来的,我必须自己走向胜利。

A. 准备:

B. 计划:

C. 组织,把…编组;

D. 收集。

答案是:D

六、补充内容

谚语

l. It is an ill wind that blows nobody and good.

某人的不幸可能是他人的好运:没有对人人都不利的事。

2. It is no use crying over spilt milk.

为无可挽回的事忧伤是没有用的;覆水难收:后悔无益:牛奶打泼,哭也没用。