当前位置:文档库 > 同济大学英语期末复习卷






Part I. Vocabulary & Structure (30%)

Directions: Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence.

1.As the semester is drawing to an end, the student union is calling on all the students

to ____ the temptation to cheat on exams.

A. refuse

B. reject

C. resist

D. resolve

2.You don’t agree with me on this matter, I know, but ____ you’ll see I am in the right.

A. at times

B. in time

C. at one time

D. all the time

3.As some of the rules concerning foreign trade ran contrary to the principles of the

WTO, the government decided to ____ them as soon as possible.

A. abolish

B. accomplish

C. distinguish

D. establish

4.It is impossible for me to sing a song these days, for my voice is ____.

A. going of

B. going to

C. going off

D. going away

5.The old man regained consciousness and found himself lying in a room which had

nothing but ____ walls.

A. blank

B. empty

C. vacant

D. bare

6.The typical symptom of the epidemic SARS is ____ high fever and acute cough.

A. persistent

B. resistant

C. subsequent

D. perseverant

7.The Christmas dinner includes poultry for the main course, salad, bread, and

vegetables, and ____ a variety of desserts, for example, pies, puddings and ice-cream.

A. involves

B. features

C. characterizes

D. protrudes

8.____ the events of last week, I think, we could have handled things more efficiently.

A. Falling back on

B. Looking back on

C. Getting back on

D. Going back on

9. A suicide bomb exploded in a Jewish ____, killing dozens of people.

A. site

B. plantation

C. terminal

D. settlement

10.In the last few years, the Internet and the World Wide Web have become ____

words; almost everyone has heard of them.

A. family

B. home

C. house

D. household

11.It can said without exaggeration that no part of the United States is not easily

accessible by car, by train, or by air, and ____ by all the three of them.

A. more often than

B. more often than not

C. no more often than

D. less often than

12.While freshmen are considered part of the academic elite(精英), some of them

appear to lack common sense ____ following traffic regulations.

A. coming to

B. when coming to

C. when it comes to

D. when they come to

13.Dangerous animals such as bears and wolves can be ____ by lighting a fire when

you go camping in a virgin forest.

A. kept in hand

B. kept at bay

C. kept in touch

D. kept in mind

14.As she matured as an artist, she ____ realize that “all artists are a product of their


A. came to

B. kept to

C. took to

D. went to

15.He always uses the same ____ of lies to cheat strangers.

A. number

B. flock

C. group

D. web

16.Many European countries ____ all alliance(同盟) against Hitler’s military invasion.

A. passed for

B. forged

C. compelled

D. authorized

17.Because of the mad cow disease, the European Union ____ a worldwide ban on

British beef and beef product exports.

A. challenged

B. charged

C. forged

D. imposed

18.The ancient tribes there are supposed ____ from the mainland to the island.

A. to move

B. to be moving

C. to have moved

D. to have been moving

19.Bicycle riders want the city government to set aside special lanes(行车道) for

bicycles on some of the main streets, but though they have got some supporters, ____ likes the idea.

A. everyone

B. not everyone

C. no one

D. someone

20.On Children’s Day, our nieces and nephews were taken to the department store

and then ____ to pick their favorite toys.

A. set out

B. let alone

C. brushed aside

D. turned loose

21. Our house is about a mile from the station and there are not many houses ______.

A. in between

B. among them

C. far apart

D. from each other

22. The destruction of these treasures was a loss for mankind that no amount of money could _________.

A. stand up to

B. put up with

C. come up with

D. make up for

23. Some fish have a greater ________ for acid water than others.

A. tolerance

B. resistance

C. dependence

D. persistence

24. Many scientists have been _________ the goal of a practical and economical way to use sunlight to split water molecules.

A. pursuing

B. chasing

C. reaching

D. winning

25. I have no formal clothes for the occasion. Perhaps I can get _________ in a dark suit?

A. through

B. by

C. at

D. off

26. The money I get from teaching the piano is a useful _________ to my ordinary income.

A. implement

B. complement

C. supplement

D. compliment

27. The _________ consists of Mr. and Mrs. Smith, their son and two daughters.

A. house

B. household

C. home

D. housing

28. He never talks to me _________ to ask for something.

A. besides

B. aside from

C. apart from

D. other than

29. I _________ my grant by working in the evenings.

A. compliment

B. complement

C. supplement

D. implement

30._________ my point I have done a comparative study.

A. Illustrating

B. To illustrate

C. Having illustrated

D. Being illustrated

Part II. Reading Comprehension (30%)

Passage One:

If we were asked exactly what we were doing a year ago, we should probably have to say that we could not remember. But if we had kept a book and had written in it an account of what we did each day, we should be able to give an answer to the question.

It is the same in history. Many things have been forgotten because we do not have any written account of them. Sometimes men did keep a record of the most important happenings in their country, but often it was destroyed by fire or in a war. Sometimes there was never any written record at all because the people of that time and place did not know how to write. For example, we know a good deal about the people who lived in China 4,000 years ago, because they could write and leave written records for those who lived after them. But we know almost nothing about the people who lived even 200 years ago in central Africa, because they had not learned to write.

Sometimes, of course even if the people could not write, they may know something of the past. They have heard about it from older people, and often songs and dances and stories have been made about the most important happenings, and these have been sung and acted and told for many generations. For most people are proud to tell what their fathers did in the past. This we may call “remembered history”. Some of it has now been written down. It is not so exact or so valuable to us as written history is, because words are much more easily changed when used again and again in speech than when copied in writing. But there are no written records, such spoken stories are often very helpful. 1.Which of the following ideas is not conveyed in the passage?

A.“Remember history”, compared with written history, is less reliable.

B.Written records of the past play a most important role in our learning of the

human history.

C. A written account of our daily activities helps us to answer some questions.

D.Where there are no written records, there is no history.

2.We know very little about the central Africa 200 years ago because ____.

A.there was nothing worth being written down at that time.

B.the people there ignored the importance of keeping a record.

C.the written records were perhaps destroyed by a fire.

D.the people there had not known how to write.

3.“Remember history”(line 19) refers to ____.

A.history based on a person’s imagination

B.stories of important happenings passed down from mouth to mouth

C.songs and dances about the most important events

D.both b and c

4.“Remember history”(line 19) is regarded as valuable only when ____.

A.it is written down

B.no written account is available

C.is proves to be true

D.people are interest in it

5.It can be inferred from the passage that we could have learned much more about

our past than we do now if our ancestors had ____.

A.kept a written record of every past event

B.not burnt their written records in wars

C.told exact stories of the most important happenings

D.made more songs and dances

Passage Two:

For the most part, rapid economic development has been a boon. But there is a down side to development –health problems such as overweight are all becoming more prevalent, as more people take taxis to work instead of riding their bicycles, and other labor-saving devices become more popular.

An increasing fast pace of life makes it difficult for people to spend time working out or playing sports. “I know exercise is good for your health,” a young lady sai d. “But after a busy work week, the only thing I want to do is watch some TV and go to sleep.” That attitude may explain the results of a recent nationwide study, which suggested 15 percent of urban adults I China are overweight, a large number of people over the age of 40 suffer from high blood pressure and cardiac ailments.

Local researchers found that 31.2 percent of elderly respondents were getting enough exercise, but less than 9 percent of youngsters and the middle-aged got an adequate amount of physical activity.

Elderly people understand the importance of protecting their health. The young people, however, are busy working and use this as an excuse to avoid exercise. In fact, physical exercise doesn’t require much time, money or a special gymnasium. People can make use of any time and any place at their convenience to take part in sports. Walking quickly, cycling, climbing the stairs and dancing are all helpful methods to enhance one’s health.

The benefits of adding a little more activity to your lift are priceless. “There is no need t o be an athlete, however,” a local doctor sai d. People should walk for 30 minutes a day and take part in other physical activity three to five times a week. He warns, however, that people in poor physical shape should start slowly, and build up over time.

China has taken the need for more exercise to heart, with the government running several activities last Sunday, which was the designated World Health Day. Pamphlets and posters based on the theme “Move for Health” were distributed nationwide, encouraging people to develop a positive and healthy lifestyle.

6.Rapid economic development has resulted in all the following except ____.

A.an increasing number of taxi passengers

B.the wide use of labor-saving devices

C.an increasingly fast pace of life

D.people’s aware ness of the importance of exercise

7.Some people are getting overweight because ____.

A.they are too busy to have any time for exercise

B.they are ignorant of the benefits of exercise

C.they are too weak to participate in physical activity

D.they are short of money to pay for different exercises

8.According to the passage, who need regular daily exercise most?

A.People taking taxis to work.

B.Urban adults with full-time jobs.

C.Elderly people suffering from high blood pressure.

D.Youngsters dreaming of becoming professional athletes.

9.What is the main idea of the last paragraph but one?

A.Many people are still unable to afford the cost of physical exercises.

B.Nobody should take part in physical activity in order to be an athlete.

C.Moderate physical exercise is usually enough for ordinary people.

D.Old or sick people should only take part in physical exercises of the slowest type.

10.By referring to rapid economic development as “a boon” at the beginning of the

passage, the author means that ____.

A.it has benefited the general public greatly

B.it has done harm to people’s health nationwide

C.it is going faster than anyone could have imagined

D.it has helped to establish a positive and health lifestyle of the public

Passage Three:

Every human being, no matter what he is doing, gives off body heat. The usual problem is how to dispose of it. But the designers of the Johnstown campus of the University of Pittsburgh set themselves the opposite problem – how to collect body heat. They have designed a collection system which utilizes not only body heat, but the heat given off by such objects as light bulbs and refrigerators as well. The system works so well that no conventional fuel is needed to make the campus’s six buildings comfortable.

Some parts of most modern buildings – theaters and offices as well as classrooms –are more than amply heated by people and lights and sometimes must be air-conditioned even in winter. The technique of saving heat and redistributing it is called “heat recovery”. A few modern buildings recover heat, but the University’s system is the first to recover heat from some buildings and reuse it in others.

Along the way, Pitt has learned a great deal about some of its heat producers. The harder a student studies, the more heat his body gives off. Male students emit more heat than female students, and the larger a student, the more heat he produces. It is tempting to conclude that the hottest prospect for the Johnstown campus would be a hard-working, overweight male genius.

11.Until recently, body heat has caused problems because it_____.

A. was difficult to collect

B. came in variety of forms

C. was difficult to get rid of it

D. tended to be absorbed by physical objects

12.Which of the following is true of the heating system of the Johnstown campus?

A. The heat is supplied by human bodies

B. The heat is supplied by both human bodies and other

heat-emitting objects

C. The heat is supplied by both human bodies and conventional fuel

D. The heat is supplied by human bodies, other heat-emitting objects, and conventional fuel

13.At the Johnstown campus, how many of the buildings are heated entirely by the

heat collection system?

A. None

B. Two

C. Four

D. Six

14.According to the passage, which of the following would produce the LEAST amount

of heat?

A. A fat female who studies hard

B. A thin female who does not study

C. A fat male who does not study

D. A thin male who studies hard

15.In the last paragraph, the “hottest prospect” means the____.

A. most intelligent student

B. most desirable student

C. most diligent student

D. most learned student

Passage Four:

The resources of the library can be helpful even when we are doing something very informal, such as trying to devise a better way to measure attitudes toward music or looking for a better way to teach mathematics. The library can be equally helpful when we are doing something very formal, such as writing a dissertation (学位论文) or preparing an article for publication in a professional journal. In either case, our goal should be to use the library as a useful tool to help us understand and solve our problem. The following sections of this chapter will describe specific resources available in many libraries. In some cases you may already be aware of a resource and may use it frequently and successfully. In other cases you may be completely unfamiliar with a resource. Your goal should be to become aware of what is available and to know how to use each of these resources to help you solve the problem they are designed to solve.

When educators have a piece of information that they want to share with their colleagues, they often make this information available in professional journals or at professional meetings. It would often be useful to have access to such information, and this chapter will describe the special services that enable us to locate such information.

16.The library resources can be helpful when we ______.

A. want to find a better way to measure attitudes toward music

B. are preparing a paper for a professional journal

C. are writing a dissertation

D. All of the above 17.Readers’ familiarity with different resources ______.

A. is more or less the same

B. varies slightly

C. differs greatly

D. should not be different

18.The author believes that ______.

A. library resources should be used frequently and completely

B. library resources cannot be made good use of if they are not available to us

C. one is supposed to be aware of the library resources that are usually not


D. one is supposed to have good knowledge and make good use of library


19.When educators wish to share some information with their colleagues, they often


A. publish it in a professional journal

B. organize professional meetings

C. get access to it in the library

D. make use of some library services

20.The chapter in question mainly ______.

A. deals with the ways of dissertation writing

B. presents information on publishing papers in professional journals

C. introduces some library services

D. describes some professional meetings

Part III. Cloze (15%)

One day when Jamie came home after school, his mother had on her worry face. He knew she was thinking of 1 “It’s bad out there. Black clouds are coming from the sea,” Jamie sai d. “Yes. I’m thinking of those fishing boats at sea,” she sai d.

At that moment 2. went out. Jamie and his mother were in the dark.

“The coastline will be in the dark,” Jamie’s mother sai d. She got more worried. 3 always come in threes. I broke my best glasses this morning, and my sister has the cold. “Now, don’t worry, mum. They’re right.” They’re 4 to come through this all right. But Jamie really worried about those fishing boats himself. The fishing boats would 5 the cove in the dark.

Jamie took flares and rushed into the wind. There was a cliff by the sea. He started to climb. He 6 himself up hand over hand. At last he reached the top.

He 7 three times. On the fourth try he fired off one of the flares. It rose and cut into the black sky in bright light. Then he saw an answering flare up at sea. Jamie fired off two more. He saw another answering flare up, then another, then another. The answering flares from the fishing boats showed they 8 the entrance to the cove but then changed course and were 9 sailing into the cove. They were almost home. Jamie helped 10 the fishermen of the village.

1. A. the wind B. the clouds C. the rain D. the weather

2. A. Jamie B. his mother C. the fire D. the lights

3. A. Messages B. Accidents C. Troubles D. Questions

4. A. sure B. lucky C. safe D. ready

5. A. lose B. miss C. leave D. forget

6. A. pushed B. pulled C. carried D. climbed

7. A. made B. tried C. failed D. finished

8. A. were at B. had found C. had passed by D. were going into

9. A. now B. then C. once D. again

10.A. answer B. save C. find out D. look for

Part IV. Translation (25%)


Looking back on my twenty years' teaching in high school, I attribute my success to patience, talent, and the constant pursuit of knowledge.


Under threat of constant sand storms, we were compelled to leave our cherished village and move to the new settlement.


It never occurred to him that their team would win the basketball match by a large margin.


The curtains of the room are not quite in tune with the style of the furniture.


Grandma took it for granted that food prices would soar, so she bought a lot of rice.