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新人教2012年英语高考模拟训练试题-词汇400题(二)

2012年英语高考模拟训练试题词汇400题 (二)101. Professor Smith and Professor Brown will _____ in giving the class lectures.A. exchangeB. alterC. shiftD. alternate[答案]D. alternate.[注释]alternate vt./vi. 轮流,交替发生或出现:Wet days alternate with fine days.(晴雨天交替更迭。)The weather today will alternate between fine and cloudy.(今天的天气将是晴间多云。) shift般动,移动(vt.);转移到,迁移(vi.);改变:1)Lend me a hand to shift the piano, will you?(请帮个忙搬一下这台钢琴。) 2)They have shifted away from this area.(他们已从这一地区迁走了。)3)The candidate is constantly shifting his opinion about the problem.(这位竞选者在这个问题上不断改变他的观点。)exchange交换;exchange... for ... 用.......换......;alter(部分)修改。102. Pack the cake in a strong box, or it might get _____ in the post.A. splashedB. spiltC. crushedD. crashed[答案]C. crushed.[注释]crush压坏,压碎;弄皱;辗散;1)Don’t crush this box; there are flowers inside.(不要把这个盒子压坏了,里面有鲜花。) 2)Her dress was crushed.(她的衣服弄皱了。) 3)The machine crushes wheat grain to make floor.(这台机器把麦粒辗成面粉。)splash溅,泼;split(中间)裂开;crash(向下)猛跌;(飞机)失事。103. The thief _____ the papers all over the room while he was searching.A. abandonedB. vanishedC. scatteredD. deserted[答案]C. scattered.[注释]scatter(=throw or put in various directions, or here and there)撒。abandon放弃,抛弃。desert遗弃(而离开)。vanish消亡,灭亡。本题句意是将小偷在搜寻钱时的情景,所以应选scattered(撒)。104. Today, housework has been made much easier by electrical _____.A. facilitiesB. appliancesC. instrumentsD. equipment[答案]B. appliances.[注释]electric appliances电器用具,facilities公用设备。equipment设备,装备,是集合名词,指“设备”的总称,只有当数形式。instrument仪器。105. The _____ of the trees in the water was very clear.A. mirrorB. sightC. reflectionD. shadow[答案]C. reflection.[注释]reflection此处意为“映在水中的倒影”,而不是“影子”或“阴影”,故不能用shadow。其他选择均不合题意。106. One _____ needed when making a cake is flour; another is sugar.A. containerB. ingredientC. contentD. equivalent[答案]B. ingredient.[注释]ingredient(混合物的)成分。container容器,含量;内容(复数)。equivalent:相等物。107. They have been waiting for many hours to see the singer, but the airplane must have been _____.A. behind the timesB. behind scheduleC. ahead of timeD. in no time[答案]B. behind schedule.[注释]behind schedule(=late, behind time)晚点:The train is running behind schedule today.(=The train is not on time today.)behind the times(=using things not in style; still following old ways; old fashioned)过时,跟不上时代,落后:1)The store is behind the times.(=The store is old-fashioned; it looks as stores looked 40 years ago.) 2) Mary thinks her parents are behind the times because they still do the fox-trot and don’t know any new dances.(=Mary’s parents are old-fashioned in their dancings .) ahead of time提前:They have fulfilled their production plans ahead of time, in no time(=soon, quickly)立即,马上:I’ll be back in no time to see you home.108. Neither of them thought highly of him and they both tried to _____ him in his work.A. hamperB. supportC. assistD. encourage[答案]A. hamper.[注释]hamper(=hinder, prevent free movement or activity)阻碍:Lack of equipment is hampering our work.本题译文:他们两人都认为他不怎么样并极力阻碍他工作。Think highly of... 对...评价很高,认为......很好。109. Her display of bad temper completely _____ the party.A. harmedB. damagedC. spoiltD. hurt[答案]C. spoilt.[注释]spoil指出意指“使...... 扫兴,搞糟”,如:Quarrelling spoilt the picnic.(争吵使这次野餐弄得很扫兴。)hurt伤害,damage 损坏,harm危害,均不合题意。110. We forgave his bad temper because we knew that his son’s illness had put him under great _____.A. emotionB. excitementC. crisisD. stress[答案]D. stress. [注释]put sb. under(great) stress使某人处境(非常)紧张,使某人受(很大)压力。111. The reference she made to her friend, the poet, was interesting but too _____ for anyone to appreciate.A. drasticB. dullC. obscureD. distinct[答案]C. obscure.[注释]obscure(=not clearly seen or understood)模糊难懂得。drastic激烈的,严厉的;dull单调的;distinct清楚的,明显的;截然不同的(from)。本题译文:她提到她的朋友----诗人时所说的话是令人感兴趣,但没有说清楚,以致没有人为此感激。112. He _____ his engagement just before the wedding.A. broke outB. broke away fromC. broke offD. broke up[答案]C. broke off.[注释]break off(=cease suddenly, discontinue)突然中断;break off one’s engagement(解除婚约)。Break off(=interrupt) one’s conversation(打断谈话)。Break out(=begin suddenly)爆发。Break away from摆脱,从......退出。113. When she heard from the hospital that her father had died, she _____ into tears.A. burstB. wentC. explodedD. fell[答案]A. burst[注释]burst into tears放声大哭;又如:burst into thunderous cheers(发出雷呜般的欢呼);burst into laughing(捧腹大笑)。114. Your help is _____ for the success of the project.A. indispensableB. indicativeC. inevitableD. inherent[答案]A. indispensable.[注释]indispensable(to, for)不可缺少的,必需的。Indicative(of)指示的。Inevitable 不可避免的。Inherent固有的,内在的,天生的。115. _____ the English examination I would have gone to the concert last Sunday.A. In spite ofB. But forC. Because ofD. As for[答案]B. But for[注释]but for(=without, except for)若非,要不是:But for your help we could not have finished it in time.(要不是你的帮助,我们本来不会及时完工。)116. It was difficult to guess what her _____ to the news would be.A. impressionB. commentC. reactionD. opinion[答案]C. reaction.[注释]reaction(to)对......的反应:Our reaction to a joke is to laugh.117. Our attitude toward our teachers should be _____, but not slavish or superstitious. A. respectable B. respected C. respective D. respectful[答案]D. respectful.[注释]respectable(=deserving respect)值得尊敬的,品行端正的。respectful(=showing respect to)有礼貌的,表示尊敬的。Respective各个的。respected尊敬的。Respecting prep.(=relating to; concerned with)关于,说到。118. We could see that he was trying to _____ his own responsibility for the delay, instead of accepting his fault.A. run overB. smooth overC. pass offD. turn down[答案]B. smooth over.[注释]smooth over(=make smooth, put right, balliate)使平息,使恢复正常的,掩饰:1)I will try to smooth their quarrel over.(我将设法平息他们的争吵。) 2)Don’t try to smooth over your fault.(不要设法掩饰你的过错。)run over 详见Ⅲ.145,146.注释;pass off详见Ⅲ.126.注释;turn down详见Ⅲ.180,181.注释. 119. Glemp’s heroic flight into space entitled him _____ a place in history.A. forB. withC. toD. of[答案]C. to.[注释]entitle sb. to sth.(=give a right to)给予权利:1)He is entitled to special treatment because of his rank(由于他的级别他有权享受特殊待遇。) 2) Officers are entitled to travel first class.(军官们有权乘头等车旅行。)120. He’s _____ drink and never does a stroke of work.A. gone toB. taken toC. taken upD. gone for[答案]B. taken to.[注释]take to养成(某种习惯)。A stroke of一件。本题译文:他以成了酒徒,从来没有干过一件工作。121. "Who is responsible for sending out misinformation?""Most of the fault lies _____ the administration."A. inB. toC. onD. with[答案]D. with.[注释]lie with应由.......(承担责任);(作出决定等)得*...... 1)The responsibility lies with the driver.(责任应由这个司机承担。) 2)It lies with you to accept or reject he the proposal.(接受还是拒绝这项建议由你决定。)lie in在于:1)The difficulty lies in their great poverty.(困难在于他们非常贫困。) 2)the solution lies in social and political reform.(解决方法在于社会政治改革。)122. People who live in a small village are bound to see a good _____ of each other.A. sumB. quantityC. dealD. amount[答案]C. deal.[注释]see a good deal of each other 经常见面。123. Maria _____ missed the first train so as to travel on the same one as John.A. deliberatelyB. intensivelyC. decisivelyD. objectively[答案]A. deliberately.[注释]deliberately(=on purpose, intentionally)故意地;存心地。124. They always kept on good _____ with their next-door neighbors for the children’s sake.A. friendshipB. relationsC. intentionsD. terms[答案]D. terms.[注释]keep (be) on good terms with与......和睦相处。125. Do you think a wife should _____ her habits and tastes to those of her husband?A. complyB. confirmC. consentD. conform[答案]D. conform.[注释]conform vi遵守,符号:All the students must conform to the rules.(全体学生必须遵守规章。)conform sth. to sth. else(vt)使符合:He conformed the plans to the new specifications.(他使这些集合符合新规范。) comply with遵守;confirm使坚定,确认,证实;consent (to)同意,赞同。126. He was afraid that the branch might bend over and break, and he would be sent _____ to the ground.A. crashingB. throwingC. rushingD. dropping[答案]A. crashing.[注释]crash(to the ground)猛跌(到地上)。Crash n.常指飞机等的“失事”,如:He was killed in an aircraft crash.(他在飞机失事中丧生。)本句中用falling 不妥,fall指“落下,掉下”,本身并不强调落下的速度,而crash使“猛跌”,故本题用crashing最佳。127. High interest rates _____ people from borrowing money.A. discourageB. decreaseC. disturbD. disgust[答案]A. discourage[注释]discourage sb. from doing sth.使认为某事不值得做:Tht wet weather discouraged people from going to the sports meeting.(下雨天使人觉得不值得去看运动会。)128. Despite their good service, most inns are less costly than hotels of _____ standards.A. equivalentB. uniformC. alikeD. likely[答案]A. equivalent.[注释]equivalent相等的,相当的:He exchanged his pounds for the equivalent amount of dollars. uniform 相同的,一样的。Likely adj.很可能的,有希望的。Alike(表语形容词)相同的,相象的。129. The two things are the same in outward form but different _____.A. in additionB. in briefC. in commonD. in essence[答案]D. in essence.[注释]in essence本质上;in addition此外;in brief简短地,简言之;in common共同。130. _____ it is a good thing I did not get the post I had applied for, though I must admit thatI was disappointed at the time.A. By the wayB. In a wayC. In the wayD. In no way[答案]B. In a way.[注释]in a way(-to some extent)在某种程度上;in no way决不;by the way 顺便提一下;in the way 碍事。此题不能选by the way,因为by the way 做插入语其后应加逗号。本题译文:我没有得到我申请得工作在某种程度上说是件好事,尽管我承认当时我很失望。131. _____ inviting guests and not treating them properly!A. StrangelyB. FantasticallyC. SurprisinglyD. Fancy[答案]D. Fancy.[注释]fancy doing 没想到.......竟然:1)Fancy your him!(没想到你竟然认识他!) 2)Fancy spending the day in here!(没想到竟在这里过了一天!)本题译文:没想到邀请了客人竟没有好好招待!132. With sufficient scientific information a manned trip to Mars should be _____.A. obtainableB. potentialC. considerableD. feasible[答案]D. feasible.[注释]feasible(=that can be done)可行的,可做到的:1)Your plan sounds quite feasible.(你的计划听起来很可行。) 2)It’s not feasible to make the trip in one day.(一天内要进行这次旅行是做不到的。)obtainable可得到的;considerable相当的,可观的;potential潜在的,可能的。133. The generation _____ makes it difficult for parents to understand their children’s opinions.A. divisionB. gapC. separationD. interval[答案]B. gap.[注释]generation gap 代沟。division分,划分;separation分开;interval间隔,间隙;(幕间或工间)休息。at intervals 不时,时时134. If the boy had _____ the dog alone it wouldn’t have bitten him.A. setB. leftC. hadD. put[答案]B. left.