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2019年辽宁专升本英语真题

2019年辽宁专升本英语真题

2019辽宁省高职高专毕业生升入本科学校继续学习招生考试

英语试卷

注意事项:

1、答题前,考生先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写清楚。

2、所有答案必须涂写在答题卡上相应位置,答在本试卷上不计分。

3、考试结束后,考生应将本试卷和答题卡一并上交。

第一部分选择题

一、词汇与语法

根据句意及语法要求从每题A、B,C,D四个选项中,选出一个最适合的答案填空,并在答题卡上将所选答案的字母涂黑。(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)

1、NO one of us has a clear idea________ to do.

A、what the others want

B、that the others want

C、which do the others want

D、what do the others want

2、________,he managed to find time to go to see a doctor.

A、As he is

B、As he was busy

C、Busy as he was

D、Busy as he is

3、He has very poor life habit, and he also said he was used to going to bed late,________?

A、didn't he

B、did he

C、wasn't he

D、was he

4、Research_______ all over the world into the possible cause of cancer in the past few years.

A、was made

B、had been made

C、has been making

D、has been made

5、When we reached the port,we knew the ship hadn't arrived yet.We

________.

A、needn't have hurried

B、needed not to hurry

C、had not needed to hurry

D、didn't need to hurry

6、After I took the Japanese culture course,I knew that the culture and customs of Japan are a little

bit like_______ of China.

A、what

B、that

C、ones

D、those

7、I heard Mrs. Brown had a heart attack, I wonder how she has been_______ in hospital.

A、getting off

B、getting across

C、getting on

D、getting through

8、After a long time's hard work, I will have a _______Vacation to go to Beijing.

A、two weeks

B、two-weeks’

C、two-week

D、two-week's

9、When you ______,I know for certain that you will feel much better.

A、are waking up

B、have been waking up

C、wake up

D、have woken

10、He suggested that everyone of us _______ at the meeting.

A、shall present

B、present

C、be present

D、presented

二、阅读理解.

根据短文内容从每题A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个最适合的答案,井在答题卡上将所选答案的字母涂黑。(本大题共15小题,每小题3分,共45分)

Passage 1

Personality is to a large extent inherent—A-type parents usually bring about A-type children.But the environment must also have a great effect. If competition is important to parents,it is likely to become a major factor in the lives of their children,too.

One place where children get A-type characteristics is school,which is a high competitive institution. Too many schools encourage their students to

“win at a11 cost” and measure their success by achievement of this goal. This produces a two-layer system, in which A-type seems in some way better than B-type. But being too eager to win can have dangerous results.

Until now,the worst form of competition in schools is the too much attention to examinations.It is a rare school that allows students to concentrate on those things they do well.The advantages of competition by examinations are somewhat questionable,but competition in the certain knowledge of failure is positively harmful.Obviously, it is not good that all A-type students change into B-types.The world need different types and schools have an important duty to fit a child's personality to his possible future employment.

Perhaps selection for the caring professions,especially medicine, could be made less by good grades in chemistry and more by such considerations as warm heart and sympathy.It,is surely mistaken to choose our doctors only from A-type students.B-type students are important and could be encouraged.

11、According to the passage, A-type students are usually_________.

A、impatient

B、considerate

C、aggressive

D、agreeable

12、The author is strongly opposed to the practice of examinations at schools because________.

A、failure rates are too high

B、some students are bound to fail

C、the pressure is too great on the students

D、the way to judge students' abilities on the results of examinations is doubtful

13、The selection of medical professionals is now based on__________.

A、super values

B、competitive spirit

C、academic performances

D、students' senses

14、From the passage we can draw the conclusion that____________.

A、B-type characteristics can never be better than A-type characteristics

B、the personality of any people is well determined at birth

C、one's characteristics are controlled by one's daily experience

D、the development of one's personality is due to many factors

15、The world "questionable" means__________.

A、indifferent

B、no problem

C、doubtful

D、no doubt

Passage 2

Real policemen,both in Britain and the United States,hardly recognize any resemblance(相似)between their lives and what they see about themselves on TV. The first difference is that a policeman's real life revolves around the law. He has to know exactly what actions are crimes and what evidence can be used to prove them in court.He has to know nearly as much law as a professional lawyer. Most crime dramas on television are about finding the criminal. As soon as he is arrested,the story is over. In real life,finding criminals is seldom much of a problem, except in very serious cases like murders and terrorist attack—where failure to produce results will affect the reputation of the police—little effort is spent on searching.The police have elaborate machinery, Which eventually shows up the most wanted men.After having made an arrest, a detective really starts to work.In order to prove the criminal's case in court he often has to spend a lot of time gathering evidence.

There is a third big difference between the drama detective and the real one.The real detective comes up against an unpleasant moral problem resulting from two opposite pressures: first as members of a police force they always have to behave in an absolute lawful way;secondly,as expensive public servants they have to get results.They can hardly ever do both.Most of the time some of them have to break rules in small ways.

16、It is essential for a policeman to be trained in the criminal law so that he can_______ .

A、arrest criminals in the street

B、justify his arrests in court

C、know as much law as a professional lawyer

D、justify himself on TV

17、Only when very serious cases like murder and terrorist attack occur,

will the police_________.

A、show up their elaborate machinery

B、fail to produce results

C、spend a lot of effort in finding the criminals

D、pay attention to their reputation

18、" The most wanted men " refers to

A、the most dangerous criminals

B、most of the witnesses wanted

C、those the police are searching for

D、the men the police are most interested in arresting

19、The real detective faces unpleasant moral problems because he________.

A、is an expensive public servant

B、often feels rather depressed

C、has to break the law in order to preserve it

D、must always behave with absolute legality

20、According to this passage,which of the following statements is true?

A、In real life,finding criminals is one of the policemen's greatest problems.

B、The detective's work is over once the arrest has been done.

C、The police spend a great deal of time finding evidence to support their arrests.

D、The police devote most of their working life to searching for criminals. Passage 3

Cars play an important part of life in the United States.Without a car most people feel that they are poor.And even if a person is poor, he doesn't feel really poor when he has a car.

Henry Ford was the man who first started making cars in large numbers.Maybe,he didn't know how much the car was going to affect American culture,The cars made the United States a country on wheels.And it helped to make the United States what it is today.

There are three main reasons that the car has become so popular in the United States today. First of all the country is a huge one and Americans

like to move around in it. The car provides the most comfortable and cheapest form of transportation.With a car people can go to any place without spending a lot of money.

The second reason cars are popular is the fact that the United States

never really developed an efficient and inexpensive form of public transportation. Long-distance trains have never been as common in the United States as they are

in other parts of the world.Nowadays there is a good system of air-

service provided by planes.But it is too expensive to be used frequently.

The third reason is the most important one,though. The American spirit of independence is what really made cars popular.Americans don't like to wait

for a bus,a bus, or a train or even a plane.They don't like to have to

follow an exact schedule.A car gives them the freedom to schedule their own time.And this is the freedom that Americans want most to have.

The gas shortage has caused a big problem for Americans.But the

resolution will not be a bigger system of public transportation.The real solution will nave to be a new kind of car,one that does not use so much gas.

21、Which of the following statements is true?

A、When an American owns a car, he will never be poor.

B、An American will feel poor unless he has a car.

C、In the United States even the poor own cars.

D、In the United States all the poor have no car.

22、What can we infer from this passage?

A、Americans travel a lot by their cars.

B、Americans seldom travel by plane.

C、Americans often use public transportation.

D、Americans spend a lot of money traveling by car.

23、Americans prefer their cars to other means of transportation for the following reasons

EXCEPT________.

A、they like to travel from place to place

B、traveling by car is not expensive

C、they have the spirit of independence

D、buses,trains and planes are too crowed

24、What does "a country on wheels" mean?

A、Cars play an important part in Americans' lives.

B、The United States produces most cars of the world.

C、The United States depends on the car industry for its development.

D、Everyone in the United States owns a car.

25、According to the author, what really makes cars so popular in the United States?

A、Americans cannot move around without their cars.

B、Americans like to schedule their own time.

C、Americans do not feel poor when they travel in their cars.

D、The United States lacks public transportation.

根据句意从每题A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个最准确的译文,并在答题卡上将所选答案的字母涂黑。(本大愿共4小题,每小题3分,共12分)

26、A criminal entrapped an elderly man in a bad investment and stole his money.

A、犯罪分子使一位老人陷入投资的陷阱,榆走了他的钱。

B、犯罪分子诱骗一位老人帮助他们进行错误的投资,并偷走了他的钱。

C、犯罪分子诱骗一位老人从事错误的投资,骗走了他的钱。

D、犯罪分子使一位老人进行了一次糟糕的投资,并偷走了他的锋。

27、She began at the entry level as a clerk and worked her way up the

ladder to become president

of the company.

A、她从职员岗位开始,后来,一步一步地向上爬,当上了公司的总裁。

B、她从底楼的入门职员开始工作,后来,借助一把楼梯,爬上了公司总统的办公室。

C、她从入门当职员开始,后来,逐步晋升,当上了公司的总统。

D、她从最低岗位的职员开始,后来,逐步晋升,当上了公司的总裁。

28、We regret to inform you that we'll have to cancel our order on account of your failure to

deliver the goods punctually.

A、我们抱歉通知你们为了及时交货,我们将取消在你们失误账面上的订货。

B、我们遗憾地通知贵方,由于你们的失误,未能及时交货,我们只好取消订货。

C、我们遗憾地通知你们,由于贵方未能及时交货,我方只得取消订货。

D、我们抱歉通知你,为了保证及时送货,我们不得不取消让你修改错误账面的命令。

29、If you desire an interview, I shall be most happy to call in person,

on the day and at any time

you may appoint.

A、如你渴望面试,我一定遵照所约定之时日,前往拜访。

B、如你有意面试,我会很高兴在你约定的任何日期时间去拜访你。

C、如贵公司有意面试,本人一定遵照所约定之时日,前往拜访。

D、如你渴望面试,我会很高兴在你约定的任何日期时间亲自给你打电话。

四、完形填空

认真阅读短文,根据句意及语法要求从每题A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个最合适的答案,并在答题卡上将所选答案的字母涂黑。(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)

Choosing an occupation is one of the most difficult problems 30 a young person. Of course,some people“know”they wan t 31 doctors or pilots or engineers 32 the age of six.But most of us do not make a decision about an occupation or career until somebody or something forces us.

Choosing an occupation 33 time,and you have to think about a lot of

courses for a particular kind of work or you 35 find that you will need some 36 experience for a particular job.

Fortunately, you can turn 37 a lot of people for advice or help. At school you may ask your teachers and you can also talk it 38 with your friends and family.They are always ready to listen and to give you advice.But the most important thing is self-evaluation.Your self-evaluation should give you a clear picture of your interests and abilities 39 you should be able to start thinking of one or more occupations for yourself.

30、A、to B、of C、for D、toward

31、A、being B、be C、to do D、to be

32、A、during B、from C、at D、for

33、A、takes B、uses C、need D、wants

34、A、scan B、after C、before D、during

35、A、must B、ought C、may D、could

36、A、work B、working C、workable D、worked

37、A、for B、to C、toward D、up

38、A、over B、about C、out D、back

39、A、but B、though C、or D、and

第二部分非选择题

一、词形转换

根据句意及语法要求,将括号里的词语转换成适当形式,填写在答题卡上相应的位置。(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)

40、There's a severe(short) _________ of low-cost housing in the city.

41、The young man is very well (qualify) _________ to teach high school mathematics.

42、We are busy (prepare) _________ for the final examination,so I cannot come to see you.

43、The scientists study carefully and record the (frequent) _________ of earth quakes in this region.

44、With the fast(develop) _________ of compulsory education, people

should pay special attention to good manners.

45、Besides(commerce) _________ value,collecting stamps also has artistic value.

46、The books and magazines in the bookstore are(classify) _________ by subject.

47、The solider was punished for(obey) _________ orders.

48、He didn’t know how to express after listening to the(excite)

_________ news.

49、Because of lasting drought this spring, the farmers were(doubt)

_________ about the dream of a good harvest.

二、术语匹配

下面是一些有关职务职位的术语。认真阅读后,找出与表格中汉语题目相匹配的英文

术浯,并将其代码填写在答题卡上相应的位置。(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共 10分)

A、—Accounting Assistant

B、—Copywriter

C、—Legal Adviser

D、—Personnel Manager

E、—Maintenance Engineer

F、—Sales Supervisor

G、—Securities Custody Clerk

H、—Bond Trader

I、—Financial Controller

J、—Project Staff

K、—Simultaneous Interpreter

L、—Business Manager

M、—Cashier

N、—Administrative Assistant

O、—Electrical Engineer

三、简答题

认真阅读短文,用英语简要回答所提出的问题,并将答案填写在答题卡上相应的位置。每题答案不得超过3个英文单词。(本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分)

The first paragraph of a typical business letter is used to state the main point of the letter. Begin with a friendly opening;then a quick transition

to the purpose of your letter.Use a couple of sentences to explain the purpose,but do not go into detail until the next paragraph.

Beginning with the second paragraph,state the supporting details to

justify your purpose.These may take the form of background information,statistics or first-hand accounts.A few short paragraphs within the body of

the letter should be enough to support your reasoning.

Finally,in the closing paragraph,briefly restate your purpose and why it is important.If the purpose of your letter is employment related,consider ending your letter with your contact information,However, if the purpose is informational,think about closing with gratitude for the reader's time.

60、What does the first paragraph of a typical business letter do?

The first paragraph usually states ____________ of the letter.

61、What should one do after a friendly opening?

He/she should write ____________ of the letter.

62、In which paragraph do you into detail?

In ____________.

63、What are he forms the supporting details may take in the second paragraph? They may take the form of back ground information,statistics or

____________.

64、How will one end his letter if the purpose of his letter is employment related? He will end his letter with his ____________

四、段落翻译:将下面的段落译成汉语,译文写在答题卡相应位置。(18分)

65、Most meetings have an agenda.For a formal meeting, this document may be handed out in advance to all participants. For an informal meeting, the agenda may be simply a list of the points to be dealt with.The purpose of an agenda is to speed up the meeting and keep everyone to the point.

五、应用文写作

根据下面提供的信息写一篇英文电子邮件,文章写在答题卡相应位置。(25分)

说明:假定你是王军。根据以下内容以第一人称发一封电子邮件。

内容:

(1)发件人:王军

(2)收件人:Anna

(3)发件人电子邮箱地址:wangjunll007@hotmail.com

(4)收件人电子邮箱地址:annall008@hotmaii. com

(5)事由:王军在网站www.ebay.com上卖出了一本书,书名《电子商务导论》。

买家是美国客户 Anna Brown。

(6)邮件涉及内容:

①感谢对方购买《电子商务导论》;

②书已寄出,预计一周内到达;

③希望收到书后在网站上留下反馈意见;

④如果满意,希望向其他客户推荐;

⑤最近还会推出一些新的图书,欢迎选购;再次购买可以享受折扣。

Words for reference:反馈意见feedback,电子商务导论Introduction to E-commerce

注意:e-mail的内容要写成一个段落,不得逐条罗列。

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