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The first modern Olympic Games was held in Athens(雅典)in 1896and only twelve nations participated. Besides the host nationman participants were tourists who __1__ to be in Greece atthe time. Though the whole affair was __2__ and the standardwas not high, the old principle of amateur sport was kept up.Since then the games had been held every four yearsexcept during the __3__ of the two World War. This was __4__ adeparture from the old Olympic spirit when wars had to stoPandmake way for the games.The games have grown enormously in scale and __5__performances have now reached unprecedented heights.Unfortunately the same cannot be said about their __6__ standard.Instead of Olympia, the modern games are now held in differentcities all over the world. Inevitably politics and commercialismget involvedas countries vie each other for(为 ...... 而互相竞争) the __7__ to hold the games because of the politicalprestige and commercial profit to be __8__ out of them. Inthe 11 th games held in Berlin in 1936, Hitler who had newlycome to __9__ in Germany tried to use the occasion for hisNazi propaganda. For the first time the Olympic flame wasbrought all the way from Olympia to the games site in relays,a marathon journey now often taking months to __10__.

A) honour D) moral G) end J) definitely M)interruption

B) accomplish E) arrive H) power K) Physical N) especially

C) had F) occured I) happened L) informal O) irregular


Sport is not only physically challenging, but it can also be mentally challenging. Criticismfrom coaches, parents, and other teammates, as well as pressure to win can create an excessiveamount of __1__ or stress for young athletes. Stress can be physical, emotional, or psychologicaland research has indicated that it can lead to burnout. Burnout has been described as __2__ orquitting of an activity that was at one time enjoyable.The early years of development are __3__ years for learning about oneself. The sport settingis one where valuable experiences can take place. Young athletes can, for example, learn how to__4__ with others, make friends, and gain other social skills that will be used throughout their lives.Coaches and parents should be aware, at all times, that their feedback to youngsters can __5__affect their children. Youngsters may take their parents’ and coaches’ criticisms to heart and find aflaw(缺陷)in themselves.Coaches and parents should also be __6__ that youth sport participation does not become workfor children. That outcome of the game should not be more important than the __7__ of learning thesport and other life lessons. In today’s youth sport setting, young athletes may be worrying moreabout who will win instead of __8__ themselves and the sport. Following a game many parents andcoaches __9__ on the outcome and find fault with youngsters’ performances. Positive reinforcementshould be provided regardless of the outcome. Research indicates that positive reinforcement motivatesand has a greater effect on learning that criticism. Again, criticism can create __10__ levels of stress,which can lead to burnout.

A)process D)anxiety G)cooperate J)hardly M)aspiration

B)high E)settle H)greatly K)intense N)critical

C)enjoying F)cautious I)dropping L)focus O)procedure


There is a popular belief among parents that schools are no longer interested inspelling .No school I have taught in has ever _____ spelling or considered it unimportantas a basic skill.

There are, however , vastly different ideas about how to teach it , or howmuch _____ it must be given over general language development and writing ability. Theproblem is , how to encourage a child to express himself freely and _____ in writing without holding him back with the complexities of spelling?If spelling become the only focal point of his teacher’s interest, clearly a __4__child will be likely to “play safe”. He will tend to write only words within his spelling range,choosing to avoid __5__ language. That’s why teachers often __6__ the early use ofdictionaries and pay attention to content rather than technical ability.I was once shocked to read on the bottom of a sensitive piece of writing abouta personal experience :“ This work is __7__ !There are far too many spelling errors andyour writing is illegible( 难以辨认的).”It may have been a sharp__8__ of the pupil’stechnical abilities in writing, but it was also a sad reflection on the teacher who had omittedto read the essay, which __9__ some beautiful expressions of the child’s deePfeelings.The teacher was not wrong to draw attention to the errors, but if his priorities had centredon the child’s ideas, an expression of his disappointment with the presentation would havegiven the pupil more __10__ to seek improvement.

priority D)clearly G)motivation J)difficult M)confidently

B)criticism E)adventurous H)terrible K)encourage N)bright

C)contained F)discourage I)ignored L)expressed O)motive


Climate talks between the world’s top 20 polluters have ended with an unusual level of agreement on the urgent need to tackle greenhouse gas emissions.

But 1 at the Mexico talks also stressed the massive gap between the politics and science of climate change. Several said they had never known such a positive atmosphere.

Nobody 2 the reality of climate science anymore.

Business leaders from the World Economic Forum in Davos expressed a need for strong targets from governments on greenhouse gases. The International Energy Agency (IEA) said much could be achieved with existing technology, although far greater 3 was needed. The World Bank 4 its framework for investment in clean technology to help

developing countries expand energy supplies without having to follow the 5 path of the West.

But bank representatives made it clear that there was no sign of the $20bn. (Z 10.1bn.) investment programme 6 by the U.K. Chancellor Gordon Brown previously. The U.S., which was present at the talks, was objecting to parts of the proposal. The Under-Secretary of State for Global Affairs, Paula Dobriansky, told the BBC that the U.S. was now acting urgently to tackle greenhouse gases—then later admitted that the country’s 7 would continue to rise.

Another U.S. delegate agreed that the world would face 8 sea-level rise because of climate change. But when 9 asked if the U.S. opposition to mandatory (强制的)C02 cuts had changed in any way in response to a surge in concern over recent science of climate change, the delegate 10 replied “no”. The U.S. is by no means the only sticking point in climate talks, however.

A) official D) developed G) informally J)economically M) investment

B) dirty E) outlined H) emissions K) delegates N) inevitable

C) doubted F) raise I) invaluable L) thriftily 0) announced


Passage Four Employers are far less likely to employ people with mental illnesses than those with physical ailments (疾病),a report shows. The government is 1 an initiative urging employers to improve conditions for people with a mental health problem.It is 2 one in four people will suffer a mental illness at some point in their lives. And even for those with more common types of mental illness, such as 3 , only about half are 4 employed.The voluntary standards, launched to 5 with World Mental Health Day, will also be used by public sector organizations, including local councils, government departments and hospitals. The Disability Discrimination Act, which comes into force this December, will require these bodies to end 6 discrimination and promote equality of opportunity.Health Minister Rosie Winterton said: “7 and stigma (耻辱)still surround the issue of mental ill-health and when someone does develop a problem, they often do not get the support they need f2om society to help them recover.”"We all have a role to play in helping to 8 this issue. Employers can help by raising awareness of mental health issues amongst staff, supporting those affected and combating discrimination against staff and customers.”‘‘This is good for staff and good for employers, who we know will benefit from reduced staff 9 and sickness absences.” Work and Pensions Minister Lord Hunt said‘ 'Work is important and beneficial to our physical and mental well-being. Because of this, it is essential that we remove the 10 that prevent people starting, returning to,7or7remaining7in7work.”

A) tackle D) competitively G) barriers J) launching M) taking

B) issue E) coincide H) particularly K) fair N) generally

C) turnover F) unlawful I) estimated L) depression 0) ignorance


Passage Three

We all hope that the values that are important to each of us are passed along to our children.

Often, however, that hope is challenged by a flood of pop culture messages, peer pressure, and over-scheduled lives that leave little time for good counsel or 1 . It’s easy to forget that learning values and character at home is as important as any schoolwork or 2 activity.

In the real world of jobs and career, people are judged by two 3 : their professional skills and their personal traits. While grade school, high school, and college can teach skills and 4 , it!s up to parents to teach children the 5 that make for success in the real world—diligence, a cooperative attitude, creativity, optimism, assertiveness, and honesty. Schools—6 colleges—don"t focus on these issues. That’s the job of the parents, so take the assignment seriously. Send your kids into the world, ready to 7 not only the tasks of life but also its hurdles, social obstacles, and frustrations with finesse and character.

You really can’t start soon enough. After all, children need personal integrity and morals as much as any adult. Bullies will always be around; tasks won’t always be assigned fairly; the good guys won’t always win; petty concerns will often 8 issues of substance; and money won’t always be in ample supply; 9 children to the harsher realities of life isn’t cruel; giving them that experience and 10 them through it is part and parcel of raising kids to have courage, resilience (适应力),and honor.

A) reflection D) realization G) proficiency J) convey M) assignment

B) coaching E) standards H) associated K) exposing N) extracurricular

C) attributes F) academic I) handle L) trump 0) particularly 2014英语六级新题型选词填空模拟题(二)

Passage Two

Two astronauts face a not-so-merry Christmas after being told to ration their food and hope a cargo ship with extra supplies docks on Dec. 21. Russian cosmonaut Salizhan Sharipov and American Leroy Chiao have been asked to cut out calories equal to three cans of Coke from their daily diet—around 10 percent of their daily 1 and an amount that would be little noticed, NASA said.

Russian officials, quoted in the local media, have 2 blamed the previous

crew for overeating during their one-month mission earlier this year, leaving a 3 of meat and milk and a surplus of juice and confectionery (糖果).

The Dec. 24 launch of the next Progress is now 4 for the crew, stationed in orbit since October. It is due to 5 with the ISS on Dec. 21.

NASA officials said their situation was not so different from being cut off on Earth, and their lives were not at risk. If they do not receive 6 supplies, the astronauts would have to 7 the station and return to Earth on the Soyuz capsule that is docked there.

Russia has been the sole lifeline to the ISS for almost two years when the United States grounded its 8 fleet after the fatal Columbia accident.

Russia has often 9 of its financial struggle to keep the ISS fully serviced single-handedly. Shuttle flights could 10 in May, officials have said, but in the meantime Russia will continue to launch all manned and cargo ships.

A) deficit D) allowance G) evacuate J) dock M) trivial

B) complained E)


H) absently K) resume N) evaluate

C) severely F) shuttle I) adequate L) vital O) fresh 2014英语六级新题型选词填空模拟题(一)

词汇理解模拟题:Passage One

Tea is the steady companion of the Scottish day. Each hotel, no matter how humble? stocks its rooms with supplies for brew-ups ('泡茶);electric pot for 1__________ water, ceramic pot for brewing, china cups and small tea-creamers, a great number of teas, honey, fresh milk, and lemons. This is a delight and 2__________ , for not only is there no such thing in American hotels, but room service even in 3__________ ones, when asked for tea with milk, can 4__________ a plastic kettle of hot water covered by a square of Saran Wrap, and a glass of milk.

It is nearing four o’clock in the afternoon. We come upon a small caravan camper with its door open to a late -middle -aged Scottish couple, sitting at a folding table, taking tea and biscuits. Passing by, one only has a 5__________ : his thick, white socks and heavy black shoes; her plump pear form and print dress; the electric kettle on the table. The archaeologists are 6__________ as to why the people of ancient Skara Brae would locate their huts so close to the sea, and have guessed that in fact the settlement was 7__________ located in a protected hollow, that time has eroded the shoreline inland toward the huts. That would make sense. Indeed, when presented at Skara Brae with the lure of a (an) 8__________ sea and the howling wind, we ourselves tucked into the hollow of a dune for lunch, eating cheese and apples in the sun with wind 9__________ our heads, blowing the sand into rippling ridges, flattening the beach grasses. Probably the archaeologists are right, but this utterly typical sense of Scottish 10__________ merrily planted at the edge of harsh cliffs,

afternoon tea conducted in the wind and cold, suggests another possibility.

A) deliver D) considerate G) astonishment J) domesticity M) respectable

B) sparkling E) slash H) glimpse K) cooperate N) glowing

C) confused F) immediately I) skimming L) boiling 0) originally


The typical pre-industrial family not only had a good many children, but numerous other dependents as well---grandparents, uncles, aunts and cousions. Such "extended" families were suited for survival in slow paced __1__ societies. But such families are hard to __2__. They are immobile.Industrialism demanded masses of workers ready and able to move off the land in pursuit of jobs, and to move again whenever necessary. Thus the extended family __3__ shed its excess weight and the so-called "nuclear" family emerged---a stripped-down, portable family unit __4__ only of parents and a small set of children. This new style family, far more __5__ than the traditional extended family, became the standard model in all the industrial counties. Super-industrialism, however, the next stage of eco-technological development, __6__ even higher mobility. Thus we may expect many among the people of the future to carry the streamlinling process, a stePfurther by remaining children, cutting the family down to its more __7__ components, aman and a woman. Two people, perhaps with matched careers, will prove more efficient at navigating through education and social status, through job changes and geographic relocations, than teh ordinarily child-cluttered family.A __8__ may be the postponement of children, rather than childlessness. Men and women today are often torn in __9__ between a commitment to career and a commitment to children. In the future, many __10__ will sidestePthis problem by deferring the entire task of raising children until after retirement.

A)transplant D)transport G)continually J)agricultural M)requires

B)solution E)elemental H)mobile K)including N)primary

C)gadually F)conflict I)couples L)compromise O)consisting


Nearly half the (1)__________ believes UFOs could be a (2) __________of extraterrestrial visitation.

A HuffPost/YouGov poll reveals that 48 percent of adults in the United States are open to the idea that alien spacecraft are observing our planet -- and just 35 percent outright (3)__________ the idea.

The poll was seen as vindication from the community of UFO researchers who often feel they are laughed off by government officials.

"It's always been intriguing to me how we act as though only kooks and quacks and little old ladies in tennis shoes believe in flying saucers. And it's never been true, at least for 30 or 40 years," said former nuclear physicist Stanton Friedman, who was the original

civilian investigator of the events surrounding the (4) __________Roswell, NM, UFO crash of 1947.

Friedman is very outspoken on the idea that some UFOs are (5)__________ controlled extraterrestrial vehicles.

"The believers are far more quiet, but far more on the side of reality," Friedman told The Huffington Post. "When you look at the polls, it's clear. And I see the benefit of that, (6)__________, because I've only had 11 hecklers in over 700 lectures. I've been out there, all over the place, in every state, 18 other countries, and I know that my (7) __________is more than tolerant -- they're accepting. It's been one of the things that really has kept me going."

In the HuffPost/YouGov poll, conducted between Sept. 6-7, 1,000 adults were asked if they either believed or didn't believe that some people have (8)__________ UFOs that have an extraterrestrial origin.

When YouGov offered (9)__________ the choice between "slightly disagree," "disagree" and "strongly disagree," those numbers added up to 35 percent who are skeptical of the notion that any UFOs may be alien-related.

However, nearly half of the adults surveyed (48 percent) resounded in the affirmative, leaving 16 percent who (10)__________ that they weren't sure on either side of the ET issue.

D:respondents G: population J: indicated M: witnessed A:


B:accept E: personally H:resposibility K: sign N: story

C: reject F: implied I: intelligently L: signal O: audience 2014六级新题型选词填空⑧啤酒肚的形成

It isn't just the beer that (1)__________ to beer bellies. It could also be the extra calories, fat and unhealthy eating choices that may come with (2) __________drinking.

A recent study found that men consume an (3)__________ 433 calories (equivalent to a McDonald's double cheeseburger) on days they drink a moderate amount of alcohol. About 61% of the caloric increase comes from the alcohol itself. Men also report eating higher amounts of saturated fats and meat, and less fruit and milk, on those days than on days when they aren't drinking, the study showed.

Women fared a bit better, taking in an extra 300 calories on moderate-drinking days, from the alcohol and eating fattier foods. But women's increase in calories from additional eating wasn't statistically significant, the study said.

'Men and women ate less healthily on days they drank alcohol,' said Rosalind Breslow, an epidemiologist with the federal National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and lead author of the study. 'Poorer food choices on drinking days have public-health (4)__________,' she said.

The findings dovetail with controlled lab studies in which (5)__________ generally eat more food after consuming alcohol. Researchers suggest that alcohol may enhance 'the short-term rewarding effects' of consuming food, according to a 2010 report in the journal

Physiology & Behavior that reviewed previous studies on alcohol, appetite and obesity.

But other studies have pointed to a different trend. Moderate drinkers gain less weight over time than either heavy drinkers or people who abstain from alcohol, particularly women, this research has shown. Moderate drinking is (6) __________having about two drinks a day for men and one for women.

'People who gain the least weight are moderate drinkers, regardless of [alcoholic] beverage choice,' said Eric Rimm, an associate professor of epidemiology and nutrition at Harvard Medical School and chairman of the 2010 review of alcohol in the federal dietary (7)__________. The weight-gain difference is modest, and 'starting to drink is not a weight-loss diet,' he said.

The various research efforts form part of a long-standing (8)__________ about how alcohol affects people's appetites, weight and overall health. Researchers say there aren't simple answers, and suggest that individuals' metabolism, drinking patterns and gender may play a role.

Alcohol is 'a real wild card when it comes to weight management,' said Karen Miller-Kovach, chief scientific officer of Weight Watchers International. At seven calories per gram, alcohol is closer to fat than to carbohydrate or protein in caloric content, she said. Alcohol tends to lower restraint, she notes, causing a person to become more (9)__________ with what they're eating.

Research bolstering the role of moderate drinking in helping to control weight gain was published in 2004 in the journal Obesity Research. That study followed nearly 50,000 women over eight years. An earlier study, published in the American Journal of Epidemiology in 1994, followed more than 7,000 people for 10 years and found that moderate drinkers gained less weight than nondrinkers. Studies comparing changes in waist circumference among different groups have yielded similar results.

Dr. Rimm said it isn't clear why moderate drinking may be (10)__________ against typical weight gain, but it could have to do with metabolic adjustments. After people drink alcohol, their heart rate increases so they burn more calories in the following hour.

'It's a modest amount,' he said. 'But if you take an individual that eats 100 calories instead of a glass of wine, the person drinking the glass of wine will have a slight increase in the amount of calories burned.'

A:indulgent D:considered G:guidelines J:index M:additional B:participants E:contributes H:protective K:implications N:experienced C:debate F:contest I:moderate L:considerate


Nice juicy Apple

ALTHOUGH he is still (1)__________ things up at Dell, an ailing computer-maker, Carl Icahn has found time to tilt at another tech titan. On August 13th the veteran shareholder activist (2) __________that he had built up a stake in Apple, though he stayed mum about exactly how many shares he had bought. Mr Icahn’s intentions, however, are crystal clear: he wants the consumer-electronics behemoth to expand plans to return some of its

whopping $147 billion of cash and marketable securities to shareholders.

Mr Icahn is also after more money at Dell, where he has been lobbying with allies against a (3)__________ buy-out plan put forward by Michael Dell, the firm’s founder, and Silver Lake, a private-equity firm. His pressing has already forced the buy-out group to raise its initial offer by over $350m, to $24.8 billion and he has taken his (4)__________ to the courts in a bid to extract an even higher price.

Other tech firms have been attracting the attention of activist investors too. Earlier this year ValueAct Capital, an investment fund, said it had built up a $2 billion stake in Microsoft. Jaguar Financial, a Canadian bank, has been (5)__________ fresh thinking at troubled BlackBerry, which announced on August 12th that it is exploring various (6) __________options, including alliances and a possible sale. And Elliott Management, a hedge fund, has been lobbying for change at NetApp, a data-storage firm that it thinks could do more to improve returns to (7)__________.

One reason tech firms have found themselves in activists’crosshairs is that, like Apple, some built up big cash piles during the economic downturn and have been slow to use the money. Financiers hope to get them to loosen their purse-strings faster and to pocket some of the cash. Mr Icahn wants Apple to increase and (8)__________ a share buy-back programme that is currently set to return $60 billion to shareholders by the end of 2015.

Another reason that tech firms make tempting targets for shareholder activists is that swift changes in technologies can trip up even the mightiest. Witness the case of Microsoft, which ruled the roost during the personal-computer era but has struggled to adapt to a world in which tablets and smartphones are all the rage. Investors hope to mint money by pushing companies to change more rapidly in response to such upheavals in their markets.

The rewards can be substantial. Egged on by Third Point, an activist hedge fund, Yahoo (9) __________Marissa Mayer as its new chief executive in July 2012. By the time she celebrated a year in the job last month, the troubled web giant’s share price had risen by over 70%. In July the hedge fund sold a big chunk of shares back to Yahoo. Mr Icahn thinks Apple’s share price, which closed at $499 on August 14th, could soar too if the firm follows his advice on buy-backs. He tweeted this week that he had had a “nice (10)__________” with Tim Cook, Apple’s boss, about his idea, though he did not say what Mr Cook thought of it. If Apple drags its feet, expect things to turn nasty.

A) shareholders D) battle G) exciting J) race M) accelerate

B) strategic E) conversation H) stirring K) revealed N) proposed

C) communication F) encouraging I) appointed L) method


A novel way of making computer memories, using bacteria FOR half a century, the (1) __________of progress in the computer industry has been to do more with less.

Moore's law famously observes that the number of transistors which can be crammed into a given space (2)__________ every 18 months.

The amount of data that can be stored has grown at a similar rate.

Yet as (3)__________ get smaller, making them gets harder and more expensive.

On May 10th Paul Otellini, the boss of Intel, a big American chipmaker, put the price of a new chip factory at around $10 billion.

Happily for those that lack Intel's resources, there may be a cheaper option—namely to mimic Mother Nature,

who has been building tiny (4)__________, in the form of living cells and their components, for billions of years, and has thus got rather good at it.

A paper published in Small, a nanotechnology journal , sets out the latest example of the (5)__________.

In it, a group of researchers led by Sarah Staniland at the University of Leeds, in Britain, describe using naturally occurring proteins to make arrays of tiny magnets, similar to those employed to store information in disk drives.

The researchers took their (6)__________ from Magnetospirillum magneticum, a bacterium that is sensitive to the Earth's magnetic field thanks to the presence within its cells of flecks of magnetite, a form of iron oxide.

Previous work has isolated the protein that makes these miniature compasses. Using genetic engineering, the team managed to persuade a different bacterium—Escherichia coli, a ubiquitous critter that is a workhorse of biotechnology—to (7)__________ this protein in bulk.

Next, they imprinted a block of gold with a microscopic chessboard pattern of chemicals.

Half the squares contained anchoring points for the protein.

The other half were left untreated as controls.

They then dipped the gold into a solution containing the protein, allowing it to bind to the treated squares, and dunked the whole lot into a heated (8)__________ of iron salts.

After that, they examined the results with an electron microscope.

Sure enough, groups of magnetite grains had materialised on the treated squares, shepherded into place by the bacterial protein.

In principle, each of these magnetic domains could store the one or the zero of a bit of information, according to how it was polarised.

Getting from there to a real computer memory would be a long road.

For a start, the grains of magnetite are not strong enough magnets to make a useful memory, and the size of each domain is huge by modern computing (9)__________.

But Dr Staniland reckons that, with enough tweaking, both of these objections could be dealt with.

The (10)__________ of this approach is that it might not be so capital-intensive as building a fab.

Growing things does not need as much kit as making them.

If the tweaking could be done, therefore, the result might give the word biotechnology a whole new meaning.

A) components D) compliments G) disadvantage J) resolution M) spirit

B) advantage E) essence H) doubles K) devices N) product

C) standards F) inspiration I) solution L) manufacture O) technique