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Abaqus+CAE+Procedure-流程介绍-入门级

ABAQUS CAE Procedures

A complete Abaqus analysis (also any FEM analysis) usually consists of three distinct stages: preprocessing, simulation, and postprocessing. These three stages are linked together by files as shown below:

Abaqus+CAE+Procedure-流程介绍-入门级

Preprocessing (Abaqus/CAE)

In this stage you must define the model of the physical problem and create an Abaqus input file. The model is usually created graphically using Abaqus/CAE or another preprocessor, although the Abaqus input file for a simple analysis can be created directly using a text editor. The preprocessing step is usually time consuming!!!!

Simulation (Abaqus/Standard or Abaqus/Explicit)

The simulation, which normally is run as a background process, is the stage in which Abaqus/Standard or Abaqus/Explicit (the Solvers) solves the numerical problem defined in the model. Examples of output from a stress analysis include displacements and stresses that are stored in binary files ready for postprocessing. Depending on the complexity of the problem being analyzed and the power of the computer being used, it may take anywhere from seconds to days to complete an analysis run.

Postprocessing (Abaqus/CAE)

You can evaluate the results once the simulation has been completed and the displacements, stresses, or other fundamental variables have been calculated. The evaluation is generally done interactively using the Visualization module of Abaqus/CAE or another postprocessor. The Visualization module, which reads the neutral binary output database file, has a variety of options for displaying the results, including color contour plots, animations, deformed shape plots, and X–Y plots.

An Abaqus model (a FEM model) is composed of several different components that together describe the physical problem to be analyzed and the results to be obtained.

At a minimum the analysis model consists of the following information:

o discretized geometry,

o element section properties,

o material data,

o loads and boundary conditions,

o analysis type,

o output requests

To start Abaqus/CAE, you enter the command

abaqus cae

at your operating system prompt, where abaqus is the command used to run Abaqus. This command may be different on your system. For Windows O.S. you can press the shortcut icon

When Abaqus/CAE begins, the Start Session dialog box appears as shown in Figure 2–1. The following session startup options are available:

?Create Model Database allows you to begin a new analysis.

?Open Database allows you to open a previously saved model or output database file.

?Run Script allows you to run a file containing Abaqus/CAE commands.

?Start Tutorial allows you to begin an introductory tutorial from the online documentation.

Figure 2–1 The Start Session dialog box.

Abaqus+CAE+Procedure-流程介绍-入门级

2.2.2 Components of the main window

You interact with Abaqus/CAE through the main window. Figure 2–2 shows the components that appear in the main window.

Figure 2–2 Components of the main window.

Abaqus+CAE+Procedure-流程介绍-入门级

The components are:

Title bar

The title bar indicates the version of Abaqus/CAE you are running and the name of the current model database.

Menu bar

The menu bar contains all the available menus; the menus give access to all the functionality in the product. Different menus appear in the menu bar depending on which module you selected from the context bar. For more information, see “Components of the main menu bar,” Section 2.2.2 of the Abaqus/CAE User's Manual.

Toolbars

The toolbars provide quick access to items that are also available in the menus. For more information, see “Components of the toolbars,” Section 2.2.3 of the Abaqus/CAE User's Manual.

Context bar

Abaqus/CAE is divided into a set of modules, where each module allows you to work on one aspect of your model; the Module list in the context bar allows you to move between these modules. Other items in the context bar are a function of the module in which you are working; for example, the context bar allows you to retrieve an existing part while creating the geometry of the model. For more information, see “The context bar,” Section 2.2.4 of the Abaqus/CAE User's Manual.

Model Tree

The Model Tree provides you with a graphical overview of your model and the objects that it contains, such as parts, materials, steps, loads, and output requests. In addition, the Model Tree provides a convenient, centralized tool for moving between modules and for managing objects. If your model database contains more than one model, you can use the Model Tree to move between models. When you become familiar with the Model Tree, you will find that you can quickly perform most of the actions that are found in the main menu bar, the module toolboxes, and the various managers. For more information, see “Working with the Model Tree and the Results Tree,” Section 3.5 of the Abaqus/CAE User's Manual.

Results Tree

The Results Tree provides you with a graphical overview of your output databases and other session-specific data such as X–Y plots. If you have more than one output database open in your session, you can use the Results Tree to move between output databases. When you become familiar with the Results Tree, you will find that you can quickly perform most of the actions in the Visualization module that are found in the main menu bar and the toolbox. For more information, see “An overview of the Results Tree,” Section 3.5.2 of the Abaqus/CAE User's Manual.

Toolbox area

When you enter a module, the toolbox area displays tools in the toolbox that are appropriate for that module. The toolbox allows quick access to many of the module functions that are also available from the menu bar. For more information, see “Understanding and using toolboxes,” Section 3.3 of the Abaqus/CAE User's Manual.

Canvas and drawing area

The canvas can be thought of as an infinite screen or bulletin board on which you post viewports; for more information, see Chapter 4, “Managing viewports on the canvas,” of the Abaqus/CAE User's Manual. The drawing area is the visible portion of the canvas. Viewport

Viewports are windows on the canvas in which Abaqus/CAE displays your model. For more information, see Chapter 4, “Managing viewports on the canvas,” of the Abaqus/CAE User's Manual.

Prompt area

The prompt area displays instructions for you to follow during a procedure; for example, it asks you to select the geometry as you create a set. For more information, see “Using the prompt area during procedures,” Section 3.1 of the Abaqus/CAE User's Manual.

Message area

Abaqus/CAE prints status information and warnings in the message area. To resize the message area, drag the top edge; to see information that has scrolled out of the message area, use the scroll bar on the right side. The message area is displayed by default, but it uses the same space occupied by the command line interface. If you have recently used the command line interface, you must click the tab in the bottom left corner of the main window to activate the message area.

Note: If new messages are added while the command line interface is active,

Abaqus/CAE changes the background color surrounding the message area icon to red. When you display the message area, the background reverts to its normal color. Command line interface

You can use the command line interface to type Python commands and evaluate mathematical expressions using the Python interpreter that is built into Abaqus/CAE. The interface includes primary (>>>) and secondary (...) prompts to indicate when you must indent commands to comply with Python syntax.

The command line interface is hidden by default, but it uses the same space occupied by the message area. Click the tab in the bottom left corner of the main window to switch from the message area to the command line interface. Click the tab to return to the message area.