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衍生词汇自测

第一章合成词

第一节直接构词

1课时

1、 embed

bud

embody

abide

obedient

obey

debt

indebted

bankrupt

beard

stubborn

breakdown

breakfast

outbreak

daybreak

unbroken

bit

bite

abet

heading

headmaster

headquarters

overhead

aircraft

air-conditioning

aerial

aeroplane

aerospace

booklet

blackmail

blacksmith

membership

baggage

luggage

garbage

beg

beggar

blunder bleach

blink

wink twinkle tablet chancellor exchange necklace necessitate necessity appease courage discourage encourage skyscraper skirt outskirts overcoat citizen intake deadlock deadly undo

hide hideous hood footstep downtown runway keyboard icicle

icing

scold beach

bow

elbow

bake

bakery

bold

boiler bland

nod

cub

cube

antenna

abuse

disabuse

usage

usher

unusual

utensil

utility

fixture

prefix

tax

taxi

2课时

fax

fox

outfox

equal

equality equation

equity

equator

ally

allied

alloy

unalloyed allowance

alley

allot

disillusion ailment

earn

earnest

overhear rehearsal

aural earthquake earthenware hearth

uneasy

favor

favorable disfavor

fever highway heighten almighty

lay

layman

allay

layer

layoff layout

relay

heal

health healthy outlaw unload loudspeaker hold

holder uphold dismay mayor

groom

broom

hop

hap

mishap haphazard evergreen nevertheless beverage shipyard superb superiority supper spokesman speech standard standpoint outstanding stair staircase downstairs upstairs historian

historic historical rainbow

raincoat

terrain

drunk

tiresome

retire

trust

trustee

entrust troublesome wayward

subway

sway

3课时

wooden

width

wade

outweigh

wake

waken

awake

weak

weaken

weakness waterproof watertight watershed whitewash

wit

waiter

await

witch

wizard ownership insomnia

rim

brim

grim

malaria

malice

malignant

maltreat

dismal

melancholy

grace

graceful

gracious

disgrace

gray

borderline

enlarge

fiber

fabric

第二节间接构词

第一小节

1单元 cut

一、砍,切

1、 cutlery

execute

execution

persecute

prosecute

technician

technique

2、activate

activist

activity

actual

react

reaction

enact

exact

interact

practicable

practically

3、 kite

kitten

kitchen

kettle

4、tuck

token

itch

ditch

yacht

5、jack

hijack

jockey

juice

adjacent

jet

rejoice

2单元 face

facet

interface

facility

official

mischief

3单元 family

feminine

feminist

famine

infamous

4单元 fit

fitting

outfit

profit

fate

5单元 home

homogeneous

homage

6单元 pub

republican

pebble

4课时

7单元 her

一、家

1、家

herb

hermit

adhere

adhesive

cohesive

coherent

heroic

heroine

2、继承

hereditary

hierarchy

8单元 set

suitcase

suite

settlement

situated

sitting

parasite

setting

9单元 the

theme

theoretical

thesis

aesthetic

cathedral

Catholic

第二小节

1单元 add

一、增加

addition

additive

二、听和说

audio

audit

auditorium

auditory

2单元 auto

一、自动

autobiography

automatic

automation

automobile

autumn

二、写

authoritative

3单元 back

一、房子,后方

cab

cabinet

beckon

bacon

bachelor

二、圆形

bucket

buckle

bouquet

beak

4单元 ball

1、球形

bald

bold

balcony

bully

2、螺号,细长

bell

rebellion

bellow

bolt

5单元 bank

banner

banish

banquet

6单元 bar

一、木棒和木板

1、木棒

barricade

bare

barren

barter

bark

embargo

embarrassment

barrack

barbecue

barometer

rob

robe

rib

ribbon

rub

rubber

rubbish

ruby

scrub

shrub

2、木板

embark

barge

barber

7单元 base

一、基础,低下

basis

baseball

basement

embassy

bass

basin

shabby

sob

sober

sabotage

5课时

二、容器

busy

business

bustle

8单元 bat

一、武器,战斗

bat

batter

battery

battlefield

debate

acrobat

taboo

二、容器,栅栏

1、容器

bathtub

batch

probate

probation

tub

2、栅栏

habitat

inhabit

inhibit

prohibit

9单元 come

一、家,共同

1、家

comic

commonplace

2、来

income

outcome

overcome

comet

comfort

comb

comma

commentary

二、多

machine

machinery

mechanical

10单元 cap

capsule

chapel

occupancy

11单元 door

一、落日

1、日落

ordinary

subordinate

infrared

dormitory

diary

odor

2、下坠

dressing

undress

harden

hardware

hardy

dairy

dwarf

hoard

hurdle

二、行走

1、走

ride

override

bride

ridge

ridiculous

riddle

corridor

corrode

rod

dread

dreadful

2、路

breadth

broadcast

12单元 date

一、落日回家

database

editorial

tidy

二、审判

judge

judgment

judicial

prejudice

jade

13单元 god

一、神,上帝

gossip

gospel

二、向下挖掘

digit

diagnosis

14单元 gene

general

generally

ingenious

gentle

gentleman

degenerate

nightmare

overnight

fortnight

6课时

15单元 ground

guardian

regarding

regardless

garden

gardener

yard

yarn

yearn

16单元 lady

dealer

ordeal

mislead

17单元 line

linear

outline

linen

liner

18单元 more

一、多

morale

memorial

memorize

memoir

memo

commemorate

remorse

merry

armor

army

二、水

1、水

mere

submerge

immerse

marine

submarine

maritime

marsh

2、贸易

merchandise

19单元 mass

一、水汇集成池

1、集中

mass

massacre

massage

mash

seam

summit

sympathetic

sympathize

symphony

proximity

approximate

assembly

ensemble

resemblance

disseminate

semester

summary

summarize

simmer

2、相同

similarly

simply

simplify

symmetry

二、分离

missing

missile

missionary

miserable

presumably

measurement

measurable

20单元 mother

一、母亲,家

1、母亲

majestic

majesty

二、日晷(时间,刻度,移动)

1、时间

timely

intimidate

ultimatum

2、移动

mob

mobilize

removal

vomit

21单元 pan

pane

panorama

companion

company

22单元 rail

一、栅栏

ruler

realistic

reality

realize

二、滚动

roll

roller

payroll

23单元 run

irony

ironically

ignorance

7课时

24单元 side

1、栅栏

consider

considerable

consideration

president

reside

residential

subside

subsidize

subsidiary

2、侧面

sideways

aside

upside-down

persuasion

shade

shadow

shady

25单元 sun

personnel

prisoner

26单元 ship

passage

passenger

passport

overpass

pasture

27单元 tall

一、高

latter

latent

bilateral

intelligible

二、武器

literal

literary

tail

tailor

retaliate

28单元 tour

一、行走

1、行走,旅行

detour

overturn

turnover

U-turn

eternal

turnip

aftermath

overthrow

二、武器

1、打猎

exert

hurt

2、刻划

rating

ration

ratify

3、艺术,人工

artistic

artery

artillery

dart

29单元 visa

一、看

1、visa

vision

revise

revision

envisage

2、view

viewpoint

preview

30单元 war

一、战争

1、战争

warfare

warrior

warrant

warranty

wear

underwear

weary

2、扭曲

ware

warehouse

wary

beware

awareness

warp

31单元 wall

wholesome

wholly

commonwealth

第三小节

1单元 bed

一、包

abdomen

bead

二、双

badminton

badge

dub

dubious

doubtful

doubtless

undoubtedly

8课时

2单元 call

一、喊叫

calf

calm

cynical

calculator

acclaim

exclaim

alcoholic

二、家,圈子

1、 classic

classical

classify

classification

closet

enclosure

inclusive

conclude

preclude

cloud

cloudy

clasp

2、locality

location

locomotive

allocate

lace

elicit

relic

ulcer

cloak

3、quality

qualify

qualification

qualitative

quilt

4、cell

cellar

excel

excellent

calcium

calamity

chalk

3单元 can

一、家

kin

kindergarten

二、河,水罐

canyon

canoe

cane

canvas

cannon

三、能

cancel

4单元 cave

一、洞穴

1、洞穴

cave

cavern

cavity

cavalry

evacuate

discovery

recover

recovery

2、家园

civilize

civilization

vicinity

二、声音

vocal

vocabulary

vocational

provocative

provoke

evoke

revoke

havoc

5单元 doctor

1、权力

kid

kidnap

kidney

duke

6单元 down 1、向下

handful

handsome

handwriting

handy

hound

2、向后

ending

endurance

blend

surrender

7单元 fall

一、落叶

downfall

falter

unfold

二、流水

fellow

fellowship

filter

filth

8单元 fish

soft

safeguard

9单元 game

image

imaginary

imagination

imaginative

9课时

10单元 give

一、生命

vague

vogue

二、给予

vegetable

vegetarian

vegetation

misgiving

extravagant 三、管理

govern

governor

11单元 limit

一、栅栏

limited

二、千

mile

mileage

million

billion

millionaire

millimeter

12单元 pair

一、并列

pair

repair

impair

paradox

parlor

parade

apparently

compare

comparable

comparative

paperback

二、前面

1、前面

opera

operational

operator

cooperative

peril

disperse

experimental

percussion

repercussion

emperor

apparatus

paradise

permit

permission

2、每一个

per

perch

period

periodic

permeate

13单元 put

一、放,拍

1、放

deputy

input

output

opt

optional

optimum

optimize

adoption

optical

optimism

photograph

apt

aptitude

empty

exempt

prompt

repeatedly

repetition

2、拍

puppet

petty

competition

competitive

competence

impetus

petition

petal

pat

patience

pathetic

patch

dispatch

tape

typewriter

typist

stereotype

prototype

二、容器

pot

potent

depot

pit

pitfall

pity

三、顶端

topical

topple

isotope

10课时

14单元 rise

rise

uprising

arise

reasonable

sore

sorrow

15单元 sail

1、卖

exile

sale

salesman

salon

saloon

2、盐

salad

solvent

solution

soluble

resolution

salvage

salvation

三、唯一

sole

solar

solitary

solitude

solo

solemn

console

solidify

solidarity

desolate

solicit

solicitor

第四小节

1单元 car

一、房子

scarcely

race

racial

racism

terrace

quarter

quarterly

inquire

inquiry

require

requirement

acquire

conquer

reproach

precarious

caretaker

caress

curiosity

queer

二、车船

cargo

caravan

cart

cartoon

carton

cartridge

carpenter

carpet

discharge

characteristic

characterize

carriage

carrier

chart

rack

racket

reckless

rock

三、弯曲

arc

arch

archaeology

architect

architecture

anarchist

arctic

antarctic

crimson

discriminate

2单元 case

一、家,社会

socialism

socialist

sociology

二、箱子

1、cash

cashier

cassette

2、sacred

三、河流,源头

1、源头,原因

quest

quiz

sequence

consequence

consequent

consequently

subsequent

request

conquest

acquisition

exquisite

11课时

2、河流

succeed

success

succession

successive

successor

consecutive

squad

squadron

squirrel

squat

3单元 far

一、劳动场所

forest

ford

fairy

二、前方,远方

farther

furthermore

fare

farewell

refreshment

foreigner

forfeit

freelance

三、前面,事先

forehead

foreground

forerunner

foresee

forever

beforehand

4单元 live

1、生命

livestock

liver

proliferate

2、价值

valuable

revalue

evaluate

invalid

avail

5单元 man

一、男人

1、男人

manly

mankind

manner

mansion

maneuver

mentality

menu

commence

commencement

menace

main

mainland

maintenance

remainder

remnant

domain

dominion

meantime

meanwhile

monument

2、手工

manual

manuscript

dismantle

3、名字

nickname

nominal

nominate

economy

economical

autonomy

autonomous

synonym

antonym

noun

announce

announcement

announcer

denounce

pronoun

pronunciation

renounce

unanimous

二、集体劳动

1、数量

numb

numerical

numerous

innumerable

2、管理

manage

management

manager

3、公共

communal

communism

communist

ammunition

三、月亮

1、唯一

moon

monstrous

monarchy

monk

monastery

12课时

2、小

miniature

minimal

minimize

reminiscent

undermine

minor

minority

minus

mingle

imminent

ministry

administer

四、山

mountain

mount

mound

mineral

mint

6单元 n o t

一、河,水罐

1、河

continual

continuity

continuous

contingent

2、水罐

tin

tiny

二、记号,标志

notation

notice

noticeable

denote

tenant

lieutenant

teenager

7单元 N

一、否定

snob

noodle

needle

二、里面

inn

inner

三、一个

alone

lonely

none

anniversary

四、阳光

honorable

honest

五、新

newscaster

newsreel

renew

第二章变形词

第一节

1单元 cut

1、catalog

cautious

hatch

connection

biscuit

cottage

thatch

2、quota

quotation

2单元 face

proficient

deficit

fake

chauffeur

cuff

3单元 fine

infinite

definite

definitely

definition

definitive

fin

financial

fan

fanatic

fantasy

fantastic

infantry

malfunction

funeral

fountain

4单元 fit

feat

refute

futile

feather

fetch

5单元 home

hem

ham

hammer

13课时

6单元 set

一、栅栏

1、栅栏,放

shot

shoot

shatter

sheet

shutter

shuttle

tissue

tease

2、家

soothe

enthusiasm

enthusiastic

3、仓库

satisfy

satisfaction

satisfactory

satire

第二节

1单元 ball

bulge

bowl

bowel

billow

bail

2单元 bank

一、河

bone

bunch

bunk

bean

bin

bench

二、银行

beneficial

benevolent

benign

bonus

bounty

3单元 bar

一、木棒和木板

beer

bourgeois

borough

bureau

borrow

burial

二、生育和打破

abortion

burrow

berg

burglar

4单元 base

一、基础,低下

bush

obscene

obsession

boss

二、容器

bosom

5单元 bat

一、武器,战斗

beat

bout

bother

arbitrary

butcher

butt

button

debut

butterfly

boot

6单元 come

1、家

cemetery

cumulative

chimney

2、来

camera

incumbent

7单元 cap

一、叶子,扁平

copyright

chap

cheap

pace

reciprocal

二、容器

cop

copper

coup

opaque

equip

equipment

picnic

8单元 date idiot

9单元 food

一、食物

fiddle

confide

confident

federation

fidelity

二、日落

deaf

defy

defiance

10单元 god

一、神

indignation

二、向下,挖掘

dig

digest

dagger

edge

hedge

dodge

ledge

dough

14课时

11单元 gene

一、基因,内部

original

originate

二、河

1、gain

against

antagonism

hygiene

gun

gown

hang

hinge

2、naughty

negligence

12单元 ground

germ

inaugurate

rouge

regiment

regulation

regular

irregular

arrogant

garrison

guerrilla

garment

gorgeous

gear

garage

rag

ragged

rug

rugby

rig

13单元 gas

一、狼烟,气体

gas

gasoline

gasp

gush

gust

gash

anguish

guess

ghost

sigh

sag

gaze

二、包围

siege

besiege

sugar

14单元 lady

一、女主人

lad

ladder

dole

idol

adolescent

indulge

lid

dial

dialog

huddle

二、家

dwell

allude

delusion

15单元 line

alienate

lunar

lenient

lantern

balance

lawn

16单元 more

一、多

marry

marriage

married

marital

marvel

marvelous

march

marshal

martial

marginal

miracle

miraculous

admiral

stammer

myriad

murder

murderer

二、水

roam

ramp

rampant

rumble

17单元 mass

一、聚积

muscle

muscular

masculine

moustache

二、分离

messenger

muzzle

15课时

18单元 mother 一、母亲,家1、母亲

smother

maternal

jam

mammal

mumble

murmur

materialism

mature

premature

metro

mathematical

mathematics

arithmetic

mutton

2、母亲所生的一群孩子

inmate

imitation

tame

3、聚集在一起

mat

mattress

tumor

二、时间,移动,离开

1、时间

tempo

rhythm

rhyme

2、移动

motel

commotion

motto

motivate

metaphor

omit

intermittent

jump

mutter

contaminate

temperate

temperament

metal

metallic

thump