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动物(34):animal

cat dog hen cow bee ant eel fox pig duck fish bird bear frog lion goat chick horse snake sheep rabbit mouse(mice) monk ey猴子panda熊猫elephant大象giraffe长颈鹿turtle乌龟kangaroo袋鼠zebra斑马crocodile鳄鱼spider蜘蛛parrot鹦鹉tiger老虎rooster公鸡

水果(12):fruit

apple苹果banana香蕉pear梨orange桔子watermelon西瓜pineapple 菠萝

peach桃lemon柠檬mango芒果grape葡萄coconut椰子

食物(11):food

cake蛋糕candy糖果ice cream冰激淋bread面包egg鸡蛋pizza比萨sausage香肠meal饭 rice米饭water水 milk牛奶juice果汁蔬菜(6):vegetable

pea豌豆carrot胡萝卜onion洋葱bean豆,蚕豆potato马铃薯tomato 西红柿

颜色(11):colour(color)

人称代词及物主代词表格填空

语法练习 2009-06-09 15:26 阅读660 评论0

字号:大大中中小小

人称代词物主代词

主格

形容

词性

词性

我I我的my

你,你们

yo

u

你的,你们的

you

rs

hi

m

他的his

sh

e

她的

her

s

它it它的its 我们us我们的our

他(她,它)们th

ey

他(她,它)

们的

the

irs

red white black orange green yellow pink blue grey(gray)灰色purple紫色brown棕色

交通工具(8):

bus公共汽车bike自行车car小汽车jeep吉普车plane飞机

ship train boat

地点(28):place

school学校classroom教室playground操场kindergarten幼儿园shop商店bookshop书店zoo动物园park公园garden花园farm农场beach海滨sea 海洋

bus stop公共汽车站bus station汽车站street街道swimming pool游泳池

bedroom卧室bathroom浴室kitchen厨房dining-room餐厅

living room=sitting room客厅

class house room home window door

与学校相关的词(15):

book pen pencil ruler eraser bag knife brush blackboard pen cil-box pencil-case homework desk chair table

数字(49):number

one two three four five six seven eight nine ten eleven tw elve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen ninetee n twenty twenty-one twenty-two twenty-three twenty-four twenty -five twenty-six twenty-seven twenty-eight twenty-nine thirty thir ty-one thirty-two

thirty-three thirty-four thirty-five thirty-six thirty-seven thirty-ei ght thirty –nine forty forty-one forty-two

forty-three forty-four forty-five forty-six forty-seven forty-eight forty–nine

动词(53):

come go run hop see say read write have make sit stand play eat do colour meet look(look

at) swim find like draw dance sing jump ask问keep保留,保持walk 走give给buy买paint涂,画rhyme押韵show出示clap拍climb爬skate滑冰let让match连线catch抓住count数stop停止kick踢take拿,取bounce 拍,跳动touch触,摸talk讲话,谈话sleep睡觉welcome欢迎tell告诉watch 观看wash洗,冲brush刷,擦wear穿

形容词、反义词(24):

big大的small小的little小的new新的old旧的,老的young年青的long 长的short短的,矮的tall高的happy快乐的sad悲伤的hot热的cold冷的left

左边的right右边的,正确的wrong错误的quick快的slow慢的

nice美好的bad坏的good好的best最好的great伟大的beautiful美丽的

衣服(16):

dress连衣裙short短裤skirt短裙jacket夹克衫T-shirt短袖衫trousers 长裤vest背心jean牛仔裤shirt男式衬衫blouse女式衬衫shoe鞋sock短袜hat礼帽cap鸭舌帽glasses眼镜handbag女用皮包

身体(17):body

face脸nose鼻子eye眼睛ear耳朵hair头发mouth嘴foot(feet)

脚tooth(teeth)牙齿leg腿arm hand手head 头neck脖子back后背knee 膝盖toes脚趾shoulder肩膀

名字(27):name

Amy Cathy Bill Tom Nick Sam Pat Sue Kim May Peter girl boy child children friend teacher mum dad pupil小学生man男人men男人复woman女人women女人复people人,人们queen女王cook厨师

人称代词(7):

I我you你/你们he他she她it它we我们they他们/她们/它们

物主代词(7):

my我的your你的/你们的his他的her她的its它的our我们的their他们的/她们的/它们的

代词:

this这个that那个these这些those那些here这儿there那儿

特殊疑问词:

what什么where在哪里who谁which哪一个

介词:

on在…里in在…上at behind to after for with of by

问好词:

hi hello hey Good morning Good afternoon Good evening Good night Glad/Nice to meet you!

其他词语:

afternoon午后noon正午evening傍晚

breakfast早餐lunch午餐dinner正餐supper晚餐

sun太阳moon月亮star星星cloud云 rain下雨

ball球balloon气球football足球basketball篮球baseball棒球badminton 羽毛球

am,is,are是can能,会or或者all全部的any任何的some一些

very非常please请just仅仅,只是same一样,同样often经常want 想要

up向上down向下again再,又another又一个

flag旗kite风筝yo-yo悠悠球lamp台灯box盒子umbrella雨伞sofa沙发picture图画card卡片doll洋娃娃toy玩具present礼物bamboo竹子flower花grass草tree树tea茶mirror镜子watch手表camera照像机bathtub 鱼缸clock时钟map地图phone电话telephone电话fan风扇bed床live居住bath淋浴work工作computer计算机game 游戏am上午pm下午time时间thank谢谢glad高兴的start开始begin

开始finish结束forward向前space空间year年thing事情fun有趣的word单词letter字母story故事pair双,对know知道idea主意about关于sound声音action表演song歌Lhasa拉萨America(USA)美国pet宠物Indian印第安人contest比赛,竟赛family家,家庭stick棍,棒whose谁的maybe可能,大概fly飞,苍蝇turn 转,机会

短语:

climb up向上爬go bike-riding骑自行车go swimming游泳go skating 滑冰watch TV看电视play computer games玩电脑游戏play hide-and-seek 捉迷藏play football踢足球 play basketball打篮球 play baseball打棒球

play badminton打羽毛球

jump……to 跳到run……to跑到hop……to单腿跳到walk……to走到stop here 走到这里 write down写下来

have fun 玩的愉快,过得开心You′re welcome不客气

do homework 写家庭作业 do one′s homework做某人的作业

play with +东西玩某物例:play with a cat

play with +人例:play with my mum

paint+东西+颜色把东西涂成什么颜色 paint the blackboard black

colour+东西+颜色

wash my face 洗我的脸brush my teeth 刷牙

have a meal 吃一顿饭 eat meals吃饭

have breakfast吃早饭 have lunch吃午饭 have supper吃晚饭

a pair of 一双,一对 a glass of 一杯

on Children′s Day在儿童节 on New Year′s Day在新年,元旦

on Teacher′s Day在教师节 put on穿上、戴上

dress for Children′s Day为儿童节打扮

tell a story 讲故事 climb the tree爬树 read books读书/看书brush their teeth 刷他们的牙 play a game 做游戏

eat grass吃草 keep a pet 养宠物Great Wall 长城

at home在家go home 回家 in the bedroom在卧室里on foot 步行

I don′t know 我不知道 go to the Great Wall去长城

do an action 表演一个节目 sing a song唱一首歌

many people许多人 an arm 一只胳膊 family contest 家庭比赛

come on 加油from…to…从…到…be from 来自 come from来自

how old几岁了,多大年纪 in English用英语 in Chinese用汉语

Miss a turn 错过一次机会Go again再来一次Go ahead去吧,前进Sing a song 唱一首歌Sing an ABC song唱字母歌Fly away飞走

take a bath 洗澡== have a bath 洗澡Here you are.给你

What time is it? = What′s the time ?

What about you ? == How about you ?

语法:

一、冠词

冠词是一种虚词,放在名词的前面。冠词分为不定冠词和定冠词两种。a(an)是不定冠词,a用在辅音之前,an用在元音之前。the是定冠词,在辅音前读[e?],在元音前读[ei] 。

1、不定冠词的用法

①用于可数名词的单数形式前,指人或事物的某一种类。例:

She is a girl.

②指某人或某物,但不具体说明何人或何物。例:A boy is looking for you.

③表示―一‖这个数量,但数的概念没有one强烈。

④用于某些固定的词组中。例:a few, a little

2、定冠词的用法

①特指某(些)人或某(些)事物。例:The book on the desk is mine.

②指双方都知道的人或事物。例:Where are the new books, Jim?

③指上文提过的人或事物。例:This is a cat. The cat is white.

④用在世界上独一无二的事物前。例:The sun is big.

⑤用在由普通名词构成的专有名词前。例:the Great Wall

⑥在一些习惯用语中。例:in the morning on the left

3、不用冠词的情况

①在专有名词前。例:China,Bill Smith

②名词前已有定语用的this,that,my,your,some,any等代词。例:Come this way,please.

③复数名词表示一类人或事物时。例:My

father and mother are teachers.

④在星期、月份、季节、节日前。例:It is Sunday today.

⑤在称呼语或表示头衔的名词前。例:What colour are Miss Green′s shoes?

⑥在三餐饭和球类运动的名称前。例:Can you play basketball?

二、名词

名词分为专有名词和普通名词两类。专有名词是个别的人、事物、地点等专有的名称。如:Lucy,China,the Great Wall。专有名词的第一个字母要大写。

名词按其所表示的事物的性质分为可数名词与不可数名词。可数名词有复数形式。不可数名词一般没有复数形式。

㈠名词复数的构成

①一般情况,在词尾直接加s。

②以s,x,sh,ch为结尾的词加es。

③以辅音字母加y结尾的,变y为i加es。

④以f,fe结尾的,变成ves。

⑤不规则变化,如fish—fish sheep—sheep mouse—mice foot—feet

child—children tooth—teeth man—men woman—women

㈡名词所有格:加′s,译成某人的例如:Linda′s book

三、代词

①人称代词

英语

②物主代词

英语

Ⅰ一般现在时

一般现在时表示现在的状态,表示经常的或习惯性的动作;表示主语具备的性格和能力等。

1)主语(第一人称、第二人称、复数人称时I,you,we,they…)+动词原形+……如:I watch TV in the living room.

2)主语(第三人称单数时)+动词单三形式+……

如:She wants a book.

动词的第三人称单数形式(用于主语是第三人称单数时he,she,it)

①一般情况下,直接加s。

②以s,x,sh,ch,为结尾的词加es.

③辅音+y结尾的,变y为i加es。

④不规则变化,have---has am,are---is go---goes do---does

Ⅱ一般现在进行时

陈述句:主语+ be(am,is,are)+现在分词(doing)

如:He is taking a bath.

一般现在进行时的特殊疑问句:What +be+主语+doing?

例:What′s the hen doing? It′s telling a story.

What is the tiger doing? The tiger is sleeping.

现在分词的构成:

①一般在动词末尾加ing。

②以不发音e结尾的,去e再加ing。

③以一个元音字母加一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节单词,双写末尾的辅音字母再加ing。

Ⅲ提问数量

用How many + 可数名词复数+ are there + 地点?提问

例:How many girls are there in the classroom?

用There is/are 回答:

There is + 可数名词单数(或不可数名词)

There are + 可数名词复数

Ⅳ一般疑问句

一般是指用Yes 或No回答的疑问句。

助动词/be动词/情态动词+主语+动词原形+……?

例:1、I like apples.

变否定句I don′t like apples.

一般疑问句Do you like apples?

回答Yes, I do. No, I don′t.

变否定句They don′t like apples.

一般疑问句Do They like apples?

回答Yes, they do. No, they don′t.

3、I have a dog.

一般疑问句Do you have a dog?

4、I can see a big book.

一般疑问句Can you see a big book?

回答Yes, I can. No, I can′t.

5、She can write.

Can she write?

6、She is a girl.

Is she a girl.

7、I am a teacher.

Are you a teacher?

一般疑问句Is this a rabbit?

回答Yes, it is . No, it isn′t.

9、I have a stick.== I have got a stick.

一般疑问句Do you have a stick? = Have you got a stick?

肯定回答Yes, I do. Yes, I have.

否定回答No, I don′t.No, I haven′t.

10、He has got two sticks.

Has he got two sticks.

11、He has two sticks.

Does he have two sticks.

Ⅴ特殊疑问句

由特殊疑问词what,who,which,where,how many+一般疑问句,构成特殊疑问句

What′s it? It′s a sheep.

What′s this? It′s a nose.

What′s this in English? This is hair in English.

What are they? They are rabbits.

What can you see? I can see a big book.

What class are you in? I′m in Class One.

What′s your number? I′m Number One.

What′s your name? My name is Li Lei.

What do you like? I like animals.

What animals do you like? I like cats.

What′s Bobby doing? He′s taking a bath.

What time is it? ==What′s the time? It′s8 pm.

What food are they? They′re carrots.

What′s in the pizza ? There are some peas in the pizza. What food do you like? I like sausages.

What do you like to wear? I like to wear a jacket.

I like shorts. 变否定句:I don′t like shorts.

What do you like to wear (wearing) on Children′s Day.

I′d like to wear a pair of shorts and a T-shirt .

Who is playing football? We are playing football.

Who′s your best friend? Linda is my best friend.

Where can you wash your face? I can wash my face

in the bathroom.

Which shoe is Liu Peng′s ?==Which is Liu Peng′s shoe?

The red one (shoe ) is Liu Peng′s.

Where are you from? I′m from China.

Where do you come from? I come from China.

How old are you ? I′m9 years old.

Whose book is it ? It′s my book.

Ⅵ一般将来时

be going to 打算、计划、决定要做的事情

Where are you going ?

I′m going to Dalian.

How are you going there?

I′m going there by train.

剑桥少儿英语一级上(1)

单词整理 2009-06-16 14:45 阅读2082 评论0

字号:大大中中小小

一语音知识

1.掌握五个元音字母在重读闭音节中的发音。

a---/?/ e----/e/ i----/i/ o----/﹞/ u---/∧/

2.掌握五个元音字母在开音节中的发音:

a--/ei/ e--/i:/ i--/ai/ o--/зu/ u--/ju:/

*字母o在n m v前也读/∧/ eg none some love

u在l r j后也读/u:/ eg blue ruler June