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东北农业大学--大学英语第三册网上作业题--答案

东北农业大学网络教育学院

大学英语第三册网上作业题

一、单项选择题

1. He is watching TV? He is __B___ to be cleaning his room.

A) known B) supposed C) regarded D) considered

2. The Smiths decided to __D___ a boy and a girl though they already had three children.

A) adapt B) bring C) receive D) adopt

3. The newspaper didn’t mention the _A__ of the damage caused by the fire.

A) range B) level C) extent D) quantity

4. We can not trust him any more because he often ___D_____ his duty.

A) owes B) spoils C) deserts D) neglects

5. In order to increase our output, we need to import more production ___A____.

A) facilities B) hens C) votes D) artists

6. Free medical service is ___B____ to nearly all the college students in China.

A) favorite B) available C) convenient D) average

7. Iron supplements may produce a feeling of wanting to __B__ , and may be poisonous in some cases.

A) throw away B) throw up C) throw in D) throw out

8. Grant Wood instantly __C__ to fame in 1930 with his painting American Gothic, an often-copied interpretation of the solemn pride of American farmers.

A) arise B) rise C) rose D) raised

9. James Montgomery is famous for his army __B__ posters of World Wars I and II.

A) recruited B) recruiting C) recruit D) recrutation

10. If you had been _B___ in your study, you would have passed the examination without any difficulty.

A) big-minded B) single-minded C) broad-minded D)narrow-minded

11. My English professor told me to_D___ my vocabulary, to ____ my sentence length and to ____ my tone.

A) amplify; justify; enlarge B)enlarge; justify; diversify

C) diversify; enlarge; amplify D) enlarge; amplify; diversify

12. The Buffalo nickel was _B___ in memory of the destruction of the buffalo herds and the American Indians.

A) descended B) designed C) deprived D) detailed

13. The point in __C__ by correspondence is not whether we should do it but whether we can do it.

A) argument B) debate C) dispute D) controversy

14. _B___ their difference, the couple were developing an obvious and genuine affection for

each other.

A) But for B) For all C) Above all D) Except for

15. The early pioneers had to _B___ many hardships to settle on the new land.

A) go into B) go through C) go back on D) go about

16. We should keep a __A__ eye on the prisoners every moment.

A) jealous B) envious C) jealousy D) envy

17. I would appreciate __A__ it a secret.

A) your keeping B) you to keep

C) that you keep D) that you will keep

18. Over the last fifteen years, running has become a popular _B___ for 30 million participants of the ages.

A) fantasy B) pastime C) symposium D) penalty

19. Now the cheers and applause _A___ in a single sustained roar.

A) mingled B) concentrated C) assembled D) permeated

20. I couldn’t find __A__ , and so I took this one.

A) a large enough coat B) an enough large coat

C) a large coat enough D) a coat enough large

21. __B__ quite recently, most mothers in Britain did not take paid work outside the home.

A) Before B) Until C) From D) Since

22. Tryon was extremely angry, but cool-headed enough to ___D_ storming into the boss’s

office.

A) prevent B) prohibit C) turn D) avoid

23. They are sure they have all the facts they need to _C___ the existence of a black hole.

A) obtain B) maintain C) verify D) display

24. The town planning commission said that their financial outlook for the next year was

optimistic. They expect increased tax _D___.

A) efficiency B) revenues C) privileges D) validity

25. It is not ---___C____ for me to return all the books to the library now because I still need some of them for my research.

A) continuous B) difficult C) convenient D) sufficient

26. He is the only person who can _A___ in this case, because the other witnesses were

killed mysteriously.

A) testify B) charge C) accuse D) rectify

27. This boy was ___A____ for what he had done in the class.

A) scolded B) overcome C) inclined D) displayed

28. On weekend my grandpa usually _A___ a glass of wine.

A) subscribes B) engages in C) hangs on D) indulges in

29. The leader of the expedition __D__ everyone to follow his example.

A) promoted B) reinforced C)sparked D) inspired

30. We must look beyond __B__ and assumptions and try to discover what is missing.

A) justifications B) illusions C) manifestations D) specifications

31. The government is trying to do something to __B__ better understanding between the two nations .

A) raise B) promote C) heighten D) increase

32. The soldier was ___C__ of running away when the enemy attacked.

A) scolded B) charged C) accused D) punished

33. People appreciate _C___ with him because he has a good sense of humor.

A) to work B) to have worked C) working D) having worked

34. When a spacecraft travels, one of the major problems is reentry into the Earth’s

___B____.

A) surface B) atmosphere C) attitude D) bent

35. We are __C_____ at the rapid progress Mark has made in this semester.

A) distinguished B) annoyed C) astonished D) scored

36. He tried to ____B___relations with his former wife but he failed.

A) measure B) maintain C) shelter D) reply

37. It can be said without any _D___ that this factory can products 100,000 bikes every month.

A) boast B) exaggerate C) boastful D) exaggeration

38. An employee told the government official that “US” is short _A___ “Uncle Sam”.

A) for B) to C) with D) on

39. The committee did not _B___ of the plan to build a new bridge over the river, for it will

cost too much.

A) prove B) approve C) disapprove D) disprove

40. A few villagers were __A__ of “Lord Williams” but most saw nothing that aroused doubts until later.

A) suspicious B) suspicion C) doubtable D) doubted

41. Women do not usually eat the recommended daily __B__ of iron.

A) section B) allowance C) share D) part

42. He wasn’t _B__ to sit and watch, but he could not stand unaided on the soft sand because of his lameness.

A) conceited B) content C) concept D) concentrated

43. We _B___ Edison’s succes s to his intelligence and hard work.

A) subject B) attribute C) owe D)refer

44. The police accused him of setting fire to the building but he denied __C__ in the area on

the might of the fire.

A) to be B) to have been C) having been D) be

45. She accused the man __B___ breaking into her house.

A) at B) of C) for D) with

46. Many people like white color as it is a __A__ of purity.

A) symbol B) sign C) signal D) symptom

47. Everyone should be _B___ to a decent standard of living and an opportunity to be

educated.

A) attributed B) entitled C) identified D) justified

48. You have nothing to __A__ by refusing to listen to our advice.

A) gain B) grasp C)seize D) earn

49. On weekend my grandpa usually __D__ a glass of wine.

A) subscribes B) engages in C) hangs on D) indulges in

50. Though __B__ in a big city, Peter always prefers to paint the primitive scenes of country

life.

A) grown B) raised C) tended D) cultivated

51. The manager urged his staff not to _B___ the splendid opportunity.

A) drop B) miss C) escape D) slide

52. Mr. Smith was the only witness who said that the fire was _B___.

A) mature B) deliberate C) meaningful D) innocent

53. This is the nurse who ___B_ to me when I was ill in hospital.

A) accompanied B) attended C) entertained D) shielded

54. Although he had looked through all the reference material on the subject, he still found it

hard to understand this point and her explanation only _C___ to his confusion.

A) extended B) amounted C) added D) turned

55. This morning in the class, our teacher lost his ___A____ at last because he could not stand any more.

A) temper B) terror C) verse D) contain

56. He keeps on with physical training in winter ___B________cold it is .

A) whatever B) no matter how C) whether or not D) although

57. The woman was worried about the side effects of taking aspirins, but her doctor___C_ her

that it is absolutely harmless.

A) retrieved B) released C) reassured D) revived

58. We should make a clear ___D_ between the two scientific terms for the purpose of our

discussion.

A) separation B) discrimination C) deviation D) distinction

59. Most broadcasters maintain that TV has been unfairly criticized and argue that the power

of the medium is __B__.

A) granted B) implied C) exaggerated D) remedied

60. His wife is constantly finding _C___ with him, which makes him very angry.

A) errors B) shortcomings C) fault D) flaw

61. We must look beyond __B__ and assumptions and try to discover what is missing.

A) justifications B) illusions C) manifestations D) specifications

62. Most broadcasters maintain that TV has been unfairly criticized and argue that the power

of the medium is __B__.

A) granted B) implied C) exaggerated D) remedied

63. He is watching TV? He is _B___ to be cleaning his room.

A) known B) supposed C) regarded D) considered

64. The Smiths decided to __D___ a boy and a girl though they already had three children.

A) adapt B) bring C) receive D) adopt

65. I had just started back for the house to change my clothes __B__ I heard voices.

A) as B) when C) after D) while

66. We can not trust him any more because he often ___D_____ his duty.

A) owes B) spoils C) deserts D) neglects

67. In order to increase our output, we need to import more production __A_____.

A) facilities B) hens C) votes D) artists

68. Free medical service is _____B__ to nearly all the college students in China.

A) favorite B) available C) convenient D) average

69. Iron supplements may produce a feeling of wanting to _B___ , and may be poisonous in some cases.

A) throw away B) throw up C) throw in D) throw out

70. Grant Wood instantly __C__ to fame in 1930 with his painting American Gothic, an often-copied interpretation of the solemn pride of American farmers.

A) arise B) rise C) rose D) raised

71. I rub cream into the old woman’s yellow skin, feeling perfect ly the __A__ of each bone in the back.

A) outline B) organization C) structure D) frame

72. If you had been _B___ in your study, you would have passed the examination without any difficulty.

A) big-minded B) single-minded C) broad-minded D)narrow-minded

73. My English professor told me to_D___ my vocabulary, to ____ my sentence length and to ____ my tone.

A) amplify; justify; enlarge B)enlarge; justify; diversify

C) diversify; enlarge; amplify D) enlarge; amplify; diversify

74. Women do not usually eat the recommended daily __B__ of iron.

A) section B) allowance C) share D) part

75. The point in __C__ by correspondence is not whether we should do it but whether we can do it.

A) argument B) debate C) dispute D) controversy

76. _B___ their difference, the couple were developing an obvious and genuine affection for

each other.

A) But for B) For all C) Above all D) Except for

77. We __B__ Edison’s success to his intelligence and hard work.

A) subject B) attribute C) owe D)refer

78. We should keep a __A__ eye on the prisoners every moment.

A) jealous B) envious C) jealousy D) envy

79. Under the present system, state enterprises must __D__ all profits to the government.

A) turn down B) turn up C) turn out D) turn in

80. Many people like white color as it is a __A__ of purity.

A) symbol B) sign C) signal D) symptom

81. Now the cheers and applause _A___ in a single sustained roar.

A) mingled B) concentrated C) assembled D) permeated

82. John Dewey believed that education should be a preparation for life that a person learns

by doing, and that teaching must _B___ the curiosity and creativity of children.

A) seek B) stimulate C) shape D) secure

83. He asked us to __C__ them in carrying through their plan.

A) provide B) arouse C) assist D) persist

84. Mr. Smith was the only witness who said that the fire was ___B_.

A) mature B) deliberate C) meaningful D) innocent

85. Tryon was extremely angry, but cool-headed enough to _D___ storming into the boss’s

office.

A) prevent B) prohibit C) turn D) avoid

86. She gave him back the money she’d stolen, for _B___ sake.

A) consent’s B) conscience’s C) her D) conscious

87. If you have any problems during your study here, please do not ___A____ to call me for help

A) hesitate B) despair C) urge D) request

88. Some lazy men would rather ___D____ than work.

A) indicate B) declare C) solve D) starve

89. He keeps on with physical training in winter ______B_____cold it is .

A) whatever B) no matter how C) whether or not D) although

90. The designer has applied for a _D___ for his new invention.

A) tariff B) discount C) version D) patent

91. The soldier was __C___ of running away when the enemy attacked.

A) scolded B) charged C) accused D) punished

92. Had he worked hard, he __B___ the exams.

A) must have got through B) would have got through

C) would get through D) could get through

93. The pressure __A___ causes Americans to be energetic, but it also puts them under a constant emotional strains.

A) to compete B) competing C) to be competed D) having competed

94. He tried to ___B____relations with his former wife but he failed.

A) measure B) maintain C) shelter D) reply

95. He _A______ to study harder in the future so that he could have more opportunities to find a better job.

A) resolved B) resorted C) requested D) reserved

96. The engineers in this lab spent several weeks ____C___ their plans for the new bicycle.

A) counting B) stripping C) elaborating D) casting

97. James Montgomery is famous for his army _B___ posters of World Wars I and II.

A) recruited B) recruiting C) recruit D) recrutation

98. James Fraser __D__ tradition by using three actual American Indians as models for his creation.

A) went out B) went for C) went in D) went against

99. His parents did not approve of his plan to go and study abroad with a girl they had never met, but he _D___ and married her.

A) went against B) went for C) went for nothing D) went ahead

100. The __B__ of Liberty was dedicated on an island in Upper New York Bay in 1886.

A) Status B) Statue C) Stature D) State

101. After the war, a character called Uncle Sam began appearing in political cartoon, his from __C__ from an earlier cartoon character called Brother Jonathan.

A) involving B) changing C) evolving D) altering

102. Her skin was dry after _A___ to the wind during the trip.

A) failure B) disclosure C) exposure D) pressure

103. She accused the man __B___ breaking into her house.

A) at B) of C) for D) with

104. When Mr. Jones gets old, he will __B__ his business to his son.

A) take over B) hand over C) think over D) get over

105. My camera can be __B__ to take pictures in cloudy or sunny conditions.

A) treated B) adjusted C) adopted D) remedied

106. Those acting for the defendant proposed to appeal _B___ the sentence.

A) to B)against C) for D) out

107. The manager promised to keep me _C___ of how our business was going on.

A) to be informed B) on informing C) informed D) informing

108. Our hopes _D__ and fell in the same instant.

A) aroused B) arose C) raised D) rose

109. I’m very sorry to have _D___ you with so many questions on such an occasion.

A) interfered B) offended C) impressed D) bothered

110. Though __B__ in a big city, Peter always prefers to paint the primitive scenes of country life.

A) grown B) raised C) tended D) cultivated

111. In the Chinese household, grandparents and other relative play _B__ roles in raising children.

A) incapable B) indispensable C) insensible D) infinite

112. Although he had looked through all the reference material on the subject, he still found it hard to understand this point and her explanation only _C__ to his confusion.

A) extended B) amounted C) added D) turned

113. He was such a __B__ speaker that he held our attention every minute of the three-hour lecture.

A) specific B) dynamic C) heroic D) diplomatic

114. This is the nurse who _B___ to me when I was ill in hospital.

A) accompanied B) attended C) entertained D) shielded

115. The computer has brought about surprising technological changes __B__ we organize and produce information.

A) in a way B) in the way C) in that way D) in no way

116. As a teacher, you should not __B_____ the students from asking questions in class.

A) ruin B) restrain C) import D) impose

117. Students with ___B____ problems may apply for student loans.

A) economic B) financial C) male D) economical

118. We should make a clear __D__ between the two scientific terms for the purpose of our discussion.

A) separation B) discrimination C) deviation D) distinction

119. Radio, television and press __B__ of conveying news as information.

A) are the most common three means

B) are the most three common means

C) are the three most common means

D) are three the most common means

120. Many manufacturers were accused of concentrating too heavily on cost reduction, often at the __A__ of the quality of their products.

A) expense B) exposure C) expansion D) expectation

121. __B___ their differences , the couple were developing an obvious and genuine affection for each other .

A) But for B) For all C) Above all D) Except for

122. Since the matter was extremely ___C__, we dealt with it immediately.

A) tough B) tense C) urgent D) instant

123. The medicine is on sale everywhere. You can get it at __D____ chemist’s.

A) each B) some C) certain D) any

124. With the help of the government , a large number of people ---___A____ after the flood in 1991.

A) survived B) suspended C) suffered D) suspected

125. He always has a lot of ____A___ ideas in his mind , and sometimes we do not even know what he is thinking about.

A) novel B) spoil C) acceptable D) additional

126. John ___A____ to be a polite man. But in fact he is very rude.

A) pretends B) assures C) affords D) melts

127. A study suggests that even _B__ exercise may lead to reduced iron in the blood of women.

A) modern B) moderate C) excess D) excessive

128. Because women often __A__ their diet to control weight, they may not consume enough iron-rich food, and are liable to experience a deficiency.

A) restrict B) strict C) stuck D) construct

129. They _B___ that the aging population is adding 1 per cent yearly to health service costs.

A) add B) calculate C) add to D) calculate on

130. A __D__ is a person who ____ _____.

A) crime; commit; criminal B) commit; criminal; crimes

C) commit; crimes; criminal D) criminal; commits; crimes

131. Earthquake survival supplies include a torch, a spade, some rope and a radio _B___.

A) conceiver B) receiver C) perceiver D) deceiver

132. The short story _A___ the heart of the little boy with its unusual plot.

A) captured B) cost C) cast D) chased

133. If we say some food is _B___, we mean it is safe to eat.

A) ideal B) editable C) ideate D) edible

134. Most people came to realize that it was about time the government __D__ further measures to control the population.

A) must take B) is taking C) takes D) took

135. I always __B__ what I have said.

A) get to B) hold to C) lead to D) see to

136. There were some _A___ flowers on the table.

A) artificial B) unnatural C) false D) unreal

137. Which sport has the most expenses __B__ training equipment, players’ personal equipment and uniforms?

A) in place of B) in terms of C) by means of D) by way of

138. In Africa, educational costs are very low for those who are __B__ enough to get into universities.

A) ambitious B) fortunate C) aggressive D) substantial

139. If a person talks about his weak points, his listener is expected to say something in the way of _C___.

A) persuasion B) remedy C) encourage D) compromise

140. Areas where students have particular difficulty have been treated _D___ particular care.

A) by B) in C) under D) with

141. Operations which left patients _A___ in need of long periods recovery time now leave them feeling relaxed and comfortable.

A) exhausted B) abandoned C) injured D) deserted

142. Everyone should keep a sense of responsibility __B__ what he has done.

A) of B) for C) with D) to

143. I didn’t __B_ to take a taxi but I had to as I was late.

A) mean B) assume C) hope D) suppose

144. The French pianist who had been praised very highly __D__ to be a great disappointment.

A) turned up B) turned in C) turned out D) turned down

145. I have not heard anything from him since his _____A__.

A) departure B) fault C) foundation D) acceptance

146. Keep in ____D______ that all people are different and some may progress faster than others.

A) head B) brain C) heart D) mind

147. Sometimes it is very difficult to __C_____ some of the English words. Even the native speaker can not help.

A) decrease B) create C) define D) delight

148. If a person talks about his weak points, his listener is expected to say something in the way of _C___.

A) persuasion B) remedy C) encourage D) compromise

149. Within two weeks of arrival, all foreigners had to __B__ with the local police.

A) inquire B) register C) consult D) resolve

150. His intelligence and experience will enable him to _B___ the complicated situation.

A) cope with B) settle down C) intervene in D) interfere with

二、阅读理解

1.

I left my friend’s house shortly after seven. It was still too early for me to have my evening meal, so I walked along the seafront (滨海马路) for about an hour until I began to feel hungry. By that time I was not far from a favorite restaurant of mine, where I often went to eat two or three times a week. I knew the owner well and frequently complimented (赞美, 恭维) him on his excellent cooking.

I went into the restaurant, which was already crowded, and ordered my meal. While I was waiting for the soup to arrive, I looked around to see if I knew anyone in the restaurant. It was then that I noticed that a man sitting at a corner table near the door kept glancing in my direction, as if he knew me, I certainly did not know him, for I never forgot a face. The man had a newspaper open in front of him, which he was pretending to read, though all the while I could see that he was keeping an eye on me. When the waiter brought my soup, the man was clearly puzzled by the familiar way in which the waiter and I addressed each other. He became even more puzzled as time went on and it grew more and more obvious that I was well known in the restaurant. Eventually he got up and went into the kitchen. After a few minutes he came out again, paid his bill and left without another glance in my direction.

When I had finished and was about to pay my bill, I called the owner of the restaurant over and asked him what the man had wanted. The owner was a little embarrassed by my question and at first did not want to tell me. I insisted. “Well,” he said, “that man was a detective.” “Really?” I said, considerably surprised. “He followed you here because he thought you were a man he was looking for,” the owner of the restaurant said. “When he came into the kitchen, he showed me a photograph of the wanted man. He certainly looked like you! Of course, since we know you here, I was able to convince him that he had made a mistake.” “It’s lucky I came to a restaurant where I am known,” I said, “otherwise I might have been arrested!”

1.When the author got to his favorite restaurant, it was _____D______ .

A) already nine o’clock

B) eight o’clock on the dot

C) about two minutes past eight

D) slightly late r than eight o’clock

2.The man sitting at the corner table near the door kept glancing in the direction of the author because he was ________D__________ .

A) interested in the personality of the author

B) making a study of the author

C) looking up and down the author

D) keeping a lookout over the author

3.The author was followed by the detective probably because he _____A______ .

A) took after a suspect

B) was similar to a criminal in personality

C) was an accomplice

D) looked like a murdererB

4.The detective had a newspaper open in front of him in order to _____B_______ .

A) read it in detail

B) cover up what he was really doing there

C) have it rechecked

D) wait for his food

5.According to the text, if the author had been a stranger in the restaurant, he would have been ___________C_________.

A) taken to court

B) followed

C) captured

D) sentenced to a few years’ imprisonment

2.

A very important world problem is the rapidly increasing pressure of population on land and on land resources.

It is not so much the actual population of the world but its rate of increase which is important. It works out to be about 1.6 per cent per annum net increase. In terms of numbers this means something like forty to fifty-five million additional people every year. Canada has a population of twenty million--rather less than six months' climb in world population. Take Australia. There are ten million people in Australia. So, it takes the world less than three months to add to itself a population which peoples that vast country. Let us take our own crowded country--England and Wales: forty-five to fifty million people--just about a year's supply.

By this time tomorrow, and every day, there will be added to the earth about 120,000 extra people, just about the population of the city of York.

This enormous increase of population will create immense problems. By A.D. 2000, unless something desperate happens, there will be as many as 7,000,000,000 people on the surface of this earth! So this is a problem which you are going to see in your lifetime.

Why is this enormous increase in population taking place? It is really due to the spread of the knowledge and the practice of what is coming to be called Death Control. Death Control is something rather different from Birth Control. Death Control recognizes the work of the doctors and the nurses and the hospitals and the health services in keeping alive people who, a few years ago, would have died of some of the incredibly serious killing diseases, as they used to be. Squalid conditions, which we can remedy by an improved standard of living, caused a lot of disease and dirt. Medical examinations at school catch diseases early and ensure healthier school children. Scientists are at work stamping our malaria and other more deadly diseases. If you are seriously ill there is an ambulance to take you to a modern hospital. Medical care helps to keep people alive longer. We used to think seventy was a good age; now eighty, ninety, it may be, are coming to be recognized as a normal age for human beings. People are living longer because of this Death Control, and fewer children are dying, so the population of the world is shooting up.

Imagine the position if you and I and everyone else living on earth shared the surface between us. How much should we have each? It would be just over twelve acres--the sort of size of a small holding. But not all that is useful land which is going to produce food. We can cut out one-fifth of it, for example, as being too cold. That is land which is covered with ice and snow--Antarctica and Greenland and the great frozen areas of northern Canada. Then we can cut out another fifth as being too dry--the great deserts of the world like the Sahara and the heart of Australia and other areas where there is no known water supply to feed crops and so to produce food. Then we can cut out another fifth as being too mountainous or with too great an elevation above sea level. Then we can cut out another tenth as land which has insufficient soil, probably just rock at the surface. Now, out of the twelve acres only about four are left as suitable for producing food.. But not all that is used. It includes land with enough soil and enough rainfall or water, and enough heat which, at present, we are not using, such as, for example,