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【英语】英语阅读理解练习题及答案

【英语】英语阅读理解练习题及答案

一、阅读理解

1.根据短文理解,选择正确答案。

A

Some people think only school children do not agree with their parents, however, it is not true. Communication is a problem for parents and children of all ages. If it's hard for you to communicate with your parents, don't worry about it. Here are some suggestions for you to bridge generation gap(代沟).

Don't argue with your parents. Don't get to your parents when you are angry. Your parents probably won't consider your ideas if you are shouting at them You can't express(表达)yourself well if you are angry. Go to some place to cool off. Make sure you understand why you are unhappy. Then think about what you want to say to your parents. If you don't think you can speak to them at the moment, try writing a letter.

Try to reach a compromise (和解). Perhaps you and your parents disagree(有分歧) on something. You can keep your disagreement and try your best to accept each other. Michael's mother didn't agree with him about buying a car. They argued over it, but finally they came to a compromise. Michael bought the car, but only drove it on certain days.

Of course your parents might refuse to compromise on something. In these situations, it is especially important to show love and respect (尊敬) to them. Showing respect will keep your relationship strong.

Talk about your values. The values of your parents are probably different from those of your own. Tell your parents what you care about, and why. Understanding your values might help them see your purposes in life.

A good relationship with your parents can make you a better and happier person. It is worth having a try.

(1)From the passage we know_______ have a communication problem.

A. parents and children of all ages

B. children and other people

C. parents and their school children

D. teachers and their students

(2)How many pieces of advice does the writer give us to bridge the generation gap?

A. 5

B. 4

C. 3

D. 2

(3)The underlined phrase "cool off" in the passage means_______.

A. make yourself happy

B. make yourself quiet and relaxed

C. become angry

D. go away

(4)If the values of your parents are different from those of yours, you'd better_______.

A. argue with them

B. keep away from them

C. agree with them all the time

D. tell your parents what you care about

(5)The best title for the passage is_______.

A. How to Bridge the Generation Gap

B. How to Deal with Family Problems

C. How to Be Good Parents

D. How to Be a Good Child

【答案】(1)A

(2)C

(3)B

(4)D

(5)A

【解析】【分析】父子之间有代沟,主要原因就是缺少沟通,当我们彼此了解了对方的观点和想法以后,就能很容易的理解对方,从而消除代沟。

(1)细节理解,根据文中语句“Communication is a problem for parents and children of all ages.”理解可知。父母和孩子之间的沟通问题在任何年龄段都存在,故选A。

(2)理解归纳,通读文中语句理解可知,作者给我们提了三条建议,故选C。

(3)词义理解,根据You can't express(表达)yourself well if you are angry. Go to some place to cool off. Make sure you understand why you are unhappy.可知生气的时候不能表达你自己,找个地方冷静冷静,让自己明白为什么不开心。所以cool off意思是“冷静下来”故选B。

(4)细节理解,根据文中语句“The va lues of your parents are probably different from those of your own. Tell your parents what you care about, and why.”理解可知。让父母了解你的价值观,可以帮助父母更加的了解你,故选D。

(5)主旨大意,通读全文中的语句理解可知,本文主要介绍怎样消除代沟的建议,第一段最后一句Here are some suggestions for you to bridge generation gap(代沟).是本文的中心句,故选A。

【点评】阅读理解考查对篇章的把握和对细节的识别能力,答题时注意紧扣问题中的关键词,在文章中寻找答案。

2.根据短文内容出选择正确答案。

B

Do you want to live a happier, less stressful life? Try laughing for no reason at all. That's how thousands of people start their day at Laughter (笑声)Clubs around the world and many doctors now think that having a good laugh might be one of the best ways to stay healthy.

The first Laughter Club was started in Mumbai, India, in 1995 by Dr. Madan Kataria. "Young children laugh about 300 times a day. Adults laugh between 7 and 15 times a day," says Dr. Kataria. "Everyone is naturally good at laughing-it's the universal language. We want people to feel happy with their lives." There are now more than 500 Laughter Clubs in India and over l,300

in the world.

Many doctors are also interested in the effects (效果) of laughter on our health. According to a 5-year study at the UCLA School of Medicine in California, with laughing there is less stress in the body. Laughter improves our health against illness by about 40%.

So what happens at a Laughter Club? I went along to my nearest club in South London to find out. I was quite nervous at the beginning of the class, to be honest, I wasn't interested in laughing with a group of strangers, and I was worried about looking stupid. Our laughter teacher told us to clap our hands and say “ho ho ho, ha ha ha.” while looking at each other. However, our bodies can't tell the difference between real laughter and unreal laughter, so they still produce the same healthy effects.

Surprisingly, it worked! After ten minutes everybody in the room was laughing for real and some people just couldn't stop! At the end of the class I was surprised by how relaxed-and comfortable I felt. So if you're under stress, then start laughing. You might be very pleased with the results!

(1)The first Laughter Club was started in __________.

A. India

B. America

C. Britain

D. China

(2)How many Laughter Clubs are there in the world today?

A. Over 300.

B. Over 500.

C. Over 800.

D. Over l,300. (3)How did the writer feel at the beginning of the class?

A. Surprised.

B. Pleased

C. Nervous.

D. Tired.

(4)When did the people in the club begin to laugh for real?

A. After ten minutes.

B. After ten hours.

C. After ten seconds.

D. After ten days.(5)The article mainly tells us __________.

A. young children laugh much more often than adults in a day

B. laughing is one of the best ways to stay healthy

C. many-doctors are also interested in the effects of laughter on our health

D. real laughter and unreal laughter are both good for health

【答案】(1)A

(2)D

(3)C

(4)A

(5)B

【解析】【分析】你想过一个快乐的,没有压力的生活?尝试毫无理由的大笑?全世界每天有成千上万的人在笑声俱乐部开始他们的一天。医生认为开怀大笑是最好的保健方式。

(1)细节理解。根据第二段The first Laughter Club was started in Mumbai, India, in 1995 by Dr. Madan Kataria. 可知在印度,故选A。

(2)细节理解。根据第二段There are now more than 500 Laughter Clubs in India and over l,300 in the world. 可知选D。

(3)细节理解。根据第四段 I was quite nervous at the beginning of the class可知作者开始紧张。故选C。

(4)细节理解。根据最后一段Surprisingly, it worked! After ten minutes everybody in the room was laughing for real and some people just couldn't stop! 可知10分钟后房间里的人都是在真笑。故选A。

(5)主旨大意。本文讲笑声俱乐部给人们的生活带来的变化,通过大笑来减少压力,过更快乐更健康的生活。故选B。

【点评】阅读理解考查对篇章的把握和对细节的识别能力,答题时注意紧扣问题中的关键词,在文章中寻找答案。

3.根据短文内容理解选择正确答案。

A

According to a new survey, students’ safety has become a big problem. Nearly 50% of students say they are worried about robbery on the way to and from school. Now in main big cities in China, some schools have taught an unusual lesson: self-protection. Students like this lesson because there are no exams or boring classes. And they can learn how to save lives and know how to stop danger before it really happens.

Chen Haoyu, a teacher at Beijing No. 25 Middle School, gives young students advice on how to deal with danger.

★If you are robbed

Keep calm. lf you can not cry for help or run away. Give the robber your money. Try to remember what the robber looks like and tell the police later.

★If you are in a traffic accident

If a car hits you. You should remember the car number. If it is a bicycle, try to call your parents before you let the rider go. This is because you don't know how seriously you are hurt

★If it is raining hard and there is lighting

Don't stay in high places and stay away from trees.

★When there is a fire

Get away as fast as yon can. Put wet things on your body and try to find an exit. Do not take the lift.

★If someone is drowning

If you can't swim, don't get into the water. Cry out for help.

Remember that danger is never as far away as you think. Take care of yourself at all time! (1)Why do students like the self-protection lesson?

①Because there are no tests.

②Because the lessons are boring

③Because they can learn how to save lives.

④Because they can know how to stop danger b efore it happens.

A. ①②

B. ②③

C. ①②④

D. ①③④

(2)What will you do if a bicycle hurts you?

A. I will remember the bicycle number.

B. I won't let the rider go until I call my parents.

C. I will let the rider go before I call my parents.

D. I will let the rider go because I know how seriously I am hurt.

(3)lf your house is on fire, you must__________.

A. put dry things on your body

B. run quickly and take the lift

C. run away and find an exit as quickly as you can

D. take everything you have and then run away

(4)There are ________ways of self-protection mentioned in the passage.

A. 3

B. 4

C. 5

D. 6

(5)The best title for this passage is _________.

A. How to Keep Calm

B. Self-protection

C. An usual lesson

D. Danger

【答案】(1)D

(2)B

(3)C

(4)C

(5)B

【解析】【分析】据调查,学生的安全是一个大问题,现在很多学校开设特殊的安全课。一位来自北京25中的老师给我们介绍的几点遇到危险时的正确做法。发生交通事故时首先要记下车号码,有闪电的时候不要使用手机不要看电视,发生火灾时要及时逃生,有人溺水时要呼救,遇到抢劫时要保持冷静等等。

⑴细节理解。根据第一段 Students like this lesson because there are no exams or boring classes. And they can learn how to save lives and know how to stop danger before it really happens.可知学生喜欢这个课时因为没有考试,不无聊,可以学习如何救命,知道怎样预防危险。故选D。

⑵细节理解。根据 If it is a bicycle, try to call your parents before you let the rider go. 可知被自行车撞了给父母打电话来了才能让肇事者离开。故选B。

⑶细节理解。根据 Get away as fast as yon can. Put wet things on your body and try to find an exit. Do not take the lift.可知家里着火要尽快离开,把东西打湿披在身上,别乘电梯。故选C。

⑷细节理解题。通过阅读可知,文中提到了5种自保方式,发生交通事故时首先要记下车号码,有闪电的时候不要使用手机不要看电视,发生火灾时要及时逃生,有人溺水时要呼救,遇到抢劫时要保持冷静。故选C。

⑸主旨大意。本文讲述学生学习遇到危险时如何自保。故选B。

【点评】阅读理解考查对篇章的把握和对细节的识别能力,答题时注意紧扣问题中的关键

词,在文章中寻找答案。

4.根据短文理解选择正确答案。

C

If music makes you smarter and exercise helps you to think, surely exercising to music can turn you into a clever person.

A team of scientists from Ohio State University did experiments on 33 volunteers who were getting better from heart disease after operations. They found those volunteers who exercised while listening to Italian musician Antonio Vivaldi's The Four Seasons did much better on language ability tests than without music. It is also used in medical fields for patients who have had head hurts because of its moderate tempo (舒缓的节拍).

“Exercise seems to cause positive changes in the nerve (神经) system and these changes may improve th e learning ability of people with heart disease,” said the psychologist Charles Emery, who led the study. “And listening to music is thought to enhance understanding. We just wanted to put the two results together,” he added.

The volunteers said they felt better emotionally and physically after exercising with or without music. But their improvement on the test doubled after listening to music during exercise. Scientists have proved that music can be good for health and education. It helps reduce stress and sadness, encourage relaxation or sleep, wake up the body and improve memory and thoughts.

Scientists have been studying the results of exercise to music on learning and understanding since the early 1950s. A study showed that students who listened to Mozart's violin pieces and exercised went on to get higher marks in an IQ test. With important exams drawing near, your parents will not probably allow you to listen to music or play sports. But perhaps now you have good reasons to argue with them.

(1)What does the underlined word enhance mean?

A. produce

B. provide

C. improve

D. impress

(2)From the last paragraph we can learn that .

A. you should follow your parents' words

B. you have some good reasons to join in an IQ test

C. good marks depend on listening to music and excising

D. exercise to music might help you get higher grades in tests

(3)Which of the following statements is true?

A. Music helps volunteers get better from heart disease.

B. Exercise is used for people with head hurts.

C. Exercise causes no changes in health without music.

D. Music can help you relax and feel energetic.

(4)What might be the best title of the passage?

A. Exercise to Music

B. Music and study

C. Importance of Music

D. Studies on Exercise

【答案】(1)C

(2)D

(3)D

(4)A

【解析】【分析】本文主要介绍了多听音乐可以提高我们的学习能力,可以让我们更健康,有聪明,说明了音乐的重要作用。

(1)词义猜测。根据本段第一句“Facts suggest that exercise improves the learning ability of people with heart disease,”说明音乐可以提高那些患病的人的学习能力,说明And listening to music is thought to enhance understanding.中的enhance是指提高,增强的意思。produce 生产;provide提供;improve提高;impress给……留下印象。故C正确。

(2)细节理解。根据文章倒数3,4行A study showed students who listened to Mozart went on to score higher marks in an intelligence test.说明多听音乐可能让人在智力测试中得到高分,说明D项正确。

(3)细节理解。根据倒数第二段Scientists have proved that music can be good for health and education. It helps reduce stress and sadness, encourage relaxation or sleep, wake up the body and improve memory and thoughts可知音乐可以减少压力,让人放松,唤醒身体,提高记忆等,故选D。

(4)主旨大意。本文第一句If music makes you smarter and exercise helps you to think, surely exercising to music can turn you into a clever person是文章的中心句,下文都是围绕第一句进行阐述,故选A。

【点评】本文主要讲述的是音乐的重要作用,需要考生在阅读的时候有足够的耐心。要养成在上下文串联中猜测词义的能力,根据上下文中出现的同义词,近义词,反义词,以及词义的解释来理解生词。同时要抓住文章的中心,不要受其他信息的影响。要根据题目及选项以及文章的上下文串联合理的判断推理。

5.阅读理解

What problems do the teenagers probably have?Here is a survey showing their main problems:

【英语】英语阅读理解练习题及答案

Fights Don't know how to get on well with classmates. Make more friends and understand each

other. Share your problems with them.

Feeling tired of study

Computer games' bad influence. Don't be crazy about computer games. Play

them just for a short time when you want to

relax. Getting fat Have a lot of pocket money to buy snacks. Dislike doing exercise.

Use your pocket money to do something

meaningful. Spend some time doing exercise

every day. (1)What problems are caused by too much homework?

A. Feeling stressed and fights.

B. Feeling tired of study and getting fat.

C. Feeling stressed and getting short-sighted.

D. Getting short-sighted and feeling tired of study.

(2)If Simon is feeling stressed, he should .

A. do much more homework

B. make a plan to spend time on study and hobbies

C. donate his pocket money to Project Hope

D. buy some snacks

(3)Peter is tired of study, maybe because he .

A. has no close friends

B. has no pocket money

C. plays too many computer games

D. gets fatter and fatter

(4) is a good way for teenagers to stop fights.

A. Doing less homework

B. Playing computer games

C. Learning how to make friends

D. Paying no attention to each other

【答案】 (1)C

(2)B

(3)C

(4)C

【解析】【分析】主要讲了关于青少年可能有的问题的一项调查结果。

(1)细节题。根据Feeling stressed Too much homework.Don't have enough time for their hobbies.Getting shortsighted Too much homework. Bad reading and writing habits.可知太多的作业会导致感觉有压力和变近视,故选C 。

(2)细节题。根据第一行Advice Make a plan for study and hobbies.可知制定学习和爱好计划,故选B 。

(3)细节题。根据Feeling tired of study Computer games' bad influence.可知厌恶学习的原因是电脑的坏的影响,故选C 。

(4)细节题。根据Fights Make more friends and understand each other.可知交更多的朋友和相互理解可以阻止打架,故选C 。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

6.阅读理解

My family has had a great influence on me. When I was a kid, I learnt how to work from my family. My mum would never let me get away when there was something to be done. I learnt the importance of education. My parents would give me 50 dollars if I got As in school. They taught me how to use and save money. My mum taught me how to cook, how to clean, and basically everything I needed to know to live on my own. My dad taught me how to garden, how to do home improvement, how to treat women and girls with respect, and how to put other people's needs above my own. My brothers and sisters taught me how to make a decision in conflict(矛盾). I'm 22now, and I'll get married next year. I learn things from my parents' marriage by examples. For example, I've never seen my parents really fight. They had disagreements, but they were always in control and never let anger get the best of them. I think that's great, and I'm going to work towards that in my marriage.

I have a great family. I'm grateful that my parents chose to make it a great family.

(1)Who taught the writer to do some housework?

A. The mother.

B. The father.

C. The sisters.

D. The brothers.(2)When will the writer have a new family?

A. At the age of 22.

B. At the age of 24.

C. At the age of 23.

D. At the age of 21.(3)Which of the following is NOT true?

A. The writer's family influence the writer a lot.

B. The writer learns to save money.

C. The writer is a girl in the family.

D. The writer's parents never fight with each other.

(4)How will the writer's new family be according to the passage?

A. It will be a large family.

B. It will be a great family.

C. The family members will be different.

D. The family members will never get angry.

【答案】(1)A

(2)C

(3)C

(4)B

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了作者的家庭对作者有很大的影响。

(1)推理题。根据My mum taught me how to cook, how to clean, and basically everything I needed to know to live on my own.我妈妈教我如何做饭,如何打扫卫生,以及基本上我需要知道的独立生活所需的一切可知,作者的妈妈教他做家务,故选A。(2)推理题。根据I'm 22now, and I'll get married next year可知,作者23岁时会有一个新家庭,故选C。

(3)推理题。根据My dad taught me how to garden, how to do home improvement, how to treat women and girls with respect,我爸爸教我如何园艺,如何改善家庭,如何尊重妇女和女孩可知作者是男孩,作者是家里的一个女孩是错的,故选C。

(4)细节题。根据I have a great family. I'm grateful that my parents chose to make it a great family.我有一个大家庭。我很感激我的父母选择让它成为一个伟大的家庭可知,作

者的新家庭会是一个伟大的家庭故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息。

7.阅读理解

A young man with a large bag on his back came far away for a master (大师). He said "Master, I'm so lonely and so painful that the long trip makes me tired out, my shoes worn-out, my feet cut, and my hands also injured an bleeding .... Why can't I find the sun in the heart?"

The master asked, "What do you put in you large bag?"

The young man said, "It is very important to me, inside it including the pain each time I fall, the tears each time I'm hurt, the trouble each time I feel lonely ... Depending on it, I can come to you here."

So the master took the young man to the river which they crossed in a boat. On the other side of the river, the master said, "Hurry on your journey carrying the boat!"

"What, carrying the boat?" the young man was surprised, "it is so heavy. How can I carry it?"

"Yes, my son, you can't carry it," the master just smiled and said, "when you cross the river, the boat is useful. But after crossing it, you will put down the boat and hurry on, If not, it will become a burden (负担). Pain, loneliness and tears—all these are useful to life. They can improve life, but if you don't forget them all the time, they will become the burden in life. Put it down! My son, life can't bear(承受) a heavy burden," The young man put down his bag and hurried on. He walked easily and happily, and much faster than before.

(1)What do the underlined words "the sun" probably mean?

A. Health.

B. Wealth.

C. Success.

D. Happiness.

(2)What's in his large bag?

A. Clothes, tears and food.

B. Pain, tears and trouble.

C. Clothes, food and water.

D. Pain, water and trouble.

(3)How did they cross the river?

A. By boat.

B. On foot.

C. By swimming.

D. Across the bridge.

(4)Why did the master ask him to carry the boat?

A. To teach him to improve his life.

B. To tell him the boat is very useful.

C. To tell him the boat is very important.

D. To teach him to put down his burden.

(5)How did the young man feel after he put down his bag at last?

A. Awful.

B. Painful.

C. Relaxed.

D. Surprised.

【答案】(1)D

(2)B

(3)A

(4)D

(5)C

【解析】【分析】大意:本文讲述疼痛,孤独和泪水都对我们很有用,它们可以改善我们的生活,但是如果一直不能忘记,它们就会成为我们生活中的负担,因此要学会适当的放

弃负担的故事。

(1)词义猜测题。根据Why can't I find the sun in the heart?" inside it including the pain each time I fall, the tears each time I'm hurt, the trouble each time I feel lonely ... 可知,为什么我心中不能发现太阳,在它里面是我每次摔跤的痛苦,受伤的泪水孤独时的忧愁,可推出the sun在此处的意思是“不开心”,故选D。

(2)细节题。根据inside it including the pain each time I fall, the tears each time I'm hurt, the trouble each time I feel lonely ... 可知,他袋子里装了痛苦,眼泪和忧愁,故选B。

(3)细节题。根据So the master took the young man to the river which they crossed in a boat.可知,他们坐船过河,故选A。

(4)细节题。根据Put it down! My son, life can't bear(承受) a heavy burden,可知,通过背着船过河是为了教他放弃负担。故选D。

(5)推断题。根据He walked easily and happily, and much faster than before.可知,他放下包后感到轻松。故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。细节题、推断题和词义猜测题是阅读理解题中常考题型。细节题需要从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;词句猜测题需要联系上下文,推出词句的意思。

8.阅读理解

I was travelling alone through the UK. To reach places that were off the public transportation map, I bought an old car, which cost most of my money. I couldn't afford to stay in a hotel, so I had to camp in my car for the rest of the trip.

One morning I woke up in my old car on a country road in Ireland and saw a single house, The water in my thermos(保温瓶) had gone cold, so I knocked on the door of the house. A woman opened it. I asked her for some hot water. But she wouldn't let me get away with just that! I was invited indoors. She asked me to sit at the table and have breakfast with her family. They filled my thermos before I left.

I was greatly moved. And I decided to pass the kindness on. The other day I met a young man who had been driving around to look for a parking lot. He looked increasingly upset. I was glad that I was able to point one out to him. His thankful smile was the hugest reward(奖赏) for me.

(1)The writer bought the car in order to ______________.

A. serve the public

B. travel more easily

C. take the trip alone

D. save more money (2)Why did the writer camp in his car?

A. He was short of money.

B. It was his habit.

C. He could have a better rest.

D. It would be warmer.

(3)The writer asked the woman for ______________.

A. a map

B. a thermos

C. some hot water

D. a light breakfast

(4)How did the young man feel at last?

A. Funny.

B. Upset.

C. Disappointed.

D. Thankful.

(5)What's the main idea of the text?

A. Travelling alone is interesting.

B. Sharing food is a pleasure.

C. Kindness is the sunshine in life.

D. Smile is important to everyone.

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)C

(4)D

(5)C

【解析】【分析】主要讲了作者去英国旅行时,负担不起待在旅馆,所以在车里待了一晚,第二天发现保温瓶里的水变凉了,所以去借水,一个女士让作者一起吃早饭,作者备受感动,决定把友善传递下去。

(1)细节题。根据To reach places that were off the public transportation map, I bought an old car, which cost most of my money.为了到达公共交通地图上找不到的地方,我买了一辆旧车,花了我大部分的钱,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据I couldn't afford to stay in a hotel, so I had to camp in my car for the rest of the trip.可知作者负担不起待在旅馆里,所以不得不待在车里,即缺钱,故选A。

(3)细节题。根据I asked her for some hot water.可知作者和她要热水,故选C。

(4)推断题。根据I was greatly moved. And I decided to pass the kindness on.我很感动。我决定把仁慈传给他,即感谢的,故选D。

(5)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了作者去英国旅行时,负担不起待在旅馆,所以在车里待了一晚,第二天发现保温瓶里的水变凉了,所以去借水,一个女士让作者一起吃早饭,作者备受感动,决定把友善传递下去。故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

9.阅读理解

For more than six million American children, coming home after school means coming to an empty house. Some deal with the situation by watching TV. Some may hide. But all of them have something in common. They spend part of each day alone. They are called "latchkey children". They're children who look after themselves while their parents are working. And their bad condition has become a subject of concern.

Lynette Long was once the headmistress of an elementary school. She said, "We had a school rule against wearing jewellery. A lot of kids had chains around their necks with keys fastened. I was constantly telling them to put them inside their shirts. There were so many keys. It never came to my mind what they meant," Slowly, she learned they were house keys.

She and her husband began talking to the children who had them. They learned of the impact (影响) working couples and single parents were having on their children. Fear is the biggest problem faced by children at home alone. One in each three latchkey children the Longs talked to reported being scared. Many had nightmares and were worried about their own safety.

The most common way latchkey children deal with their fears is by hiding. It might be in a

shower stall, under a bed, or in a closet. The second is TV. They'll often play it at high volume. It's hard to get statistics(统计数据)on latchkey children, the Longs learned. Most parents are slow to admit they leave their children alone.

(1)The main idea about latchkey children is that they _________________.

A. are growing in numbers

B. suffer problems from being left alone

C. watch too much TV during the day

D. are also found in middle class neighbourhoods (2)Which sentence in the second paragraph is the topic sentence?

A. We had a school rule against wearing jewellery.

B. A lot of kids had chains around their necks with keys fastened.

C. Slowly, she learned they were house keys.

D. I was constantly telling them to put them inside their shirts.

(3)he main feeling these children have when they are at home by themselves is _________________.

A. tiredness

B. freedom

C. loneliness

D. fear

(4)The Longs' study was mainly on _________________.

A. lonely children who have single parents

B. children whose parents are working or who have one parent only

C. children who have the problem of fear

D. parents who are working far from their homes

(5)We may draw a conclusion(结论) that _________________.

A. it's difficult to find out how many latchkey children there are

B. latchkey children try to hide their feelings

C. latchkey children often watch TV with their parents

D. latchkey children enjoy having such a large amount of time alone

【答案】(1)B

(2)C

(3)D

(4)B

(5)A

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了美国一些“钥匙儿童”的生活情况这一社会问题。

(1)推理题。根据 their bad condition has become a subject of concern 他们的糟糕状况已经成为人们关注的话题可知,关于钥匙儿童的主要观点是他们独自一人会有问题,故选B。(2)主旨题。根据 Slowly, she learned they were house keys 可知,慢慢地,她了解到它们是房子的钥匙是第二段的主题句子,故选C。

(3)细节题。根据 Fear is the biggest problem faced by children at home alone 可知,这些孩子独自在家时的主要感觉是害怕,故选D。

(4)细节题。根据They learned of the impact(影响)working couples and single parents were having on their children 可知,主要研究父母在工作或只有一个父母的孩子,故选B。(5)推理题。根据 It's hard to get statistics(统计数据) on latchkey children 可知,结论是很难查出有多少挂钥匙的孩子,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,主旨题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息,主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

10.阅读理解

It's 10 am on a school day morning in Shanghai and students are standing in lines on the playground, doing their morning exercises. As a teacher at the front calls out, "Yi, er, san, si..." the students extend their arms, then bring them to their chests; bend their knees, then straighten up. Many of the students seem bored.

Meanwhile, in a primary school in Xiangyang, Hubei Province, students are dancing to pop music. Which would you rather do?

Since 1951, morning calisthenics(健身操)have been a part of Chinese life. The school in Xiangyang wanted to make morning exercises more fun, so it looked to a group of people who seemed to really enjoy exercising damas(大妈)! These "aunties" dance on public squares each evening, often driving neighbours crazy with their loud music. But it is good exercise and they are having fun. So, why shouldn't students be allowed to follow their example?

Well, on the Internet, most posters said dancing in the primary school in Xiangyang looked funny. One poster said that calisthenics were old-fashioned and that "the organized movements leave no room for personal freedom".

Fitness is essential for young people. Too much study and too much computer time are making many young Chinese fat and unfit, so it's important that they become more active. And being active is the key, even if that means doing away with calisthenics and, instead, dancing like damas.(1)The first paragraph mainly tells us that ______________.

A. students' school life is colourful in Shanghai

B. morning exercises are helpful to students' health

C. many students feel bored about morning exercises

D. PE is important to school students

(2)The underlined word "Meanwhile" means" ______________"in Chinese.

A. 反之

B. 同时

C. 总之

D. 幸运的是(3)How long have morning calisthenics been in Chinese schools?

A. For 20 years.

B. For over 60 years.

C. Since last year.

D. Since 1951 years ago.(4)What do most people think of dancing in the primary school in Xiangyang?

A. Funny.

B. Helpful.

C. Boring.

D. Hard.

(5)What is the best title for the passage?

A. After-class activities

B. Colourful school life

C. A history of morning exercises

D. Dancing like damas

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)B

(4)A

(5)D

【解析】【分析】主要讲了学生们应该像大妈一样跳舞锻炼,而不是仅仅做健身操。(1)细节题。根据Many of the students seem bored.可知许多学生对早晨已经厌倦了,故选C。

(2)推断题。根据前后句可知一所学校在做早操,而另一所学校在和着流行音乐跳舞,所以meanwhile意思是同时,故选B。

(3)细节题。根据Since 1951, morning calisthenics(健身操) have been a part of Chinese life.可知自从1951年,健身操已经成为中国人生活的一部分,所以已经有60多年的历史了,故选B。

(4)细节题。根据The school in Xiangyang wanted to make morning exercises more fun, so it looked to a group of people who seemed to really enjoy exercising damas(大妈)!可知大部分人认为跳舞是有趣的,故选A。

(5)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了学生们应该像大妈一样跳舞锻炼,而不是仅仅做健身操。故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

11.阅读理解

On the afternoon of the day that we arrived in Xingcheng, we left for Qinhuangdao. It was raining heavily while we were on the highway. I kept the speed less than 100 kilometres per hour. We got to Qinhuangdao in the late afternoon. We booked in a hotel a normal room with a large bed, an air conditioner, a TV and a toilet. 150 yuan more or less is worthy of that.

The next morning, it only took us less than 30 minutes to get to the beach. Policemen were everywhere, and they guided our traffic. The bill of the parking was 20 yuan. I paid some money for life buoys because none of us could swim. The water was not too deep near the beach and with a life buoy I could float on the water in order not to get drowned. I taught my wife how to use the life buoy, although it was also the first time that I used it. But my daughter was fascinated by the sand. She played with the sand with all her attention, which made us laugh. The environment in Beidaihe was fine, although it was not very clean, and we had a good time.

By the way, in the evening we visited the shopping street in the central city. We visited a shopping street near Beidaihe. There were a lot of people, shopping and dining. Of course, we had some seafood there too.

(1)The writer went to Beidaihe ______________.

A. by train

B. by bus

C. by car

D. by plane

(2)What do the underlined words "life buoys" mean in Chinese?

A. 防晒霜

B. 救生圈

C. 游泳衣

D. 游艇(3)What was the writer's daughter doing while they were swimming?

A. Taking a walk along the beach.

B. Having a picnic.

C. Lying in the sun.

D. Playing with the sand.

(4)Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A. The writer booked a room with 300 yuan a night.

B. The writer's wife is very good at swimming.

C. The environment is very clean in Beidaihe.

D. The writer bad some seafood that evening.

(5)What's the best title for the passage?

A. The trip to Beidaihe

B. The sea in Beidaihe

C. The weather in Beidaihe

D. The food in Beidaihe

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)D

(4)D

(5)A

【解析】【分析】主要讲了作者去北戴河旅行。

(1)推断题。根据I kept the speed less than 100 kilometres per hour.我把速度保持在每小时100公里以下。可知是开车,即by car,故选C。

(2)细节题。根据后句because none of us could swim.因为我们都不会游泳,所以买了一些救生圈,故选B。

(3)细节题。根据But my daughter was fascinated by the sand. She played with the sand with all her attention, which made us laugh.但是我的女儿被沙子迷住了。她全神贯注地玩着沙子,这使我们笑了起来,可知女儿正在玩沙子,故选D。

(4)细节题。根据Of course, we had some seafood there too.当然,我们也吃了一些海鲜,可知是吃了海鲜,故选D。

(5)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了作者去北戴河旅行,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

12.阅读理解

Teens' Talk

Lisa Black, 13Mexico City, Mexico

"My favorite kind of music is salsa, and my favorite singer is Marc Anthony. Salsa is a kind of Latin music. Why do I like salsa? Well, it's exciting. There's always salsa music at our home. That's because my parents love it-and because we live next to a salsa music store!"

Tom White, 14New York City, the US

"What's my favorite kind of music? I like all kinds of music, but my favorite is techno. It's so cool! My brother hates techno—he thinks it's terrible! He doesn't understand it. But I don't understand his music either—he thinks country music is

great!"

Linda Green, 13Paris, France

"My favorite kind of music is classical music. My friends think it is boring, but I think classical music is really cool. My mom and dad like classical music, too, and my dad has a great collection of classical CDs."

A. her brother

B. her mother

C. her father

D. her friend (2)Lisa Black is the same age as _________.

A. Linda Green

B. Tom White

C. Tom's brother

D. Marc Anthony (3)The topic of today's talk is about teens' _________.

A. favorite collection

B. favorite music

C. favorite singer

D. favorite song

【答案】(1)C

(2)A

(3)B

【解析】【分析】大意:本文谈论青少年最喜欢的音乐,布莱克丽萨最喜欢萨尔萨舞曲,怀特汤姆.怀特最喜欢泰克诺音乐,而格林琳达最喜欢古典音乐。

(1)细节题。根据my dad has a great collection of classical CDs.可知,琳达爸爸喜欢收集古典音乐光盘,故选C。

(2)细节题。根据Lisa Black, 13和 Linda Green, 13可知,她和格林琳达是同龄,故选A。(3)主旨题。本文主要谈论青少年最喜欢的音乐,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解能力,细节题、主旨题是阅读理解题中常考题型。细节题要从文中寻找答案;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

13.阅读理解

Some people bring out the best in you in a way that you might never have fully realized on your own. My mother was one of those people.

My father died when I was one year-old. While I was growing up, we led a very hard life, but my mom gave me a lot of love. Bach night, she seated me on her lap and, spoke the words that would change my life," Kemmons, you are sure to be a great man and you can do anything in life if you work hard enough to get it."

At fourteen, I was hit by a car and the doctors said that I would never walk again. Every might my mother spoke to me in her gentle, loving voice, telling me whatever those doctors said, I could walk again if I wanted to. She drove that message so deep into my heart that I finally believed her. A year later, I walked on my own to school!

When the Great Depression broke out, my mother lost her job. Then I left school to support the two of us. At that moment I decided never to be poor again.

Over the years, I experienced a lot of business success. But the real turning point happened on a vacation I took with my wife and five kids in 1951. I was dissatisfied with the second-class hotels available for families and was very angry, that they charged an extra $2 for each child. That was too expensive for an ordinary American family. I told my wife that I was going to open a motel

(汽车旅馆) for families that would never charge extra money for children. Many people did not believe me at that time.

Not surprisingly, mom was my strongest supporter. As in any business, I experienced a lot of difficulties. But with my mom's words in my heart, I never doubted I would succeed. Fifteen years later, I had the largest hotel system in the world- Holiday Inn. In 1979 my company had 1,759 inns in more than fifty countries with an income of $I billion a year.

You may not have started out life in the best situations. But if you find a task in life worth working for and believe in yourself, nothing can stop you.

(1)What Kemmons's mom often told him during his childhood was .

A. boring

B. tiring

C. encouraging

D. interesting

(2)What caused Kemmons to start a motel by himself?

A. His mom's support.

B. His wife's suggestion.

C. The poor condition of his family.

D. His terrible experience in the hotel.

(3)Which of the following best describes Kemmons's mother?

A. Serious and hard- working.

B. Loving and supportive.

C. Strict and humorous.

D. Careful and strong-willed.

(4)What led to Kemmons's success according to the passage? Why?(请用约40词回答). 【答案】(1)C

(2)D

(3)B

(4)His mom's encouragement, clear goals, self-confidence and hard work. Because his mom's encouragement made him believe in himself. And if you find a task in life worth working for and believe in yourself, nothing can stop you.

【解析】【分析】本文主要介绍了作者的母亲是如何对自己进行教导和鼓励的。

(1)细节理解题。根据第二段"Kemmons, you are sure to be a great man and you can do anything in life if you work hard enough to get it."Kemmons,你一定会成为一个伟大的人,如果你努力工作,你可以做到任何事情,可知妈妈的话是鼓舞人的,encouraging鼓舞人的,故选C。

(2)细节理解题。根据第五段I was dissatisfied with the second-class hotels available for families and was very angry, that they charged an extra $2 for each child.I told my wife that I was going to open a motel for families that would never charge extra money for children,我对家庭可住的二级旅馆不满意,而且很生气,因为一个孩子多收两美元,我告诉我妻子,我要开一家不给孩子额外收费的家庭住的汽车旅馆,可知是由于在旅馆的糟糕的经历导致他决定自己开汽车旅馆,故选D。

(3)推理判断题。通过通读全文可知作者的妈妈是深爱孩子的,并且根据第六段mom was my strongest supporter,妈妈是我最强大的支持者,可知作者的妈妈一直都在鼓励、支持他,故选B。

(4)综合分析题。通过通读全文可知作者讲述了妈妈的鼓励对自己成功的影响;根据文章第四段At that moment I decided never to be poor again,在那时我就决定绝不要再贫穷了,可知他是有明确目标的人;最后一句话But if you find a task in life worth working for and

believe in yourself, nothing can stop you,可知作者的成功也有自己的自信和努力;原因是第六段But with my mom's words in my heart, I never doubted I would succeed但我心里有妈妈的话,我从不怀疑我会成功,和第七段But if you find a task in life worth working for and believe in yourself, nothing can stop you但如果你在生活中找到了一个值得为之工作的任务,并相信自己,没有什么能阻止你,故答案为His mom's encouragement, clear goals, self-confidence and hard work. Because his mom's encouragement made him believe in himself. And if you find a task in life worth working for and believe in yourself, nothing can stop you.

【点评】考查阅读理解,注意理解文章大意,读懂题目,去文章寻找关键词。

14.阅读理解

Why does the sky change colors?

What is the sky? How high is it? What color is it? What birds can live above it? These questions are difficult to answer, aren't they?

In fact, the sky has no color. Then why does the sky look blue?

We know that there is air around the world. When planes fly, they need air to lift their wings. Planes can't fly very high. That is because the air gets thinner when they go higher. The same will happen to us if we go high enough. If we go up about 1, 200 kilometers from the earth, we'll find no air there. Some birds can fly into the sky as high as a plane, but they cannot fly or live without air.

Looking up above us, you will see the blue sky with white clouds. It is usually light blue. The color would be bluer when you see on the top of a high mountain. And you will see fewer clouds in the sky between you and the sun.

Sometimes the sky doesn't look blue. When the sun rises and falls, you will see red, orange, and other colors in the sky. Such are the most beautiful moments of the day.

Who can see the colors of the sky high above the earth? The astronauts! They can see those beautiful colors of the sky from the outer space. However, before flying into outer space, they sit in a spaceship high above the earth, and there is no air at all. The sky would be that dark and its color would be black.

Now you may understand that we see colors because the air scatters(使散射) the sunlight. light travels through the air. Without air, there would be no light or colors.

(1)Planes can't fly as high as possible because_________.

A. the sky is blue

B. the wings are heavier

C. the sky has no color

D. the air becomes thinner

(2)When you stand on the top of a high mountain, you will see_________.

A. more air

B. the bluer sky

C. more colors

D. more clouds

(3)In Ningbo, we might see many colors in the sky at _________during the day.

A. 6: 00 a. m.

B. 10: 00 a. m.

C. 1: 00 p. m.

D. 2: 00 p. m.(4)The sky changes colors because____________.

A. it's colorful itself

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