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新标准大学英语综合教程1 课后答案完整版

新标准大学英语综合教程1 课后答案完整版

Unit one

Active reading 2

Dealing with unfamiliar words

4. Replace the underlined words with the correct form of the words in the box

1. detect

2. admirable

3. subways

4. inadequate

5. scribbling

6. persecution

5. Answer the questions about the expressions

1.(a) delighted

2.(a) need to be developed with careful

thinking 3.(a) at a time in the future 4.(b) to make someone extremely afraid and nervous

Language in use

with / without

1 Match the uses of with / without with their definitions.

1 (a)

2 (b)

3 (a)

4 (c)

5 (c)

6 (d)

2 Rewrite the sentences using with / without .

1 Her tutor moves his head from side to side. Her tutor spills his coffee into the saucer.

With his head moving from side to side, her tutor spills his coffee into the saucer.

2 “Splendid,” he says. He doesn’t wait for an answer. “Splendid,” he says, without waiting for an answer.

3 Frank McCourt speaks in class. He has an Irish accent.

Frank McCourt speaks in class with an Irish accent.

4 He plans to go on the subway. He has the books covered in purple and white NYU jackets.

He plans to go on the subway with the books covered in purple and white NYU jacket.

5 He’s only allowed to take two courses. He isn’t told why.

He’s only allowed to take two courses, without being told why.

6 He would like to ask a question. He doesn’t like to raise his hand.

He would like to ask a question without raising his hand. Collocations

3 Read the explanations of the words and phrases. Answer the questions.

1. climb

(a) Because the room is very small.

(b) You would climb into bed if you are so tired that it feels like a huge effort.

(c) You would probably need to bend over, and crawl through the hole.

2 spill

(a)spilt coffee all over your desk

You have accidently knocked over a cup/mug and the coffee has gone (uncontrolled) all over the desk.

(b)toys spilled out all over the carpet

The toys were in a container, such as a box; either the box is too full so some toys are falling out onto the carpet, or the box has been tipped over so most of the toys have fallen out of the box. (c)crowds were spilling out of the bars and restaurants

Many people are leaving the bars and restaurants all at once, probably because they are closing for the night.

3. join

(a) join a band

When they can play a musical instrument and want to play with others.

(b) join the unemployed

You have lost your job and become unemployed

(c) join in

You do the same activity that most other people are doing.

4 burst into

(a) burst into tears

The writer suddenly started crying.

(b) bursts into bloom

Flowers, when they suddenly emerge from buds.

(c) burst into flames.

Put out the flames immediately if you can, or keep well clear and call the emergency services (fire brigade)

5 clean

(a) a clean licence

This refers to a driving licence. It means that you have been driving safely or at least you have no penalty points on the licence ---a person gets such points as a punishment after breaking the law on the roads eg speeding or causing an accident, and the licence then has a note on it (it’s not “clean”) and the police have a record.

(b) clean language

You avoid using swear words or other examples of bad language.

(c) a clean bill of health

Here this phrase is used metaphorically and means something is working properly, for example,

a car might have “a clean bill of health”after a check or test it is working correctly.

6 easy

(a) easy-going

An easy-going person behaves, in a relaxed, calm manner with others and is happy to accept things without getting worried or angry.

(b) easy on the eye

A person who is easy on the eye is pleasant to look at in appearance and in the way they dress.

(c) easier said than done

When something is easier said than done, it is easy to talk about, but difficult to achieve.

(d) take it easy

When they tell you to “Take it easy”they can mean either of two things: You should rest and not do things that will make you tired, or you should keep calm, being less upset or angry.

4. Complete the sentence using the collocations in Activity 3

1 spill out of

2 burst into tears

3 clean language

4 easier

5 climb through

6 spilt

7 join in

8 burst into bloom

9 clean licence 10 easy on the eye

5 Translate the sentences into Chinese.

1. Finally, with my mother red in the face and short of breath, we find Room 8, I unlock the door, and we all walk in.(?介词with 表示状态,不必直译。)

等我们终于找到8号房间的时候,妈妈已经涨红了脸,上气不接下气。我打开门锁,我们都走了进去。

2. She impresses me, and I feel so ignorant that I shouldn’t even breathe the same air as her. 她给我留下了深刻的印象,我觉得自己太无知了,甚至不配跟她呼吸同样的空气。

3. I don’t know why I have to be introduced to literature but the woman in the admissions office

says it’s a requirement even though I’ve read Dostoyevsky and Melville and that’s admirable for someone without a high school education.(?翻译时将be introduced to literature 变成主动语态更通顺。)我不知道为什么我非得了解文学。可是招生办公室的那位女士说这门课是必修课,即使我读过陀思妥也夫斯基和梅尔维尔的小说也得选,一个没上过高中的人能读这些书的确令人敬佩,但这门课是必修课。

4. I’m in heaven and the first thing to do is buy the required textbooks, cover them with the purple and white NYU book jackets so that people in the subway will look at me admiringly.(?I am in heaven 不能直译成“我上了天堂”,这句话应意译。)

我乐得飘飘然了,第一件事就是去买所需要的课本,然后用纽约大学紫白相间的护封把它们套起来,这样地铁里的乘客就会向我投来艳羡的目光了。

Then the professor tells us ideas don’t drop fully formed from the skies, that the Pilgrims were, in the long run, children of the Reformation with an accompanying world view and their attitudes to children were so informed.(?注意两个children 的翻译,第一个需意译。)

接着,教授告诉我们,观念并不是从天而降的现成品。从长远看,清教徒是宗教改革运动的产物,他们继承了宗教改革运动的世界观,并且他们对孩子的态度体现了宗教改革运动的思想。

6 Translate the sentences into English

1 他们对业余剧社的介绍给苏菲留下了深刻的印象,于是她就报了名。(Amateur Dramatics; sign up for)

Their introduction of Amateur Dramatics impressed Sophie so much that she signed up for it.

2 网络教育为全职人员提供了利用业余时间接受继续教育的机会。(work full-time)

Online education provides those who work full-time with opportunities to receive further education in their spare time.

3 刚上大学时,他不知道是否需要把老师讲的内容一字不落地都记下来。(be supposed to do; scribble down)

When he first arrived at university, he was not sure whether he was supposed to scribble down every word out of the professor’s mouth.

4 没人觉察出他隐藏在笑容背后的绝望。(detect)

Nobody detects his despair well hidden behind his smile.

5 有些学生能轻松自如地与陌生人交谈,可有些学生却很难做到这一点。(be easy about) Some students are easy about talking with strangers, while some others find it hard to do so.

Unit 2

Language in use

1 Rewrite the sentences.

1 The restaurant was in a French seaside resort by the Atlantic Ocean. You get excellent seafood from the

Atlantic Ocean.

The restaurant was in a French seaside resort by the Atlantic Ocean, where you get excellent sea food.

2 My father had decided to take me for lunch to a restaurant. He wanted me to try my first oyster.

My father, who wanted me to try my first oyster had decided to take me for lunch to a restaurant.

3 The oyster was unlike anything I have ever tasted before or since. It was slippery.

The oyster, which was slippery, was unlike anything I have ever tasted before or since.

4 Chocolate is made from the beans of the cacao tree, Theobroma cacao. Theobroma cacao means “food

of the gods”.

Chocolate is made from the beans of the cacao tree, Theobroma cacao, which means “food of the gods”.

5 The world’s best-selling type of chocolate, milk chocolate, didn’t appear until the end of the 19th century. Milk chocolate is sweeter and smoother than dark chocolate.

The world’s best-selling type of chocolate, milk chocolate, which is sweeter and smoother than dark chocolate, didn’t appear until the end of the 19th century.

6 Daniel Peter perfected the process of making milk chocolate. He was Swiss.

Daniel Peter, who was Swiss, perfected the process of making milk chocolate.

2 Rewrite the sentences.

1 ... all sorts of shellfish which were clinging onto each other ... ... all sorts of shellfish clinging onto each other ...

2 ... a battery of implements which were used to crack the shells ... ... a battery of implements used to crack and crush the shells ...

3 … a process which was first tried in 1825.

… a process first tried in 1825.

4 Condensed milk is a thick, sweet milk which is sold in cans. Condensed milk is a thick, sweet milk sold in cans.

5 Hormones are a chemical substance which is produced by your body. Hormones are a chemical substance produced by your body.

word formation

3 Form new words with the following words and the prefixes/suffixes in the table.

non-: non-fiction non-smoker non-stop

-aholic: alcoholic, shopaholic, workaholic

-sick: airsick, carsick,seasick

-ful: helpful, spoonful

4 Answer the questions with the words you formed in Activity 3. What’s the word for ...

1 ... how you feel if sea makes you ill? (seasick)

2 ... someone who likes shopping a lot? (shopaholic)

3 ... what something is if it allows you to achieve something? (helpful)

4 ... a flight which goes directly from one place to another? (non-stop)

5 … someone who doesn’t smoke? (non-smoker)

6 ... writing which is about real people and events, not imaginary ones? (non-fiction)

5 Translate the sentences into Chinese.

1 Outside the skies were grey and a strong wind was blowing off the sea. It looked as gloomy as I felt.

外面,天空是灰色的,海面上刮来一阵强风。天气看起来和我的心情一样阴郁。

2 “Now, stop complaining, try one oyster for me, then you can have something nice and easy to eat, maybe some prawns with bread and butter,”he suggested, striking a note of compromise for the first time during the whole meal. “好啦,别抱怨了,就给我尝一只牡蛎,然后你就可以吃

些好吃的、顺口的东西,比如黄油、面包加对虾。”他提议说。吃了这么长时间的饭,他的话里头一次有了妥协的意思。

3 But with the clear conception which only a ten-year-old boy can have,

I still understood that the compromise included eating that oyster, sitting on the side of my father’s plate. 但是,尽管清晰地感觉到了他的妥协——只有一个十岁的男孩才有这样的感觉,我仍然明白这妥协包含着吃掉那只牡蛎,那只放在我父亲的盘子边上的牡蛎。

4 The chocolate sets into bars which will easily snap into pieces and then melt in the mouth.

(添加了可可油后)巧克力凝固成易折断的条块,入口即化。

5 But what accounts for its amazing popularity or even the properties that have made millions of people confess to being chocaholics? 但是,是什么原因使得巧克力出奇地畅销?又是什么造成了巧克力的上瘾特性,致使无数人承认自己是巧克力瘾君子呢?

6 Translate the sentences into English.

1 他们这儿不卖薯条,如果你想吃,得去肯德基或麦当劳。(serve)

They don’t serve French fries here. If you want it, you have to go to a KFC or McDonald’s.

2 他拣起一个核桃,想用锤子把它砸开,可没想到却把它砸烂了。(crack; crush)

He picked up a walnut and tried to crack it with a hammer, but instead he crushed it.

3 当金子加热融化后,他们把金水倒进模子,铸成金条。(melt; mould) When the gold was heated and melted, they poured it into a mould to form a gold bar.

4 他承认是他打破了教室的窗玻璃。(admit to)

He admitted to breaking the window of the classroom.

5 令我们欣喜的是,新的经济计划开始对经济发展产生积极影响。(have…effect on)

To our delight, the new economic policy is beginning to have a positive effect on the economy.

Unit Three

Active Reading (2)

5 Complete the passage with the words in Activity 4.

Writing an essay requires a number of special skills. One of these is to (1) transfer information from different sources into a single, short document. Another is to present an argument which is

(2) logical and easy to understand. And, of course, to be (3) effective an essay should be properly planned and researched. Luckily, the Internet can help you with this research. Most students these days (4) integrate their own reading of a subject with Internet searches.

But it is not easy to use the Internet. You should always be

(5) critical of what you find and not just use the first web page.

A quick search of the Web for a particular topic may (6) generate thousands of hits, but you must be able to (7) identify the information you need. You should be able to (8) recall where you found it too, because it is important to refer to your sources of information. And finally, you need to be (9) creative – because an essay should be an original piece of work.

Language in use

much

1 Match the sentences with the uses of much .

I don’t think much of that. (b)

I much prefer people do as they’re told. (c)

Hardly anyone has been encouraged, much less trained, to think for themselves … (a)

2 Rewrite the sentences using not think much of.

1 I didn’t think that lesson was very good.

I didn’t think much of that lesson.

2 None of us like the timetable we’ve been given for this term. None of us think much of the timetable we’ve been given for this term.

3 I’m afraid I’ve got strong doubts about what I’ve written. I’m afraid I don’t think much of what I’ve written.

4 Our professor is always criticizing this book.

Our professor doesn’t think much of this book.

5 I don’t like the theme of this week’s essay.

I don’t think much of the theme of this week’s essay.

6 I don’t agree with Honey and Mumford’s ideas about learning types.

I don’t think much of Honey and Mumford’s ideas about learning types.

3 Rewrite the sentences adding much in the correct place.

1 I’d rather work in the library than in my room.

I’d much rather work in the library than in my room.

2 Li would rather work with a friend than on her own.

Li would much rather work with a friend than on her own.

3 Personally I prefer taking notes to being given photocopies. Personally I much prefer taking notes to being given photocopies.

4 Some people would rather start writing straight away than spend

a lot of time reading.

Some people would much rather start writing straight away than spend a lot of time reading.

Now write two more sentences about your own study preferences. Use much rather and much prefer.

1 I would much rather listen to lectures than read the lecture notes.

2 I would much prefer asking questions after class to asking questions in class.

4 Rewrite the sentences using much less .

1 I can’t even say two words in Chinese, so I definitely can’t speak the language.

I can’t even say two words in Chinese, much less speak the language.

2 Basic study skills are often not taught here, and certainly not practised.

Basic study skills are often not taught here, much less practised.

3 Nobody has even started the essay, let alone finished it. Nobody has even started the essay, much less finished it.

4 Hardly anyone in the room heard what the lecturer was saying, and so of course they didn’t understand him.

Hardly anyone in the room heard what the lecturer was saying, much less understand him.

5 I haven’t got a PC in my room, so obviously I haven’t got an Internet connection.

I haven’t got a PC in my room, much less an Internet connection.

6 I didn’t dare say anything after the lesson, let alone criticize what he said.

I didn’t dare say anything after the lesson, much less criticize what he said.

while / when + participle

5 Rewrite the sentences.

1 When you choose a course, think about the amount of study it will require.

When choosing a course, you may think about the amount of study it will require.

2 When you are writing an essay, you should keep in mind the main theme.

When writing an essay, you should keep in mind the main theme.

3 Always keep a record of your sources when you do research on the Internet.

Always keep a record of your sources when doing research on the Internet.

4 Our lecturer uses PowerPoint while he is explaining basic concepts. Our lecturer uses PowerPoint while explaining basic concepts.

5 I had a brilliant idea while I was sitting in the library this morning.

I had a brilliant idea while sitting in the library this morning.

subject-verb inversion

6 Rewrite the sentences using if.

1 Had I known what this week’s lecture was about, I wouldn’t have gone.

If I had known what this week’s lecture was about, I wouldn’t have gone.

2 I would have corrected the work had I noticed the mistake.

I would have corrected the work, if I had noticed the mistake.

3 Had you thought about this a little earlier, you wouldn’t be in trouble now.

If I had thought about this a little earlier, you wouldn’t be in trouble now.

4 Had he shared his ideas with us, we would have made some progress. If he had shared his ideas with us, we would have made some progress.

5 They would have improved the facilities had they received more money from the government.

They would have improved the facilities, if they had received more money from the government.

7 Complete the sentences about yourself using the inversion structure Had I + verb.

1 I would have enjoyed myself more had I had a higher university entrance exam score for studying in the computer science subject.

2 Had I known this football match, I would have made different arrangements for the weekend.

3 I wouldn’t have worked so hard had I known the exam was so easy.

4 Had I received this college’s information earlier, I would have gone to a different college.

8 Translate the sentences into Chinese.

1 When was the last organizational vision statement you saw that included the words “… to develop ourselves into a model environment in which everyone at every level can think for themselves”?

(?注意 can 的译法,在上下文中,这个字不指“能”,而是指“可以”。) “……在我们周围逐渐培育出一个可供人们效仿的环境,使各个层次的人都有独立思考的空间。”你

上一次看到包含上述字眼的机构前景展望报告是在什么时候?

2 Had she affirmed our intelligence first and spoken about the joy of thinking for ourselves, had she not fanned our fear of her, we would all have learned even more powerfully what it meant to do our thinking. And we might have been able to think well around her too. (?抽象词翻译:learned even

more powerfully 的直译是“更强有力地学到”,不太好懂,最好意译。) 要是她一开始就肯定我们的聪明才智,给我们讲讲独立思考的乐趣,要是她没有激起我们对她的恐惧,我们大家就能更深切地体会到独立思考的意义;而且,即便她在场,我们也会更好地开动脑筋思考问题。

3 Like everyone else, students have their fair share of problems. Getting to know a new environment, forming relationships with other students, and surviving on limited financial resources are all typical problems.

和其他人一样,学生们也有他们自己必须面对的问题。典型的问题包括熟悉

新环境、与其他同学相

处、以及靠有限的经济来源生活。

4 Talk to some of your friends after a lecture or a tutorial and you will probably find they remember

different things about it – which may be more or less relevant to the teacher’s aims. 下课后或是听过一次个别指导后,如果你和朋友们聊一聊,

你可能会发现他们所记住的东西不尽相同,但或多或少都与老师的教学目的相关。

5 Effective reading requires you to vary your rate and style of reading according both to the type of reading material and your purpose in reading it.

有效的阅读需要你根据不同的阅读材料和阅读目的来变换阅读的速度和方式。

9 Translate the sentences into English.

1 老师很有可能不欣赏不会独立思考的学生。(not think much of …; think for oneself)

It is most likely that a teacher won’t think much of a student who cannot think for himself.

2 他上中学的时候,几乎没有什么人被鼓励去做科学实验,更谈不上接受

这方面的训练了。(hardly; much less)

When he was in high school, hardly anyone had be

en encouraged, much less trained, to do scientific experiments.

3 嫉妒是由懒惰和无知造成的。(the result of …)

Envy is the result of laziness and ignorance.

4 有些大学生是根据自己的专业来选择志愿服务的,而不是碰到什么就做

什么。(volunteer job; rather than)

Rather than picking any volunteer job, some college students choose activities based on their majors.

5 最好的办法就是把学生分成若干小组,让他们针对具体的问题进行讨论。(break up … into …; focus on) The best approach is to break the students up into several groups so that they can focus their discussion on specific problems.

UNIT4

Active reading (2)

Dealing with unfamiliar words:

4 Match the words in the box with their definitions.

1 the distance from one side of an object to the other (breadth)

2 a hit or knock to a part of your body (bump)

3 slightly nervous, worried, or upset about something (uneasy)

4 strange and unusual, sometimes in a way that upsets you (weird)

5 thinking seriously about something (thoughtful)

6 a feeling that you do not understand something or cannot decide what to do (confusion)

7 the attitude of someone who is willing to accept someone else’s beliefs, way of life etc without criticizing them even if they disagree with them (tolerance)

8 the ability to notice things (awareness)

9 to include something as a necessary part of an activity, event or situation (involve)

5 Replace the underlined words with the correct form of the words in the box.

When you meet people from other cultures, there will be many (1) times when somebody behaves in a way which you (2) notice as being unusual, but which is (3) acceptable in their culture. If it (4) attracts your (5) attention, it’s all right to (6) ask about cultural differences, because people are (7) usually happy to (8) reply. But don’t worry if you are unsure about what to do or what to say. Just remember that finding out about cultural differences should give you pleasure and not (9) unhappiness and discomfort.

Key: (1) occasions (2) perceive (3) conventional (4) arouses (5) curiosity

(6) inquire (7) generally (8) respond (9) misery

Language in use

1 Now rewrite the sentences using it + passive structure.

1 It was said that Russell Crowe couldn’t get a call out to Australia.

2 It is claimed that mobile phones have been the biggest factor of change in everyday behaviour in Britain over the past 15 years.

3 When told “Have a nice day!”, one Englishman was reported to have replied “I’m sorry, I’ve made other arrangements”.

4 It is suggested that it is unnecessary to say “Thank you” in Spanish as much as you do in English.

5 Disneyland is thought to be a typically American place.

6 Good communication is believed to be as stimulating as black coffee.

over

2 Now rewrite the sentences using over.

1 During the ten years since 1997, mobile phone subscribers have risen to 55 million.

Over the ten years since 1997, mobile phone subscribers have risen to 55 million.

2 During the same period, the world has got smaller.

Over the same period, the world has got smaller.

3 In the evening and during the weekend, his friends call him on his mobile.

In the evening and over the weekend, his friends call him on his mobile.

4 During the first few weeks of his stay in Italy, he felt he was walking backwards.

Over the first few weeks of his stay in Italy, he felt he was walking backwards.

emphatic structures with what

3 Now rewrite the sentences using the emphatic structure with what .

1 Life can be solitary without a mobile phone. I rediscovered this. What I rediscovered was that life can be solitary without a mobile phone.

2 My mobile phone is an essential, not a luxury. I think this. What I think is that my mobile phone is essential, not a luxury.

3 The people who needed to, got hold of me. I found this.

What I found was that the people who needed to, got hold of me.

4 People kiss each other four times. This happens in Paris.

What happens in Paris is that people kiss each other four times.

5 By not saying “Thank you” so often, he was perceived to be rude. He didn’t understand this.

What he didn’t understand was that by not saying “Thank You” so often, he was perceived to be rude.

4 Translate the sentences into Chinese.

1.在过去的15年里,手机已成为改变英国人日常行为方式的最主要因素。据估计,目前英国手机用户

已超过5,500万,而在1997年还不足1,000万。

2. 现在有消息说,伦敦手机信号的覆盖范围将拓展延伸。以后,在伦敦的每一个角落都有手机信号,

就连地铁也不例外。

3 这个研究话题激起了我的兴趣,为此,我走遍了法国各地。

4 这些插曲、事件都包含着文化碰撞,让你感到好奇、愉悦,偶尔也会让你感到震惊或尴尬。

5 But it’s not a matter of knowing all the conventions and rituals in different cultures. It’s impossible to collect all the information you might need to be relaxed in the many different cultures around the world.(?前一句若直译成“这不是了解不同文化中所有风俗习惯和礼仪的问题”恐怕不太好懂,最好意译。后一句的从句加大了翻译的难度,可以把

句子倒转、拆分。如“但这不等于说……知识能使你……只是你不可能……”)但是这不等于说我们需要悉数掌握不同文化中的风俗习惯和礼仪。丰富的知识能使你对世界各种不同的文化中应对自如,但是你不可能掌握全部必备的知识。

5.

1 据估计,目前中国4亿手机用户中,有大约一半人的隐私受到了威胁。(it is estimated that …;privacy)

It is estimated that today, the privacy of half of the 4 billion mobile phone subscribers is endangered.

2 人们在购买生活必需品上的花费越少,他们安排诸如旅游等娱乐活动就越多。(the less … the more …)

The less they spend on daily necessities, the more arrangements they will make for such leisure activities as travelling.

3 对我来说,旅游最大的好处就是可以去不同的地方,了解于不同文化背景下人们的生活方式以及传统习俗。(What I especially like about …

is …)

What I especially like about travelling is that I can go to different places and know about particular lifestyles, conventions and customs in different cultures.

4 在大多数情况下,文化碰撞激起的是人们对不同文化的好奇心,只是在极少数情况下,文化碰撞才会造成尴尬。(culture bump; on rare occasions) In most cases, a cultural bump arouses our curiosity about a different culture. Only on rare occasions can it cause embarrassment.

5 你可以保留自主选择的权利,但作为一个成年人,你做事不要冲动。(reserve the right; act on impulse)

You can reserve the right to make an independent choice, but as an adult, you should not act on impulse.

UNIT5

Language in use

whatever, whoever etc.

1 Now rewrite the sentences with the word in brackets.

1 I don’t know who wrote this poem, but he was very romantic. (whoever)

Whoever wrote this poem was very romantic.

2 Heathcliff may be anywhere, but he isn’t in the house. (wherever)

Wherever Heathcliff may be, he isn’t in the house.

3 I don’t know what to say, because she doesn’t listen to me any more. (whatever)

Whatever I say, she doesn’t listen to me anymore.

4 Every time I told him a secret, he told his friends. (whenever)

Whenever I told him a secret, he told his friends.

5 Anything may happen, but I will always be faithful. (whatever)

Whatever happens, I will always be faithful.

6 I don’t know who sent me this parcel, but they know I like chocolates. (whoever)

Whoever sent me this parcel knows I like chocolates.

7 I’m not exactly sure what I’m eating, but it’s very nice. (whatever)

Whatever I’m eating is very nice.

You may end up anywhere in the world, but I will never forget you. (wherever)

Wherever you end up in the world, I will never forget you. present participles

2 Now rewrite the sentences.

1 Since I felt concerned, I asked her to phone me the next day.

Feeling concerned, I asked her to phone me the next day.

2 When Judith fell asleep she was clinging to her teddy bear.

Clinging to her teddy bear, Judith fell asleep.

3 Sarah dried her eyes and tried to smile.

Drying her eyes, Sarah tried to smile.

4 He took out the card and said, “This valentine’s for me.”

Taking out the card, he said, “This valentine’s for me.”

5 I was waiting for the train when I read that poem.

Waiting for the train, I read that poem.

6 Since I didn’t have much money with me, I couldn’t pay for the meal.

Not having much money with me, I couldn’t pay for the meal.

no more … than

4 Rewrite the sentences with no more … than .

1 I have no reason to get married, and I’ve got no reason to change my job.

I’ve no more reason to get married than I have to change my job.

2 She’s got no reason to feel unhappy, and no reason to celebrate.

She’s got no more reason to feel unhappy than she has to celebrate.

3 There’s no point in waiting here, and no point in calling a taxi.

There’s no more point in waiting here than there is in calling

a taxi.

4 We have no interest in starting this task, or in finishing the first one.

We have no more interest in starting this task than we have in finishing the first one.

5 I’ve got no business to advise her about her private life, nor should she advise me about mine.

I’ve got no more business to advise her about her private life than she has to advise me about mine.

6 I have no wish to start a new relationship, or to write another book.

I have no more wish to start a new relationship than I have to write another book.

5 Translate the sentences into Chinese.

1 Her lips were half asunder as if she meant to speak; and she drew

a deep breath, but it escaped in a sigh, instead of a sentence.