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高中英语复习之-翻译练习(内附答案)

翻译

1.这所学校有两个篮球场和一个游泳池供学生使用。(available)

Two basketball courts and a swimming pool are available to the students in this school.

2. 使教师感到担忧的是,有些智力平平的学生对自己缺乏信心。(lack)

What the teacher are worried/concerned about is that some students of average intellect lack self-confidence in themselves.

3. 大家都知道工业上有很多之类的金属,每种都有自己的特殊性质和功能。(…,having…) Everyone knows that there are many kind s of metal s in industry, each having his own properties and functions.

4. 许多人都不愿意离开自己出身和长大的地方。(where)

Not many people like to leave where they were born and raised.

5. 你不必另外付费就可以从因特网上下载尽可能多的信息。(charge)

You can download from the Internet as much information as you need with no extra charge.

6. 他在日本三年,除了在餐馆打工挣钱外什么也没有干,回来时一句正确的日语都上不上。(nothing but)

During his three-year stay in Japan, he did nothing but make money by working in restaurant s. When it was time to return, he could hardly say a correct sentence in Japanese.

7. 在人的一生中什么事情都可能会发生,所以我们应该既抱有最好的希望又要作最坏的打算。(therefore)

Anything may happen in one’s life, and therefore one should hope for the best and prepare for the worst.

8. 为了帮助学生学好英语,教师应该使学生尽可能多地接触活的语言环境。(expose)

In order to help students learn English well, the teachers should have them exposed to the living language environment as much as possible.

9. 此药如果遵照医嘱服用,会有一定的疗效,但完全康复仍需时日。(if taken)

The medicine, if taken with/according to a doctor’s directions, usually has a good effect on the patient, but will take a long time to recovery completely/fully.

10. 老师们常常告诫我们不要把今天可以完成的事拖到明天。(put off)

Teachers often warn us not to put off what can be done today till tomorrow.

11. 遇到意想不到的情况时,缺乏勇气会使你无法做出恰当的反应。(lack, react)

When you meet with an unexpected situation, lack of courage will make you react improperly.

12. 说真的,我不想要你牵连到他们的争吵中去。(involve)

To tell the truth, I don’t want you to get involved in their quarrel.

13. 他的亲戚朋友从来没有想到她会被警方通缉。(occur)

It never occurred to his friends and relatives that he would be wanted by the police.

14. 有时候只有当一个人失去健康的时候,他才会意识到健康的价值。(aware) Sometimes only when one loses his health will he become aware of the value of health.

15. 在环保意识不断增长的时代,保护具有丰富生态、文化和历史资源的农村地区是我们每个人的责任。(rich)

In an era of growing environmental consciousness, it is everyone’s responsibility to protect the rural areas rich in ecological, cultural and historical resource s.

16. 他这星期回来参加你的婚礼时没有可能了。(possibility)

There is no possibility of his coming back to attend your wedding this week.

17. 咨询了专家后,我抵制不住诱惑也参与了一次旨在推广环保旅游的远足。(resist) After consulting the specialist, I couldn’t resist the temptation to participate in an excursion which aims to promote ecotourism.

18. 确保青少年健康成长进入成年期是每一个人的责任。(ensure)

It’s everyone’s responsibility to ensure teenagers’ health growth into adulthood. 19. 她带来的圣诞树为英语晚会增添了欢乐。(add)

The Christmas tree she bought added to the delight of the English Evening.

20. 那些无助的水手们被迫抛弃正在下沉的轮船而游到岸边去。(abandon)

Those helpless sailors were forced to abandon the sinking ship and swam to the shore.

21. 他四处寻找丢失的钥匙,但哪儿也找不到。(nowhere)

He looked everywhere for the lost key, but it was nowhere to be found.

22. 她英语很扎实,这使她在面试中比其他人略胜一筹。(enable)

Her good command of English enabled her to have an advantage over others at the interview.

23. 亲戚们发现要分辨出这两个双胞胎兄弟是不容易的。(tell…from)

24. 每天抽出一些时间复习你学过的知识是很有必要的。(set aside)

25. 常言道:凡事三思而后行,否则就会功亏一篑。(or)

●Relatives find it not easy to tell one of the twin brothers from the other.

●It’s necessar y for you to set aside some time every day to review the

knowledge you have learned.

●As the saying goes, “think it over before you do anything, or you will fail.”

26. 不少大学毕业生缺乏解决实际问题的能力。(cope)

27. 这一款新开发的机器在许多方面都超过了其竞争对手。(superior)

28. 教授们极力主张她再考虑一下回国的决定,但是她拒绝了。(urge)

29. 让邻居们困惑的是为什么他的女儿决定要和一个外国人结婚。(marry)

30. 实验表明中国绿茶富含对人体有益的物质。(rich)

●What puzzled the neighbors was why his daughter decided to marry a

foreigner.

●Some experiments indicate that Chinese green tea is rich in many substance s

that are beneficial to human bodies.

31. 很有可能由于天气骤变许多老人会病倒。(Chances are…; fall)

32. 这家饭店向顾客保证提供可口的菜肴和良好的服务。(ensure)

33. 他建议我们在方便的时候可互发电子邮件,以保持联系。(contact)

●Chances are that many old people may fall ill because of the sudden change of

the weather.

●The restaurant ensured that the customers ere offered delicious dishes an

good service.

●He proposed that we should keep in (close) contact with each other by email

when/if convenient.

34. 那些女孩的粗心大意让她们付出了生命的代价。(life)

35. 专家告诫家长不要忽略孩子的心理问题。(warn)

36. 老师有必要定期和家长联系。(necessary)

37. 无视食品安全导致多家公司面临前所未有的困难。(notice)

●The girl’s carelessness cost them their lives.

●Experts warn parents not to neglect the psychological problems of their

children.

●It is necessary for teachers to contact parents regularly.

●Taking no notice of food safety causes many companies to face the problems

they have never met with before.

38. 人们一年到头总能吃到新鲜的蔬菜。(available)

39. 作为本地居民,我们中的许多人都梦想着能成为2010年世博会的志愿者。(dream)

40. 据世界卫生组织所说,一个人的精神状况是我们判断其是否健康的重要标准。(by which)

●Fresh vegetables are available to people in the whole year.

●As the local inhabitants, most of us dream of being the volunteers of Expo

2010.

●According to the World Health Organization, a person’s mental state is a very

important standard by which we judge whether or not a person is healthy

41. 很显然,他想利用这个绝佳的机会祝贺我们的成功。(evident)

42. 已证明,手术是治疗心脏病患者最有效的方法之一。(suffer)

43. 你的词汇量越大,你就会感到英语写作越容易。(difficult)

44. 面对证据,疑犯再也不敢隐匿真相,承认犯下了罪行。(commit)

●It’s evident that he wants to make advantage of the golden chance to

congratulate us on our success.

●It has been proved that operation is one of the most effective ways to treat

patients who are suffering from heart disease.

●The larger vocabulary you have, the less difficult you will feel it to write in

English.

●Facing the evidence, the suspect didn’t dare to concea l the truth any longer

and admitted committing the crime.

45. 电脑是痛人脑一样强大的计算机吗。(as … as )

46. 在你决定要报考哪所大学之前,最好先征求一下老师和家长的意见。(better)

47. 随着人民环保意识的不断提高,他们积极参与到形式多样的节能活动中。(growing)

●Is the / a computer as powerful a calculator as the / a human’s brain?

●Before you decide which university to apply to, you’d better ask your teacher

and patents for some advice / consult your teacher and parents about it.

With the growing environmental consciousness, people take an active part in / are actively involved in various kinds of energy-saving campaigns / activities.

48. 为了满足2010年世博会(Expo)的需要,上海将新建许多现代化的宾馆和展览馆。(meet)

49. 在紧急情况下,能保持冷静有时就意味着生死之别。(remain)

50. 缺乏实践的大学毕业生不太可能马上找到高薪的工作。(little chance)

● A member of modern hotels and exhibition halls will be built in Shanghai in

order to meet the needs of the Expo in 2010.

●In an emergency, being able to keep calm something means the difference

between life and death.

●There is little chance that a university graduate without any practical

experience can find a job with high pay.

51. 当你紧张的时候,深呼吸可以帮你冷静下来。(breath)

52. 在西方,超过18岁的年轻人独立生活被认为是理所应当的。(take for granted)

●When you are nervous, taking a deep breath can help you calm down.

●In the west, it is taken for granted that young people over 18 years old live

independently..

53. 我们刚到达山顶,就看到一轮红日冉冉升起。(Hardly …)

54. 据报道,上海所有的学校操场都将在寒暑假期间免费向市民开放。(access n.)

55. 为了保证食品安全,中国政府正在拟定食品质量的具体标准,以供食品制造商遵照执行。(work on)