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新世纪大学英语综合教程4课后段落翻译汇总

Unit 1

Human beings live in the realm of nature. They are not only dwellers in nature, but also transformers of it. With the development of society and its economy, people tend to become less dependent on nature directly, but indirectly their dependence grows.

Human beings are connected with nature by “blood” ties. No one can live outside nature. However, the previous dynamic balance between man and nature has shown signs of breaking down. Problems such as the population explosion, ecological imbalance and the shortage of natural resources have become major factors keeping human society from being further developed.

Professor Spirkin holds that the only choice for human beings is the wise organization of production and care for Mother Nature.

人类生活在大自然的王国里,他们不仅是大自然的居民,也是大自然的改造者。随着社会的进步和经济的发展,人们对大自然的直接以来越来越少,而对其间接依赖却越来越多。

人类与大自然血肉相连,谁都无法生存于大自然之外。然而,人与自然之间原来存在的动态平衡已经出现崩溃的迹象。人口爆炸,生态失衡,资源匮乏等问题已成为阻碍人类社会进一步发展的主要因素。

斯伯金教授认为,要解决这一问题,人类的唯一的选择就是明智的协调好生产与对大自然之间的关之间的关系。

Unit 3

Many people want to be famous because fame can bring them both honor and respect from the public. In most cases, fame can also help them gain wealth. But, after all, very few people can really become famous while most people, including most artists, are unlikely to become famous.

It is true that some failure for some people at certain times in their lives does motivate them to strive even harder so as to achieve final success. For example, Thomas Edison, the famous American inventor, had tried hundreds of materials before he finally found the suitable fuse for the electric bulb. However, unfortunately, for most people failure is the end of their struggle.

Therefore, in my opinion, success is one thing and fame is another. As long as you have tried your best, you’re already successful whethe r you are famous or not.

许多人都想出名,因为声誉能带给他们公众的赞扬和敬意。在大多数情况下,声誉还会帮助名人获取财富。可是真正能够程铭的人毕竟是少数,而大多数人,包括大多数艺术家哦,出名的可能性都不大。

诚然,有些人在一生中某些时刻遭遇的失败的确能够激发他们更加努力奋斗,从而取得最终成功。譬如美国发明家托马斯﹒爱迪生在发明电灯泡是,就是在尝试了几百种材料之后才最终找到适用于灯泡的熔丝的。

所以,在我看来,成功是一回事,出名是另一回事。不管你是否出名,只要

你尽力了,你就算成功了。

Unit 4

Some people think that they’ve fulfilled their tasks as long as they go on duty and come off duty on time. They never think about what is meant by “work” and why they should work at all. In fact, “work” involves such qualities as wisdom, enthusiasm, imagination and creativity.

To do his work well, a worker must have a spirit of dedication, and be capable of bearing hardships and standing hard work. In addition, he should have initiative and creativity. Having initiative means the worker should be ready to grasp every opportunity to display his outstanding ability.

In addition, a worker should make clear the nature and significance of the work he does, be responsible for whatever he is doing and plunge himself into the work with vigorous enthusiasm. If he can do so, he will find a job no longer a burden but an indispensable part of his life. Whatever he does, he can always find values and pleasure in the work and achieve extraordinary results in otherwise ordinary work.

有些人认为只要自己准时上下班啦就算是完成任务了,从不思索什么是工作和为什么要工作。其实,“工作”涉及智慧、热情、想象力和创造力等各方面的素质。

要做好工作,工作者必须有奉献精神,能够吃苦耐劳,此外,他还应该具有主动性和创造性。所谓主动性,就意味着工作要随时把握住机会,展现自己非凡的工作才能。

其次,工作者要弄清楚自己所从事的工作的性质和意义,对自己的所作所为负起责任,以旺盛的热情投入到工作中去。如果能做到这一点,他就会发现,工作不在是一种负担,而是他生活中不可或缺的一个重要组成部分。不管从事什么工作,他总能从工作中找到价值和乐趣,在平凡的岗位上取得不平凡的业绩。

Unit 5

Sara and Michael used to be a two-career couple with a home of their own, two cars and a large boat bought with a large loan. They were both busy with their respective work and sometimes they had to make business trips at weekend. The only time for their so-called home life was restricted to the few hours after work. Indeed, they had made a lot of money, but they got fed up with such a fast-paced lifestyle. So soon after their daughter was born, they decided to change their lifestyles.

They traded their two full-time careers for two part-time jobs, and tried hard to curtail their consumption. They sold their splendid house and moved into a smaller but pretty and energy-efficient home designed by themselves. They downsized their possessions and discarded all the expensive clutter. They also sold their big boat and shared a smaller one with another family so that they could still enjoy sailing on the sea. They gave up the extra car and their professional wardrobes. They also gave up expensive hobbies. They seldom ate out, thereby reducing a lot of expenses. Now they no longer purchase things on impulse and only spend money on the bare necessities.

One may think that they are too stingy toward themselves. But that is not the case. For them it is a voluntary act to have chosen this simple and frugal lifestyle. It is by no means deprivation. They believe that a frugal life is beneficial to both society and the individual.

萨拉和迈克尔本来是一对双双从业的夫妻,有一套房子,两辆汽车,还贷了一大笔款,买了一艘大船。俩人都忙于各自的工作,有时周末还要到外地出差。所谓的家庭生活仅局限于下班后的几个钟头。他们的确挣钱不少,可是他么厌倦了这样的生活方式。所以,女儿出生后不久,他们便决定改变自己的生活方式。

他们把原来两份全职工作换成了两份兼职工作,努力缩减消费,他们卖掉了原来那幢富丽堂皇的房子,搬进了自己亲手设计的,既漂亮又节能的小住宅。他们缩减了家当,把那些昂贵但长期闲置的杂物都处理掉了。他们还卖掉了那艘大船,和另外一家人共享一艘小船,照样能享受海上航行的乐趣。他们处理掉了一辆多余的汽车和职业装,也放弃了一些昂贵的嗜好;他们很少在外面吃饭,由此也减少了很多开支。如今他们不在冲动购物,只把钱花在最基本的必需品上。

人们可能以为他们对自己太吝啬了,其实不然。他们选择这种简单、节省的生活方式完全是自愿的行为,这样做绝对不是因为物质匮乏。他们认为,节俭的生活方式无论是对社会还是对个人都有好处。

Unit 6

What is truth? Truth is the correct reflection of people’s knowledge about the objective world and its laws. Truth makes people full of hope and life full of brilliance and glory. Therefore, many people regard the pursuit of truth as the ultimate goal of their lives. In human history, many people devoted their lives to the pursuit of truth and made outstanding contributions to mankind.

Truth is both absolute and relative. We say that truth is absolute because truth can objectively reflect the essentials of things. However, any truth is but people’s correct understanding of the development of things at a certain stage. Therefore, truth is relative and develops constantly.

Sometimes, the brilliance of truth may dim but it will never die out. For some people, truth may seem beyond their reach. In fact, it is close at hand. We can find truth as long as we keep pursuing it heart and soul.

真理是什么?真理是人们对客观世界及其规律的正确反映。真理让人们充满希望,让人生充满色彩,所以很多人把追求真理作为人生的最终目标。人类历史上有许多人为了只求真理,献出了自己宝贵的生命,对人类做出了杰出的贡献。

真理是绝对的,又是相对的。我们说真理是绝对的,是因为真理能够客观地反映事物的本质。但是,任何真理都只是人们对事物发展在一定阶段的正确认识,所以它又是相对的、不断发展的。

真理的光芒有时候可能会暗淡,但永远不会熄灭。对某些人来说,真理也许太遥远,实际上真理就在我们身边,只要我们用心去寻找,就一定会追求到真理