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全新版大学英语(第二版)第一册第三单元短语总结

Unit 3 Book 1 Useful expressions

Overview:

1.With sth playing such a large role in doing sth, there is a pressing need to improve sth.

2.sth be headed in the direction

3.pressing: urgent

4.improve one’s understanding

5.one of the leading scientists of our age

6.reflect on sth仔细考虑,思考;反省;回想,回顾

7.set out to do: set about doing

8.correct some false impressions about sth

9.how to make sense out of science as a way of understanding the world

Text A

10.keep everybody in touch with what science is about

11.public attitudes towards/to science

12.change a great deal

13.go back to what they see as a purer and simpler age

14.as history shows, …

15.not that wonderful: not so wonderful

16.not so bad for a privileged minority

17.minorit y←→majority

18.have to do without modern medicine

19.be highly risky for sb

20.for the vast majority of the population

21.Anyway, even if one wanted to, one couldn’t put the clock back to…

22.prevent further advances

23.cut off all government money for research

24.do one’s best

25.the force of competition

26.bring about sth: make sth happen

27.stop inquiring minds from thinking about basic science

28.suppress anything new

29.human initiative and inventiveness

30.slow down the rate of change

31.cannot prevent science and technology from changing our world

32.at least←→at most

33.ensure that sth be in the right direction

34.in a democratic society

35.have a basic understanding of science

36.make informed decisions

37.leave sth in the hands of experts

38.at the moment: now

39.sb be in two minds about sth

40.expect the steady increase in the standard of living

41.bring sth to continue

42.sb distrust science

43.an important element behind sth

44.have a great interest in sth= be interested in sth

45.as is shown by sb/sth

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/24ec09172e3f5727a4e96230.htmlrge audiences for television series

47.science fiction

48.harness this interest: make use of this interest

49.acid rain

50.greenhouse effect

51.nuclear weapons

52.genetic engineering

53.lie in sth

54.sth be presented in a dry and uninteresting manner

55.learn sth by rote←→learn sth by heart

56.see one’s relevance to sth

57.in terms of

58.describe mathematical ideas

59.halve the sales

60.would have sold twice as many copies without it

61.express one’s ideas

62.in the form of equations

63.precise values of quantities

64.for the rest of us

65.a qualitative grasp of scientific concepts

66.be convey by words

67.without the use of sth

68.provide basic framework

69.the rate of sth is so rapid that…

70.scientific progress

71.(new developments) have occurred

72.molecular biology

73.change the way we live in the future

74.put across: understand

75.a small proportion of the population

76.reach a truly mass audience

77.present A as B

78.scientific wonders

79.fit into sth

80.have a responsibility to do sth

81.entertain the public

82.be filled with sth: be full of sth: be permeated with sth

83.have sufficient faith in sth

84.good sense of the public

Vocabulary & Translation exe

85.in terms of advancement

86.starting salary

87.pay that electricity bill

88.cut us off 使我们断电

89.As pace of life quickens,…

90.tend to do: be likely to do: be liable to do

91.get rid of: eradicate: root out

92.precise observation of distant stars

93.be laid out in the form of sth

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/24ec09172e3f5727a4e96230.htmle your own initiative

95.Words cannot convey how grateful we are for (his timely help).

96.the board of directors

97.be in two minds over the opening of a branch office in sw

98.grasp the concept of infinite space cf. conception

99.present a complex argument

100.be completely beyond my grasp

101.win the match

102.have a place in the final

103.ensure sb a place in the final

104.have a duty to do

105.heal the wounded

106.rescue the dying

107.get amusement

108.get knowledge from sth

109.the film’s appeal

110.provide entertainment to the audience

111.raise questions about sth

112.the possible contact between human beings and alien civilization 113.make a decision on sth on the basis of sth

114.have sufficient funds

115.make accurate predictions

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/24ec09172e3f5727a4e96230.htmlrmation industry

117.this line of products: this kind of products

118.be highly profitable

119.regain her health

120.be undecided about sth

121.stay on in her present post

122.find a new job

123.the mountainous region

124.be undersupplied with sth

125.get injured in the car accident

126.be disabled for the rest of his life

127.demand the release of sb from prison

128.as a precondition for further negotiation

129.have the foresight to invest in new technology 130.mispronounce a lot of words

131.support military action

132.be for a peaceful solution

133.meet our job requirements

134.fall short of the requirements

135.with the improvement of the standard of living 136.on balance: generally speaking

137.the strengths of A outweigh its weaknesses 138.As is shown by history, …

139.local clashes

140.a global war

141.on the foggy morning

142.dial the wrong number

143.sb be highly distrustful of sth

144.well informed

145.sth last a lifetime

146.find their way when they travel long distances 147.make discoveries

148.have practical value

149.carry messages

150.lengthen human life: prolong life expectancy http://www.wendangku.net/doc/24ec09172e3f5727a4e96230.htmle hear pacemakers

152.medical devices 医疗器械

153.affect your career and your daily life

154.space shuttles

155.yet-to-be-discovered developments

156.lie ahead

157.predict earthquakes

158.a space station in orbit around the earth 159.tough competition for sth

160.fit into the national plan for sth

161.burn too much gas

162.consider historical background to sth

163.do without so many conviences

164.enjoy the comforts of life

165.have sufficient food

166.not to speak of: let alone: needless to say 167.the privilege of being educated

168.blame sb for sth