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(完整版)初中中考英语语法被动语态的讲解-专项练习及参考答案

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被动语态全解

语态是动词的一种形式,表示句子中主语和谓语动词的关系,主动语态表示主语是动作的执行者,被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者。只有及物动词才能用于被动语态。

一.被动语态的时态:

1.一般现在时的被动语态:am /is/ are +动词的过去分词

2.一般过去时的被动语态:was /were +动词的过去分词

3.一般将来时的被动语态:will be +动词的过去分词

4.现在进行时的被动语态:am /is /are +being +动词的过去分词

5.现在完成时的被动语态:have /has +been +动词的过去分词

6.情态动词的被动语态:情态动词+ be +动词的过去分词

主动语态不能变为被动语态的情况:

1, 当宾语是反身代词时The man introduced himself as Mr.Parker .

2,

(完整版)初中中考英语语法被动语态的讲解-专项练习及参考答案

1.

动词+ sb(

2.带省to

动词:

4.

1.

2.

3.

The dish tastes good .

4.有些词组没有被动语态:sell well , write well ,ride well ,drive well

This kind of skirt sells well.

5.need表示需要时,后面常接doing 形式表示被动意义,相当于to be done .

All the computers need repairing .=

All the computers need _____ _____ _____ .

6.在too…to…及enough to …结构中有时表示被动意义。

The problem is too difficult to solve.

1.The road ____ last year.

A. builds

B. built

C. was built

D. is built

2.Liu Xiang ___ by his coach to train regularly.

A. adised

B. advises

C. was advised

D. be advised

3. A Disneyland Park ___ in Shanghai Pudong New Area in the near future.

A. builds

B. has built

C. will build

D. will be built

4. –Can you sing this English song? ---Of course,I can. It__ many times on the radio.

A. taught

B. has taught

C. is taught

D. has been taught

5. The 16th Asian Games ____ in Guangzhou in November,2010.

A. holds

B. will hold

C. was held

D. will be held

6. No conclusion __ before we complete this test .

A. is made

B. will be made

C. has made

7. Necessary action __ so that students can be safe at schools.

A. can be taken

B. must be taken

C. may be taken

D. might be taken

8. More than 100 workers __ from the Wangjialing Coal Mine in April this year.

A. is saved

B. are saved

C. was saved

D. were saved

9.Another new railway station ___ in Changsha in 2011.

A. was built

B. build

C. will be built

10. People in Korea ___ bow when they meet for the first time.

(完整版)初中中考英语语法被动语态的讲解-专项练习及参考答案

11. –

12. –

1.

3. –

7.

A. told

B. have told

C. will tell

D. was told

9. It is reported that the Underground Line No. 3 __ in our city in 2010.

A. will build

B. has built

C. will be built

D. has been built

10. When you leave the room, make sure the door ___.

A. was locked

B. is locked

C. will be locked

D. should be locked

11.—Do you believe there are aliens? -I am afraid not. I don’t think aliens __ in space.

A. can find B . can be found C. ca n be found D. can’t be found

12. –I want to be a Chinese teacher when I grow up.

--That’s great. Chinese teachers __ in China and some foreign countries.

A. need

B. are needing

C. are needed

D. will need

(完整版)初中中考英语语法被动语态的讲解-专项练习及参考答案

15. –

--

A.

18. –Where did you go last night ? - I __ to go to Li Lei’s birt hday party.

A. asked

B. am asked

C. have been asked

D. was asked

19. –I want to be a doctor. – Doctors __ in every part of the world, I think.

A. need

B. are needed

C. are needing

D. will need

20. The village is building a school. I hope it __ before August this year.

A. finishes

B. will finish

C. is finished

D. will be finished

三、用适当时态和语态的动词填空

1. Can he ________ (speak) English?

2. What language ________ (speak) in that country?

3. The film ________ (show) many times since last Sunday.

4. These TV sets ________ (make) in SiChuan.

(完整版)初中中考英语语法被动语态的讲解-专项练习及参考答案

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6. The old house _______ (pull) down next month.

7. In the old days, the children _______ (take care of) by the mother because she did not work outside the house.

8. Needless to say, the second list of words ___ (can, remember) more easily than the first one.

9. She _______ (send) to another village when I got there.

10. The teacher said that we _________ (give) another chance sometime next month if we failed in the exam.

( )11.The earth is our home.It ___well.

A.must be protected

B.should protect

(完整版)初中中考英语语法被动语态的讲解-专项练习及参考答案

A.are planted

B.will plant

C.have been planted

D.planted.

( )18.A lot of things ___by people to save the little girl now.

A.are doing

B.are being done

C.has been done

D.will be done.

( )19.Neither of them ___ in China

A.is made

B.are made

C.were made

D.made.

( )20.Look! A nice picture___for our teacher.

A. is drawing

B.is being drawn

C.has been drawn

D.draws.

( )21.Your shoes___.You need a new pair.

A.wear out

B.worn out

C.are worn out

D.is worn.

( )22.The doctor___for yet.

A.isn’t sent

B.hasn’t been sent

C.won’t be sent

D.wasn’t sent. ( )23—When ___this kind of computer___?

—Last year. A.did;use B.was;used C.is;used D.are;used

( )24.The Great Wall__about all over the world.

A.knows

B.knew

C.is known

D.was known.

( )25.I___in summer.

A.born

B.was born

C.have been born

D.am born.

( )26.He says that Mr Zhang___to the factory next week.

A.is sent

B.would send

C.was sent

D.will be sent.

( )27.Who ___this book__?

A.did;written

B.was;written by

C.do;written

D.was;written

( )28.Mary ___show me her new dictionary.

(完整版)初中中考英语语法被动语态的讲解-专项练习及参考答案

2

3

( ) 1 Japanese ___ in every country.

A. is not spoken

B. are spoken

C. is speaking

D. is not speaking ( ) 2 These papers___yet.

A. have not written

B. have not been written

C. has not written

D. has not been written

( ) 3 The sports meet ___ be held until next week.

A. didn't

B. won't

C. isn't

D. doesn't

4

( ) 1 -My shoes are worn out.

A. Can't they be mended?

B. Let me have a look at it.

C. How much do they cost?

D. Can't they mended?

( ) 2 ___ the watch been repaired yet? I badly need it.

A. Does

B. Has

C. Is

D. Are

( ) 3 ___ these desks be needed?

A. Will

B. Are

C. Has

D. Do

5

( ) 1 Why ___ to talk about it yesterday?

A. didn't a meeting hold

B. wasn't a meeting held

C. wasn't held a meeting

D. a meeting wasn't held

( ) 2 Who was the book___?

A. write

B. wrote

C. written

D. written by

( ) 3 Where ___ these boxes made?

A. was

B. were

C. is

D. am

6

( ) 1 The flowers___often.

A. must be water

B. must be watered

C. must watered

D. must water ( ) 2 The books may___ for two weeks.

(完整版)初中中考英语语法被动语态的讲解-专项练习及参考答案

7

8

9

( ) 3 Old people must be looked ^fter well and ___ politely.

A. speak to

B. spoken

C. speak

D. spoken to

( ) 4 Old people must ___.

A. look after well

B. be looked well after

C. looked well after

D. be looked after well

10

( ) 1 Newly-born babies___in hospital.

A. are taken good care

B. are taken good care of

C. take good care of

D. take good care

( ) 2 They were___ at the sudden noise.

A. frightening

B. frightened

C. frighten

D. frightens

( ) 3 These walls___stone.

A. are made of

B. made of u

C. are made into

D. made into

11

( ) 1 Jane ___ to sing us an American song last Saturday.

A. called

B. was asked

C. told

D. was said

( ) 2 The papers ___ to them.

A. were shown

B. show

C. shown /

D. have shown

( ) 3 The coat___her sister.

A. made to

B. were made for

C. was made for

D. was made to

12

( )?1 I ___ five minutes to decide whether I should go or not.

A. gave

B. was giving

C. had given

D. was given

( ) 2 Good care____such things.

A. should take of

B. should be taken

C. should be taking

D. should be taken of

( ) 3 She will____good care____.

(完整版)初中中考英语语法被动语态的讲解-专项练习及参考答案

13

14

15

16

A. does; closed

B. does; close

C. is; closed

D. /; close

17

( ) 1 Can he___himself?

A. get dress

B. get dressed

C. gets dressed

D. instead of

( ) 2 He fell from his bike and ___.

A. is hurt

B. gets hurt

C. got hurt

D. hurt

( ) 3 Lookout, please keep away from the fire, or your trousers will__

A. burnt

B. burn

C. burning

D. get burn

18

( ) 1 The apple___very sweet.

A. is tasted

B. taste -

C. tastes

D. are tasting

( ) 2 You___ more beautiful in the light blue shirt.

A. see

B. watch

C. look

D. look at

( ) 3 What you said ___. like a good idea.

A. heard

B. listened

C. sound

D. sounded

19

( ) 1 -What do you think of the TV play?

-Wonderful. It is worth___ a second time.

A. watching

B. watched

C. seen

D. seeing

( ) 2 How dirty the tables are! They need___.

A. to clean

B. clean

C. cleaning

D. cleaned

( ) 3 The book is worth ___.

A. seeing

B. reading

C. seen

D. read

(一)参考答案

1~5CBABA 6~10CBDCB 11~15AABDA 16~20CCBAB 21~25CBBCB 26~30DBBBD 参考答案:

(完整版)初中中考英语语法被动语态的讲解-专项练习及参考答案

15. 1-4 B D A C

16. 1-3 A B C

17. 1-3 B C D

18. 1-3 C C D

19. 1-3 A C B

三、

1. speak

2. is spoken

3. has been shown

4. are made

5.turn

6. is being built

7.

Has returned 8.is grown 9.wasn’t broken

10.was told didn’t come

五、

1. is spoken

2. cannot be kept

3. was turned off

4. were believed

5. are being printed

6. will be pulled

7. were taken care of

8. can be remembered 9. had been sent 10. would be given

中考真题一

1-5.CCDDD 6-10。BBDCC 11-13。BDD

中考真题二

1-5 BA0CAC 6-10。CDDCB 11-15。BCCBB 16-20 AADBD

(完整版)初中中考英语语法被动语态的讲解-专项练习及参考答案