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2011年6月大学英语四级考试全真预测试卷二(含答案详解听力)

四级考前模考试卷(二)

Part I Writing (30 minutes)

Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Hiring Celebrities as Visiting Professors. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below.

1. 目前有不少大学请明星当客座教授

2. 对这一现象,人们看法不同

3. 我的看法……

Hiring Celebrities as Visiting Professors

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____________________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________

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Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)

Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.

Eight Things Successful People Do Differently

Why have you been so successful in reaching some of your goals, but not others? If you aren?t sure, you are far from alone in your confusion. It turns out that even brilliant, highly accomplished people are pretty awful when it comes to understanding why they succeed or fail. The intuitive answer — that you are born predisposed to certain talents and lacking in others — is really just one small piece of the puzzle. In fact, decades of research on achievement suggests that successful people reach their goals not simply because of who they are, but more often because of what they do.

G et specific

When you set yourself a goal, try to be as specific as possible. “Lose 5 pounds” is a better goal than “lose some weight”. Knowing exactly what you want to achieve keeps you motivated until you get there. Also, think about the specific actions that need to be taken to reach your goal. Just promising you?ll “eat less” or “sleep more” is too vague —be clear and precise. “I?ll be in bed by 10pm on weeknights” leaves no room for doubt about what you need to do, and whether or not you?ve actually done it.

Seize the moment to act on your goals

Given how busy most of us are, and how many goals we are juggling (同时做) at once, it?s not surprising that we routinely miss opportunities to act on a goal because we simply fail to notice them. Did you really have no time to work out today? Achieving your goal means grabbing hold of these opportunities before they slip through your fingers.

To seize the moment, decide when and where you will take each action you want to take, in advance. Again, be as specific as possible. Studies show that this kind of planning will help your brain to detect and seize the opportunity when it arises, increasing your chances of success by roughly 300%.

Know exactly how far you have left to go

Achieving any goal also requires honest and regular monitoring of your progress — if not by others, then by you yourself. If you don?t know how well you are doing, you can?t adjust your behavior or your strategies accordingly. Check your progress frequently — weekly, or even daily, depending on the goal.

Be a realistic optimist

When you are setting a goal, by all means engage in lots of positive thinking about how likely you are to achieve it. Believing in your ability to succeed is enormously helpful for creating and sustaining your motivation. But whatever you do, don?t underestimate how difficult it will be to reach your goal. Most goals worth achieving require time, planning, effort, and persistence. Studies show that thinking things will come to you easily and effortlessly leaves you ill-prepared for the journey ahead, and significantly increases the odds of failure.

Focus on getting better, rather than being good

Many of us believe that our intelligence, our personality, and our physical aptitudes (才能) are fixed —that no matter what we do, we won?t improve. As a result, we focus on goals that are all about proving ourselves, rather than developing and acquiri ng new skills.

Fortunately, decades of research suggest that the belief in fixed ability is completely wrong —abilities of all kinds are profoundly malleable (可改变的). Embracing the fact that you can change will allow you to make better choices, and reach your fullest potential. People whose goals are about getting better, rather than being good, take difficulty in stride, and appreciate the journey as much as the destination.

Have grit(毅力)

Studies show that gritty people obtain more education in their lifetime, and earn higher college GPAs (grade point average). Grit predicts which cadets (军校学员) will stick out their first difficult year at West Point.

The good news is, if you aren?t particularly gritty now, there is something you can do about it. People who lack grit more of ten than not believe that they just don?t have the innate abilities success ful people have — they are wrong. As I mentioned earlier, effort, planning, persistence, and good strategies are what it really takes to succeed. Embracing this knowledge will not only help you see yourself and your goals more accurately, but also do wonders for your grit.

Build your willpower muscle

Your self-control “muscle” is just like the other muscles in your body —when it doesn?t get much exercise, it becomes weaker over time. But when you give it regular workouts by putting it to good use, it will grow stronger and stronger, and be better able to help you successfully reach your goals.

To build willpower, take on a challenge that requires you to do something you?d honestly rather not do. When you find yoursel f wanting to give in, give up, or just not bother —don?t. Start with just one activity, and make a plan for how you will deal with troubles when they occur (“If I have a desire for a snack, I will eat one piece of fresh fruit.”) It will be hard in the begi nning, but it will get easier, and that?sthe whole point. As your strength grows, you can take on more challenges and step-up your self-control workout.

Focus on what you will do, not what you won’t do

Do you want to successfully lose weight, quit smoking, or put a lid on your bad temper? Then plan how you will replace bad habits with good ones, rather than focusing only on the bad habits themselves. Research on thought suppression (压制) (e.g., “Don?t think about white bears!”) has shown that trying to avoid a thought makes it even more active in your mind. The same holds true when it comes to behavior — by trying not to engage in a bad habit, our habits get strengthened rather than broken.

If you want to change your ways, ask yourself, …What will I do instead?? For example, if you are trying to gain control of yo ur temper and stop flying off the handle, you might make a plan like “If I am starting to feel angry, then I will take three deep breaths to calm down.” By using deep breathing as a replacement for giving in to your anger, your bad habit will get worn away over time until it disappears completely.

1. Many people didn?t expect that very successful people _______.

A) can succeed in difficult tasks but fail in very simple ones

B) aren?t clear why they succeed in achieving their goals

C) tend to feel very lonely when they reach their goals

D) are born with some special ability to do something well

2. Why should people be specific when setting a goal?

A) It boosts their confidence. B) It makes the goal easier to achieve.

C) It saves time in reaching the goal. D) It helps sustain their motivation.

3. Very often, people who miss chances to act on a goal attribute the failure to _______.

A) being busy and having no time B) setting too difficult goals

C) getting no notice from others D) hoping for better chances

4. According to studies, when people plan specific actions in advance, _______.

A) there is no doubt that they will fulfill their dreams

B) they have greater possibilities of reaching their goals

C) they are able to get their work done more efficiently

D) they are more likely to persist in face of difficulty

5. The author suggests that monitoring your progress regularly _______.

A) should be done by people around you

B) is helpful for determining whether the goal is realistic

C) enables you to make necessary adjustment in actions

D) is not always essential depending on the goal

6. Thinking that goals are not difficult to reach _______.

A) prepares people better for challenges

B) prevents people from shying away from hardships

C) helps people cope with difficulty calmly

D) significantly raises the possibility of failure

7. What does the author say about people believing in fixed ability?

A) They don?t focus on goals that improve themselves.

B) They are more willing to commit to long-term goals.

C) They can?t take on many challengi ng tasks at one time.

D) Their goals are to get better instead of being good.

8. People lacking determination usually believe that they are not born with _____________________________________ that successful people have.

9. Your ability to control your mind and body will become stronger if you _____________________________________ and use it properly.

10. According to some research, if you try to suppress thinking about white bears, it just becomes

_____________________________________in your brain.

Part III Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)

Section A

Directions:In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

11. A) Quit their jobs at the same time.

B) Establish a firm in collaboration.

C) Enrich their poor knowledge in business.

D) Take an adventurous trip with their savings.

12. A) People should not idle away their life.

B) People should have made greater achievement.

C) People should avoid being killed unexpectedly.

D) People should have taken things more seriously.

13. A) Time passes very quickly.

B) The woman is wrong about the pick-up time.

C) He doesn?t have anything to do.

D) Before lunch is a great time to pick up the papers.

14. A) She has to work to support herself. B) Her classes are not difficult.

C) She goes to a full-time school. D) She takes evening courses.

15. A) Jack survived the accident. B) Jack saved all the other passengers.

C) Jack had little damage done to his car. D) Jack was the only victim of the accident.

16. A) Her mild temper. B) Her broad knowledge.

C) Her teaching style. D) Her detailed answers.

17. A) It won?t come out until June 26.

B) It hasn?t been returned by the borrower.

C) It is not available unless it has been reserved.

D) It was withdrawn from the shelf as a back issue.

18. A) Their healthy lifestyle. B) Their work environment.

C) Their outgoing personality. D) Their usual food and drink.

Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

19. A) The rock-climbing training involves a lot of preparation.

B) Rock-climbing is safe if you are experienced enough.

C) The woman is not excited about the first class in rock-climbing.

D) The speakers will take a climbing trip in the early spring when the ice breaks.

20. A) One is safe if he is very careful.

B) Hi-tech safety equipment ensures one?s safety.

C) A lot of people do rock-climbing and they are OK.

D) There are no dangerous places nearby to do rock-climbing.

21. A) She can make a lot of friends.

B) She can work more efficiently.

C) She can learn mental discipline.

D) She can get more familiar with the man.

22. A) He might join the class.

B) He will join the class if the woman does.

C) He still thinks it unworthy to join the class.

D) He will tell the woman once he has made a decision.

Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

23. A) It?s difficult to obtain happiness.

B) Happiness is only a state of mind.

C) Happiness is closely related to material life.

D) People shouldn?t always ask what happiness is.

24. A) They have no dreams.

B) They don?t feel being loved.

C) They get used to what they have.

D) They only cherish the material things.

25. A) Expensive ones. B) Cheap ones.

C) Gifts made carefully. D) Gifts that won?t last.

Section B

Directions:In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.

26. A) Pets? value in medical research.B) What pets bring to their owners.

C) How pets help people calm down. D) People?s opinions of keeping pets.

27. A) If he has a pet companion. B) If he has less stress of work.

C) If he often does mental calculation. D) If he is taken care of by his family.

28. A) They have lower blood pressure. B) They become more patient.

C) They are in higher spirits. D) They are less nervous.

29. A) People with dogs did more exercise.

B) Dogs lost the same weight as people did.

C) Dogs liked exercise much more than people did.

D) People without dogs found the program unhelpful.

Passage Two

Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.

30. A) Olivetti earned more in the 1960s than in the 1950s.

B) By 1930 Olivetti produced 13,000 typewriters a year.

C) Some of Olivetti?s 700 staff regularly vi sited customers in Italy.

D) Olivetti set up offices in other countries from the very beginning.

31. A) Camillo Olivetti?s death.B) Its slow progress.

C) A period of financial problem. D) Its agreements with other companies.

32. A) It produces the best typewriter in the world.

B) It exports more typewriters than other computers.

C) It designs the world?s first mainframe computer.

D) It has five independent companies with its head office in Ivrea.

Passage Three

Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.

33. A) He never watched TV. B) He read what he had to.

C) He found reading unbelievable. D) He considered reading part of his life.

34. A) It helps him to realize his dream.

B) It opens up a wider world for him.

C) It makes his college life more interesting.

D) It increases his interest in worldwide travel.

35. A) Why do I read? B) How do I read?

C) What do I read? D) When do I read?

Section C

Directions:In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

Today we talk about the difference between a college and a university. Colleges and universities have a lot in (36) ________. They prepare young adults for work. They provide a greater (37) ________ of the world and its past. And they help students learn to (38) ________ the arts and sciences.

Students who attend either a college or a university (39) ________ take four years to complete a program of study. But one difference is that many colleges do not offer (40) ________ study programs or support research projects.

Universities often are much larger than colleges. Universities carry out a lot of research. They offer more programs in different areas of study, for undergraduate and graduate students. (41) ________ universities developed from those of the Middle Ages in Europe. The word “university” came from the Latin “universitas”. This described a group of people organized for a common (42) ________.

“College” came from a Latin word with a (43) ________ meaning, “collegium”. In England, colleges were formed to provide students with places to live. (44) ____________________________________________________.

Today, most American colleges offer an area of study called liberal arts. The liberal arts are subjects first developed and taught in ancient Greece. They trained a person?s mind. (45) ________________________________.

Anothe r meaning of “college” is a part of a university. (46) __________________________________________. This is still true.

Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes)

Section A

Directions:In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.

Advice to “sleep on it” could be well founded, scientists say. After a good night?s sleep, a problem that seemedinsurmountable (不能克服的) the night before can often appear more 47 , although the evidence until now has been anecdotal (轶事的).

But researchers at the University of Luebek in Germany have designed an experiment that shows a good night?s sleep can 48 insight and problem-solving. Dr. Jan Born, a neuroscientist at the university, and his team taught volunteers two simple rules to help them 49 astring of numbers into a new order. There was also a third, 50 rule, which could help them increase their speed in solving the problem. The researchers divided the volunteers into two groups: half were allowed to sleep after the training while the 51 were forced to stay awake. They noticed that the group that had slept after the training were twice as 52 to figure out the third rule as the other group.

“You have a memory representation in your brain of the problem you want to solve, and then you sleep. Sleep can act on the problem,” Born said in a telephone interview. But he also admitted that how restructuring of memories occurs or what governs it is still 53 .

Other scientists say the 54 evidence supports the anecdotal suggestions that sleep can stimulate creative thinking. Although the role of sleep in human creativity will 55 be a mystery, the research gives people good reason to 56 respect their periods of sleep.

2011年6月大学英语四级考试全真预测试卷二(含答案详解听力)

Section B

Directions:There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answ er Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.

Many of us sit in front of a computer for eight hours a day, and then go home and head for the couch to surf the Web or watch television, exchanging one seat and screen for another. Even if we try to squeeze in an hour at the gym, is it enough to counteract (抵消) all that motionless sitting?

A mounting body of evidence suggests not.

Increasingly, research is focusing not on how much exercise people get, but how much of their time is spent insedentary (久坐的) activity, and the harm that does.

The latest findings, published this week in The Journal of the American College of Cardiology, indicate that the amount of leisure time spent sitting in front of a screen can have such an overwhelming, seemingly irreparable(无法弥补的) impact on one?s health that physical activity doesn?t produce much benefit.

The study followed 4,512 middle-aged Scottish men for a little more than four years on average. It found that those who said they spent two or more leisure hours a day sitting in front of a screen were at double the risk of a heart attack or other heart

events compared with those who watched less. Those who spent four or more hours of recreational time in front of a screen were 50 percen t more likely to die of any cause. It didn?t matter whether the men were physically active for several hours a week —exercise didn?t reduce the risk associated with the high amount of sedentary screen time.

The study is not the first to suggest that sedentary activities like television viewing may be harmful. A 2009 study reported that young children who watch one and a half to five and a half hours of TV a day have higher blood pressure readings than those who watch less than half an hour, even if they are thin and physically active.

Recreational screen time has an “independent, injurious relationship” with heart and the blood vessels events and death of al l causes, the paper concluded, possibly because it induces metabolic (新陈代谢) changes.

The study focused on recreational screen time because it?s the easiest to reduce, Dr. Stamatakis said. But he encouraged employees who work at computers all day to get up and take breaks and short walks periodically.

57. According to the passage, more and more evidence proves that ______.

A) people doing regular exercises after work tend to enjoy good health

B) people nowadays seem to spend excessive time seated at home

C) the time people spend watching TV is increasing dramatically

D) phy sical activities don?t reduce the bad effect of long time?s sitting

58. What do we learn from the study published in The Journal of the American College of Cardiology?

A) The more people watch TV, the healthier they will become.

B) The amount of exercises people get should be taken seriously.

C) The harm done by sedentary activities seems impossible to repair.

D) Exercise can make up for damage caused by high amount of sitting time.

59. A 2009 study supported the idea that ______.

A) physical inactivity may do harm to people?s health

B) the length of time spent in taking exercises do matter

C) television viewers are more likely to die of heart diseases

D) thin teenagers are immune to disease caused by watching TV

60. Why leisure time spent in front of the screen is related to heart diseases?

A) Some content of the TV programs makes the heart beat faster.

B) It causes chemical processes in people?s body to change.

C) Extended sitting slows circulating blood to the heart.

D) Radiation from the screen causes physical harm to the heart.

61. Dr. Stamatakis suggested people who rely on computers to work ______.

A) secretly combine business with leisure

B) quit their current jobs as soon as possible

C) take breaks from the screen at regular intervals of time

D) get up early so as to take regular exercises in the morning

Passage Two

Questions 62 to 66 are based on the following passage.

If two scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory are correct, people will still be driving gasoline-powered cars 50 years from now, giving out heat-trapping carbon dioxide into the atmosphere — and yet that carbon dioxide will not contribute to global warming.

The scientists, F. Jeffrey Martin and William L. Kubic Jr., are proposing a concept, which they have named Green Freedom, for removing carbon dioxide from the air and turning it back into gasoline.

The idea is simple. Air would be blown over a liquid solution which would absorb the carbon dioxide. The carbon dioxide would then be extracted (提取) and subjected to chemical reactions that would turn it into fuel.

Although they have not yet built a synthetic fuel factory, or even a small prototype (原型), the scientists say it is all based on existing technology.

“Everything in the concept has been built, is operating or has a close cousin that is operating,” Dr. Martin said.

The Los Alamos proposal does not violate any laws of physics, and other scientists have independently suggested similar ideas. In the efforts to reduce humanity?s emissions of carbon dioxide, three solutio ns have been offered:hydrogen(氢)-powered fuel cells, electric cars and biofuels. Biofuels are gasoline substitutes produced from plants like corn or sugar cane. Plants absorb carbon dioxide as they grow, but growing crops for fuel takes up wide strips of land.

Hydrogen-powered cars emit no carbon dioxide, but producing hydrogen requires copious (大量的) energy, and if that energy comes from coal-fired power plants, then the problem has not been solved.

Electric cars also push the carbon dioxide problem to the power plant. And electric cars have typically been limited to a range of tens of miles as opposed to the hundreds of miles that can be driven on a tank of gas.

Gasoline, it turns out, is an almost ideal fuel (except that it produces CO2). If it can be made out of carbon dioxide in the air, the Los Alamos concept may mean there is little reason to switch, after all.

“It?s definitely worth pursuing,” said Martin I. Hoffert, a professor of physics at New York University. Other scientists als o said the proposal looked promising but could not evaluate it fully because the details had not been published.

62. What is most remarkable about the proposal made by the two scientists?

A) It is given a special name. B) No law of physics is violated.

C) It is based on existing technology. D) CO2 can be converted into fuel.

63. What does the author say about biofuels?

A) They are considered as ideal substitutes for fossil fuels.

B) It is a great waste to use so many plants to produce fuels.

C) They help ease global warming but will use a large area of land.

D) Cars using biofuels have a longer range than cars running on gas.

64. The biggest problem with hydrogen-powered cars is that ______.

A) there is no cheap source of hydrogen energy

B) they may still be a cause of global warming

C) safety problems might occur in hydrogen production

D) they are not suitable for long-distance travel

65. What will happen if what is proposed by the two scientists becomes true?

A) There will be no need for gasoline substitutes.

B) Air pollution will become a thing of the past.

C) People will be able to use much cheaper energy.

D) There will be no more gasoline-powered vehicles.

66. What is the author?s purpose of writing this passage?

A) To compare different energy sources.

B) To introduce a new concept of zero carbon gasoline.

C) To explain why gasoline is important to us.

D) To discus how to solve the problem of global warming.

Part V Cloze (15 minutes)

Directions:There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

2011年6月大学英语四级考试全真预测试卷二(含答案详解听力)

2011年6月大学英语四级考试全真预测试卷二(含答案详解听力)

Part VI Translation (5 minutes)

Directions:Complete the sentences by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets. Please write your translation on Answer Sheet 2.

87. The careless man received a ticket for speeding. He _____________________________ (本不应还开这么快).

88. They _____________________________ (被拒绝进入) to the exhibition because they were foreigners.

89. Anna was reading a piece of science fiction, _____________________________ (完全沉浸在此书中了).

90. The people living in these apartments _____________________________ (有免费享用该游泳池的机会).

91. _____________________________ (破坏非常严重) that the city took decades to recover from the earthquake.