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文学史 考试习题 复习资料 英文版

The Literature of American Independence

I. Fill in the blanks.

1.Franklin’s best writing is found in his masterpiece __________.

2.On January 10, 1776, Paine’s famous pamphlet __________ appeared.

3. A series of sixteen pamphlets by Paine was entitled __________.

4.Paine’s second most important work __________ was an impassioned plea against

hereditary monarchy.

5.The most outstanding poet in America of the 18th century was __________.

6.__________ was considered as the “poet of the American Revolution”, because he wrote

impassioned verse in support of the American Revolution.

7.Philip Freneau was noteworthy first because of the nature of his poems. They were truly

American and very patriotic. In this respect, he reflected the spirit of his age. Therefore, he was the “__________ of America poetry.”

8.In American literature, the eighteenth century was an Age of __________ and Revolution. II. Multiple Choice.

1.In American literature, the eighteenth century was the age of the Enlightenment. _____

was the dominant spirit.

A. Humanism

B. Rationalism

C. Revolution

D. Evolution

2.The English colonies in North America rose in arms against their parent country and the

Continental Congress adopted _____ in 1776.

A. The Declaration of Independence

B. the Sugar Act

C. the Stamp Act

D. the Mayflower Compact

3.Which statement about Franklin is not true?

A. He instructed his countrymen as a printer.

B. He was a scientist.

C. He was a master of diplomacy.

D. He was a Puritan.

4.The secular ideals of the American Enlightenment were exemplified in the life and career

of _____.

A. Thomas Hood

B. Benjamin Franklin

C. Thomas Jefferson

D. George Washington

5.Which of the following does not belong to this literary period?

A. The American Crisis

B. The Federalist

C. The Declaration of Independence

D. The Waste Land

6.Benjamin Franklin was the epitome of the _____.

A. American Enlightenment

B. Sugar Act

C. Chartist Movement

D. Romanticist

7.From 1732 to 1758, Benjamin Franklin wrote and published his famous _____, an annual

collection of proverbs.

A. The Declaration of Independence

B. Poor Richard’s Almanac

C. Common Sense

D. The General Magazine

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