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英语阅读理解练习题20篇及解析

英语阅读理解练习题20篇及解析

一、英语阅读(日常生活类)

1.阅读理解

When it comes to helping developing countries, we often think about offering money in order that they can build schools and hospitals, buy food and medicine, or find clean water supplies. These seem to be the most important basic needs in their lives. However, it's far from enough. We have to come up with better ideas.

A man called Nicholas Negroponte invented a cheap laptop computer, which he decided to invent after he visited a school in Cambodia. The laptop which Mr. Negroponte has designed is not the same as the normal one that you can buy in the shops. One difference is that it will be covered in rubber so that it is strong and won't be damaged easily. As an electricity supply can be a problem in developing countries, the computer also has a special handle in order that children can wind the computer up to give it extra power when needed.

This special laptop computer will cost less than 100 US dollars and Mr. Negroponte wants to produce as many as 15 million laptop computers in the first year. The idea is that these computers will help the children's education as they will be able to access the Internet. These computers might not benefit the people in developing countries immediately, but by improving children's education they should help people to find their own solutions to their problems in the long term.

Another idea to help children in developing countries is to recycle old mobile phones so that they can be used again. In the UK. And probably in many other countries too, millions of mobile phones are thrown away every year. The waste crested by throwing away thee old phones is very bed for the environment, so it seems to be an excellent idea to achieve two important goals at the same time. We will reduce the waste we produce and help others. In other words, we will be able to" kill two birds with one "and that is always a good thing.

(1)The underlined phrase "wind up" in paragraph 2 means .

A. 吹风

B. 给……上发条

C. 摇上

D. 利用空气……使……(2)The laptop computer that Mr. Negroponte has designed .

A. will be damaged much easier than the normal one

B. has a special handle to access the Internet

C. is cheap and can run with extra power

D. can be helpful to find the people's own solutions

(3)According to the passage,what benefit can we get from recycling old mobile phones?

A. We can reduce the waste to protect the environment.

B. We can help children in developing countries reuse the old mobile phones.

C. it is good for the environment and very educative for phone users.

D. It not only reduces the waste produced by developed countries but also helps the children in developing countries.

(4)Mr. Negroponte's cheap computer is mentioned in the passage to .

A. illustrate the kindness of people in the developed countries

B. tell us what high technology can help people

C. show how to find business opportunities in developing countries

D. give an example of how to help developing countries

(5)Which is the best idea the author gives us to help the developing countries?

A. We need to help people in developing countries to help themselves,not just throw money at the problem.

B. We should spend much money helping people in developing countries build more schools and hospitals.

C. We should think about giving help to developing countries more often.

D. We should help the people in developing countries by improving children's education immediately.

【答案】(1)B

(2)C

(3)D

(4)D

(5)A

【解析】【分析】主要讲了Nicholas Negroponte发明了一种便宜的手提电脑和循环使用手机来帮助发展中国家。

(1)细节题。根据give it extra power when needed.当需要的时候给它额外的能量,是通过特殊的把柄来产生能量,即通过上发条,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据A man called Nicholas Negroponte invented a cheap laptop computer和give it extra power when needed.可知手提电脑是便宜的,并且有额外的能量,故选C。(3)细节题。根据We will reduce the waste we produce and help others.可知不仅降低了废弃物污染,而且帮助了发展中国家,故选D。

(4)细节题。根据第一段We have to come up with better ideas.可知是帮助发展中国家更好的主意的例子,故选D。

(5)细节题。根据第一段可知帮助发展中国家时不仅仅是提供给他们金钱,而且要通过更好的方法来让他们自己帮助自己,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

2.阅读理解

Did you take part in a camp this summer? There are so many summer camps and not all of them are the same. To choose which camp is best for you, first you must do a bit of research.

Maybe you've never thought about it before, but every great summer camp has the same main goals—opportunity, challenge and growth.

Opportunity means you are given a chance to do something special. It also makes you special because other kids don't have the same opportunity. For example, if you are interested in writing, then you can choose to join a journalism (新闻)camp. You may have the opportunity of meeting famous journalists there.

Challenge means you are given a task. You must finish the task and succeed in dealing with the

challenge. Then you will have a sense of achievement. For example, you could take a lifeguard course at some summer camps. If you pass the exam, then you will receive a certificate (证书)to become a real lifeguard.

This also leads to the third and most important goal of very great summer camp—personal growth. It doesn't mean growing taller and stronger or more beautiful. It means seeing yourself improve, learning something new and doing something you didn't know or believe you could do before. It also means becoming more confident in yourself.

So in the future when choosing your next summer camp, remember to ask yourself: Is it a special opportunity? Is it a challenge? Will I grow?

But what about friendship, fun and joy? These will all happen naturally when you have the right goals at summer camps!

(1)Which is the writer's opinion?

A. Different camps have different goals.

B. There are too many summer camps today.

C. All great summer camps have the same main goals.

D. All the summer camps offer the same activities and courses.

(2)According to the passage, a camper feels successful when he ______.

A. joins the best camp

B. finishes a hard task

C. grows taller and stronger

D. takes a special chance

(3)The most important thing for a camper is to ______.

A. take opportunities

B. grow more beautiful

C. become better and more confident

D. learn new life-saving skills

(4)What does the last paragraph tell us?

A. It's not important to have fun at a camp.

B. It's hard to make real friends at a camp.

C. You can get more joy with more goals at camp.

D. With the right goals, you can have fun while learning at a camp.

(5)Which is the best title for the passage?

A. What makes a camp great?

B. Which is the best goal?

C. How to be a successful camper?

D. How to do research work?

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)C

(4)D

(5)C

【解析】【分析】大意:本文讲述作者就如何成为一个成功的野营者给出了一些看法,每个好的夏令营都有相同的主要的目标——机会,挑战和成长,让自己一边学到东西一边获得乐趣。

(1)细节题。根据but every great summer camp has the same main goals—opportunity, challenge and growth.可知,作者观点是所有好的夏令营都有相同的主要目标——机会,挑战,成长,故选C。

(2)细节题。根据You must finish the task and succeed in dealing with the challenge. Then you will have a sense of achievement.可知,每当野营者完成一次艰难的任务后会有成就感,故选B。

(3)推断题。根据the third and most important goal of very great summer camp—personal growth. It means seeing yourself improve, learning something new and doing something you didn't know or believe you could do before. It also means becoming more confident in yourself.可知,对于野营者而言,最重要的事是变得更好而且更自信,故选C。

(4)段落大意题。最后一段主要讲述有用正确的目标,你便可以在夏令营中一边学到东西一边获得乐趣,故选D。

(5)主旨题。本文主要讲述如何成为一个成功的野营者的,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。细节题、推断题和主旨题是阅读理解题中常考题型。细节题需要从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

3.阅读短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

As we all know, English is an important subject in middle school. Everyone knows that they must learn English well, but some people don't know how to learn it well. Here are some suggestions which may help you with your English.

The biggest problem is people's own fear. They worry that they won't say things correctly or that they will look foolish so that they don't speak English at all. Don't be afraid of being laughed at. Only if we aren't afraid of making mistakes can we learn English well.

The fastest way to learn something is to do it again and again until you get it right. Learning English needs practice. Don't let a little fear stop you from getting what you want.

The best way to learn English is to have a good environment. Take notes in English, put English books around your room, listen to English radios, watch English news, movies and TV programs. Speak English with your friends whenever you can. The more English materials that you have around you, the faster you will learn it.

Many people think that exercises and tests aren't much fun. However, by doing exercises and taking tests you can really improve your English. If you never test yourself, you will never know how much you are making progress.

(1)The biggest problem of learning English is ________.

A. not knowing how to learn

B. being afraid of being laughed at

C. looking foolish

D. making mistakes

(2)The fastest way to learn English well is ________.

A. practicing over and over again

B. listening to it every day

C. going over the fear

D. going to a foreign country

(3)To create a good environment, you need to do many things except ________.

A. putting English books around your room

B. listening to English radios

C. watching English news and movies

D. speaking English with your friends only in class

(4)According to the passage, English exercises and tests are ________.

A. very necessary

B. not helpful at all

C. very boring

D. not important

(5)How many suggestions on how to learn English are mentioned according to the passage?

A. Two

B. Three

C. Four

D. Five

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)D

(4)A

(5)C

【解析】【分析】短文大意:这篇短文介绍了帮助我们学习英语的几点建议。

(1)细节理解题。根据文中"The biggest problem is people's own fear"和"They worry that they won't say things correctly or that they will look foolish"及"Don't be afraid of being laughed at"可知,最大的问题是人们自己的恐惧心理。他们担心自己不能正确地说对句子,或者他

们会看起来很蠢,不要害怕被人嘲笑。故选B。

(2)细节理解题。根据文中"The fastest way to learn something is to do it again and again until you get it right"和"Learning English needs practice"可知,学东西最快的方法是一次次地所,直到做正确。学习英语需要练习(即反复练习)。故选A。

(3)细节理解题。根据文中Speak English with your friends whenever you can可知,在任何

可能的地方都跟朋友说英语。可知选项D叙述不符合文章的内容,故选D。

(4)细节理解题。根据文中"However, by doing exercises and taking tests you can really improve your English"可知,通过做练习和参加测验,你真地可以提高英语。故选A。

(5)细节理解题。根据第二段中Don't be afraid of being laughed at和第三段中learning English needs practice及第四段中The best way to learn English is to have a good environment

还有最后一段中However, by doing exercises and taking tests you can really improve your English可知,文章提出如下建议:不要害怕被嘲笑;学习英语需要反复练习;创造一个良

好的学习环境;做练习并参加测验,共四条。故选C。

【点评】此题考查阅读理解。这篇短文考查细节理解,先分析问题,带着问题阅读短文,

从短文的细节中找出问题相关的语句,确定问题答案。

4.阅读短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

Hobbies let you explore interests outside of your line of work. They let you be creative and try

all kinds of new things. Picking a different one can get your creative juices flowing again.

Look at what interests you.

Check what you love doing in your spare time. Do you enjoy reading books? Maybe you want to try your hand at writing your own. Do you like a hot coffee at the end of the day? Maybe your hobby could be trying to make it at home. Turn what you already love into a hobby.

Think about what you value most

Do you value wisdom or courage? Do you admire artists? Let such question guide you when choosing a hobby.

For example, maybe you could volunteer at a library as a hobby because you value education or maybe you could try painting because you admire people who can express themselves with art. Examine your skills and personality.

Certain hobbies require certain skill

If you don't have much patience, then maybe going fishing isn't something you'd enjoy. However, if you love building things, maybe you should consider a hobby like working on older cars or building furniture.

Play to your strengths.

Pay attention to what excites your ①________.

The way you talk about things can also show what you really like and it can be developed into a hobby.

Think about the topics you go on endlessly about. Ask your friends and family what you seem to talk about all the time. Now think about the subject that you enjoy so much and decide how it can be turned into your hobby.

(1)This passage is most probably taken from ________.

A. a magazine for old people

B. a magazine for young people

C. a picture book for children

D. a picture book for hobbies

(2)This passage mainly shows us ________.

A. how to find a new hobby

B. how to give up old hobbies

C. why you must find a new hobby

D. why you must give up old hobbies

(3)Which is the most suitable word for ①________?

A. hobbies

B. skills

C. topics

D. interests

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)C

【解析】【分析】主要讲了发现一种新爱好的建议。

(1)细节题。根据全文可知讲了发现一种新爱好,可知不是picture book图画书,排除C、D。根据maybe you could volunteer at a library在图书馆里当志愿者,所以给年轻人写的,故选B。

(2)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了发现一种新爱好的建议。故选A。

(3)推断题。根据后文Think about the topics you go on endlessly about.考虑下话题,可知最合适的词是话题,topics,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

5.根据短文内容,判断正误。

Dear Alan,

Guess what? I have a chance to choose my new place to live in. I am excited and a little nervous. Could you please give me some help?

I am not sure whether I will live in a house or in an apartment. On the one hand, a house will be too big for just one person, so maybe I should rent an apartment, On the other hand, if I rent a house, I could find someone else to share with me. The only problem is that a house full of people might be too noisy for me. I prefer to have my own space. The city has some nice apartments, but they are also too expensive. However, if I could find a two-bedroom apartment and get a roommate, that would make it more affordable. I just need to search for a roommate who is neat and quiet. You know I can not live with someone who is loud and messy. I do not have a car, so I also need to think carefully about the location. I probably need to look for somewhere near a bus stop or an underground station. That way I will have more time to study and spend less time travelling.

I'm looking forward to your reply.

Love,

Victor (1)Victor feels excited because he can decide where to live.

(2)Victor wants to share the house with a(an)neat and quiet person.

(3)If Victor finds a roommate, he will waste money.

(4)Victor doesn't have a car, so he wants a two-bed-room apartment

(5)Victor also needs to think carefully about the location.

【答案】(1)1

(2)1

(3)0

(4)0

(5)1

【解析】【分析】主要讲了Victor写信向Alan询问怎样选择新居住地。

(1)细节题。根据I have a chance to choose my new place to live in. I am excited and a little nervous.可知Victor是兴奋的,因为他有机会选择新住址,故选正确。

(2)细节题。根据I just need to search for a roommate who is neat and quiet.可知Victor希望舍友是干净和文静的,故选正确。

(3)细节题。根据However, if I could find a two-bedroom apartment and get a roommate, that would make it more affordable. 可知Victor找到舍友后会平分房租,所以不是浪费钱,故选错误。

(4)细节题。根据I do not have a car, so I also need to think carefully about the location.可知Victor没有车,所以也需要仔细考虑位置,而不是想要一个两间卧室的公寓,故选错误。(5)细节题。根据I do not have a car, so I also need to think carefully about the location.可知Victor没有车,所以也需要仔细考虑位置,故选正确。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

6.阅读理解

Hi, guys! Last week I read a book called Rabbits in Australia. Rabbits look

cute, but when they enter in large numbers, it's a problem. In Australia,

rabbits have crowded into the land. They eat the plants that farmers grow.

They eat the plants other animals need to eat, so other animals find it hard to

live.

These days I'm reading Moby Dick. It's considered to be the "Great American Novel", or one of the greatest novels of all time. "The story takes

place on a whaling ship that sails the seas to find Moby Lick, a very large

whale.

Well, I love detective stories. Last month I read The Stolen Letter. The

writer brings me into the story of his characters' lives. He also introduces a

sense of mystery in the story. It keeps me interested until the very end of the

story.

(1)What are Amy, Daniel and Simon talking about?

A. Listening.

B. Speaking.

C. Reading.

D. Writing.

(2)The rabbits in the book Rabbits in Australia .

A. are very cute

B. are in small numbers

C. cause a problem

D. find it hard to live in Australia

(3)What type of book is Moby Dick?

A. Science.

B. Novel.

C. Detective story.

D. Travel.

(4)What do we know about the book The Stolen Letter?

A. It's set in Australia.

B. It's about the writer's life.

C. Its story happens on a ship.

D. There's a sense of mystery in it.

【答案】(1)C

(2)C

(3)B

(4)D

【解析】【分析】主要讲了Amy、Daniel和Simon谈论了自己的读书。

(1)细节题。根据第一个表格Hi, guys! Last week I read a book called Rabbits in Australia.第二个表格These days I'm reading Moby Dick.第三个表格Well, I love detective stories.可知他们在谈论读书,故选C。

(2)细节题。根据In Australia, rabbits have crowded into the land. They eat the plants that farmers grow. They eat the plants other animals need to eat, so other animals find it hard to live.在澳大利亚,兔子已经挤进了陆地。他们吃农民种的植物。它们吃其他动物需要吃的植物,所以其他动物觉得很难生存,所以兔子导致了一个问题,故选C。

(3)细节题。根据These days I'm reading Moby Dick. It's considered to be the "Great American Novel", or one of the greatest novels of all time.可知它是一部小说,即novel,故选B。

(4)细节题。根据Last month I read The Stolen Letter. He also introduces a sense of mystery in the story.可知这本书透露了神秘感,故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

7.阅读理解

Have you ever wanted to achieve a goal and ended up doing lots of research on how to achieve it? As you learned more and more. It seemed you knew less and less. That is because when you learned a new concept(概念). You found that there was a lot more to know about it.

Usually, people think they need to get more and more information before trying a new idea. There is nothing wrong with learning a lot, but when you let learning get in the way of doing, you will never get going.

One of the best ways to learn is to take action and learn from the results that you get from those actions. Don't be afraid of not being perfect and just take the first step. You will go further than those who are still in preparation. It's good to be prepared, but over-preparation in trying to reach a goal won't get you results. The knowledge and skills that you will need will be picked up along the way.

If a baby wants to learn how to walk, it doesn't do it by just sitting there and thinking about how to walk. The best way for a baby to walk is to actually get up and start walking. Sure it may fall, but with every fall, it learns what is working and what is not and adjusts(调整)to it. By doing this over and over, it will finally learn to walk. This is the method you should use when you want to achieve your goals as well. It works.

Learning more is great but if all you're doing is learning and not taking action, it's time to change that. Just take the first step.

(1)When you learned something new, you found there was to know about it.

A. less

B. nothing

C. everything

D. more

(2)Which is NOT true according to the passage?

A. People need to learn a lot before trying a new idea.

B. One of the best ways to learn is to take action.

C. Learning has nothing to do with doing.

D. Over-preparation is not good for reaching a goal.

(3)A baby should when it wants to learn how to walk.

A. get up and start walking

B. sit there and think about how to walk

C. learn from its parents

D. read books about how to walk

(4)We can usually read the passage in .

A. a storybook

B. a newspaper

C. an advertisement

D. a guidebook

(5)The purpose of the passage is .

A. to tell us how to learn more

B. to tell us how to be successful

C. to talk about the importance of doing

D. to talk about the importance of learning

【答案】(1)D

(2)C

(3)A

(4)B

(5)C

【解析】【分析】本文告诉我们一个道理,最后的学习方法是从行为结果中去学习。(1)细节题。根据As you learned more and more. It seemed you knew less and less.随着你学得越来越多。看来你知道的越来越少了,可知当你学到新东西时你发现有更多的东西要知道,故选D。

(2)细节题。根据One of the best ways to learn is to take action and learn from the results that you get from those actions学习的最好方法之一是采取行动,从这些行动中获得的结果中学习,可知学习与做无关是错的,故选C。

(3)细节题。根据The best way for a baby to walk is to actually get up and start walking可知,当婴儿想学会走路时,就应该站起来开始走,故选A。

(4)推理题。根据本文是告诉我们一个道理,故会在报纸上看到这篇文章,故选B。(5)主旨题。本文告诉我们一个道理,最后的学习方法是从行为结果中去学习,故本文是谈论做的重要性,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题四种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息,主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

8.请阅读下面的海报,从每小题所给的A,B,C三个选下中选出一个最佳选项。

House fires often happened. So it appears necessary to learn something useful to protect family from them. The following poster in the neighborhood will tell you how to do it.

Fire Safety

Put a smoke alarm in your house and test it every month. Half of all house fire deaths happen between 11 pm and 7 am. The risk of dying in a house fire is cut in half with working smoke alarms.

Make sure your hearing aid, wheelchair or eyeglasses are next to your bed. Fire can spread through a house soon. You may have as little as two minutes to escape (逃离)safely. Be ready to act at once.

Create a fire escape plan. 77% of families don't have a house fire escape plan to follow. That's one of the reasons why at least one child dies and 293 children are injured in a house fire every day.

Don't call 119 until you are safely outside. During a fire, the first thing to do is to get out of house as fast as you can.

A. A smoke alarm

B. A pair of eyeglasses

C. A wheelchair

(2)We may have only ________ to escape from a house firm safely.

A. half an hour

B. 2 minutes

C. 293 seconds

(3)According to the poster, ________ can help save you from a house fire.

A. stopping the fire from spreading

B. making and following a plan to escape

C. keeping awake betwren11 pm. and 7 am.

(4)Call 119 for help ________.

A. after you reach safely

B. as soon as you are ready to escape

C. when you find out what causes the house fire

(5)The poster is put up in the neighborhood to help people learn to ________.

A. plan their live as they wish

B. save time as much as possible

C. protect themselves in a right way

【答案】(1)A

(2)B

(3)B

(4)A

(5)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:文章讲述了当家庭火灾发生时,应该如何做才能够最安全,损失最小。

(1)细节理解题。根据“The risk of dying in a house fire is cut in half with working smoke alarms”可知,烟雾报警器会降低火灾的死亡, 故答案是 A。

(2)细节理解题。根据“You may have as li ttle as two minutes to escape (逃离)safely” 可知,故答案是 B。

(3)细节理解题。根据“Create a fire escape plan. 77% of families don't have a house fire escape plan to follow. ”可知,77%的家庭没有可遵守的火灾逃离方案。制定并且遵守逃离方

案可以救助人们。故答案是B。

(4)细节理解题。根据“Don't call 119 until you are safely outside. ”可知,直到你安全到达户外后再打 119,故答案是 A。

(5)细节理解题。根据“So it appears necessary to learn something useful to protect family from them.”可知张贴海报的目的是以正确的方式保护人们,故答案是C。

【点评】考查阅读理解,本文涉及到了细节理解题,细节理解题比较简单,一般可以直接从文中找到答案。

9.阅读理解

1-5 of 90 days / All 90

days Next 5

TODAY JUN 29SUN

JUN 30

MON

JUL 1

TUE

JUL 2

WED

JUL 3

21°/13 °C Mostly cloudy

19 °/

11 °

Partial sunshine

More

19 °/12 °

Clouds and sun

More

20 °/12 °

Partly

sunny

More

22°/14 °

Times of

clouds and

sun

More

Temperature JUN 29

Today Normal Record 6/29/2018 High 21° 21° N/A 26°Low 13° 13° N/A 15°

More Historical Weather Data (数据)

Sunrise/sunset

Sunrise: 6:06 AM

Sunset: 7:57 PM Duration: 13:51 hr

Moonrise/moonset Moonrise: 9:03 PM Moonset: 9:01 AM

Duration: 11:58 hr

Astronomy (天文学)

A. Mostly cloudy.

B. Partly sunny.

C. Sunny and windy.

D. Cloudy and rainy.(2)What was the high temperature on Jun. 29, 2018?

A. 21℃.

B. 13℃.

C. 15℃.

D. 26℃.

(3)Which of the following days has the lowest temperature?

A. JUN 29.

B. JUN 30.

C. JUL 1.

D. JUL 2.

(4)When did the sun rise today?

A. At 6:06 am.

B. At 9:03 pm.

C. At 9:01 am.

D. At 7:57 pm.(5)If you want to know about the weather of next Friday, you can click "_____".

A. More Historical Weather Data

B. Astronomy

C. Next 5

D. More

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)B

(4)A

(5)B

【解析】【分析】主要讲了未来5天的天气。

(1)细节题,根据Partial sunshine More Clouds and sun More Partly sunny More可知大都是晴朗的,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据TODAY JUN 29 21°/13 °C可知最高温度是21摄氏度,最低温度是13摄氏度,故选A。

(3)细节题。根据JUN 29 21°/13 °C;JUN 30 19 °/11 °; JUL 1 19 °/12 °;JUL 2 20 °/12 °;JUL 3 22°/14 °,可知最低温度是JUN30 11摄氏度,故选B。

(4)细节题。根据Sunrise: 6:06 AM可知早上太阳6:06升起,故选A。

(5)细节题。根据Astronomy (天文学)可知是点击天文学,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

10.阅读下列短文,从每题所给的几个选项中,选出最佳选项。

What subject do you worry about the most at school? Many students worry about math. Some students can't sleep well the day before a math exam. Others may feel very nervous during the exam itself. But there might be a way to make the subject less stressful(压力大的).

"For people who are worried about math, posture (姿势)makes a big difference," Erik Paper from San Francisco State University told the Daily Mail. That's right – sitting up straight can help you do better on math exams.

Scientists tested 125 college students. They asked them to do a simple math exam while sitting in a slumped-over (趴倒的)posture, or sitting up straight. After the test, 56 percent of students said the exam was easier to do if they were sitting up straight.

Slumping over is a defensive(戒备的) posture. It can bring about bad memories in the body and brain. This can stop you from thinking clearly, Paper said.

Students who were not nervous about taking the math exam did not necessarily benefit(受益)from better posture. But they did find that doing math while slumped over was more difficult, Science Daily reported.

Good posture isn't just helpful for taking math exams. Sportspeople, musicians and public speakers can all benefit from better posture. When you feel stressed out, you can also try to sit up straight or stand tall. It can help you feel more certain and focus better.

(1)What posture can make people feel less stressed during math exams?

A. Sitting up straight.

B. Hanging your head.

C. Lying on your back.

D. Raising one hand.

(2)What did the scientists ask the college students to do during the test?

A. To do sit-ups.

B. To count numbers.

C. To think carefully.

D. To sit in different postures.

(3)How many students in the test benefited from the better posture?

A. All the 125 students.

B. Less than half of them.

C. 56 percent of them.

D. None of the students.

(4)The fourth paragraph is written to explain .

A. why slumping over makes exams harder to do

B. why slumping over is bad for one's health

C. why some people slump over during exams

D. why people are nervous during math exams

(5)Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

A. Slump over to Take Exams

B. Sit up to Do Math

C. Better Posture for Nervous Students

D. Good Advice for Better Exams

【答案】(1)A

(2)D

(3)C

(4)A

(5)B

【解析】【分析】本文介绍姿势不仅有助于参加数学考试。运动员、音乐家和演说家都可以从更好的姿势中受益。当你感到压力大的时候,你也可以试着坐直或者站直。它可以帮助你更确定,更专注。

(1)细节题。根据For people who are worried about math, posture (姿势)makes a big difference 和That's right – sitting up straight can help you do better on math exams. 可知坐直可以让人们在数学考试中感觉压力更小,故选A。

(2)推理题。根据 They asked them to do a simple math exam while sitting in a slumped-over (趴倒的)posture, or sitting up straight. 可知科学家在测试中要求大学生以不同的姿势坐着,故选D。

(3)细节题。根据 After the test, 56 percent of students said the exam was easier to do if they were sitting up straight 可知56%的参加测试的学生从更好的姿势中受益,故选C。

(4)主旨题。根据 Slumping over is a defensive(戒备的)posture. It can bring about bad memories in the body and brain. This can stop you from thinking clearly, 可知第四段是用来解释为什么睡懒觉会让考试变得更难,故选A。

(5)主旨题。根据本文教室里姿势有助于参加数学考试和 the exam was easier to do if they were sitting up straight ,可知标题适合是 Sit up to Do Math 坐起来做数学,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,和主旨题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息,主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后

找出中心思想。

11.阅读理解

One night, when I was eight, my mother gently asked me a question I would never forget. "Sweetie, my company wants to promote(升职) me but needs me to work in Brazil. This is like your teacher telling you that you've done well and allowing you to skip(跳) a grade, but you'll have to leave your friends. Would you say yes to your teacher?" She gave me a hug and asked me to think about it. I was lost in thought. The question kept me wondering for the rest of the night. I had said "Yes" but for the first time, I realized the difficult decisions adults had to make.

For almost four years, my mother would call us from Brazil every day. Every evening I'd eagerly wait for the phone to ring and then tell her everything that happened during the day. A phone call, however, could never take her place and it was difficult not to feel lonely at times.

During my fourth-grade Christmas break, we flew to Rio to visit her. Looking at her large empty apartment. It was then I started to understand the difficult choices she had to make. She needed to think about both family and work. Faced with difficult decisions, she used to tell me, you wouldn't know whether you made the right choice, but you could always make the best out of the situation, with a positive attitude.

Back home, I reminded myself that what my mother could do, I could, too. If she managed to live in Rio all by herself, I, too, could learn to be independent. I learn how to take care of myself and set high but achievable goals.

My mother is now back with us. But I will never forget what the experience has really taught me. I've learned a lot because of this separation(分离). There are lots of difficult decisions that we have to face in our life. We need to have a positive attitude no matter what happens.(1)It was __________ for the writer to say "Yes" to her mother s question.

A. excited

B. difficult

C. unusual

D. easy

(2)Which of the following sentences can be put in the blank in Paragraph 3?

A. I thought my mother might regret her decision.

B. I thought my mother might want to go home with us.

C. I realized how lonely my mother was in Brazil herself.

D. I realized my mother had a happy time in Brazil herself.

(3)The writer most probably wants to tell us that __________.

A. how she gets on well with her mother

B. it's difficult for her to make a decision

C. she has learnt a lot from the experience

D. adults have to face the difficult decisions

【答案】(1)B

(2)C

(3)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:主要介绍了我在小时候与妈妈分开的一段经历,懂得做决定的艰难,理解了妈妈工作的辛苦。

(1)细节理解题。根据文中的第一The question kept me wondering for the rest of the night.I had said"yes",可知这个问题很难回答,故答案是B。

(2)细节理解题。根据文中的前面Looking at her large empty apartment看着她那空荡荡

的大公寓,可知后面应该是我意识到我母亲在巴西是多么孤独,故答案是C。

(3)细节理解题。根据文中的最后一段My mother is now back with us.But I will never forget what the experience has really taught me.I've learned a lot because of this separation.There are lots of difficult decisions that we have to face in our life.We need to have a positive attitude no matter what happens.可知作者从中学到了很多,故答案是C。【点评】考查阅读理解。考查对篇章的把握与细节的识别能力,答题时注意紧扣问题中的关键词,在文章中寻找答案。

12.阅读下面短文,根据短文内容判断句子正误。

英语阅读理解练习题20篇及解析

(2)In Jim's eyes, his mother doesn't always understand what he's trying to say.

(3)Dr. Green thinks it's common for kids to have trouble talking with their parents.

(4)In Dr. Green's opinion, talking is a way for mothers to relax after a day's work.

(5)Dr. Green explains three reasons for mom's nagging and offers three suggestions.

【答案】(1)0

(2)1

(3)1

(4)0

(5)1

【解析】【分析】主要讲了Jim给格林先生介绍自己的问题是与妈妈的关系越来越糟,格林先生给Jim回复告诉他解决办法。

(1)细节题。根据My relationship with my mother is worse and worse now.可知Jim和妈妈的关系越来越糟,而不是朋友,故选错误。

(2)细节题。根据She doesn't always understand what I'm trying to say.可知Jim认为妈妈不理解Jim说的,故选正确。

(3)细节题。根据It's common for kids to have trouble talking with parents可知对于孩子们来说和父母交流有困难是普遍的,故选正确。

(4)细节题。根据After a day's work, she's tired, too. But she will never be tired of caring about you.可知文章没说交流是放松的一种方法,故选错误。

(5)细节题。根据第二段可知讲了三个原因:父母想给孩子最好的,展示爱和关心,想更多了解你。第三段讲了三个方法:分享学校生活,做家务,告诉父母自己的情感,故选正确。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

13.阅读理解

This is the school timetable of Class One, Grade Three, Sunshine School on Monday.

英语阅读理解练习题20篇及解析

英语阅读理解练习题20篇及解析

A. At 8:00 am.

B. At 10:00 am.

C. At 1:00 pm.

D. At 2:00 pm.(2)How long does the science homework take?

A. At least 90 minutes.

B. About 20 minutes.

C. More than 60 minutes.

D. About 40 minutes.

(3)Which of the following is TRUE according to the timetable?

A. Students always take their painting lessons outsides.

B. Boy students will play a short soccer match this week.

C. Students will use skills in real games in the theory lesson.

D. Students learn how to fix computers in the technology lesson.

【答案】(1)B

(2)D

(3)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:主要介绍阳光学校三年级一班的周一上课时间表。

(1)细节理解题。根据10:00-11;00 am:Drama During this lesson, students will have the chance to act out roles with other students. 可知戏剧在这节课将在上午10:00开始,故选B。

(2)细节理解题。根据Science (Biology or chemistry) Students have to write a report of the lesson(about 40 minutes) .可知科学作业花费大约40分钟,故选D。

(3)细节理解题。根据 Practice Students will play a short match lasting 45 minutes. This week, the sports are soccer(the boys)and volleyball(for girls). 可知实习学生将进行一场持续45分钟的短比赛。本周的运动项目是男孩足球和女孩排球。故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。要求考生对文章通读一遍,做题时结合原文和题目有针对性的找出相关语句进行仔细分析,结合选项选出正确答案.推理判断题也是要在抓住关键句子的基础上合理的分析才能得出正确答案,切忌胡乱猜测,一定要做到有理有据。

14.阅读理解

The human body is a machine that can raise lots of interesting questions. Why, for example, are yawns (呵欠)contagious (传染的)? What's up with ice-cream headaches? Here are answers to these and other questions about our bodies.

Why do I get a headache when I eat ice cream too quickly?

Scientists aren't exactly sure what causes the brain freeze when we eat ice cream or other super cold foods too quickly, though some believe it's the result of changed blood .flow in the nervous system. Blood vessels in the head tighten to stop the loss of body heat and then relax to

let blood flow rise; that sudden rush of blood is what causes the headache. You can improve an ice-cream headache by rapidly rubbing your tongue across the roof of your mouth to help warm up things.

What causes my stomach to make a low continuous noise when I'm hungry?

Actually, your stomach makes noise whether you're hungry or full; you just hear it more clearly when you're hungry. Think of your digestive tract(消化道)as a really long tube lined with smooth muscle tissue. These muscles move food, fluids and gas through your digestive tract. ___________. It can make you feel embarrassed(尴尬的)but is nothing to worry about.

Why do I blush when I'm embarrassed?

When you're embarrassed, your brain releases a shot of adrenaline(肾上腺素), which makes your heart race and blood vessels become larger in size. All this happens to increase blood flow and oxygen delivery throughout the body in a fight-or-flight reaction(对抗反应). There are a lot of tiny blood vessels in your face, which turn noticeably redder from this sudden rush of blood. As for the actual function of blushing, researchers are still trying to find that one out.

Why are yawns contagious?

Have you ever yawned in front of someone, only to have them yawn right back? It's a common thing, but researchers don't have a good explanation for it. They do, however, know this happens only with humans and chimpanzees(黑猩猩). A bigger question puzzling scientists is why we yawn at all. It used to be thought that yawning showed that oxygen to the brain was not enough, but that's just a myth. A growing body of research now shows that yawning is nature's way of keeping our brains cool.

(1)What is the meaning of the underlined word tighten?

A. 变松

B. 变紧

C. 变短

D. 变长(2)Which of the following sentences can be filled in the blank?

A. And that's what you're hearing when your stomach makes noise.

B. And that's why you're so hungry when your stomach is empty

C. And that's what makes you feel uncomfortable when you're full.

D. And that's how it makes a difference to your digestive tract.

(3)Which of the following statements is TRUE?

A. There is no way for you to improve an ice-cream headache.

B. Researchers have found out the actual function of blushing.

C. Your stomach makes noise only when you are hungry.

D. Researchers don't have a good explanation for why yawns are contagious.

(4)What is the best title of the passage?

A. Some Interesting Facts

B. Our Strange Body

C. Some Useful Discoveries

D. Our Amazing Feelings

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)D

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