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八年级英语(下)导学案 Unit 3 Could you please clean your room

第1课时Section A 1a-2d (听说课)

【学习目标】

1.我要拼读并识记这些新单词:rubbish, fold, sweep, floor, mess;

2.我要掌握并运用短语sweep the floor, work on, finish doing, take out the rubbish

3.我能听懂―请求做家务‖的相关话题及文章并学会有礼貌地提出请求和请求准许

【学习重难点】

1.我要掌握并运用一些家务活动相关的动词短语。

2.我要掌握情态动词could的用法。

【学法指导】

在听说的过程中,学会根据情景推测句子的含义。

【预习导航】

Ⅰ.写出下列短语

1.洗餐具__________________

2.扫地___________________

3.倒垃圾_______________

4.整理你的床铺____________

5.叠你的衣服_____________

6.打扫客厅__________

7.去看电影________________8.在外呆到很晚___________9.没问题_____________

10.搭车___________________11.不得不________________12.做完某事_____________

13.从事于_________________14.干净又整洁_____________15.出去吃饭____________ Ⅱ.完成句子:

1.My mother told me to_______(打扫) the floor every day.

2.Don’t put your sweater on the chair._____(折叠) it and put it on the bed.

3.Jack,can you help me c_____ the living room?

4.Let’s t_____ out the rubbish and put it in the trash bin.

【课堂导学】

Ⅰ.交流展示(Before listening)

1.预习展示:对预习导航部分的题目进行分组展示答案。

2.学生看课本1a,小组核对答案。

Ⅱ.合作学习(While listening)

1.听录音完成1b,小组核对答案

2.读2a中的句子,听录音,完成2a. (独学)

3.再听录音,完成2b. (群学,组内展示)

4.听录音并跟读,注意模仿语音语调。(先组内朗读,然后集体朗读)

Ⅲ.对话展示(After listening) : 表演对话(1c,2c)(Pair Work)

Ⅳ. Role-play the conversation of 2d.

1.自读对话2d两次,把握大意,划出不懂之处并自己查字典解决。

2. 自学检测---再读对话完成下列句子。(可以小组讨论)

(1)托尼,你可以帮着做几件事情吗?

Tony, ______ you please ____ ____ with a ______ things?

(2)至少等我看完这个节目可以吗?

______ I at _____ finish _______ this show?

(3)我认为两个小时的电视对你来说足够了!

I ____ two _____ of TV ____ ______ for you!

(4)你倒垃圾、叠衣服和洗餐具好吗?

_____ you _____ _____ the rubbish, _____ the clothes and _____ the dishes?

(5)妈妈随时都会买完东西回来

Mom will ____ _____ from shopping _____ _______ now.

(6)如果她看到乱成这样,她会不高兴的。

She ______ _____ happy if she _____ this ______.

3.分角色表演对话。

【精讲点拨】

1.Could you please take out the trash?请你把垃圾倒掉好吗?

①情态动词could用于有礼貌地提出要求或请求允许,在疑问句中可用can或may代替, 在时间上could与can没有区别,但could语气要比can, may委婉、有礼貌。

②其句型为:Could you please do sth.? 否定形式为:Could you please not do sth. ?

③肯定回答时要用Yes , I can .注意:不能用could 。除此之外,肯定回答还可以用Sure./Certainly./Yes, sure./Of course./That’s OK./No problem ./With pleasure .等;否定回答用I’m sorry, I can’t ./I’m sorry , but I have to ……/还可以用I’m afraid not .要避免说No, you can’t. 这样显得很不礼貌。

eg: Could you please sweep the floor? Yes, sure.

Could you please water the flowers? No problem.

2.take out 带出去,取出eg: Please take out a piece of paper. Please take it out.

3. Two hours of TV is enough for you.两个小时的电视对你是足够的。

谓语动词与主语要在人称和数上保持一致。eg: Two months_____ a long holiday. 两个月是一个长假。

4. help out 帮忙help sb. out帮助某人解决难题 help out with sth. 帮忙处理某事

5. Tony, could you please help out with a few things? 托尼,你可以帮着做几件事情吗?

a few与复数名词连用“有些,几个”;few与复数名词连用,表示否定,“不多,很少”

a little与不可数名词连用,“少量的,一些”;little与不可数名词连用,表示否定,“几乎没有”。

eg:I had little money and little free time. 我没什么钱,也没多少空闲时间。

Could you give me a little milk? 给我一些牛奶好吗?

【达标检测】

用所给动词的适当形式填空

1. The boy needs _____(sweep) the floor after school.

2. Two years_____(be) a long time for me.

3. Could you please ____(fold) your clothes after dinner, Mary?

4. When he finished _____(read) the book, his eyes were already full of tears.

5. My brother’s job is to wash the______(dish) in a restaurant.

6. My mother wants me (take) out the rubbish when I go to school.

7. Could you please ( no open ) the door, Nick ?

8. Can you (get) to the station early ?

9. Mary’s mother often cleans the ____ (live) room in the morning.

10. It’ s too late. I have to ____ (go) to work by taxi .

【学后反思】

1.我的收获:Words and expressions: _________________________________________

Sentences: ___________________________________________________

2.我的易错点:___________________________________________________________

3.我需要提高的是:_______________________________________________________

第2课时Section A 3a-3c (阅读课)

【学习目标】

1.我要拼读并识记这些新单词: throw, neither

2.我要掌握并灵活运用这些短语in surprise, as soon as, come over, in front of, as…as, the