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remain的用法

remain的用法

remain用作不及物动词,意为"剩下、留下、呆在",相当于stay。如:

When the others had gone, Joan remained (=stayed) to clean the room. 别人走了,琼留下来清扫房间。

Only a few leaves remained (=were still) on the tree. 树上只剩下几片叶子了。

The Smiths remained there all through the year. 史密斯一家人在那里呆了整整一年。

The soldiers were ordered to remain where they were. 士兵们接到命令呆在原地。

注意: "呆在那里"可以说remain / stay there, 但"呆在家里"只能说stay (at) home remain作连系动词,意为"一直保持,仍然处于某种状态中", 后可接多种成分作表语。

1) 接名词作表语

Peter became a manager but John remained a worker. 彼得当上了经理,但约翰仍然是一个工人。

Their marriage remains a secret. 他们的婚姻仍然是个秘密。

2) 接形容词作表语

Whatever great progress you have made, you should remain modest. 无论你取得了多么大的进步,你都应一直保持谦虚。

The shop remains open until 11 at night. 这个商店一直营业到晚上十一点。

3) 接过去分词作表语,表示主语所处的状态或已经发生的被动动作。如:

They never remained satisfied with their successes. 他们从不满足于自己的成绩。(表主语所处的状态)

They remained locked in the room. 他们仍然被锁在房子里。(已经发生的被动动作)

4)接现在分词作表语,表示正在进行的主动动作。如:

The guests came in, but she remained sitting at the desk reading. 客人进来了,但她仍然坐在桌旁看书。(正在进行的主动动作)

They remained listening. 他们一直在听。

5) 接不定式作表语,表示将来的动作。如:

This remains to be proved. 这有待证实。(将来被动动作)

Whether it will do us good remains to be seen. 这是否对我们有好处,还要看一看。

请看2002年的高考题:

Having a trip abroad is certainly good for the old couple, but it remains whether they will enjoy it.

A. to see

B. to be seen

C. seeing

D. seen

6) 接介词短语作表语

I have remained in touch with the Greens for more than 10 years. 我和格林一家保持了十多年的联系。

He had to remain in hospital until he was better. 他不得不住院,直到身体好转。

注意:

① remain 作名词时,表示"剩余物",一般用其复数形式。如:

The remains of a meal can be given to a pig. 残汤剩饭可以喂猪。

They found some remains of the Tang Dynasty. 他们发现一些唐代遗物。

② remaining 是形容词,意为"剩余的",常作前置定语;而left则只能作后置定语。如:

There are only 5 books left. 只剩下五本书了。

He bought me a gift with the remaining money. 他用剩余的钱给我买了一件礼物。

remain的用法

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