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英美概况试题

1. The BBC World Service broadcasts only in English throughout the world. ( F )

2. The British history before 55 BC is basically undocumented. ( T )

3. The majority of the people in Britain are descendants of the Anglo-Saxons. ( T )

4. London is one of the three principal financial centers of the world. ( T )

5. People in different parts of Britain like to use the name England refer to their country. 6. The Celtic people are the earliest known inhabitants of Britain. ( F )

7. In an effort to make a compromise between different religious factions, Queen Elizabeth Ⅰactually defended the fruit of the Religious Reformation. ( T )

8. The island of Great Britain is geographically divided into three parts: England, Scotland and Wales. ( T )

9. The British monarchy has never been interrupted throughout the history. ( F )

10. In terms of population and area, Northern Ireland is the smallest part of the United Kingdom. ( T )

11. The Times is the world’s oldest national newspaper. ( F )

12. Because of political troubles, Northern Ireland has been quite significant among the four constituent parts of the United Kingdom. ( T )

13. Henry Ⅱ built up a large empire which included England and most of France. ( T )

14. In reality, the British King or Queen is the source of all government powers. ( F )

15. Limited resources and high unemployment rate were persistent problems that prevented rapid economic development in Britain. ( F )

16. Hamlet depicts the hero’s struggle with two opposing forces: moral integrity and the need to avenge his father’s murder. ( T )

17. Today more than half of the people in Wales still speak the ancient Welsh language. ( F )

18. The British economy experienced a relative decline during the postwar. ( T )

19. The Celts became the dominant group in Britain between the 8th and 5th centuries BC. ( T )

20. Conventions are regarded less important than common law in the working of the British government. ( F )

21. Thatcher’s revolution turned out to be a great success in dealing with all the British economic and social problems. ( F )

22. Alexander Pope was a great English poet who also translated Homer’s Iliad. ( T )

23. Charter companies contributed to Britain’s successful colonization of the U.S. ( T )

24. The British government has been responsible for education since the early 1800s. ( F )

25. The legal systems in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland are much similar in terms of law, organization and practice. ( F )

26. Blair made the Bank of England independent in order to separate politics and economic policy. ( T )

27. In the U.K., the National Curriculum is compulsory in both the state system and the independent system. ( F )

28. William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge brought the Romantic Movement to its height in British literature. ( T )

29. Jo

nathan Swift is probably the foremost prose satirist in the English language, and Robinson Crusoe is his masterpiece. ( F )

( ) 1. The Articles of Confederation is the oldest written constitution in the world.

( ) 2. America is a name given by Columbus.

( ) 3. The United Kingdom is a federal, not a unitary state.

( ) 4. The Anglo-Saxon Conquest was important in English history because it laid the foundation on which the English nation was to be formed.

( ) 5. To the west of Great Britain is the second largest island known as Scotland.

( ) 6. The checks and balance system in America was based on division of power.

( ) 7. London, the capital of the UK, is situated on the Severn River near its mouth.

( ) 8. The Great Charter was signed in 1215 by King John.

( ) 9. James I was the king who was executed during the English Bourgeois Revolution.

( ) 10. The Chartist Movement finally succeeded and it constituted a glorious page in the history of the workers’ struggle for liberation.

( ) 11. Grammar schools emphasize academic studies and teach a wide range of subjects.

( ) 12. Members of Parliament (MPs) are those who inherit the noble titles.

( ) 13. British people chose Franklin Roosevelt as Prime Minister in 1940 when the W.W. II broke out.

( ) 14. Henry VII was responsible for the founding the Church of England.

( ) 15. The destruction of the Spanish Armada not only established the position of England as a major sea power but also paved the way for its foreign expansion.

( ) 16. It was the Angles who gave their name to England and the English people.

( ) 17. The first successful English colony in North America was planted in Virginia in 1620.

( ) 18. The Wars of the Roses affected the ordinary people very much.

( ) 19. The Queen formally appoints all government office holders except the Prime Minister.

( ) 20. The Hundred Year’s War refers to the intermittent war between France and England that lasted from 1337 to 1453.

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( ) 1. The Bill of Rights is the term for the first twelve amendments to the Constitution.
( ) 2. The stock market crash in 1929 was the beginning of a long economic depression in the U. S.
( ) 3. George Washington was the first president of the United States.
( ) 4. The system of the parliamentary government of the U.K. is based on a written constitution.
( ) 5. Benjamin Franklin alone drafted the Declaration of Independence, and on July 4, 1776, the Congress adopted the declaration.
( ) 6. Britain was the first country to start the Industrial Revolution which contributed to the establishment of the British Empire.
( ) 7. The word English means “the language that belongs to the Angles.”
( ) 8. The Pennines are known as the “Backbone of England”.
( ) 9. The largest lake in Britain is the Lough Neagh Lake in Wales which covers an

area of 397 square kilometers.
( ) 10. Both the First Continental Congress and the Second Continental Congress were held in Boston.
( ) 11. The American Constitution founded feudalism and introduced checks and balances.
( ) 12. The national church in Scotland is also the Church of England.
( ) 13.Of all the English university Oxford and Cambridge are the most prestigious
( ) 14. The House of Lords is now made up of two kinds of Lords: the Lords Spiritual and the Lords Temporal.
( ) 15. William, Duke of Normandy, founded a strong fleet which first beat the Danes at sea and he became known as “Father of the British Navy.”
( ) 16. Anglo-Saxons in Britain are believed to be ancestors of the Highland Scots, the Irish and the Welsh people.
( ) 17. After Margaret Thatcher was elected Britain’s first ever woman prime minister in 1979, she adopted a new program to cure the “British disease”.
( ) 18. America Vespucci proved that the land discovered by Columbus was not Indian, but a new continent. As a result, the new continent was named after him and became known as America.
( ) 19. Declaration of Independence was formally adopted by the Continental Congress on July 14, 1776, a day which has been celebrated each year as Independence Day of the United States.
( ) 20. When the news of American victory at Yorktown reached London, the Parliament voted to end the War and peace negotiation began in 1782.

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1. ______ William Walworth launched the Peasant Revolt of 1381 in England.
2. ______ In the English Civil War, the Puritans were not the King's opponents.
3. ______ The Chartists could be roughly divided into two groups: the Moral Force Chartists and the Physical Force Chartists.
4. ______ In Britain, changes of Government do not involve changes in departmental staff, who continue to carry out their duties whichever party is in power.
5. ______ The British criminal law presumes the innocence of the accused until he has been proven guilty beyond reasonable doubt.
6. ______ As committed to the goal of a united Ireland, Dublin refuses to negotiate a settlement of the problem of Northern Ireland with London.
7. ______ After the abolition of slavery, organized or individual discrimination was never practiced against black Americans.
8. ______ When the Korean War broke out in June, 1950, Truman sent the 7th Fleet to the Taiwan Straits to prevent the PLA from liberating Taiwan.
9. ______ Canada possesses rich and vast natural resources which are significant in the Canadian economy.
10. ______ The rich green mountains and valleys make New Brunswick Nova Scotia, Prince Edward island, and Newfoundland the most beautiful in Canada.
11. ______ The minerals and energy industry is supplementary to the Australian economy.
12. ______ Captain Matthew Flinder's exploratory voyage to Australia between 1802 and 1803 brought a close to an era of European discovery.
13. ______ In 1995, about 14% of th

e US population lived under the poverty line.
14. ______ In 1948, Ireland voted itself out of the British Common wealth.
15. ______ Formal education in the United States consists of elementary, secondary and higher education.

1. F 2. F3. T 4. T 5. T 6. F 7. F 8. T 9. T 10. T 11. F 12. T 13. T 14. F 15. T
1. When was the Second War with England in American history?

2. What are the two major political parties in Britain?

3. What is the general climate in Britain?

4. Which American president was involved in Watergate Affair?

5. What is the most important river in Britain?

1. The Second War between America and England was during 1812~1814.
2. The two major political parties in Britain are Conservative Party and Labor Party.
3. Britain enjoys maritime climate.
4. Richard Nixon was involved in Watergate Scandal.
5. The most important river in Britain is Thames River.

1. What is the longest river in Britain?
2. How long did the Wars of the Roses go on?
3. When did American Civil War break out?
4. What were the mainstream Americans called?
5. What does American Congress consist of? 一

1. The longest river in Britain is Severn river.
2. The War of the Roses went on for 30 years.
3. American Civil War began in 1861.
4. The mainstream Americans are called WASPs.
5. American Congress consists of Senate and House of Representatives

1. Look at a physical map of the United States and find out and name the main monition ranges, rivers and lakes in the United States.
2. How many constituencies are there in Britain today?
How many members are there in the House of Commons?
3. What were the effects of European settlement on the Aborigines?
4. Sinn Fein
1. Look at a physical map of the United States and find out and name the main monition ranges, rivers and lakes in the United States.
There are two main mountain ranges in the United States. They are the Appalachian Mountains and the Rocky Mountains. There are many important rivers in the United States. The Mississippi River and its two branches, the Missouri River and the Ohio River, flow south to the Gulf of Mexico. On the Pacific side there are two great rivers: the Colorado River and the Columbia River. The Rio Grande River forms a natural boundary between Mexico and the United States. Other well known rivers include the Hudson River which meets the Atlantic Ocean at New Yurk and the Potomac boarding the national capital of Washington. The most important lakes in the United States are the Great Lakes. They are Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. They are all located between Canada and the United States except Lade Michigan.
2. How many constituencies are there in Britain today?
How many members are there in the House of Commons?
To hold general elections, Britain is divided into 651 constituencies, each of which returns one member to the House of Commons. There are 651 members in the House of Commnos.
3. What were the effects o

f European settlement on the Aborigines?
White settlement in 1788 proved disastrous for the Aborigines. (1) Aboriginal culture and society were totally disrupted because of a total conflict of cultures. (2) The loss o land to white people led to the breakdown of their tribal life because Aboriginal culture was based on the land. (3) After losing their land, Aborigines became dependent on white handouts. They copied the European habit of drinking alcohol, which destroyed large numbers of Aborigines. (4) The whites also brought many diseases which the Aborigines had no resistance to. (5) All these, combined with the violence between Europeans and Aborigines resulted in the drastically reduction in Aboriginal population. The Aborigines have always been in unfavorable position ever since 1788. The Aborigines still face legal, political, economic and social discrimination today.
4. Sinn Fein
Sinn Fein was the Irish guerrilla movement that wrested independence from the British in 1921. It spit in 1921 over the Anglo - Irish Treaty and became two parties, Fianna Fail and Fine Gael, which remains to be the two major political parties in Ireland today.