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轻松搞定高中英语语法的100个句子

轻松搞定高中英语语法的100个句子

1、名词的数

2、关于名词的数的注意点

3、名词所有格

4、冠词的基本用法

5、冠词在各类名词前的用法

6、关于冠词用法的注意点

7、人称代词和物主代词

8、关于物主代词的注意点

9、It 的用法

10、自身代词和相互代词

11、疑问代词和连接代词

12、关系代词

13、不定代词

14、some的用法

15、all 的用法

16、other,another的用法

17、数词

18、关于数词的注意点

19、量词

20、动词的种类

21、一般现在时

22、一般现在时的特殊用法

23、一般过去时

24、过去进行时

25、现在进行时

26、一般将来时

<例句>

Her family are all music lovers.

她的家人都喜欢音乐。<语法分析>

family 为集体名词,作整体讲时为单数名词,如考虑到其个体时,则为复数名词。名词的数的概念是指名词的单复数,即名词的可数与不可数名词。一般而言,名词可以分为两类:即表示人名、地名及某些类人和事物专有名称的专有名词和普通名词。个体名词、集体名词、物质名词和抽象名词都属于普通名词。个体名词和集体名词可以用数来计算,成为可数名词,而物质名词和抽象名词一般都不能用数来计算,成为不可数名词名词。<触类旁通>

(1) Her husband is a Swiss. Her parents are both Swiss.

她丈夫是瑞士人。她的父母都是瑞士人。语法分析:表示某国人的名词单复数同形,类似的还有某些表示动物名称的词,如bison, deer, fish, cod和salmon等。

(2) He finished school at fifteen.

他十五岁中学毕业。语法分析:有些个体名词用作抽象名词,在意义上是不可数名词的。

(3) How much machinery has been installed?

装了多少机器?语法分析:有不少名词在汉语中是可数的,而在英语中确是不可数的。

(4) There is a beauty in simplicity.

朴实之中有一种美。语法分析:在多数情况下抽象名词用于单数形式,某些时候,也可以在其前面加定冠词或不定冠词。

(5) Two beers, please.

请来两杯啤酒。语法分析:一般说来,物质名词是不可数的,因而没有复数形式,但有些物质名词用作可数名词可用来表示“一份”、“一杯”或“一种”等意义。

(6) He came up to shake hands with me.

他走过来和我握手。语法分析:有些名词在某些习惯性的用法中,要用复数,成为相互复数。<巩固练习>

1. Never make _____[friend] with such a person.

2. I have to change _____[train] here.

3. The public _____[be] deceived by the newspapers.

4. The gang _____[be] being hunted by the police.

5. No news _____[be] good news.

6. I know a few _____[Japanese].

7. We have defended the _____[fruit] of our victory.<参考答案>

1. friends

2. trains

3. were

4. is

5. is

6. Japanese

7. fruits

2.关于名词的数的注意点

<例句>

I bought two bottles of ink yesterday.

我昨天买了两瓶墨水。<语法分析>

单位名词的数有单、复数的形式,如kind, sort, type, piece, cake, bottle和grain等单位名词如与复数限定词连用,一般要变成复数形式,of 后面的名词多用单数形式,且不用冠词。有些单位名词如dozen, score, head等词语复数限定词连用,仍保留单数形式。但如表示一种不确定的复数时,用复数形式。有些单位名词如pair, couple和ton等于复数限定词连用时,可用单数也可用复数。this, that, another和every等单数限定词一般只能与单数名词连用,但复数名词前有一个集体数词,且被看作一个整体时,也可与this等单数限定词连用。<触类旁通>

(1) I like that two kinds of apple.

我喜欢那两种苹果。语法分析:单位名词如与复数限定词连用,一般要变成复数形式。

(2) The shop sells six kinds of hat.

这家商店出售六种帽子。语法分析:of 后面的名词多用单数形式。

(3) I went to the students reading-room yesterday.

我昨天去学生阅览室了。语法分析:名词有时也可用复数作定语。

(4) He is a seven-year-old boy.

他是个七岁的男孩。语法分析:数词 + 名词作定语,这个名词一般保留单数形式。

(5) I go to see her every two weeks.

我每两周去看望她一次。语法分析:复数名词前有一个集体数词,且被看作一个整体时,也可与单数限定词连用。

(6) Never make friends with such a person.

不要和这样的人交朋友。语法分析:有些名词在某些习惯用法中,要用复数形式。<巩固练习>

1. She eat twn _____[piece] of bread.

2. There are three _____[grain] of rice on the table.

3. There are two _____[score] of birds in the forest.

4. She bought three _____[dozen] of balls last week.

5. I have been there _____[dozen] of times.

6. Wealth was calculated by _____[head] of cattle.

7. The old man is a _____[shoe] doctors there.

8. I saw two _____[man] doctors there.

10. He asked me to change _____[seat].<参考答案>

1. pieces

2. grains

3. score

4. dozen

5. dozens

6. heads

7. shoe

8. men

9. hands 10. seats

3.名词所有格

<例句>

He is a friend of Henry's.

他是亨利的一个朋友。

<语法分析>

这是名词的双重所有格现象,of 后面的名词只能表示人,不能表示物。格是一种语法范畴,它表示名词或代词与句中其他词之间的结构和语义关系。名词所有格可以表示包括所有关系在内的多种关系,所有关系、主谓关系、动宾关系还可表示类别和地点等。…s所有格和of 所有格都有多种意义,两者常常是不能互换的。

<触类旁通>

(1) Is this Mr. Black's office?

这是布莱克先生的办公室吗?

语法分析:名词所有格主要用于表示人的名词,也用于某些动物的名称后。

(2) We met at the hotel's entrance.

我们在旅馆门口相遇。

语法分析:名词所有格也用来表示某些无生命东西的名词,如时间、距离、价格、国家及城市等。

(3) She was pleased by her teacher's praise.

老师的称赞使她很高兴。

语法分析:名词所有格除了表示“所有关系”外,还可以有一些特殊的意义,可以表示主动关系。

(4) Everyone is singing the fighter's praise.

每个人都称赞这位战士。

语法分析:名词所有格还可以表示被动关系。

(5) He put his arm through his brother's.

他伸手挽住他哥哥的手臂。

语法分析:所有格修饰的词,如刚刚提过则可以省略,以避免重复。

(6) I am going to the barber's.

我要去理发店。

语法分析:所有格可以用来表示教堂、店铺以及某人的家等。

<巩固练习>

1. Sunddenly she heard the barking _____ dogs.

2. Do you recall that poem _____[Byron].

3. This is the _____[workers] rest homes.

4. I bought several ______[children] books yesterday.

5. It is another book of my ______[brother].

<参考答案>1. of 2. of Byron's 3. workers' 4. children's 5. brother's

4.冠词的基本用法

<例句>

In a week or two I'll be among the unemployed.

一两周后我将加入失业行列中。

<语法分析>

定冠词the可以和某些形容词连用,表示一类人或某种品质。冠词是一种虚词,它不可以独立担任一个成分,只能附着在一个名词上,以便帮助说明其词义。英语中的冠词分为定冠词the和不定冠词a和an。不定冠词a和an的基本意义与数词one同源,表示“一个”的意思,用在数词前。定冠词the与this和that同源,有“这个”或“那个”的意思。

<触类旁通>

(1) It was a lovely garden.

这是一座漂亮的花园。

语法分析:在可数名词前加不定冠词是泛指,表示类别。

(2) A car is waiting at the gate.

有一辆车在门口等着。

语法分析:不定冠词主要用在可数名词单数前,表示“一个”意思接近于one或“某一个”,也可以表示某类人或物等。

(3) Show the guests to their room.

带客人去看他们的房间。

语法分析:定冠词主要和个体名词的单数或复数连用,表示某个或某些特定的人或物。

(4) The computer has changed our way of life.

计算机改变了我们的生活方式。

语法分析:定冠词也可和一个单数名词一起用,表示一类人或东西。

(5) The Chinese people are industrious and brave.

中国人民勤劳勇敢。

语法分析:定冠词和某些名词连用表示这个民族、阶级、阶层或一家人等。

(6) The moon has risen.

月亮已升起了。

语法分析:定冠词和一些表示世界上独一无二的东西的名词连用。

<巩固练习>

1. There was a rainbow in _____ sky.

2. _____ sun lights and warms the earth.

3. She was weak, afraid to venture _____ unknown.

4. ______ careful speaker should avoid it.

5. Is this ______ planer or ______ lathe?

6. He told me _____ interesting story.

7. Rome was not built in _____ day.

<参考答案>

1. the

2. The

3. the

4. The

5. a...a

6. an

7. a

5.冠词在各类名词前的用法

<例句>

A heavy snow was falling.

下着一场大雪。

<语法分析>

snow为物质名词,前面加不定冠词,可以表示“一场”或“一阵”等意思。一般地说,物质名词前面是不加冠词的,即使前面有形容词,在一般情况下也不加冠词。但是如果物质名词特指时前面则可以加定冠词the,有时候也可以加不定冠词。抽象名词前一般不用冠词,如果抽象名词前有限制性定语修饰时,多加定冠词。在一定情况下,也可以加不定冠词表示频度。专有名词前一般不加冠词,因为它本身就是特指的,但在某些地理名词或由普通名词构成的专有名词前大多要加定冠词。

<触类旁通>

(1) A large coffee for me.

给我一大杯咖啡。

语法分析:不定冠词a表示一份儿。

昨晚下了一场可怕的暴雨。

语法分析:不定冠词a表示一场。

(3) The air was bad.

空气不好。

语法分析:物质名词前加定冠词,表示特指,该句可以指房间里的空气,也可以指教室里的空气等。

(4) The younger generation is the hope of the nation.

青年一代是国家的希望。

语法分析:抽象名词前有一个限制性定语修饰,加定冠词表示特指。

(5) Would you do me a favor?

帮我个忙可以吗?

语法分析:加不定冠词可以表示某种行动、人或东西等。

(6) Do you care for a smoke?

抽支烟好吗?

语法分析:加不定冠词表示“一次”、“一例”或“一种”等。

(7) The theory was advanced by the great Einstein.

该理论是伟大的爱因斯坦提出的。

语法分析:在某些情况下,人名前可以加冠词。

<巩固练习>

1. She likes to read ______ New York Times.

2. The building is ______ Pentagon.

3. She ordered ______ second Martini.

4. He went on playing ______ music of Mozart.

5. You were ______ great help to us.

6. Don't stand in ______ rain.

7. I want ______ strawberry ice-cream.

8. Someone has fallen into ______ water!

<参考答案>

1. the

2. the

3. a

4. the

5. a

6. the

7. a

8. the

<例句>

One of my friends is still in hospital.

我的一个朋友还住在医院里。

<语法分析>

个体名词如school, prison, market, hospital, bed, class和court等直接位于某些介词后,当表示该名词的深层意义时,不用冠词。当bike, car, bus, train, boat, ship和plane等词与by连用,表示一种交通手段时,不用冠词,但是当这些名词特指某一种交通工具时,则要与冠词连用。在月份、星期、季节、三餐等的名词前,通常不加冠词,如有描绘性修饰语时,可加冠词。两个名词各指不同的人、事和概念时,要用冠词。两个名词如指同一个人、同一物时,后一个名词可不用冠词。

<触类旁通>

(1) She has gone to market.

她去市场了。

语法分析:个体名词前不用冠词。

(2) I go to work by bike.

我骑车去上班。

语法分析:当bike, car, bus, train, boat, ship和plane等词与by连用,表示一种交通手段时,不用冠词。

(3) She went out on a bike.

她骑一辆车子出去了。

语法分析:当这些名词特指一种交通工具时,则要与冠词连用。

(4) Summer comes after spring.

春去夏来。

语法分析:季节名词前一般不用冠词。

(5) He came to that place in the auturn of 1990.

他1990年秋天去过那个地方。

语法分析:如果有限定词修饰或表示一般特定的时间,则需要用定冠词。

(6) This road winds its way from west to east.

这条路自西向东蜿蜒而行。

语法分析:在并列使用的两个名词前,常省掉冠词。

(7) They are the students of our school.

他们是我们学校的全体学生。

语法分析:在复数名词或数词前用the强调全体,不用则强调部分。

(8) She raises a black and a white dog.

她养了一只黑狗和一只白狗。

语法分析:两个形容词都有冠词,后面的名词为单数,表示两个不同的事物,如后一个形容词没有冠词,则指一物。

<巩固练习>

1. ______ water in th wet clothes is being burned into vapor.

2. She is in ______ first year class.

3. After the school I returned home on _____ 9:20 train.

4. Our school was completed in _____ October of 2000.

5. We had ______ terribly cold winter last year.

6. _____ breakfast I had last morning was very nice.

7. She came first in ______ race.

8. She sang and played _____ piano.

9. My brother went to see ______ film yesterday evening.

10. I listen to ______ radio every morning.

11. Turn on ______ TV please.

12. ______ square has four sides.

13. I cannot finish the task in so short _____ time.

14. Brave _____ man though he is, he trembles at the sight of snakes.

<参考答案>

1. The

2. the

3. the

4. the

5. a

6. The

7. the

8. the

9. a 10. the 11. the 12. A 13.

a 14. a

7.人称代词和物主代词

<例句>

It was she who had been wrong.

是她错了。

<语法分析>

人称代词在句子里作表语,但在口语中常用宾格形式。人称代词在句子中可以作很多成分如主语、宾语、表语等。物主代词分为形容词型物主代词和名词型物主代词。形容词型物主代词在句子中可以作定语,还可以和own连用在句子中充当定语、表语或宾语等。名词型物

<触类旁通>

(1) Tell her to call back a little later.

请她过一会儿再来电话。

语法分析:人称代词作宾语或介词宾语。

(2) The mare whined when she saw her master.

这匹母马见到主人时会嘶叫。

语法分析:she除了指人,还可以指其他东西如雌性动物或国家等。

(3) You can never tell what they will do next.

谁也说不上他们下一步会做什么。

语法分析:you,we或they可以用来泛指一般人。

(4) Virtue is its own reward.

为善其乐融融。

语法分析:形容词型物主代词和own连用作定语。

(5) She is a great admirer of yours.

她是你的崇拜者。

语法分析:名词型物主代词和of连用。

<巩固练习>

1. Nice car, how much did ____ cost?

2. We, you and _____ must together carry out the plan.

3. Mary has broken _____ leg.

4. She took me buy _____ hand.

5. She looked at me in _____ face.

6. I love her more than _____ does.

7. Has she any idea of _____ own.

<参考答案>

1. she

2. they

3. her

4. the

5. the

6. she

7. her

8.关于物主代词的注意点

<例句>

He took me by the hand.

他拉着我的手。

<语法分析>

物主代词常用语表示两个名词之间的所属关系,但有时,定冠词the常用来代替物主代词。在简短的对话中或表示比较的非正式文体里,宾语可以代替主格在句子中作主语。如果比较状语从句的谓语保留,则主语用主格,比较双方会发生误解时,主格和宾格不能替换。在口语里或强调句子中宾格可替代代主格在句子中作表语,有时,主格可替代宾格。

<触类旁通>

(1) The police seized the thief by the ear.

警察抓住了贼的耳朵。

语法分析:the常用来代替物主代词。

(2) “Me?” asked the girl.

“我?”女孩问道。

语法分析:在简短的对话中,宾格可以代替主格在句子中作主语。

(3) He is not as experienced as me.

他没我有经验。

语法分析:在表示比较的非正式文体里,常用宾格代替主格。

(4) What would you do if you were him?

如果你是他你会怎么办?

语法分析:在口语里,宾格可替代主格在句子中作表语。

(5) It was I who broke the law.

犯法的是我。

语法分析:在强调句子里,当强调的主语是人称代词时,书面语体重常用主格,在口语中,常用宾格。

(6) Everybody excepts understood him.

除了我,每个人都了解他。

语法分析:在介词out 和 expect 后,有时用主格代替宾格。

<巩固练习>

1. The old man was grasped by ______ arm.

2. The student led the blind man by _____ sleeve.

3. The father often strikes his son in _____ face.

4. She was wounded in _____ stomach.

5. He looked at me in _____ face.

6. He patted the boy on _____ head.

7. Who is faster, you or _____?

8. She is cleverer than _____.

9. He is not as experienced as _____[me] am.

10. There are two years between you and _____[me].

11. She has no house of her _____.

12. I have some reason of my _____ for wishing to do so.

<参考答案>

1. the

2. the

3. the

4. the

5. the

6. the

7. me

8. me

9. I 10. I 11. own 12. own

9.It 的用法

<例句>

It was you who had been wrong.

错的是你。

<语法分析>

it 强调句子的主语,可用 who 或 that 引导句子的后面部分。用于强调的 it,可以对句子的某一处成分加以强调。例如可以强调句子的主语、宾语以及状语等。It 的用法有很多,它最基本的用法是作代词,主要代表刚提到的事物以避免重复,也可以代表某些抽象事物或代表一个彼此都知其何所指的东西。有时也可以不指具体的东西,例如天气、环境和时间等。先行词的it 主要作为句子的形式主语,从而使句子变得平稳。

<触类旁通>

(1) It was a great surprise to me when she did a thing like that.

她做这样的事情我大为吃惊。

语法分析:It代表抽象的事物。

(2) Where does it hurt?

哪儿疼?

语法分析:it代表一个彼此都知其何所指的东西。

(3) How fat is it to Beijing?

到北京有多远?

语法分析:it代表距离。

(4) It was she who lent us the money.

是她借钱给我们的。

语法分析:it用于强调句中,强调句子的主语。

(5) It's beyond me to say why.

我无法说个究竟。

语法分析:It作先行词,作句子的形式主语,有平稳句子的作用,句子谓语有这几种:be +形容词或名词,介词短语+不定式,及物动词+宾语+不定式。

<巩固练习>

1. _____ says here there was a big fire in the city.

2. “Why, ____ is you!” she cried.

3. _____ takes two to make a quarrel.

4. Why is _____ that everyone thinks I'm narrow-minded?

5. Was _____ you that broke the window?

6. Does _____ itch much?

<参考答案>

1. It

2. it

3. It

4. it

5. it

6. it

10.自身代词和相互代词

<例句>

She prided herself on her cooking.

她为自己的烹调技术感到骄傲。

<语法分析>

自身代词在句子中作宾语,此外自身代词还可以作表语、主语等,有时也用作宾语的同位语。在一些成语中也可以用到自身代词。相互代词其实只有两个,即:one another 和 each other,它们可以表示两个人或几个人之间的相互关系,在句子中可以作宾语或介词宾语,也可以和's 一起构成定语。

<触类旁通>

(1) Let me introduce myself.

我来介绍我自己。

语法分析:自身代词在句子中主要用作宾语。

(2) Take good care of yourself.

好好保重。

语法分析:自身代词也常用作介词宾语。

(3) The president himself gave her the medal.

校长亲自给她颁发了奖章。

语法分析:用作主语。

(4) He wanted to see Mary herself.

他想见玛丽本人。

语法分析:作宾语的同位语。

(5) We have known each other for many years.

我们相识很多年了。

语法分析:相互代词作宾语。

(6) We don't see much of each other.

我们不常见面。

语法分析:用作介词宾语。

(7) Each tried to do more than the other.

他们争着多干活。

语法分析:有时each other还可以分开。

<巩固练习>

1. One should not praise _____.

2. They called _____ weavers.

3. Please help _____ to some meat.

4. She reproached _____ for her behavior that evening.

5. She didn't pay for _____.

6. Miss Brown was sitting by ______ on a beach.

7. He has a small room to _____.

8. We each know what the _____ thinks.

<参考答案>

1. oneself

2. themselves

3. yourself

4. herself

5. herself

6. herself

7. himself

8. other 11.疑问代词和连接代词

<例句>

What color are the curtains?

窗帘是什么颜色?

<语法分析>

疑问代词 what 在句子中作定语,此外还可以作主语、宾语或介词宾语等,which 也有这样的用法。此外,what 还可以用作表语。问候在句子中多作主语或表语,whom 在句子中多作宾语或介词的宾语,在紧跟介词时只能用 whom。whose 可以用作定语、主语、表语或宾语等成分。连接代词与疑问代词同形,可以引导各种从句,在从句中它们可以作主语、宾语、介词宾语、表语和定语等。

<触类旁通>

(1) Who would like to go with me?

谁愿和我一起去?

语法分析:who 在句子中多作主语或表语。

(2) Whom are you writing to?

你在给谁写信呀?

语法分析:whom 在句子中多作宾语或介词的宾语。

(3) To whom did you give the parcel?

你把包裹给谁了?

语法分析:在紧跟介词时只能用 whom,不能用 who.

(4) Whose is better, yours or hers?

谁的比较好,你的还是她的?

语法分析:whose 表示谁的,用作主语。

(5) What is your father?

你父亲是干什么的?

语法分析:what还可以用作表语。

(6) Show me what you have in your hand.

把你手上的东西给我看看。

语法分析:what 引导从句,表示“the thing which...”。

(7) I will give you what help I can.

我将尽量给你帮助。

语法分析:在从句中 what 有时用作定语。

<巩固练习>

1. _____ did you see?

2. _____ do you mean?

3. I asked him _____ came into the room.

4. Do you know _____ that girl's mother is?

5. That is _____ I want to know.

6. Let me know _____ bus you'll be arriving on.

7. I must decide _____ to do with her.

<参考答案>

1. Whom

2. What

3. who

4. what

5. what

6. which

7. what

12.关系代词

<例句>

I met someone who said he knew you.

我遇到一个人,他说他认识你。

<语法分析>

关系代词 who 代表 someone,又引导从句修饰它,同时又在从句中担任主语。关系代词 who, whom, whose, that和 which可以用来引导定语从句,这类代词都起着三重作用,一是代表前面的名词,二是把从句和它所修饰的词连接起来,三是在从句里也担任一个成分。who和 whom 都代表人,who 在从句中作主语,whom在从句中作宾语或介词宾语。whose在从句中可以作定语。that可以代表人或物,which只能代表物在从句中可充当主语、宾语或介词宾语等。

<触类旁通>

(1) The noise that she made woke everybody up.

她弄出的声音把大家都吵醒了。

语法分析:that 代表 noise,又引导从句修饰它,在从句中担任 made 的宾语。

(2) She saw something in the paper which might interest you.

她在报纸上看到的一些消息,或许会使你感兴趣。

语法分析:which 代表 something, 又引导从句修饰它,在从句中担任主语。

(3) The girl with whom I was travlling didn't speak English.

和我一起旅行的那个女孩不会讲英语。

语法分析:whom 代表人,在从句中作宾语或介词宾语。

(4) I saw a film whose name I have forgotten.

我看了一部电影,名字却忘了。

语法分析:whose 有时指无生命的东西。

(5) Who's the man (that) you were talking to?

刚才和你讲话的人是谁?

语法分析:在从句作宾语时,that常可以省略。

(6) The situation in which she found herself was very difficult.

她的处境非常困难。

语法分析:在紧跟介词时,只能用which,不能用that,而且不能省略。

<巩固练习>

1. The man _____ robbed her has been arrested.

2. The man _____ I saw told me to come back tomorrow.

3. I know a girl _____ mother is an acrobat.

4. He _____ would eat the fruit must climb the tree.

5. The dog _____ was lost has been found.

6. She invited us to dinner, ______ was very kind of her.

7. My dog, ______ temper is very uncertain, often bites judges at dog show.

8. The man from ______ I brought it told me to read me instructions.

<参考答案>

1. who

2. whom

3. whose

4. that

5. which

6. which

7. whose

8. whom

13.不定代词

<例句>

I have no idea about it.

对此我一无所知。

<语法分析>

不定代词no在句子中作定语,此外,every也可作定语。除了这两个词外,其他的不定代词既可用作名词也可用作形容词,大多数在句子中可充当主语、宾语、表语、同位语和定语等。

<触类旁通>

(1) Someone (somebody) has turned off the light.

有人把灯关了。

语法分析:合成不定代词 someone 和 somebody 意思相同,都表示“某人”,但只用于肯定句,在否定句及疑问句中通常用 anybody 或anyone。

大家都笑了,我也笑了。

语法分析:everybody 和 everyone 意思相同,表示“人人”、“大家”。

(3) Did any of your photos come out well?

你的照片洗出来都不错吗?

语法分析:any 可代表可数名词或不可数名词名词,在句子中作主语或宾语等,可用于否定句及疑问句,肯定句用 some。

(4) She is in no mood (not in a mood) for jokes.

她没有心情说笑话。

语法分析:no 可构成否定句,等于 not a。

(5) I never saw so many swans on the lake .

我从未见过湖面上有这么多天鹅。

语法分析:many 修饰可数名词,可用在疑问句,否定句及肯定句中,还可与too, so 等词连用,much, few 及 little 也可表示数量,与many 一样,都可用作定语。

(6) None of us would have said such a thing.

我们谁也不会说出这种话来。

语法分析:none 和 no 一样,都是否定词,none可用作主语、宾语或介词宾语及同位语。

<巩固练习>

1. I will tell you _____ of my own experience.

2. If you want ______ , you can call me.

3. I'll take ______ that you don't want.

4. As ______ as ten people were found living in a single room.

5. You've given me too ______ food.

6. ______ went his way.

7. ______ of my parents live in Japan.

8. One of the boys is named Tom, the _____ named Bill.

9. Show me some ______.

10. I don't like this room. Let's ask for _____.

<参考答案>

1. something

2. anything

3. any

4. many

5. much

6. Each

7. Both

8. other

9.

others 10. another

She's living at some place in Canada.

她住在加拿大的某个地方。

<语法分析>

不定代词some的意思是表示“一些”,可以用来指人或其他可数的东西,也可以用来表示不可数名词的东西,它在肯定句中用作主语、宾语、定语等。在这个句子中,some和单数可数名词连用,其意义是表示“某个”,这与certain的意义相同。

<触类旁通>

(1) Some of them can speak English.

他们中的有些人会讲英语。

语法分析:简单用法。

(2) Can I take some of these apples?

这些苹果我拿些可以吗?

语法分析:一般在疑问句里要用any,但有时候却要用到本应用在肯定句中的some这个词,这种用法所表达的含义是希望得到肯定的答复。这个例句的所隐含的意思是我很想拿一些苹果,希望对方给予肯定性的回答。

(3) She enjoys some music.

她喜欢某些音乐。

语法分析:some修饰不可数名词。

(4) Aren't there some eggs on the table?

桌子上不是有些鸡蛋吗?

语法分析:some用于反问句或请求句中。

<巩固练习>

1. Did ______ of you catch the train.

2. ______ children learn languages easily.

3. ______ work is very difficult.

4. Would you like ______ tea?

5. Ask ______ secretary to come here.

<参考答案>

1. some

2. Some

3. Some

4. some

5. some

15. all 的用法