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非限制性定语从句(高一)

非限制性定语从句

一.限定性定语从句与非限定性定语从句的区别

非限制性定语从句(高一)

二.引导非限制性定语从句的关系代词有as,which,who, whom,whose等,作定语从句的主语、宾语、表语及定语。关系副词有when,where等,作定语从句的状语。关系代词和关系副词在定语从句中一般不能省。

1.who,whom,whose等引导非限制性定语从句时,指代人的普通名词、专有名词等。表示正是或专指先行词等情况。在定语从句中作主语、宾语、定语等。Bob's father,who worked on the project,spent four years in Egypt.

鲍勃的父亲从事这项工程,在埃及度过了四年。

His mother,whom he loved dearly, died in 1818.

他非常爱戴他的母亲,她死于 1818年。

Mr King,whose legs were badly hurt, was quickly taken to hospital.

金先生的腿受了重伤,他很快就被送去住院了。

2.when,where引导非限制性定语从句时,作定语从句的状语。when=and then, where =and there。why不引导非限制性定语从句。

He was quickly taken to hospital,where a doctor wanted to examine Mr King's legs.金先生很快被送去住院,在那里一个医生要检查他的腿。

We will put off the outing until next week,when we won't be so busy.我们把郊游推迟到下个星期,当我们不忙的时候。

3.关系代词as和which 引导的定语从句

as 和which 引导非限制性定语从句时,其用法有相同之处,也有不同之处。具体情况是:

①as 和which都可以在定语从句中做主语或宾语,代表前面整个句子。如:He is honest, as / which we can see. 他很诚实,这一点我们看得出来。

②as 引导的非限制性定语从句可以放在主句的任何地方, which 只可放在主句之后。另外,as 常常有“正如、正像”的含义。如:

As is known to all, China is a developing country. He is from the south, as we can k now from his accent.

③当主句和从句之间存在着逻辑上的因果关系时,关系词往往只用which。如:Tom was late for school again and again, which made his teacher very angry.

④当先行词受such, the same 修饰时,关系词常用as。如:He is not such a fool as he looks.

⑤as 引导的非限制性定语从句一些固定句型:

as has been said before 如上所述

as is well known 众所周知

as was expected 正如预料的那样

as we all can see 正如我们都会看到的那样

非限制性定语从句易错题

1. 引导限制性定语从句时,关系代词which可以与that互换;但引导非限制性定语从句时,只能用which。

She heard a terrible noise, ______ frightened her.

A. that

B. which

C. what

D. who

She heard a terrible noise______ frightened her.

A. that

B. /

C. what

D. who

2. 先行词为reason时,限制性定语从句可以用why或for which来引导;非限制性定语从句则只能用for which来引导。

I had told them the reason, ______ I didn’t attend the meeting.

A. for which

B. at which

C. for whom

D. why

I had told them the reason ______ I didn’t attend the meeting.

A. when

B. which

C. why

D. for that

3. 引导限制性定语从句的关系代词在从句中担任宾语时可以被省略;但引导非限制性定语从句的关系代词即使作宾语也不能省略。

He was eager to go to the hospital to see his stepmother,______ he loved and respecte d as his own mother.

A. as

B. which

C. /

D. whom

4.引导限制性定语从句时并作从句宾语的关系代词whom可以用who来代替;但在非限制性定语从句中,whom就不能用who替换。

Do you know Tom, _____ we talked about?

A. which

B. that

C. whom

D. who

The American journalist ______ the announcer mentioned in the news broadcast is sa id to have been killed by the gangsters. Which of the following is wrong?

A. who

B. whom

C. whose

D. /

5.当非限制性定语从句修饰整个主句时,其关系代词只能用as ,不能用which。此时非限制性定语从句可置于主句之前、之后或之中。

______ I expected, he didn’t believe me.

A. Which

B. As

C. That

D. When

Mary was late for school,______ often happened.

A. as

B. for which

C. that

D. why

6. 由“介词+关系代词”引导非限制性定语从句,关系代词指代整个主句时,不能用as,只能用which。

He bought the car for more than $20,000,______ his father was angry.

A. about that

B. with as

C. when

D. with which

Ⅰ.非限制性定语从句练习

1.I’m taking some weight-loss pills, _______ are quite popular here.

A. that

B. which

C. who

D. which/that

2.His daughter, _______ is in Beijing now, is coming home next week.

A. which

B. that

C. whom

D. who

3.My cousin, _______ body is slim, still wants to lose some weight.

A. whom

B. that

C. whose

D. which

4.My pills are in the bathroom, ______ I always keep them.

A. which

B. where

C. that

D. who

5.We’ll put off the outing until next month, ______ Amy feels better.

A. when

B. where

C. which

D. that

6.My uncle, _______ I told you about yesterday, is an engineer and is working in Beijing.

A. which

B. who

C. whom

D. who/whom

7.He passed the exam, ________ surprised all of us.

A. which

B. who

C. whom

D. that

8.Jim changed his mind, ______ made me very angry.

A. who

B. whom

C. which

D. That

9.After living in Paris for fifty years he returned to the small town, ______ he grew up as a child.

A. which

B. where

C. that

D. when

10.You can find whatever you need at the shopping center, ______ is always busy at the weekend.

A. that

B. where

C. what

D. which

11.Uncle Tom lives in a mountainous village, ______ is two hours’ride from here.

A. where

B. in which

C. which

D. that

12.I’m leaving for Taiyuan on Sunday, _______ happens to be my birthday.

A. when

B. that

C. which

D. it

13.It was raining heavily, _______ kept me indoors the whold day.

A. this

B. that

C. which

D. who

14.Mike, ______ hobby is travelling, has decided to visit the Great Wall next month.

A. whose

B. that

C. which

D. who

15.Recently I bought an ancient Chinese vase, _______ was very reasonable.

A. which price

B. the price of which

C. its price

D. the price of whose

16.I have many friends, some _______ are businessmen.

A. from whom

B. of whom

C. from which

D. of which

17.China has losts of islands, one _______ is Taiwan.

A. of which

B. of that

C. from which

D. from that

18.He paid the boys 10yuan for washing ten windows, most of ______ hadn’t been cleaned for at least a year.

A.whom

B. that

C. which

D. Those

19.Mr. Kuxun, some of ______ works(作品) we had read, was one of the greatest writers in the world.

A. his

B. whose

C. whom

D. which

20.The journey around the world took the old sailor nine months, ______ the sailing time was 226 days.

A. of which

B. during which

C. from which

D. for which

21.Madam Curie, for _____ life had been very hard early in her life, was the first person in the world to receive two Nobel Prizes.

A. whose

B. which

C. that

D. whom

22.She was educated at Beijing University, _______ she went on to have her advanced study abroad.

A. after which

B. from which

C. from that

D. after that

23.The man, _______ you borrowed the cinema, has left for Shanghai.

A. from which

B. from whom

C. from that

D. to who

24.I was given three books on cooking, the first _______ I really enjoyed.

A. of that

B. of which

C. that

D. which

25.I, ______ your best friend, will try my best to help you out.

A. who is

B. who am

C. that is

D. that are

Ⅱ.完型填空。

I had arrived at the airport about 30 minutes before the check?in.It had been very __ three days for me with lots of meetings.So I was glad to have the _ time to make a note of what I ___ to do the following day.But then came the ___ that my flight had to be ___ because there was a problem with the plane.

As I sat waiting for my _6 to be called,I reflected on my last meeting of the day.It was not a business meeting but rather a very enjoyable ____ with an old business friend I had not seen for over 12 years.Our lunch was spent recalling time gone by filling each other in what had happened in our lives over the last 12 years.We both laughed and smiled as we recalled the good times and the great experiences we had together.At the end of our time together,we both said how much we had it and that we must do it again.

It was great to have this additional time to replay in my all that we had talked about.I realized how important it was to have regular of the good times in our life.I was lucky enough to have had the chance to take a short __ and reflect on the good things that had happened in my life over the last 12 years.

It was somewhat like looking at an old photo album in a cupboard in your house.There before your eyes are lots of wonderful that take you back to times and places,and most importantly to those people who are in the .

My flight home was finally three hours later.I smiled as I the plane and realized that I was not at all about the delay in the flight,as I had been able to spend the time on the good times from days gone by.

【小题1】A.important B.busy C.convenient D.useful

【小题2】A.pleasant B.satisfying C.happy D.extra

【小题3】A.had B.failed C.needed D.managed

【小题4】A.announcement B.declaration C.opening D.speech

【小题5】A.waited B.cancelled C.taken D.delayed

【小题6】A.flight B.turn C.name D.order

【小题7】A.negotiation B.lunch C.party D.discussion

【小题8】A.as well B.except for C.as well as D.in addition

【小题9】A.spent B.met C.managed D.shared

【小题10】A.got B.enjoyed C.made D.paid

【小题11】A.thought B.spirit C.flight D.mind

【小题12】A.time B.plans C.reminders D.remainder

【小题13】A.way B.cut C.method D.break

【小题14】A.stored away B.put on C.set aside D.given out

【小题15】A.celebrations B.memories C.awards D.presents 【小题16】A.cupboard B.books C.childhood D.photos

【小题17】A.shouted B.phoned C.called D.commanded 【小题18】A.left B.boarded C.jumped D.reached 【小题19】A.upset B.happy C.crazy D.surprised 【小题20】A.taking B.seizing C.reflecting D.bringing