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泰国Khao Yai国家公园豹猫和云豹的生态和保护

泰国Khao Yai国家公园豹猫和云豹的生态和保护

Sean C. AUSTIN;Michael E. TEWES;Lon I. GRASSMAN Jr.;Nova J. SILVY

【期刊名称】《动物学报(英文版)》

【年(卷),期】2007(053)001

【摘要】The spatial and temporal ecology of 2 sympatric felid species, the leopard cat Prionailurus bengalensis and clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa, was studied from October 1997 to October 1999 in Khao Yai National Park, Thailand. Felids were captured using baited box traps, were anesthetized, sexed, aged, and fitted with a radio collar. Six female and 4 male leopard cats were radio-tracked for 1-18 months. Leopard cats used larger areas during the wet season than dry season and males used larger areas than females. Most leopard cats used vegetation types in proportion to their presence. Leopard cats exhibited arrhythmic activity with increased activity during nocturnal and crepuscular periods. Dry and wet season activity was similar for all leopard cats; however, males showed greater diurnal activity than females. Travel distance for leopard cats during a 24-hour period differed by sex but not season. Murids dominated prey consumed by leopard cats. A female and male clouded leopard were radio-tracked for 17 and 7 months, respectively. Area used by the female was 39.4 km2, whereas the male used 42.2 km2 and both had core areas of 2.9 km2. Clouded leopards used semi-evergreen forest greater than other vegetation types. Clouded leopard