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硕士英语统考复习资料

工程硕士英语统考复习资料

(08年6月)

Ⅰ Reading Compression (课外4篇文章,每篇5题,每题2分,共40分)ⅡVocabulary And Structure (练习册第1~5单元20题,每题1分,共20分)

Ⅲ Close (10 题,每题1分,共10分)

Ⅳ Translation (30分)

一、English To Chinese (教材第1~5单元10题,每题2分,共20分)

Unit One

1、The story of our English language is typically of massive stealing from other language.

英语的发展历史是典型的从其它语言的大量偷窃。

2、French ,for example ,has only about 75 000 words ,and that includes English expressions like snack bar and hit parade .

举个例子,法语的词汇只有约75000个,而且还包括了英语的表达,如:snack(快餐馆)和hit parade(排行榜)。

3、Walkman is fascinating because it isn’t even English. Strictly speaking , it was invented by the Japanese manufacturers who put two simple English words together to name their product.

Walkman这个词是非常有意思的,因为它甚至还不是英语。严格来说,它是由日本的制造商发明的,他们将两个简单的英语单词合并到一起来命名他们的产品。

4、How did the language of a small island off the coast of Europe become the language of the planet----more widely spoken and written than any other has ever been? The history of English is embedded in the first words a child learns about identity(I, me ,you);possession (mine ,yours);the body (eye, nose, mouth);size(tall ,short);and necessities(food, water).

一个欧州海岸附近的小岛上的语言是怎样成为这个星球上的通用语言而比其它任何语言更广泛地用于口头和笔头的呢?英语的历史根植于幼儿最初学习的有关身份(我,主格;我,宾格;你);领属(我的所有物,你的所有物);身体(眼睛,鼻子,嘴);大小(高,低)和必需品(食物,水)的词语。

5、Identifying similar words, linguists have come up with what they call an IndoEuropean parent language ,spoken until 3500 to 2000 B.C. .

通过辨认近似的词语,语言学家们提出一种他们称为印欧母语的语言,这种语言一直使用至公元前3500年到公元前2000年。

6、Another infusion of words came when Germanic tribes slipped across the North sea to settle in Britain.