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Unit 2

1.Translate the following sentences into English, using the words and expressions

given in brackets.

1)I n either friendship or love / In both friendship and love, you should never expect

to take / receive the maximum while you give the minimum.

2)I built all my hopes on his promise(s), only to find that he was not a man of

sincerity at all.

3)W e took Mother to all the best hospitals we could find, but all our efforts were in

vain; she failed to survive the disease.

4)V alentine’s Day is an annual holiday celebrated on February 14, a perfect dayto

express love to the object of your / one’s affection.

5)I n the information era, communications with far-away friends via e-mail can be

almost / virtually simultaneous.

6)L ove needs to be nurtured, and the “eternal / everlasting love”that we all dream to

have is not forged until we learn to appreciate and tolerate the other.

7)T here’s a difference between strength and courage. It takes strength to survive. It

takes courage to live.

8)S he was by nature a very affectionate person, always ready to give a helping hand

to others.

2.Translate the following paragraph into English, using the words and

expressions in the box below.

After dinner, we all sat around the hearth. Aunt Susan was still in the grief of losing Uncle Robert. In her soft voice she told us about their past years. Uncle Robert joined the army shortly after they were engaged. Given the critical situation at the time when lots of army men didn’t return alive, you can imagine how much horrified Aunt Susan was every day, and how much overjoyed she was to see Uncle Robert back safe and sound from the European battlefield. Then they got married and brought up five children. For all those years, their affection for each other grew stronger in the course of overcoming difficulties and hardships in life. I was fascinated by Aunt Susan’s story, which was totally different from my ideal of love. They practiced, in their daily life, giving and sharing instead of pursuing passion and romance, or making complaints. Amazingly, such love lasted through their whole life.

Unit 3

1)The friendship grounded on common / shared interest does not break up easily.

/ It is not easy for the friendship grounded on common /s hared interest to break up.

2)Children must learn to distinguish between violence and bravery / courage in

computer games.

3)There spring up so many new things every day in the world that it is no longer

sensible to expect a person to know / keep track of everything.

4)Laws do not regulate such things as betrayal to friends; that is why there is

what we call / is called “the court of morality”.

5)Today’s culture is described as“fast-food culture”. Whatever they may be/are

doing, people just pursue the greatest / maximum satisfaction within the shortest time.

6)As the saying goes, there is no such thing as a free lunch. If you want

something, go and earn / work for it.

2.Translate the following paragraph into English using the words and expressions

in the box below.

As is commonly acknowledged / It is commonly recognised that humans are social animals. Living together in a community, we naturally expect to have friends. As to what friendship is, we have read different definitions given by Aristotle, an ancient Greek philosopher,and Cicero, a Roman statesman. No one will deny that some people make friends simply for mutual utility. Once the ground for such friendship disappears, the friendship also breaks up. However, a lot more people long for “soul pals”— those who possess virtues and with whom we can go through trials and tribulations together. Such friendships keep us away from greed and violence and inspire us to have the courage of our convictions. Such is what we call “true friendship”. It is in the company of such friends that we find ourselves surpassing our old selves and becoming better persons / people.

Unit 4

1)The gasoline price is now at an all-time high, which has brought about wide

public concern.

2)He found that fish and rice feature the Japanese diet, and he then proceeded to

write a report on Japanese cooking culture.

3)The spectators expected me to come in first but they were in for a shock. With

a tumble, my chances for a gold medal in figure skating evaporated.

4)He was a beggar but he didn’t look the part at all, because he was

clean-shaven, wearing glasses and a brand-new suit.

5)Having tripped over another athlete’s foot, he fell down on the track, but soon

rose to his feet and limped to the finish line.

6)On such a grand occasion I didn’t want to make a fool of myself, so I decided

to take the challenge and compete against that youngster.

2. Translate the following paragraph into English, using the words and expressions in the box below.

A gold medal is a tribute to the athletic talent, determination and courage of an Olympic champion. Then how do the athletes make themselves fortunate enough to be so highly honored? The champions who have mounted the winners’ stand can

offer an answer based on their own experiences. First, in the course of training, they visualize themselves as champions. Once their dreams of becoming champions take shape, they will cling to them courageously. What’s more, top performers are driven to bring out their best. They discipline themselves and s queeze in every possible minute to practice every day. Despite their relentless efforts, they may sometimes fail to win or narrowly miss a gold medal, yet they believe in themselves and never lose heart. They are ready to take on the most psychologically and technically challenging tasks or competitions. In reality, all champions have experienced lots of hardships on their way to the vital break of their lifetime. So we won’t and can’t say that a champion is lucky. After all, luck only strikes those prepared to capitalize on it. Unit 5

1)Owing to ignorance of AIDS, people used to label HIV infected/carriers/victims

as evils.

2)The campaign of Knowing More About AIDS needs to be carried on, and for/at

this stage the emphasis needs to be put on the way (how) the disease is contracted.

3)We appeal to the young earnestly: Take care of your health, wit h which you’ll be

best equipped to handle any tough problems in your life.

4)The leading scientists will be meeting in Geneva on Friday to discuss problems

largely caused by the fierce competition in modern society.

5)His fear of heights was attributed to an extremely painful experience in his

childhood. He was once forced to stand alone on the 10-meter diving board for up to 10 minutes.

6)We believe that with the newly issued document on improving the medical

system in rural areas, the era is to be brought to an end when such areas are always short of doctors and medicines.

2. Translate the following paragraph into English, using the words and expressions in the box below.

We all want to be healthy, to be at our best when handling tough challenges. There has never been a lack of good advice on health. For example, eat a balanced diet, get enough sleep, and set aside some time every week for exercise. Chronobiology, a new science, has provided us with a new approach to achieving peak efficiency. It is to coordinate our daily activities with our biological capacities. We plot on graph paper six readings of our temperature taken at four-hour intervals throughout a day, and familiarize ourselves with such information as when our body temperature begins to rise, when it reaches its peak/the highest point, and when the bottom/the lowest point appears. Then, we plan our daily activities by following the instructions given by chronobiology authorities. For instance, we tackle the most demanding physical work when our temperature is the highest. By contrast, we pursue mental activities like reading and reflection when our temperature is falling. In this way, what we actually do coincides with our body’s natural rhythms and we achieve our best as predicted.

Unit 8

1) As a proof of our hospitality, we Chinese will habitually urge our guests to

help themselves to more dishes on the table.

2) When you move to a new land, you can / may orient yourself to the local

culture by means of listening to what people say and observing how they act.

3) Familiarity with the environment gives a person a sense of security; so people

have the tendency to resist or avoid new situations, consciously or unconsciously.

4) Prejudice against or even hostility towards people from a certain region often

results from the fact that we know very little about them /we know virtually nothing about them.

5) I believe it is polite to decline directly, while my parents seldom say “No” so

as not to embarrass others.

6) There are two means to build up knowledge: to get it personally or by

second-hand experience. Reading, which opens up a new world of different cultures for us, belongs to second-hand experience.

2.Translate the following paragraph into English, using the words and expressions in the box below.

Once transplanted abroad, we will feel anxious and uneasy and even unable to deal with daily routines. As a matter of fact, these “symptoms” result from losing our familiar environment. Such a feeling of confusion and anxiety is referred to as “culture shock”. We used to feel free, easy and happy with a life style built up over so many years. Now, to get over a series of bad feelings caused by culture shock, we must act positively/take a positive attitude. First, ask ourselves to be broad-minded: accepting all cultural differences as normal. Then, try to orient ourselves to the new surroundings. The local culture will become more understandable if we actively participate in community activities. As the saying goes, “When in Rome, do as the Romans do”. Stepping into a new country means opening up a new world. Though it takes time for the feeling of “a fish out of water” to fade/disappear, yet, believe me, you’ll regain confidence and happiness in the end.