文档库

最新最全的文档下载
当前位置:文档库 > 2013年12月大学英语四级改革新题型段落翻译题

2013年12月大学英语四级改革新题型段落翻译题

2013年12月大学英语四级改革新题型段落翻译题

练习1

Part ⅣTranslation (30 minutes)(原单句汉译英调整为段落汉译英。翻译内容涉及中国的历史、文化、经济、社会发展等。四级长度为140-160个汉字。)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.

中国的传统节庆膳食是节日必不可少的伴侣。例如,我国的端午节(the Dragon Boat Festival)是纪念古代诗人屈原的日子。那一天,人们通常要赛龙舟、吃粽子(zongzi)。中秋节是观赏满月的日子。圆圆的月亮象征着圆满,象征着家庭团聚。因此,中秋节(The Mid-autumn Festival)的特制食品是一种圆形的月饼。春节是中国的农历新年(the Chinese lunar New Year’s holiday),除了常见的家禽和肉类之外,人们还要按各自的地方习俗烹制传统食物,如铰子和年糕。

参考答案

Traditional Chinese holiday meals are indispensable on some festivals. For example, the Dragon Boat Festival is a day established in memory of the ancient poet Qu Yuan and people usually hold dragon boat races and eat zongzi, or rice dumpling on that day. The Mid-autumn Festival is an occasion for viewing the full moon. The round moon is a symbol for completeness and family reunion. The special food of the day is yuebing, a round cake known as the mooncake. The Spring Festival is the Chinese lunar New Year’s holiday. Besides the popular poultry and meat, people

cook traditional food according to regional customs, for example, jiaozi, or boiled dumplings, and niangao, or the “1 ”new year cake .

难点精析

■1.中国的传统节庆膳食:翻译为Traditional Chinese holiday meals,其中“节庆膳食”直接译为holiday meals , 即可,翻译时注意“中国的”和“传统”的顺序。

2.纪念:翻译为介词短语in memory of,修饰前面的a day。

■3.赛龙舟:翻译为hold dragon boat races,其中hold意为“举行”,“举行龙舟比赛”即“赛龙舟”。

4.观赏满月:“满月”即fMlmoon,此处的“观赏”可以译为viewing,也可以用enjoying或watching表示。

5.象征着家庭团聚:“象征”翻译为系表结构is a symbol for,也可以用动词symbolize表示,“家庭团聚”翻译:为family reunion 即可。

练习2

Part ⅣTranslation (30 minutes)(原单句汉译英调整为段落汉译英。翻译内容涉及中国的历史、文化、经济、社会发展等。四级长度为140-160个汉字。)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.

北京有无数的胡同(hutong)。平民百姓在胡同里的生活给古都北京带来了无穷的魅力。北京的胡同不仅仅是平民百姓的生活环境,而且还是一门建筑艺术。通常,胡同内有一个大杂院,房间够4到10个家庭的差不多20 口人住。所以,胡同里的生活充满了友善和人情味。如今,随着社会和经济的飞速发展,很多胡同被新的高楼大厦所取代。但愿胡同可以保留下来。

参考答案

In Beijing, there are numerous hutongs. The life of common people in hutongs brings endless charm to the ancient capital, Beijing. The hutong in Beijing is not only the living environment of common people but also a kind of architecture. Usually, there is a courtyard complex inside hutong, with rooms shared by 4 to 10 families of about 20 people. Therefore, life in hutongs is full of friendliness and genuine humanity. Nowadays, with rapid social and economic development, many hutongs are replaced by new tall buildings. I hope hutongs can be preserved.

难点精析

1.带来了无穷的魅力:翻译为bring endless charm to。

2.汉语习惯于用并列的散句或短语来表达一个语境,而英文习惯上用整句表述,句内不太重要的信息会用| 介词短语或从句来补充说明,如本段中“胡同内有一个大杂院,房间够4到10个家庭的差不多20口人住”是:两个并列关系的汉语短句,翻译成英文时可将第二句用with介词结构表达出来,起补充说明的作用。

3.充满友善和人情味:翻译为full of friendliness and genuine humanity。

4.随着社会和经济的飞速发展:翻译为with rapid social and economic development,也是with介词短语的应用,在句中作伴随状语。

练习3

Part ⅣTranslation (30 minutes)(原单句汉译英调整为段落汉译英。翻译内容涉及中国的历史、文化、经济、社会发展等。四级长度为140-160个汉字。)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.

过去的七年,中国的房地产(real estate)业经历了前所未有的高速增长。对于那些月薪较低却渴望在大城市拥有一套属于自己的体面、舒适的栖身之所的人来说,高昂的房价是他们无法承受的负担。鉴于这一状况,政府近来采取了一系列的措施来防止房价过快增长,包括提高利率及增加房产税等。目前,这些措施在部分城市已经取得了初步的成效。

参考答案

In the past seven years, China’s real estate industry has developed in a record high speed. For those who earn less but are eager to own a decent and comfortable place of their own in a big city, the high housing price is a heavy burden that they cannot afford. For this reason, the government has taken a series of measures to prevent the housing price from rising too fast, including raising interest rates and increasing taxes on real estate etc. Presently, these measures have achieved initial effects in some cities.

难点精析

1.房地产业:翻译为real estate industry。

2.前所未有的高速增长:翻译为a record high speed。

3.鉴于这一状况:可以根据上下文的语境转译为for this reason。

4.采取一系列的措施:翻译为take a series of measures。

5.取得初步成效:翻译为achieve initial effects。

练习4

Part ⅣTranslation (30 minutes)(原单句汉译英调整为段落汉译英。翻译内容涉及中国的历史、文化、经济、社会发展等。四级长度为140-160个汉字。)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.

如今,越来越多的大学生抱怨很难找到好工作。造成这一现象的原因如下:首先,大学生把在校的大多数时间都用在了专业学科学习上,只有当他们开始找工作的时候,才意识到自己缺乏必要的职业培训。其次,大学生之间的竞争也越来越激烈,这导致任何一名大学生找到工作的机会都变小了。因此,强烈建议大学生在课余时间做一些兼职工作,以积累相关的工作经验。

参考答案

Nowadays, more and more university students complain about having great difficulties in finding a good job. The reasons for this phenomenon are as follows: First, college students spend most of their time at school studying academic subjects and it is only when they start looking for a job that they realize they lack necessary job training. Second, competition among graduates has become more and more fierce. And this results in a decreased chance for any individual graduate to find a job. Therefore, it is highly suggested that college students should do some part-time jobs in their spare time to accumulate relevant working experience.

难点精析

1.抱怨很难找到好工作:翻译为complain about having great difficulties in finding a good job。其中“抱怨做某事”用句型complain about doing sth.表示,having great difficulties in finding a good job表示“找工作有困难”,用到了句型have difficulties in doing sth.。

2.只有当他们开始找工作的时候,才意识到自己缺乏必要的职业培训:翻译为it is only when they start looking for a job that they realize they lack necessary job training。‘‘只有当才’’用强调句型it is only when…that…表示。,

3.导致:翻译为results in,同义短语有lead to和bring about,但是表示不好的结果时一般用短语result in。

4.强烈建议:翻译为it is highly suggested that...,其中highly suggested也可以用strongly recommended 替换,都表示“强烈建议做某事”。

5.积累相关的工作经验:翻译为accumulate relevant working experience.

练习5

Part ⅣTranslation (30 minutes)(原单句汉译英调整为段落汉译英。翻译内容涉及中国的历史、文化、经济、社会发展等。四级长度为140-160个汉字。)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.

剪纸(paper cutting)是中国最为流行的传统民间艺术形式之一。中国剪纸有一千五百多年的历史,在明朝和清朝时期(the Ming and Qing Dynasties)特别流行。人们常用剪纸美化居家环境,特别是在春节和婚庆期间,剪纸被用来装饰门窗和房间,以增加喜庆的气氛。剪纸最常用的颜色是红色,象征健康和兴旺。中国剪纸在世界各地很受欢迎,经常被用作馈赠外国友人的礼物。

参考答案

Paper cutting is one of China’s most popular traditional folk arts. Chinese paper cutting has a history of more than 1,500 years. It was widespread particularly during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. People often beautify their homes with paper cuttings. During the Spring Festival and wedding celebrations, in particular, paper cuttings are used to decorate doors, windows and rooms in order to enhance the joyous atmosphere. The color most frequently used in paper cutting is red, which symbolizes health and prosperity. Chinese paper cutting is very popular around the world and it is often given as a present to foreign friends.

难点精析

1.传统民间艺术形式:翻译为traditional folk art,其中folk意为“民间的,民俗的”,art既可以表示“艺术”这一抽象概念,也可以表示具体的“艺术形式”,所以直接翻译为art即可,不必加form—词。

2.美化居家环境:“美化”即beautify,“居家环境”翻译成their homes即可,不要逐字生硬地翻译为home environment。

3.增加喜庆的气氛:翻译为enhance the joyous atmosphere。

4.象征健康和兴旺:翻译为which symbolizes health and prosperity,此处既可以用非限制性定语从句,也可以用分词形式symbolizing health and prosperity。

练习六

在我的生活里,我也尝试过很多次试着放手。虽然,学会放手不会减轻生活里的伤痛或是改变什么,也不会让你的情绪得以发泄,也许你仍然会被生活所困。然而,富有同情心是一种释放。会让你和感受到你同情心的人得到精神上的洗礼。当你对一切都富有同情心时,你会发挥自己最大潜力。你也会在生活中觉得自己有无限的正能量。

在我的生活里,我也尝试过很多次试着放手。

I'm learning to do that a lot in this life, to let go.(大家是不是觉得很奇怪,明明汉语里倾向于过去式“尝试过”,但英文翻译过来就是I'm learning to do。可以留意下这种翻译方式,不过如果大家在考试时遇到这种情况,还是翻译成过去式比较好(如果你的翻译水平没有达到炉火纯青的地步的话,呵呵),因为阅卷老师也不是那种翻译大牛哦~ 放手:to let go

虽然,学会放手不会减轻生活里的伤痛或是改变什么,也不会让你的情绪得以发泄,也许你仍然会被生活所困。It doesn't help to hang on to the hurt or judgment. It doesn't work to blame or criticize. Those approaches only serve to keep you stuck.

这里两个英文句子都用了形式主语it来代替前面提到过的“放手”,不繁琐,而且适合散文的风格。汉语只要语义衔接,可一直逗号下去,但英文,只要是结构完整,只能用句号或相应的标点哦。

减轻伤痛:to help to hang on to the hurt

被生活所困:keep sb stuck

然而,富有同情心是一种释放。会让你和感受到你同情心的人得到精神上的洗礼。But compassion is freeing. It uplifts both you and the person you are sharing it with.

释放直接用了freeing,很简单,但很舒服。第二句话汉语读起来很绕,但英语翻译出来是不是让你一下子就茅塞顿开?这就是英语的魅力~

当你对一切都富有同情心时,你会发挥自己最大潜力。When you act with compassion, you are living from your highest potential and connecting with your greatest self.

看上句翻译,“富有同情心”直接是compassion,这句里的“富有同情心”就变换了一下方式,act with compassion,翻译一直重复是没有美感的,有时候需要我们留意一下细节。

你也会在生活中觉得自己有无限的正能量。The more you can do that, the better you'll feel in this life.

这句翻译很简单,就是用了the more...the better句型。