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辽宁专升本英语真题

2010辽宁省高职高专毕业生升入本科学校继续学习招生考试

英语试卷

注意事项:

1、答题前,考生先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写清楚。

2、所有答案必须涂写在答题卡上相应位置,答在本试卷上不计分。

3、考试结束后,考生应将本试卷和答题卡一并上交。

一.选择题(1’x10=10’)

1.I’ll write down your name and address lest you______ as a

witness.

A. are needed

B. will be needed

C. need

D. be needed

2. I want______ by the president, but it was impossible.

A. to see

B. to be seen

C. seeing

D. being to see

3. ________you’ve found, you must give it back to the librarian.

A. That.

B. Because

C. Whatever

D. However

4. ________he realized it was time to go back home.

A. No sooner it grew dark when

B. Hardly it grew dark than

C. Scarcely it grew dark than

D. It was not until dark that

5. To_______ wages and salaries means to increase purchasing power.

A. raise

B. rise

C. life

D. improve

6. I’ll be going to the park on foot while my car_______.

A. is repairing

B. is being repaired

C. will be repaired

D. is to repaired

7. She was given_______ pay for her hard work.

A. additional

B. adding

C. active

D. financial

8. We are celebrating for having found the solution_____ the problem.

A. for

B. about

C. as for

D. to

9. You_____ caught by the rain just now for you are all wet.

A. can’t be

B. must being

C. must have been

D. can’t have

10. ________ is easier than to do.

A. To say

B. Saying

C. To be saying D Being said

二、阅读理解(3’x15=45’)

Passage 1

The picnics, speeches and parades of today’s Labor Day were all part of the first celebration held in New York City in 1882. Its promoter was an Irish-American labor leader named Peter J. McGuire. A carpenter by trade, McGuire had worked since the age of 11, and in 1882 was president of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners(UBCJ).

Approaching the City’s Central Labor Union that summer, he proposed a holiday that would applaud(赞许) “the industrial spirit—the great vital force of every nation” .On September 5 his suggestion bore fruit, as estimated 10,000 workers, many

of them ignoring their bosses’ warnings, left work to march from Union square up Fifth Avenue to 42nd Street. The event gained national attention, and by 1893 thirty states had made Labor Day an annual holiday.

The quick adoption of the scheme may have indicated less about the state lawmakers’ respect for working people than about a fear of risking their anger. In the 1880s the United States was a land sharply divided between the immensely wealthy and the very poor.. Henry George was accurate in describing the era as one of “progress and poverty”. In a society in which factory owners rode in private Pullmans while ten-year-olds slaved in the mines, strong anti-capitalist feeling ran high. Demands for fundamental change were common throughout the labor press. With socialists demanding an end to “wage slavery”and anarchists(无政府主义) singing the praises of the virtues of dynamite (炸药),middle-of –the-roaders like Samuel Gompers and McGuire seemed attractively mild by comparison. One can imagine practical capitalists seeing Labor Day as a bargain: A one-day party certainly cost them less than paying their workers decent wages.

11. Judging from the passage, McGuire was________.

A. a moderate labor leader

B. an extreme-anarchist in the labor movement

C. a devoted socialist fighting against exploitation of man by man

D. a firm anti-capitalist demanding the elimination(解放)of wage slavery

12. We can see from the first paragraph that the first Labor Day march_________.

A. immediately won nationwide support

B. involved workers from 30 states

C. was opposed by many factory owners

D. was organized by the UBCJ

13. Which of the following is the key factor in the immediate approval of Labor as a national holiday\

lawmakers’ respect for the workers.

workers’ determination to have a holiday of their own. socialists’ demands for though reform.

politicians’ fear of the workers’ anger.

learn from the passage that the establishment of Labor Day________.

A. was accepted by most bosses as a compromise

B. marked a turning point in the workers’struggle for most rights

C.indicated the improvement of the workers’ welfare

D. signaled the end of “wage slavery”

15 McGuire proposed Labor Day in order to_______.

A. draw people’s attention to the striking contrast between the rich and the poor

B. make prominent the important role of the working class in society

C. win for the workers the right to shorten working hours

D. expose the exploitation of the workers by their bosses Passage 2

New technology links the world as never before. Our planet

has shrunk. It’s now a “global village ”where countries are only seconds away by fax or phone or satellite link, And, of course, our ability to benefit from this high-tech-tech communications equipment is greatly enhanced by foreign language skills.

Deeply involved with this new technology is a breed of modern business people who have a growing respect for the economic value of doing business abroad. In modern markets, success overseas often helps support domestic business efforts.

Overseas assignments are becoming increasingly important to advancement within executive ranks. The executive stationed in another country no longer need fear being“out of sight and out of mind”.He or she can be sure that the overseas effort is central to the company’s plan for success, and that promotions often follow or accompany an assignment abroad. If an employee can succeed in a difficult assignment overseas, superiors will have greater confidence in his or her ability to cope back in the United States where cross-cultural considerations and foreign language issues are becoming more and more prevalent(普遍的).

Thanks to a variety of relatively inexpensive communications devices with business applications. Even small businesses in the United States are able to get into international markets.

English is still the international language of business.

But there is an ever-growing need for people who can speak another language.. A second language isn’t generally required

to get a job in business, but having language skills gives a candidate the edge when other qualifications appear to be equal.

The employee posted abroad who speaks the country’s principal language has an opportunity to fast-forward certain negotiations, and can have the cultural insight to know when

it is better to move more slowly. The employee at the home office

who can communicate well with foreign clients over the telephone or by fax machine is an obvious asset to the firm.

16. What is the author’s attitude toward high-tech communications equipment

A. Critical

B. Prejudiced

C. Indifferent

D. Positive

17. With the increased use of high-tech communications equipment. Business people________.

A. have to get familiar with modern technology

B. are gaining more economic benefits from domestic operations

C. are attaching more importance to their overseas business

D. are eager to work overseas

18. In this passage.“out of sight and out of mind”probably means_____.

A. being unable to think properly for lack of insight

B. being totally out of touch with business at home

C. missing opportunities for promotion when abroad

D. leaving all care and worry behind

19. According to the passage. An important consideration of international corporations in employing people today is _______.

A. connection with businesses overseas

B. ability to speak the client’s language

C. technical know-how

D. business experience

20. The advantage of employees having foreign language skills is that they can____.

A. better control the whole negotiation process

B. easily find new approaches to meet market needs

C. fast-forward their proposals to headquarters

D. easily make friends with business people abroad

Passage 3

Stress may be defined as the response of the body to any demand. Whenever people experience something pleasant or unpleasant. We say they are under stress. We call the pleasant kind“eustress(n.良性压力,愉快的压力)”and the unpleasant kind “distress”.

People sometimes compare our lives with that of the cavemen(穴居人),who didn’t have to worry about the stock

market or the atomic bomb. They forget that the cavemen worried about being eaten by a bear or about dying of hunger- - - things that few people worry about today. It’s not that people suffer more stress today. It’s just that they think they do.

It is unbelievable that anyone should have no stress at all. Most people who are ambitious(有雄心的)and want to accomplish something, live no stress .They need it. But excessive stress is by all means harmful. Worse, chronic(长期的) exposure to stress over long time may cause more serious diseases and may actually shorten one’s life.

The most frequent causes of distress in man are psychological- - -lack of adaptability(适应的),not having a code of behavior. So the secret of coping with stress is not to do what you like to do and what you were made to do, at your own rate. For most people, it is really a matter of learning how to behave in various situations. The most important thing is to have a code of life, to know how to live.

21. The modern man is suffering from______.

A. the same stress as the cavemen

B. less stress than the cavemen

C. different stress from the cavemen

D. more stress than the cavemen

22. Which of the following statements is an example of eustress

A. A man who has just lost his job

B. Learning how to do something

C. Being lack of adaptability and code of life

D. An Olympic winner at the moment of his glory

23. Stress is ________.

A. do things at one’s own rate

B. a normal state for everyone

C. an example of human experience

D. a disease in one’s life

24. The best way to deal with stress is to __________.

A. do things at one’s own rate

B. try to lengthen our lift

C. become ambitious in business

D. get more eustress and

meet less distress

25. The main idea of the passage is that one should_______.

A. overcome the serious diseases

B. have the response to any demand

C. cope with stress with a humorous sense

D. learn how to live in the best way

三.英译汉(3’x4=12’)

personal and family goals conflict, many people who express strong support for family values do not live up to those values.

A. 当个人的和家庭的目标矛盾时,那些信誓旦旦表白自己家庭观念强烈的人会将家庭观念置于脑后。

B.当个人的奋斗目标与家庭的奋斗目标发生冲突时,许多信誓旦旦表白自己家庭观念强烈的人却将家庭观念置于脑后。

C.当个人的奋斗目标与家庭的奋斗目标发生冲突时,许多信誓旦旦表白自己家庭观念强烈的人却不愿为家庭观念而活。

D.当个人的和家庭的目标矛盾时,那些信誓旦旦表白要支持家庭的人中有些可能将家庭观念置于脑后。

27. Her high-school reports listed her future profession as “entertainer(演员)”,though it is likely that she had little idea of how she could actually make it.

A. 她的高中报告说她的未来工作可能是“演员”,虽然还不知道她是否愿意做。

B.她的中学报告列出她未来的职业是“演员”,然而,她当时没想过自己是否能当上。

C.她中学学业报告单里列着她将来的职业是“演员”,虽然,很可能她当时根本没有想过如何才能当上。

D.她中学学业报告单里列着她将来的职业是“演员”,尽管很可能她当时毫不知晓该如何切实地去实现这一目标。

28. Married women are more likely to move house and area for their husbands’ job promotion rather than their own.

A. 已婚女性更有可能因为丈夫工作晋升而非自己的缘故迁居异地。

B. 结婚的女人们更喜欢搬房子和搬地方,为了他们丈夫的工作晋升,而不是因为她们自己想搬家。

C.已婚的妇女更易于搬离的房子和地区,因为他们的丈夫要升迁。 D.比起她们自己来说,已婚的妇女更有可能为她们的丈夫的工作搬家。

29. Philips products are appreciated by customers because of their excellent price versus performance ratio.

A.飞利浦的产品因其优异的性能价格比而深受消费者的青睐。

B.飞利浦的产品因其低廉的价格及展示的半导体而受到消费者的青睐。

C.飞利浦产品绝妙的价格及展现的半导体受到海关人员的欣赏。

D.飞利浦制造的半导体因为价格低廉而受到消费者的欣赏。

四.完形填空 (1’x10=10’)

One aspect of American culture is a great belief in independence and self-reliance. Children are__30__to be independent. Many children are give__31__Americans call a

“weekly allowance” and are inspired to have part-time jobs at young ages: for boys. Newspaper routes, __32__ for girls. Baby-sitting Parents often encourage their children to open bank accounts. And some high school and college students have their own __33__ cards. Although American families stress __34__. American is also a youth-oriented nation. In America, a great deal of public__35__ is paid to children. In many American families, husband and wife will __36__ up their own plans to go to a vacation in order to please their children __37__choosing amusement park like Disney World and Disneyland. The toy industry in America is large and __38__rapidly Americans buy expensive toys __39__ their children.

30. A. forced B. considered C. encouraged D. born

31. A. what B which C where D when

32. A as B or C though D and

33. A employment B credit C identity D library

34. A independence B affection C happiness D

enjoyment

35. A notice B consideration C attention D care

36. A keep B turn C put D give

37. A in B by C for D with

38. A enlarging B increasing C growing D reinforcing

39. A on B to C with D for

非选择题部分

一、词形转换 (1’x10=10’)

40. A company would have to lay off its employees if it was in ________(finance) difficulties.

41. Before his death. Johnson appointed his mother to _________(executive) his will.

42. It’s________(evidence) that they have been waiting here for hours.

43. The twin brothers are dressed _______(like), but they behave differently.

44. “The baby_________(cry) non-stop for the past hours,”

said Emily when she saw the mother

came in .

45. With careful preparation . John Brown finally won the

_________(elect).

46. We should try to improve the moral__________(conscious)

of young students.

47. This kind of television program not only

_________(entertainment) but also teaches.

48. As summer __________(approach). The weather became

hotter and hotter.

49. Mr. Smith admitted _________(take) drugs when he was a

student at university.

二.术语匹配 (1’x10=10’)

A---- Blue Tooth B---- Personal Handy Phone System (PHPS)

C---- Walkie-talkie D---- Global Positioning System (GPS)

E---- General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) F---- Short Message Service(SMS)

G---- Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) H--- Global System for Mobile Communication(GSMC)

I---- Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) J----Pre-paid Phone Card

K---- Roaming L----Voice Prompt

M---- Wireless Local Area Networks N-----Digital Video O----- Liquid Crystal Display P----High Fidelity

Example : (A) 蓝牙技术(N)数码摄像机