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高一北师大版学案系列16

高一北师大版学案系列16

[名师讲堂] 重点短语

●1.back and forth

【课文原句】They are dressed in beautiful costumes, skipping back and forth to the rhythm of loud drums. (Page 28)

【名师点拨】back and forth是由一对反义词构成的短语,意思为"来来回回"。例如: The buses travel back and forth between downtown and suburb.

【知识拓展】类似的短语还有:up and down 意思为"上上下下";backwards and forwards意思为"前前后后;来来回回"。例如:

He was walking up and down nervously outside the ward.

day and night / night and day意思为"日日夜夜;不分昼夜"。例如:

He worked day and night to pay back the money he borrowed.

here and there意思为"到处;处处"。例如:

There are many books here and there in his room.

●2.as soon as

【课文原句】I will find a job as soon as I finish college.(Page 23)

【名师点拨】as soon as意思为"一……就"。例如:

I’ll call you as soon as I arrive home.

除此之外还有"和……一样快;和……一样早"的意思。例如:

He runs as soon as his father.

【知识拓展】soon还有其他词组:no sooner ... than ... 意思为"一……就"。例如: No sooner had she said it than she burst into tears.

sooner or later意思为"迟早;早晚有一天"。例如:

Sooner or later you will have to make a decision.

the sooner the better意思为"尽早;越快越好"。例如:

—When shall I tell him?

—The sooner the better.

soon, early, quickly辨析:soon通常表示"不久;很快"。例如:

She soon regretted what she’d done.

early通常意为"在早期;在初期"。例如:

I will see you early tomorrow.

quick通常用以表示速度快。例如:

The journey passed very quickly.

[心灵鸡汤] The Tattooed Child

仅仅根据一个人的外表而做出的判断,往往是不准确的。一个有着纹身的“坏”男孩的内心与其他孩子相比并没有不同,他们都同样渴望被人关怀。

I had brought my six-year-old daughter, Elli, to the hospital. We sat in the chair waiting for our turn. When a stranger first walked in, I instinctively moved closer to Elli. He was very tall and strong. His head was shaved and he wore several earrings in his ears and nose. On one arm there was a huge tattoo. He sat near us, which made me uncomfortable.

Elli didn’t seem to feel the same. She quickly made friends with the stranger, whose name was Anthony. I opened a children’s book and read to Elli. When I was reading, Elli was drawing on one of the young man’s arms with her markers. Suddenly I noticed that Anthony’s left arm was completely covered with red and blue flowers.

"Elli!"I said loudly. "I don’t think Anthony is going to like that. You’ll have to wash that off for him right away!"I was afraid of what this big, tough boy might say or do to my little girl.

But Anthony said softly, "It’s OK. I don’t mind. Could you read more? It helps me."

And then I saw what my daughter saw —Anthony wasn’t any different from any of the other children in that room who were in pain, who had come for treatment, except for one thing. It wasn’t his size or his clothes or even his scary tattoo that made him different. What set him apart, I realized, was that he didn’t have a mother there to read to him. And he needed one.

Notes:

1. tattoo v. 纹身

2. marker n. 记号笔

[影音留声] The Benchwarmers(II)

高一北师大版学案系列16

[阅读练习] Food

高一北师大版学案系列16

高一北师大版学案系列16

[写作点评] The Killer Bean

This picture may seem familiar. Get up in the morning and go into the kitchen—you begin your day with a cup of coffee. But what is the real story behind this dark brown liquid? Much of today’s coffee is grown in such a way that it damages the environment, although it has been proven that there are far less harmful methods.

For good growth, coffee must have shade from nearby trees and overhead growth, but it also requires at least two hours of sunlight each day. But this changed in 1970, when U.S. agricultural scientists decided to develop a new, high-yield coffee plant that grew only in the full sun. With this plant, nothing can grow in the fields besides the coffee bushes. As the rain-forests disappear, so do the animals, especially birds. One study finds that bird species in coffee plantations have decreased by 94-97 percent since many farmers switched to sun-grown plantations.

What then is the solution? Growing coffee on shade plantations is a good idea. Shade farms can cultivate other crops and save soil. Another advantage of shade farms is that animals can live around these areas safely.

"Green"coffee from shade farms is becoming more and more popular now. Shade plantations benefit both the workers and the environment. They also make coffee drinkers healthier.

Notes:

1. plantation n. 种植园

2. switch to 转换为

3. cultivate v. 耕作