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英语单词各种变化规则

英语单词各种变化规则

英语单词各种变化规则

英语单词各种变化规则

英语单词各种变化规则

英语单词的各种形式变化规则

一、名词复数规则

1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds

2.以s. x. sh. ch结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches 3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries

4.以“f或fe”结尾,变f或fe为v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives

5.不规则名词复数:

man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen, mouse-mice child-children foot-feet,. tooth-teeth fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese

练习:写出下列各词的复数

I _________ him _________ this ___________ her ______

watch _______ child _______ photo ________ diary ______

day________ foot________ book_______ dress ________

tooth_______ sheep ______ box________ strawberry _____ thief _______ fish______ peach______ sandwich ______

man______ woman_______ paper_______ juice___________ water________ milk________ rice__________ tea__________

二.动词第三人称单数变化规则

1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks

2.以s. x. sh. ch. o结尾,加-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes

3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:study-studies

写出下列动词的第三人称单数

drink ________ go _________ stay ________ make ________ look _________ have_______ pass_______ carry ________ come________ watch______ plant_______ fly __________ study_______ brush________ do_________ teach________

三.动词现在分词加ing的变化规则

1.一般情况下,直接加ing,如:cook-cooking

2.以不发音的e结尾,去e加ing,如:make-making, taste-tasting

3.如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加ing,如:run-running, stop-stopping

写出下列动词的现在分词:

play________ run__________ swim _________ make__________ go_________ like________ write________ _ ski___________ read________ have_________ sing ________ dance_________ put_________ see________ buy _________ love____________ live_______ take_________ come ________ get_________ stop_________ sit ________ begin________ shop___________

四.动词过去式变化规则:

1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked

2.结尾是e加d,如:taste-tasted

3.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped

4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变y为i,再加-ed,如:study-studied

5.不规则动词过去式:

am,is-was, are-were, do-did, see-saw, say-said, give-gave, get-got, go-went, come-came, have-had, eat-ate, take-took, run-ran, sing-sang, put-put, fly-flew, make-made, read-read, write-wrote, draw-drew, drink-drank, ride-rode, speak-spoke, sweep-swept, swim-swam, sit-sat

写出下列动词的过去式

is\am_________ fly_______ plant________ are ________ drink_________ play_______ go________ make _____ does_________ dance________ worry________ ask _____ taste_________ eat__________ draw________ put ______ throw________ kick_________ pass_______ do ________

五.形容词比较级和最高级的变化规则:

1.一般在词尾加er/est;

2.以字母e 结尾,加r/st ;

3.以一个元音字母和一个辅音字母结尾,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加er/st ;

4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,先把y变i,再加er/st

5.部分双音节词和多音节词,在单词前面加more或most

important more important most important

difficult more difficult most difficult

interesting more interesting most interesting

useful more useful most useful

beautiful more beautiful most beautiful

6.不规则形容词比较级:

①good/well-better-best ②bad/ill-worse-worst

③many/much-more-most ④little-less-least

⑤far-farther-farthest

或further-furthest

⑥old-older-oldest

或elder-eldest

⑦late-later-latest

或latter-latest

写出下列形容词的比较级和最高级

old__________ young________ tall_______ long________ short________ strong________ big________ small_______ fat_________ thin__________ heavy______ light________ nice________ good_________ beautiful____________________ high_________ slow_______ fast________ low______ late__________ early_________ far_________ well_______