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开放英语3形成性考核册及参考答案

《开放英语3》形成性考核册及参考答案

作业 1

第一部分: 交际用语 (每题2分, 共10分)

1-5小题: 阅读下面的小对话, 从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个能填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题纸上写出的字母符号。

1. May I help you, madam?

_________D____________.

A.Sorry, I have no idea

B.Yes, I know what to buy

C.You’d better give me a hand

D.Yes, I ‘d like 2 k ilos of oranges

2. May I know your address?

________A______________.

A.Sure. Here you are.

B.I have no idea

C.It’s far from here

D.Sorry, I’ve forgotten

3. Well, Mary, how are you?

_________C______________.

A.I’m good

B.I’m pleased

C.I’m fine

D.I’m nice

4. I don’t lik e the sports programs on Sundays.__B______

A. So do I

B. Neither do I

C. So am I

D. Neither am I

5. Will you go on a picnic with us tomorrow?

_________B___________________.

A.Yes, but I’ll have English classes.

B.Sorry, I have an appointment with Dr. Brown.

C.I’m afraid I have no idea.

D.Neither am I

第二部分:词汇与结构(每题1分,共15分)

6-20小题:阅读下面的句子,从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个能填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题纸上写出所选的字母符号。

6. It happened___D_____ a winter night.

A. at

B. in

C. by

D. on

7 I know it isn’t important but I can’t help__B________ about it.

A. but to think

B. thinking

C. to

D. think

8. That’s all settled. It____D_______ talked about.

A. shouldn’t

B. mustn’t be

C. can’t

D. needn’t be

9. Her parents died when she was very young, so she was___A________ by her aunt.

A. brought up

B. brought out

C. grown up

D. grown

10. _____B___________ he said is quite right.

A. That

B. What

C. How

D. Why

11. Don’t worry. There is___C________ room for all your books here.

A. more

B. much

C. enough

D. some

12. What’s happe ned to Tom?

____D___________ to hospital.

A. He’s taken

B. He’ll be taken

C. He’ll take

D. He’s been taken

13. I don’t suppose he will attend the meeting, ___B__________?

A. won’t he

B. will he

C. do I

D. don’t I

14. _______A__________ fine weather it is!

A. What

B. What a

C. How

D. How a

15 Not only I but also Jane and Mary ____B________ tired of having one examination after another.

A. is

B. are

C. am

D. be

16. Our plane ___A______ from London at 7:00 yesterday evening.

A. took off

B. put off

C. flew off

D. left off

17. Mr. White has a wife and three children to _A_______.

A. raise

B. keep

C. grow

D. take

18. He kept the light in his room ___B_______ the whole night.

A. burnt

B. burning

C. burn

D. to burn

19. Be sure to _____A________ your wife when you come here this evening.

A. bring

B. take

C. get

D. carry

20. He has been __B________ in hospital for a month.

A. danger

B. in danger

C. dangerous

D. a danger

第三部分:完型填空(每题2分,共20分)

21-30小题:阅读下面的短文,从短文后所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出能填入相应空白处的最佳选项,并在答题纸上写出所选的字母符号。

There are advantages and disadvantages to ____21_C_______ Asian and Western educational methods. For example, one advantage ___22__B___ the education in Japan is that students there learn much more math and science ____23_C____ American students. They also study more hours each day than Americans ____24_D____. The study is difficult, but it _25___C______ students for a society that values discipline and self-control. There is, however, a disadvantage. Memorization is an important learning method in Japanese schools, _____26_B_____ many students say that after an exam, they forget much of the information that they have memorized. The advantage to the education in North America, ___27__C_____ the other hand, is that students learn to think by themselves. The system prepares them for a society that values __28_C___ ideas. There is, however, a disadvantage. When students graduate from high school, they haven’t memorized ___29__D___ many basic rules and facts as students in other countries___30_A____.

21. A. not only B. all C. both D. only

22. A. for B. to C. in D. as

23. A. to B. for C. than D. do

24. A. have B. studying C. does D. do

25. A. provides B. gets C. prepares D. does

26. A. and B. yet C. not D. just

27. A. at B. to C. on D. under

28. A. good B. poor C. new D. as

29. A. more B. less C. good D. as

30. A. have B. do C. haven’t D. does

第四部分:阅读理解(每题2分,共40分)

31-45 小题:阅读下列短文,从A、B、C、D四个选项中选择一个正确答案,并在答题纸上写出所选的字母符号。

短文理解1

Thousands of years ago, in the middle of an ocean, miles from the nearest island, an undersea volcano broke out. The hot liquid piled higher and higher and spread wider and wider. In this way, an island rose up in the sea.

As time went on, hot sun and cool rains made the rock split and break to pieces. Sea waves dashed against the rock. In this way, soil and sand came into being.

Nothing lived on the naked soil. And then the wind and birds brought plant seeds, spiders and other little creatures there. Only plants could grow first. Only they, in sunlight, could produce food from the minerals of the soil, water and air. While many animals landed on the island, they could find no food. A spider spun its web in vain, because there were no insects for its web to catch. Insects couldn’t stay until there were plants fro them to eat. So plants had to be the pioneer life on this new island.

31. The passage centers on ____D_______.

A. how an undersea volcano broke out

B. how an island rose up in the sea

C. how soil was formed on a new island

D. how life began on a volcano-produced island

32. According to the passage, the island got its first soil from ___A_______.

A. sea waves

B. the sand brought by the wind

C. its own rock

D. cool rains

33. The word “naked” (in para.3) could be replaced by which of the following?__D______

A. hidden

B. new

C. mysterious

D. bare

34. The order of coming into being on the island is __D_______.

A. soil, plants and animals

B. soil, little creatures and plants

C. soil, birds and plants

D. soil, human beings and animals

35. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?___D______

A. Spiders were the first life that could live on the island.

B. The island is far away from any piece of land.

C. Insects could not live on the island without plants.

D. Plants were brought to the island by human being.

短文理解 2

In the last 500 years, nothing about people—not their clothes, ideas, or languages – has changed as much as what they eat. The original chocolate drink was made from the seeds of the cocoa tree by South American Indians. The Spanish introduced it to the rest of the world during the 1500’s. And although it was very expensive, it quickly became fashionable. In London shops where chocolate drinks were served became important meeting places. Some still exist today. The potato is also from the New World. Around 1600, the Spanish brought it from Peru to Europe, where it soon was widely grown. Ireland became so dependent on it that thousands of Irish people starved when the c rop failed during the “Potato Famine” of 1845-6, and thousands more were forced to emigrate to America.

There are many other foods that have traveled from South America to the Old World. But some others went in the opposite direction. Brazil is now the Wor ld’s largest grower of coffee, and coffee is an important crop in Colombia and other South American countries. But it is native to Ethiopia. It is first made into a drink by Arabs during the 1400’s.

According to an Arabic legend, coffee was discovered when a goatherd named Kaldi noticed that his goats were attracted to the red berries on a coffee bush. He tried one and experienced the “wide-awake” feeling that one-third of the world’s population now starts the day with.

36. According to the passage, which of the following has changed the most in the last 500 years? ___A___

A. Food C. Potato

B. Chocolate D. Coffee

37. “Some” in “Some still exist today” refers to ___C________.

A. some cocoa trees C. some shops

B. some chocolate drinks D. some South American Indians

38. Thousands of Irish people starved during the “Potato Famine” because ___C_________.

A. they were so dependent on the potato that they refused to eat anything else.

B. they were forced to emigrate to America

C. the weather conditions in Ireland were not suitable for growing the potato

D. the potato harvest was bad

39. Coffee originally came from ___D_______.

A. Brazil

B. Colombia

C. Ethiopia

D. Arabia

40. The Arabic legend is used to prove that ___D_______.

A. coffee was first discovered by Kaldi

B. coffee was first discovered by Kaldi’s goats

C. coffee was first discovered in South American countries

D. coffee drinks were first made by Arabs

短文理解3

Who will stage the games?

Preparing for the Olympics Games is a huge undertaking. Just like the athletes, the host city

spends years getting ready for the event. Before deciding which city will host the Olympic Games, the International Olympic Committee(IOC) has to examine bids from all over the world. Bidding for the games begins about ten years in advance. Without preparing a very strong bid(1), a city will not win the competition to host the games. Beijing was chosen for the 2008 games from five bidders—Osaka, Paris, Toronto and Istanbul.(2)

Why does it take so long to prepare?

Building the infrastructure costs huge amounts of money. Holding the World Cup in 2002 in Japan and South Korea, for example, meant that ten new stadiums had to be built, as well as many hotels and an improved transport system. In Beijing, after winning the bid the government began major construction projects—the extension of the underground, the improvement of the airport and the building of new motorways. Each host city must also build an Olympic village for the athletes. By planting trees and creating parks, the city becomes more attractive for tourists. Why do countries want to host the Olympic Games?

Hosting the games has a major effect on the economy and brings international prestige to the country. Thousands and thousands of visitors come to the games and the host cities are permanently improved.

41. Bidding for the Olympic Games usually starts ___D_______ before the games are really held.

A. two years

B. eight years

C. one year

D. ten years

42. Beijing was one of the _B_______ bidders for the 2008 games.

A. four

B. five

C. ten

D. three

43. The World Cup 2002 was held in _____A_____.

A. Japan

B. South Korea

C. China

D. A and B

44. What construction projects did Beijing start after winning the bid? ___D________

A. The extension of the underground.

B. The improvement of the airport.

C. The building of new motorways.

D. All of the above.

45. Why do countries want to host the Olympic Games? ____D_______

A. Because it has a major effect on the economy.

B. Because it brings international prestige to the country.

C. Because the host cities are permanently improved.

D. All of the above.

46-50小题:阅读下列短文,并根据短文内容判断其后的句子是正确(T),错误(F),还是文字中没有涉及相关信息(NG)。(每题2分,共10分)

People who cannot tell all colors apart are said to be color blind. Most color-blind people can see yellow and blues, but confuse reds with greens. It is very rare for a person be to blind to all colors, but they may see everything in shades of black, white, and gray.

It is interesting to note that many color-blind people don’t even realize that they are color-blind. They don’t know that the colors they are seeing and naming are not the actual colors that people with normal vision can see. This can be particularly dangerous when a color-blind person confuses the red and green of a traffic light.

Color blindness is thought to be inherited. And although doctors have thought up tests to determine color blindness, there is no cure to treatment for it.

F 46. A color-blind person can tell red and green apart correctly.

T 47. Many color-blind people are unaware that they are color-blind.

F48. It’s especially dangerous for a color-blind person to cross a street when there are no traffic lights at the cross of the streets.

NG 49. A color-blind person is not allowed to drive.

F 50. Up to now, doctors have found a way to free a person from his color blindness.

作业 2

第一部分: 交际用语(每题2分, 共10分)

1-5小题: 阅读下面的小对话, 从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个能填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题纸上写出的字母符号。

1. Nice weather, isn’t it?

_______C_____________.

A.I’m not sure

B.Your know it well

C.Yes, it is

D.Yes, it isn’t

2. What about going for a walk?

_________A__________________.

A.Why not? A good idea

B.That’s all right

C.So, do I

D.Walking is good to you

3. Would you mind if I open the window for a better view?

___________D___________________.

A.That’s fine, thank you

B.Yes, please

C.Take a seat

D.Of course not

4. Excuse me, how can I get to the nearest supermarket?

___________D___________________.

A.It’s not very far from here

B.The supermarket is very large

C.The goods there are very expensive

D.Sorry, sir. I’m a stranger here myself

5. What’s the problem, Harr y?

_________D_____________________.

A.No problem

B.No trouble at all

C.Thank you for asking me about it

D.I can’t remember where I left my glasses

第二部分:词汇与结构(每题1分,共15分)

6-20小题:阅读下面的句子,从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个能填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题纸上写出所选的字母符号。

6. Which do you like better, real movies ____D_______ cartoons?

A. and, than

B. or, than

C. and, and

D. or, to

7. What a fool I have been! Why __B______ I think of that before?

A. don’t

B. didn’t

C. not

D. do

8. Time is money! We should ___B_________ our time.

A. be fit for

B. make good use of

C. play a part of

D. take the place of

9. You must explain ___C_________ how they succeeded ___________ the experiment.

A. of us, for

B. at us, at

C. to us, in

D. for us, to

10. Of all the stories here, I like this one ___A_______. It’s not interesting at all.

A. spoken, written

B. speaking, written

C. speaking, writing

D. speak, write

11. We must make a difference between ____A______ language and _________ language.

A. spoken, written

B. speaking, written

C. speaking, writing

D. speak, write

12. I think all these are main points ___B________ much attention.

A. being worthy of

B. worthy of

C. which worth

D. which worthy of

13. They __B_____ the train until it disappeared in the distance.

A. saw

B. watched

C. noticed

D. observed

14. Can I get you a cup of tea?

________A___________________.

A.that’s very nice of you

B.with pleasure

C.you can, please

D.thank you for the tea

15. _____D________ it with me and I’ll see what I can do.

A. When left

B. Leaving

C. If you leave

D. Leave

16. Mary forgot ____B_______ a letter to her mother, so she wrote to her just now.

A. writing

B. to write

C. having wrote

D. to have written

17. If you __A_______ stop smoking, you can only expect to have a bad cough.

A. won’t

B. wo uldn’t

C. don’t

D. can’t

18. She’s unlucky and she’s always suffering __D______ luck one after another.

A. a sick

B. an ill

C. sick

D. ill

19. After __C______ the shopping list, I found that I forgot to buy salt.

A. examining

B. testing

C. checking

D. seeing

20. Linda offered him her congratulations ___D________ his passing the college entrance exams.

A. at

B. for

C. of

D. on

第三部分:完型填空(每题2分,共20分)

21-30小题:阅读下面的短文,从短文后所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出能填入相应空白处的最佳选项,并在答题纸上写出所选的字母符号。

Most workers spend eight hours on the job a day on _21 B_______. They work because they need money for necessities. They spend about one third of their lives at work, but hate it. By contrast, some people actually ___22_B______ work. They spend __23_A______ hours on the job each week and often take work home with them. They are called “workaholics” as they are addicted to their job as other people are ___24_C_______ alcohol.

Workaholics would ___25_D____ work than do anything else and this can be most important to their life. Workaholics are often __26_B______ stress. They can’t relax and feel tense. _27__B_____ they may easily lose temper. Their work therefore has serious impact on their relationships and family life. Topical workaholics pay little attention to families. They spend __28_C_____ time with their children and their marriages may _29_B_______ in divorce. Their inability to relax may cause 30___A_____ problems, such as high blood pressure.

21. A. weekends B. workdays C. each week D. everyday

22. A. hate B. enjoy C. do D. dislike

23. A. extra B. rather C. less D. fewer

24. A. for B. like C. to D. into

25. A. better B. like to C. do D. rather

26. A. on B. under C. in D. for

27. A. As a matter of fact B. As a result

C. As it is

D. As you can find

28. A. more B. much C. little D. a little

29. A. begin B. end C. beginning D. ending

30. A. health B. blood C. mental D. family

第四部分:阅读理解(每题2分,共40分)

31-45 小题:阅读下列短文,从A、B、C、D四个选项中选择一个正确答案,并在答题纸上写出所选的字母符号。

短文理解1

Once the king of India fell ill and sent for his doctor. The doctor came, examined him and said, “You will be well again in a few days if you take bull’s milk.” The king was very surprised, for he had never heard of a bull that gave milk. “How is it possible?” he asked.

“Order Gulbo, the scholar, to get it for you. He can do anything.” The doctor was an enemy to Gulbo, and thought this would be a way of making him suffer. When the king told Gulbo what the doctor had said and ordered him to get bull’s milk, Gulbo immediately understood what the doctor was trying to do.

When he got home he sat thinking how to get out of the difficulties. His daughter, seeing him

worried, asked what was the matter. On hearing what the ki ng had asked for, she said, “ Don’t worry, father, I’ll help you.”

The next day she took some old clothes, went to the bank of the river near the palace, and chose a place below the king’s bedroom window. In the middle of the night, when everyone was in be d, she started to do her washing. She made so much noise that the king could not sleep. The king got very angry and set a guard to find out what was the matter. The soldier found the girl, and led her to the king. “Why do you wash your clothes here at night?” asked the king.

The girl pretended to be afraid and said, “I had to wash clothes at night. This afternoon my father had a baby. I was busy all day because of that. Then I found there were no clean clothes for the baby, so I had to come and wash them no w.”

“What!” cried the king, “Are you trying to make a fool of me? Who ever heard of a man having a baby?”

“Well, if the king himself orders someone to get bull’s milk for him, why can’t a man have a baby?”

The king smiled and said, “You must be Gulbo’s dau ghter. Go and tell your father that he may keep the bull’s milk for his baby.”

31. According to the doctor in the story, the king’s illness can be cured by __D______.

A. making Gulbo suffer

B. drinking bull’s milk

C. seeing another doctor

D. feeding him w ith cow’ milk

32. The doctor told the king to ask Gulbo to find bull’s milk because he ___D______.

A. admired Gulbo greatly

B. hated Gulbo very much

C. thought Gulbo was a scholar

D. tried to make Gulbo another doctor

33. How did Gulbo feel after getting t he king’s order? __B_______

A. He was upset.

B. He was excited.

C. He was surprised.

D. He was disappointed.

34. Why did Gulbo’s daughter wash clothes below the king’s bedroom window at night? ___D_____

A. Because she was forced to do it.

B. Because she often washed clothes there.

C. Because she enjoyed washing clothes there.

D. Because she wanted the king to notice her.

35. From the dialogue between the king and the girl, we know that after hearing the girl’s story, the king _____C_______.

A. wanted to see the baby

B. became angry with her

C. thought the girl was a fool

D. understood the girl’s meaning

短文理解2

People all over the world today are beginning to hear and learn more and more about the problem of pollution. Pollution is caused either by man’s rele ase of completely new and often artificial substance into the environment, or by releasing greatly increased amounts of a natural substance, such as oil from oil tankers into the sea.

Whatever its underlying reasons, there is no doubt that much of the pollution caused could be controlled if only companies, individuals and governments would make more efforts. In the home there is an obvious need to control litter and waste. Food comes wrapped up three of four times in packages that all have to be disposed of; drinks are increasingly sold in bottles or tins which can’t be reused. This not only causes a litter problem, but also is a great waste of resources, in terms of glass, metal and paper. Advertising has helped this process by persuading many of us not only to buy things we neither want nor need, but also to throw away much of what we do buy. Pollution and waste combine to be a problem everyone can help to solve by cutting out unnecessary buying, excess use and careless disposal of the products we use in our daily lives.

36. The main cause of pollution is ____A______.

A. the release of artificial or natural substances into the environment

B. the production of new industrial goods

C. increased amounts of a natural substance

D. our ever-increasing population

37. Much of the pollution could be controlled if only __C______.

A. people would pay more attention to the problem

B. governments would take effective measures

C. all sides concerned would make more efforts

D. farmers would use less artificial fertilizers

38. Food packages, bottles and tins for drinks can cause ___B_______.

A. air and water pollution

B. both a litter problem and a waster of resources

C. to pay for the service

D. to produce the receipt

39. Which of the following can not help solving the problem of pollution? ___B_______

A. Cutting out unnecessary buying

B. Eating

C. Reduce excess use.

D. Carefully dispose our daily products.

40. What does the underlined word “litter” mean in paragraph 2? __C_______

A. not many

B. serious problem

C. bits of waste things

D. industrial pollution

短文理解 3

Benjamin Disraeli, the famous nineteenth century prime minister, said, “London is no t a city, it is a nation.” Today this is an understatement; London, with its vast range of different ethnic groups, is a world.

Certainly, London is the most culturally diverse city in the world. The city was founded by the Romans and since then new arrivals have constantly added to its character and prosperity. Within 10 years 40% of Londoners will be from ethnic minority groups, including the growing

number of Londoners of mixed ethnic origin, but most of them will have been born in Britain. Children of Caribbean—Chinese marriages will go to school with children of Russia-Irish couples. None of them will be English, but all of them will be Londoners.

Most of Britain’s ethnic minority residents live in the capital, speaking over 300 languages. Nearly all of the African population and many of the Caribbean population of Britain live in London(83% and 58% respectively); 39% of the Chinese population of Britain and 36% of the Asian population of Britain live in London. The largest mingrant community is from the Irish Republic with 256,000 people, 3.8% of the total population of London.

There are an estimated 330,000 refugees and asylum seekers living in London, with most recent arrivals coming from Eastern Europe, North Africa and Kurdistan.

Young people, in particular, are skilled at dealing with a large number of different and hybrid cultures. They themselves often have several different ethnic identities since their parents and grandparents may come from several different backgrounds, and their friends and partners do also. They are “skilled cross-cultural travelers” without leaving their home-town.

41. Why does the writer think that Benjamin Disraeli’s statement is an understatement?

Because he thinks London is ___D______.

A.part of the world

B.even larger than some countries in the world

C.not a nation at all

D.a miniature world thanks to its great cultural diversity

42. London is regarded as the most culturally diverse city in the world due to the following facts EXCEPT that ____D_____.

A. within 10 years 40% Londoners will be from ethnic minority groups

B. most of Britain’s ethnic minority groups live in London, speaking over 300 languag es

C. London accommodates about 330,000 refugees and asylum seekers from many other countries

D. many young people are immigrants from different backgrounds

43. Ethnic minority groups will make up _B_______ of the London population in the future.

A. 3.8%

B. 40%

C. 39%

D. 36%

44. The last paragraph mainly tells us in London __D______.

A. young people are from different backgrounds

B. young people are raised in a multicultural environment

C. young people find it hard to adapt themselves to hybrid cultural identities

D. young people feel at ease with a large number of diversified cultures

45. The passage mainly deals with ___C______.

A. the advantage of hybrid cultures in London

B. the composition of the population in London

C. the cultural diversity in London

D. the contribaxon made by the new arrivals to London

46-50小题:阅读下列短文,并根据短文内容判断其后的句子是正确(T),错误(F),还是文字中没有涉及相关信息(NG)。(每题2分,共10分)

“Get up, the water is coming.” Yan Xinzhi, director of the neighborhood committee of Chaoyang Street, Taiyuan, capital of Shanxi Province, would knock at the door of every household at midnight to have people collect water; otherwise, the tap water would soon run dry when everyone in the city got up and joined the “water rush” in the morning. Yan, an elderly lady about 60, had served as committee director for more than 20 years; her major work was to rouse her neighbors from their sleep to get water. As time went by, residents could not go to sleep before one o’clock in the morning.

Chaoyang Street was not the only street in Taiyuan that lacked water, and Taiyuan was not the only city in China with water in short supply.

Niu Maosheng, Minister of Water Resources, told China Today that more than 300 cities nationwide lack water; in 108 cities the situation has become critical. The annual deficit of water has reached 6 billion cubic meters, leading to a loss of RMB 200 billion (approximately US $24 billion) in industrial output.

T 46. As neighborhood committee director, the major part of Yan Xinzhi’s job was to wake up her neighbors at midnight to get water.

F 47. The passage reveals that all the cities in China suffer from water shortage.

F 48. The passage is written by a water expert.

T 49. The lack of water has led to a loss of US $ 24 billion in industrial output.

NG 50. Xi’an is another city with water in short supply.