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牛津英语上海版四年级下册M2U1 备课教案

2016-03-08 4BM2U1

Module2 My favourite things

U1 Sports

I. 词汇

1. 核心词汇/词组

play football play table tennis play volleyball play badminton play basketball sport poster join club

2. 其他词汇

ask remember enjoy favourite never yourself mine before swimsuit hobby goggles pool

重要词组(掌握介词用法*)

would like to do…let me see want to do…talk with…

get in make sb. + adj. enjoy yourself in one’s spare time

in a line French fries

3. 词汇解析

1) play的意思是玩,和球类运动搭配时就是“踢,打”的意思。如,play football/basketball。但是注意play的“玩”,和中文中“我们出去玩吧”的“玩”并不一样,后者可以用hang out…(强调出去玩,逛逛等)如,Let’s hang out somewhere. I like to hang out with my friends in the school yard.

2) exercise 是运动,训练活动的意思,如,morning exercise,也有练习的意思,如,

Please do this exercise after school. 课后请完成这些练习。

3) before 在…之前,after在…之后。是一组反义词,都是时间介词,表示在某个时间之前或之后。let’s sing a song before class/let’s go and play basketball after school.

II. 语法

1. like doing sth和like to do sth区别

like doing sth表示长时间的喜欢做某事,指兴趣爱好.在意义上比较一般和抽象,时间观念不强,不指某一次动作;

例:I like watching TV .我喜欢看电视.

Do you like singing 你喜欢唱歌吗?

She likes swimming.她喜欢游泳.(经常性的,爱好)

I like eating fish .(我喜欢吃鱼,个人口味而已,一种爱好,喜欢)

like to do sth想去做某事(表示有个趋向性,好像是要到某处去做某事)

like to do sth 则常指某个具体的动作,表示偶尔一次喜欢做某事、或者突然喜欢干某事,想要干某事.

例如:She likes to swim this afternoon.她今天下午想游泳.(特指某一次的动作)

另外,在搭配(使用方法)上,

“like to do ”一般与“would ”搭配表示意愿.

例:

I would like to swim with you .我愿意和你去游泳.

Would you like to skate 你愿意去滑冰吗?

2. 重点句式

一般疑问句Does…?

在一般陈述句中,当句子的主语是单数第三人称时,谓语动词要加-s或-es。如,She walks alone on the path. 这样的句子变成一般疑问句时,助动词用does,并要注意句中的谓语动词要变回原形。如,Does she walk alone on the path?

一般现在陈述句:

牛津英语上海版四年级下册M2U1 备课教案

牛津英语上海版四年级下册M2U1 备课教案

练习:1)Lucy goes to school at 8 o’clock every morning.

2)Peter plays with Danny at home.

3) Nancy likes reading story books.

一般疑问句的回答:Yes, 主语+do(es)./No, 主语+do(es)n’t.

II. 语法

1. 一般现在时表示经常发生的动作或经常存在的状态、日常行为或习惯或客观事实,不只特定的时间。一般现在时通常用动词原形来表示,但当句中的主语为第三人单数时,如he,she,it等时,句子中的谓语动词的词尾要发生变化(在词尾加-s或-es,其变化规则与名词复数变化规则大致相似):

The sun behind the mountain.(rise)

He to the park on Sunday.(go)

They the best paints in the world.(paint)

The children and away.(cry,run)

Mrs. Wang always students math.(teach) *

2. would like 意为喜欢,愿意。后面接to do,表示喜欢,愿意做某事。

一般疑问句形式Would you like to …? 常用来表示客气地邀请某人做某事。

例句:(转换练习)

I would like to have a cup of tea.

Would you like to go to the park with me?

I would 可缩写为I’d. I’d love to.常用来回答Would you like to…? 表示赞成对方的提议或邀请。

would 其实是will的过去式(表示过去发生的动作),虽然常用来表示将来时间。当would 不作为will的过去式来使用时,这两个词意思相同,通常可以互换。只是would比will语气婉转。如:Will Kitty come to? Would you like to come with me?

3. Let me see. She often plays badminton with me. Let’s go and ask her.

Would you like to come with us? It makes you healthy and strong.

牛津英语上海版四年级下册M2U1 备课教案

our是形容词性物主代词,ours是名词性物主代词.都是我们的意思.

our sth=ours 例:they are our toys = the toys are ours.

补充:

动词变现在分词

一.直接在动词后面加-ing

1. do-doing做

2. stand-standing站

3. sleep-sleeping睡觉

4. eat-eating吃

5. sing-singing唱

6. drink-drinking喝

7. read-reading读8. look-looking看9. walk-walking散步

10. watch-watching看11. draw-drawing画12. fly-flying飞

13. open-opening打开14. jump-jumping跳15. do-doing做

16. paint-painting绘画17. pick-picking捡18. play-playing玩

19. garden-gardening做园艺工作20. talk-talking说话21. cook-cooking烹饪22.

see-seeing看见

23. learn-earning学习24. catch-catching抓住

25. climb-climbing爬26. count-counting数数

27. clean-cleaning打扫28. fish-fishing钓鱼

二.动词变现在分词:

以不发音的e结尾的去e加-ing

1. come–coming来

2. dance - dancing跳舞

3. close - closing关

4. make–making制造

5. ride–riding骑

6. write - writing写

7. take - taking拿走8. phone - phoning打电话9.dance-dancing跳舞

9. move–moving移动搬10. have–having有11.leave-leaving 12.wake-waking

三.动词变现在分词:

重读闭音节,双写最后一个辅音字母,再加-ing

1. sit- sitting做

2. hop - hopping单脚跳

3. swim- swimming游泳

4. run - running跑

5. cut–cutting切

6. put–putting放7.get-getting得到8.shop-shopping购

物9.skip-skipping跳绳10.begin-beginning开始11.forget-forgetting 12.stop-stopping

13.travel-travelling

四.以ie结尾的动词,变ie为y,再加ing;

1.lie-liying

2.die-dying