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【个人手工制作】新牛津高中英语模块四第二单元知识点整理及单元练习

新牛津高中英语模块四第二单元知识点整理及单元练习

M4 UNIT2

一、词汇大集合

1. share with 与…分享

2. every four years每四年,每隔三年

3. take part in参加

The students all dressed up to take part in the New Year's Eve masquerade

学生们都穿着盛装去参加除夕的化装舞会。

4. in honour of纪念,向……表示敬意

5. side by side一起,共同,肩并肩

6. come to public attention引起公众关注

7. at the opening ceremony在开幕式上

8. know of了解

9. be recognized as被认为是

10. play a role/part in在…起作用

11. break a record打破纪录

12. make contributions to作贡献

13. set an example to树立榜样

14. look forward to

15. come up with想出(计划、回答)

16.plenty of许多,大量

17.tourist attractions旅游景点,旅游胜地

18. pay attention to注意

19.be similar to 与……相似

20.play leading roles in起主导作用

21. meet one’s requirements满足需求

22. daily routine日常工作,日常安排

23. make way for给…让路

24. hope for希望,期待

25.maintain a balance保持平衡

26.be involved in涉及

27.add to增加

28. keep…under control使…处于控制之下

二、句型大集合

1. I am delighted to have been invited to your school to talk to you about the history and significance of the Olympic Games.

2. Today, athletes from around the world can take part, no matter what languages they speak.

3. His dream was that the Olympic Games would make it possible for countries and people to live peacefully side by side.

4. I am sure the whole of China must have felt proud when Xu Haifeng won the first gold medal for his country.

5. Today, players from China, South Korea and Germany among others play leading roles in the international table tennis competition.

6. Join me in wishing the Olympic movement a successful future to match its beautiful glorious past.

7. I hope this information will be of use to you.

8. I advise that you watch less TV at night.

9. My advice to you is that you should drink more water.

10. If I were you, I would certainly go to the football match instead of doing work at home.

11. Will Thursday morning do? I happen to be in town then.

12. What/How about the high jump then?

13. In order for a new sport to be added , a current sport must be dropped.

14. Supporters of wushu would like to see it entered as a branch in the Martial Arts category.

15. The IOC is looking at revising the number and type of sports involved in the Olympics in the future, so wushu fans may finally get what they are hoping for.

三、单元综合练习

一、单项填空: (共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

1. Our team was defeated ________ a large score.

A. by

B. at

C. in

D. with

2. Helen ______ go on the trip with us, but she isn’t quite sure yet.

A. shall

B. must

C. may

D. can

3. —I usually go there by train.

—Why not ________ by boat for a change?

A. to try going

B. trying to go

C. to try and go

D. try going

4. I would love ________ to the party last night but I had to work extra hours to finish a report.

A. to go

B. to have gone

C. going

D. having gone

5. We’ll ________ a trip to the mountain next week. Will you ________ us ?

A. go to; join in

B. go on; join

C. go on with; attend

D. go in for; join

6. This cake is very sweet. You __________ a lot of sugar in it.

A. should put

B. could have put

C. might put

D. must have put

7. Tom , you leave all your clothes on the floor like this !

A. wouldn’t

B. mustn’t

C. needn’t

D. may not

8. Two videophones stood ________ on the table.

A. side by side

B. side to side

C. one by one

D. one side by the other side

9. Beijing won the bid for the 2008 Olympic games, ________ delighted all the nation.

A. who

B. what

C. which

D. that

10. —How is Dennis getting along with his work?

— Well, he could always ________ a new idea for increasing sales.

A. come up with

B. come about

C. get away with

D. get up

11. The doctor always ________ him not to smoke, but he didn't ________ it.

A. suggested; take

B. advised; follow

C. demanded; listen

D. warned; listen

12. What he did suggested that he ________ little education.

A. receive

B. received

C. should receive

D. receives

13. Will you please write the words ________ ? I mean you write them on the first line and then the third line and so on.

A. every third line

B. every second lines

C. every other lines

D. every other line

14. I didn’t see her in the meeting room this morning. She ___ have spoken at the meeting.

A. mustn’t

B. shouldn’t

C. couldn't

D. needn’t

15. --- I don't mind telling you what I know.

--- You . I'm not asking you for it.

A. mustn't

B. may not

C. can't

D. needn

二、完型填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从41—60各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

My ears are recently full of joyous remarks from my friends such as, “Oh, Beckham is so handsome, so cool, that I can’t help falling in love with him!” or “What perfect skills he has!” Yeah, I 16 to some degree, though I sometimes do want to 17 them how much they know about Beckham, apart from his 18 and how much they know about football 19 scoring goals. It seems funny that we are 20 for things, with which we are unfamiliar or about which we are 21 but we all, my friends as well as I, consider this one of life’s 22 .

We need these pleasures to 23 our lives. But that doesn’t amount to (等同于) craziness or nonsense. As an old saying 24 : “Don’t judge a book by its cover.” We 25 not judge anything from

its appearance. We shoul d all know, it is one’s good character and great __26 that make one a star and unforgettable. Therefore we’d better say 27 about Beckham’s good looks.

If we close our eyes, falling in deep 28 , we can find that the things that move us to be really happy or sad have a 29 meaning. If we don’t go deeper and are just satisfied with

30 things, sooner or later we will find that we have not really gained anything because our first __31 has blinded and misled (误导) us, and we’ll remain ignorant (无知的) 32 we realize that and make some changes.

It is believed that thinking and going deeper than before is a 33 of great progress. If one day we are __34__ to go deeper into everything, no matter how much it pains us, we will __35__ prove how much we have grown up, how much more sensible, mature (成熟的), and intelligent (智慧的) we have become.

16. A. expect B. agree C. hope

D. think

17. A. ask B. tell C. teach

D. doubt

18. A. skills B. fame C. team

D. appearance

19. A. beside B. beyond C. besides

D. except

20. A. thankful B. crazy C. serious

D. anxious

21. A. uncertain B. unhappy C. displeased

D. careful

22. A. aims B. qualities(品质) C. pleasures

D. truths

23. A. keep up B. brighten up C. find out

D. bring about

24. A. turns B. writes C. goes

D. talks

25. A. might B. would C. must

D. should

26. A. thinking B. contribution C. looks

D. wealth

27. A. more B. something C. less

D. nothing

28. A. love B. concern C. sense

D. thought

29. A. clear B. puzzling C. moving

D. confusing

30. A. material B. deep C. surface

D. pleasant

31. A. influence B. experience C. lesson

D. impression

32. A. since B. although C. unless

D. when

33. A. sign B. cause C. value

D. willingness

34. A. fearful B. willing C. likely

D. possible

35. A. temporarily B. personally C. officially D. eventually

三、阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡

上将该项涂黑。

A

Long bus rides are like television shows. They have a beginning, a middle, and an end with commercials thrown in every three or four minutes. The commercials are unavoidable. They happen whether you want them or not. Every couple of minutes a billboard glides by outside the bus window. “Buy Super Clean Toothpaste.”“Drink Good Wet Root

Beer.”“Fill up with Pacific Gas”.Only if you sleep, which is equal to turning the television set off, are you free from the unending cry of “You Need It! Buy It Now!”

The beginning of the ride is comfortable and somewhat exciting, even if you’ve traveled that way before. Usually some things have changed new houses, new buildings, sometimes even a new road. The bus driver has a style of driving and it’s fun to try to figure it out the first hour or so. If the driver is particularly reckless (鲁莽的) or daring, the ride can be as thrilling (惊心动魄的) as a suspense (悬疑) story. Will the driver pass the truck in time? Will the driver move into the right or the left hand lane? After a while, of course, the excitement dies down. Sleeping for a while helps pass the middle hours of the ride. Food always makes bus rides m ore interesting. But you’ve got to be careful of what kind of food you eat. Too much salty food can make you very thirsty between stops.

The end of the ride is somewhat like the beginning. You know it will soon be over and there’s a kind of expectation and excitement in that. The seat of course ,has become harder as the hours have passed. By now you’ve sat with your legs crossed, with your hands in your lap ,with your hands on the arm rest even with your hands crossed behind your head. The end comes just at no more ways to sit.

36. According to the passage, what do the passengers usually see when

they are on a long bus trip?

A. Buses on the road.

B. Films on television.

C. Advertisements on the billboards.

D. Gas stations.

37. What is the purpose of this passage?

A. To give the writer’s opinion about long bus trips.

B. To persuade you to take a long bus trip.

C. To explain how bus trips and television shows differ.

D. To describe the billboards along the road.

38. The writer of this passage would probably prefer ______________.

A. bus drivers who are reckless

B. driving alone

C. a television set on the bus

D. no billboards along the road

39. The writer feels long bus rides are like TV shows because ____________.

A. the commercials both on TV shows and on billboards along the road are fun

B. they both have a beginning, a middle, and an end, with commercials in between

C. the drivers are always reckless on TV shows just as they are on buses

D. both traveling and watching TV are not exciting.

40. The writer thinks that the end of the ride is somewhat like the

beginning because both are _________.

A. exciting

B. comfortable

C. tiring

D. boring

B

Smile, when making an introduction.

Every day we meet people in a number of business and social situations. And the way we meet and greet them creates an impression. It’s important to do so in a proper way, no matter whether you are introducing yourself to someone, or introducing two people to each other. To keep you aware of this, we have gathered tips on how to make a proper introduction.

◎Always stand when making an introduction.

When you are seated and someone comes up to greet you, make the effort to stand up. By doing this, you show respect for yourself and for the other person.

◎Always maintain eye contact(接触) while making an introduction. Many people are not aware of the value of this simple action. When you make eye contact you are giving a confident image.

◎Always introduce a person of lesser authority(权威) to one of greater authority. The most important thing to remember is to say the

most important person’s name first.

For example, when introducing your supervisor(管理者,领导) to a job candidate(候选人), you would give your supervisor’s name first. “Bob Jones, may I i ntroduce Susan Lee, who has just graduated from ABC University?”

◎In a situation where rank(等级) is unimportant, an introduction is based on sex and age. A man is presented to a woman and a younger woman to an older woman.

What if you find yourself in a situation where you have forgotten the other person’s name? Start with a handshake and reintroduce yourself. By doing this, you will usually cause the other person to do the same.

However, if the other person does not take your suggestion, it is OK simply to apologize and let the person know that you cannot remember her or his name. This is not the ideal situation, of course, but it does happen to all of us. The other person should be forgiving.

41. The article gives you advice on _________.

A. how to make a self-introduction

B. how to make a proper introduction

C. how to leave a good impression on people

D. how to greet people in social situations

42. According to the passage, people will think you are ______ if you

don’t make eye contact with them.

A. not honest

B. not confident

C. shy

D. unfriendly

43. What should you do when you introduce a new worker to your boss?

A. You should not give your boss’ name.

B. You should give the new worker’s name first.

C. You needn’t give your boss’ name.

D. You should give your boss’ name first.

44. If you forget the other person’s name, you’d better ________.

A. ask him/her directly

B. apologize first and then ask him/her

C. shake hands with the person and reintroduce yourself

D. consider his age first

C

We have two daughters: Kristen is seven years old and Kelly is four.

Last Sunday evening,

we invited some people home for dinner. I dressed them nicely for the party, and told them that their job was to join Mommy in answering the door when the bell rang. Mommy would introduce them to the guests, and then they would take the guests’ coats upstairs and put them on the bed in the second bedroom.

The guests arrived. I introduced my two daughters to each of them.

The adults were nice and kind and said how lucky we were to have such good kids.

Each of the guests made a particular fuss over Kelly, the younger one, admiring her dress, her hair and her smile. They said she was a remarkable girl to be carrying coats upstairs at her age.

I thought to myself that we adults usually make a big “to do” over the younger one because she’s the one who seems more easily hurt. We do it with the best of intentions.

But we seldom think of how it might affect the other child. I was a little worried that Kristen would feel she was being outshined. I was about to serve dinner when I realized that she had been missing for twenty minutes. I ran upstairs and found her in the bedroom, crying. I said, “What are you doing here, my dear?”

She turned to me with a sad expression and said, “Mommy, why don’t people like me the way they like my sister? Is it because I’m not pretty? Is that why they don’t say nice things about me as much?”

I tried to explain to her, kissing and hugging her to make her feel better.

Now whenever I visit a friend’s home, I make it a point to speak to the elder child first.

45. The underlined expression “make a big ‘to do’over”(paragraph 4) means_____.

A. show much concern about

B. have a special effect on

C. list jobs to be done for

D. do good things for

46. We can conclude (得出结论) from the passage that_____.

A. parents should pay more attention to the elder children

B. the younger children are usually more easily hurt

C. people usually like the younger children more

D. adults should treat children equally

47. The guests praised Kelly for carrying coats upstairs because of her_____.

A. beautiful hair

B. pretty clothes

C. lovely smile

D. young age

48. Kristen felt sad and cried because_____.

A. the guest gave her more coats to carry

B. she didn’t look as pretty as Kelly

C. the guests praised her sister more than her

D. her mother didn’t introduce her the guests

D

Since life is short and the world is wide, the sooner you start exploring it, the better. Soon enough the time will come when you are

too tired to move farther than the terrace (台阶) of the best hotel. Go now.

No need, you may say, to tell that. But what I do need to tell you is that you will meet with a surprising amount of opposition(反对) the moment you try to set out. Rubbish, you will reply. More people go abroad nowadays than ever before; never has travel, particularly among the young, been more strongly accepted in international exchanges. Perhaps not: but none of this, my dear young friends, is travel. Travel is not going on a round coach trip for $ 67 in all, or spending ten days at a hotel by the sea. Travel is when you want to see how much money you have and then set out, alone or with chosen friends, to make an unhurried journey to a distant goal without a set date for your return.

Real travel, then, is independence in action, and is not liked by most parents. They don’t mind your going in a school party to Athens because they know just where you are and when you’ll be back, and they can therefore permit you the imagination of freedom without for one second letting you beyond their control. But what they cannot bear(忍受) is that you should travel all on your own, without giving them your address and return date. In fact, their fears are quite reasonable because that shows how much they love you. So in order to enjoy real travel and at the same time put your parents’ mind at ease, it would be really important for you to keep some proper advice in mind.