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胡壮麟语言学复习重点

语言学期末考试范围

Chapter 1

⑴Language, linguistics

⑵Design features of Language (细致掌握)

⑶Functions of Language(细致); Halliday’s metafunctions(了解)

⑷Saussure’s Langue and Parole (概念,区别,联系)

⑸Chomsky competence and performance; Communicate competence

⑹Prescriptive and descriptive

⑺Synchronic and diachronic

Chapter 2

⑴Phonetics; Three aspects of phonetics

⑵Write the phonetic symbols according to descriptions

⑶Vowels and consonants; The criteria of the classification of English

⑷Vowels and consonants (manner, place ,voice)

⑸IPA

⑹Phonology; Phoneme; phonology

⑺Suprasegmental, syllable( syllabic)

Chapter 3

⑴Morpheme; Morphology

⑵Types of morphemes

⑶Inflection

⑷The relation between morpheme and phoneme

Chapter 4

⑴Syntax

⑵Syntactic relations; Syntagmatic and paradigmatic relations

⑶Constituents and Immediate analysis

⑷Endocentric and exocentric construction

⑸The characteristics of English subject

Chapter 5

⑴Semantics

⑵Leech’s seven types of meaning

⑶The referential theory; Reference; concept

⑷Semantic triangle

⑸Synonymy,

⑹Antonymy (三种类型,细致掌握)

⑺Entailment(定义)

⑻Compositionality

Chapter 7

Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis and your viewpoint

Chapter 8

⑴Pragmatics

⑵Speech act theory (illocutionary force)

⑶CP and its four measures

⑷Characteristics of CI (conversational implicature)

六,九,十章没讲,第六章自己可以稍微看看。九十章我个人认为可以略过,有精力可了解一下。

十一章根据师大笔记可以看,这章和教学法结合的比较紧密。

至于十二章,师大本科讲Chomsky比较细致,但是需从总体来看,十二章是各大高校考研的重点,各个理论都应该具体把握。

总的来说,考研和本科期末考试还不大相同,还得根据真题自己总结。